Texas State Gazette. (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 6, No. 34, Ed. 1, Saturday, April 14, 1855 Page: 3 of 8
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TEXAS STATE GAZE1TE.
THE "WAX K..
" Ynnr family thrciit yon cimH nceml
' AVt limit pint! reason to npprehcml j-
Yuu nmy flml It wnXitl nt tlitMitlin' end
s Uy sumo VlcbvirtH voc.ition."
From "Zfi? Illustrated? wc miiko the following extract.
The article is a review of "The Wealthy Citizens of the City
of Now'YorkM anew work lately issued in which the lowest
order of nubility (?) noted are those worth one hundred thou-
"William B. Astor is the richest man ; he inherited his wealth.
Stephen Whitney five millions owes his fortune to specula-
tions in cotton and the rise in real estate. W. If. Aspiuwall
four millions eaiiie of a rich family and irained vast increase
of wealth in a shipping business. Nicholas Iionjrworth four
millions a resident of Cincinnati lint a larjie owner of real
estate here heirnn life as a shoemaker and owes his immense
fortune to the rise of real estate in Cincinnati. James Lennox-
three millions inherited his property. The late Peter
.Harmon v two millions came to this city as a cahin hoy and
grew rich by commerce. The Lorillards two millions canif
irom K ran co poor and made their huge fortune in the snuff
and toh.'U'co business. The late AnsonG. Phelps two millions
learned the trade of a tinner and male a fortune in iron and
copper. Alexander T. Stewart two millions now of the l)rv
x-l 1 II .1 I... I ! !.. .. I!..l . . ... -. .1 I
vtouus i i-uiu-:. ni-ysiii diimiiu io ii uuie uiiiuy store. wt iiiosu rim . . t.. f . u.i ?... .v.... .....l ... :. ... i... n .:.. .:....:..
I .-. it.il- ..... .1- ...U- 1 1 Ii" r T I v "v. h- im; -hivi;- l. Ill UIIU MUl II UN IIHJ IIIU ilUOl MUTIMi!
" 'uu .M"' ' . . ' 'lt l " " um " "' ''" r "" i constantlv. Let it come to the boilin.r ooi.it : then take it ott'
the fire pour it into a lare jnir and continue stirring it till it
Good Housekeepers will cut these out.
Ita Pancakks.-To halt' a pound of rice put' two-thirds
of a phrt of water boil it to jelly ; whe.i cold add to it eight
egsjs a pint of cream n little' salt ami n utmeic and a half'ofj
pound ot butter melted ; mix well adding the butter lust and
working it only so mneh ns will make the batter sufficiently
thick. Fry them in lard hut employ as little as it is possible
to fry them with.
Potatok Kurrn-'KS "Hoil two large potatoes scrape them fine ;
heat four yolks and three whites of eggs and add to the above
one large spool ful of cream another of sweet wine a squeeze
nf lemoii and a little nutineg. Meat this butter half an hour at
leash It will heMxtromely light. Put a uc-huI quantity of fine
lard in a stew-pan and drop a spoonful of the batter at a time
into jr. Fry them ; and serve as a sauce ; a glass of white wine
the juice of lemon one dessert-spoonful of peach-leaf or al
ni'ind water and some white sugar wanned together ; not to be
served in the dish.
( Cjstvud n mi.vj). TC .il one quart of sweet milk with stick
cinnamon the rind of a lemon and a few laurel l-'aves or bit
ter almonds and sugar. IKsat the yolks of eight egirs alon
with the whites of four of them ; add a little milk liiiil strain
tne eirg into another clisli. When the ouart of mi k boils take
leu the ouart of mil
it off the five and strain it; then stir the egi; into it
jiie as a tarm laborer ; Coruleius Vanderbilt as a boatman
John I. afanre as steward to Joseph B maparic. Of the mil
lionaires James Chestoinau began life as a journeyman tailor ;
Peter Cooper as a glue-maker: of the other John D. Vfolfe
Henry Prevoort Margaret Goelet. Peter Goelet. John Tfaguov-
ty Gardiner Ilowland W. K. 1 lowland John Nielno. Elea.er
Family. John Eahliius Lispenard Stewart and Jonathan
'Phonic our author has forborne tostiite whether they owe their
fortune to fathers to luck or to talent." lint of the ten hundred
and sixtv persons mentioned in the book we compute that at
least eight hundred began their oareqr as clerks or manual
The pill.and patent medicine dealers show to great advant-
age in this volume. Brand ret h figures up at three hundred and
fifty thousand. Sarsapaparilla P. Townsend was an honest
'carpenter ones ; he is now worth three hundred thousand dol
lars. Moifctr he of the Phoenix Bitters is put down at haif a
nnillion. Pease who once sold sringcr beer and afterward took
to hoarhound candy achieved the moderate fortune of a hundred-ami
Strange to relate there arc some names in this work of in-
terest to literary men. George Bancroft Henry James Profess-
or Anthon Thomas MoElrath and Dr. Francis are each stated
to possess a hundred thousand dollars. Edwin Forrest is rated
ata1 quarter of a million; so is Sidney E. Morse of the New
York Observer. William Niblo it appears has four hundred
.thousand dollars; and Dr. Mott two hundred thousand dollars.
J3arnum is put down at. eight hundred thousand ; Bennett at
onohuubred Mid fifty thousand. But perhaps the most remark-
able statement of all is tiiat Mrs. Okill of this city has made a
quarter of a million dollars by keeping school !
A 2Taruow Escape. The following narrow escape is related
fjy Qapt. Marcy in his travels through Northern Texas towards
the Pews :
'' As Capf. McClelland and I were passing to-day along wi-
cler the hluffs we saw in advance of us a herd of antelopes
quietly feeding among some mosquite trees when the idea oc-
'cured to me of attempting to call them with a deer bleat which
one of the Delawareshad made for me. I accord imjly advanc-
ed several hundred yards to the crest of a hill from which I
had a fair view of the animals and very deliberately seating
myself on the ground screened from 'their observation by the
'tall grass around me I tOiok out my bloat and commenced ex-
crcisimr mv powers in imitatiiis; the cry of the fawn. I soon
succeeded in attracting their attention and in a short time de-
coyed one of the 111151161)1010115 animals within range of my
r;fie which raised to my shoulder and taking deliberate aim
awa8 in the act of pulling trigger when my attention was most
unexpectedly drawn aside by a rustling which I heard in the
grass' to my left. Casting my eyes in that direction to my no
Vmall astonishment I saw a tremendeous panther bounding
at'full speed directly towards me and within the short dis
tance of" twenty steps. As may be imagined I immediately
abandoned the antelope and directing my rifle at the panther
sent a ball through his chest which stretched him out upon the
grass about ten yards from where 1 had taken my position.
- Itoccured to me afterwards that it would not always be
consistent with one's safety to use the deer bleat in this wild
ponntry unless we wore perfectly certain we should have our
.Ayits about us in the event of panther or a large bear (which is
often tho case) taking it into bis head to give credence to the
A very philosophical conclusion to bo commended to all
sportsmen who arc inclined to play tricks upon travellers in that
.Education ijt Missouri. The abstract of the annual report
f the superintendent of common schools shows that within the
bixty-five counties included in his report there are about 200000
children between five and twenty years of age; of this num-
ber 07000 were taught within the past year at an aggregate
cost ot $200000; the average number however attending
school tho whole time being only 20)00. In St. Louis county
particularly the whole number taught the pnst year was 8500
but tho average attendance during tho whole term was only 805.
Mr. Henry looking at tho general result finds nothing therein
' very gratifying to tho friends of education." The report
draws a 6ad picture of the " district school houses" describing
them as " ten by twelve log cabins with one oblong window;
low dismal dreary things the very appearance of which is
sufficieut to produce fever and ague."
Sharp. Some ingenious Yankee v downEa6t" has invented
a kind of " Love Letter Ink" which is an effectual safeguard
against actions for breach of promise as it fades entirely from
the paper in two months. Another Yankee purchased a hun-
dred boxe3 of the ink for which he gave his note payable in
ninety ddyB. Tho note attested the excellency of tho ink as
at the end of the three months it was found to be only a piece
f blank paper..
is nearly cold. It should now have the coiHsreuev of thick
cream and is ready for being poured into custard.
Rick Custard. Boil one quart of milk with a little salt
and any flavoring you like and into this pour three table-spoonfuls
of ground rice mix smooth with a little cold milk and one
oyi' well beaten. Give it a boil up till it tliiclcens. stirrim:
constantly and when cool put into cups.
Custard Bakkd. Boil a pint of cream with mace and cin-
namon ; when cold take four egg5 leaving out two of the
white a little rose and orange flower water "a little white wine
nutmeir and sugar to your taste; mix them well together and
bake them in china cups.
Lesion Custard. Take tho yolks of ten cjrsrs beaten strain
them and whip them with a pint of cream ; boil the juice of
two lemons sweetened with the rind ot one ; when cold strain
it to the cream and egs ; when it almost boils put it into a dish
grate over the rind of a lemon and brown it with a salamnder.
General Directions. 'Phe common rule for the-c is eight
eggs to a quart of milk; but you can makj very good custard
with six. or even four egs to the quart. Gustard may be boil-
ed or baked oither in cups or inc large dish. It may be' put
in a shallow paste and prepared asa pie or into a deep paste
tor apuddinjf. There should always be a little salt in the fla-
. ..:..;.. hm.' mi -liii 1 1 m 1 1 11
unoji. .1 lie mint siioiiiu always uc united anu cooteu again
before being used ; this makes it much richer.
Adulteration of Tica. As this article is ono of very gener
al use at our Evening Repasts the following remarks concern-
ins; its adulteration are interestinsr. They are from the speech
of Professor Calvert of Manchester England :
"Black teas were adulterated in two ways. There had been
and was still a vast amount of black tea adulterated in Eng-
land with sloe and hawthorn leaves; and it was a profitable
business when carried on by only a t'ow persons but now it
was so common that here was little pecuniary advantage re-
sulting to any one and an immense amount of injury to the
public. The process of turning sloe leaves into tea was too
long to describe. Spent tea that which had been once used
was also manufactured into new tea. The process was very
simple. The spent tea was put into a strong solution of log-
wood which gave it a nice black appearance. It was easy to
delect it. Put some of it into a glass pour upon it some acid
and if there was the slightest amount of logwood the tea be-
came reel. vir. Ualvert illustrated this and Ins subsequent facts
by experiments.) Of course the manufacturer of tea mixed
his removated tea with a larger proportion of good tea ; but
from 20 to 40 per cent of spent tea had been detected. Green
tea when adulterated was a more serious affair. This was sel-
dom done in England but the Chinese were very expert at it.
Uc recommended them strongly not to use green tea not only
for their own safety but to give a lesson to the poisoner of it.
Many green teas were adulterated with the most poisonous sub-
stances such as arsenitc of copper to give it a green colour.
Black tea was often coloured green by means of other deleteri-
ous substances. The discovery of the fraud might be detected
by pouring boiling water upon the tea when a green or yellow
deposit would bo formed. About two years ago he was told of
a gentleman being nearly poisoned in one of the first hotels in
Liverpool though tho green tea being adulterated with arsenitc
The Expression ok Hands. Lavator told Goolho that on
a certain occasion when he hold the velvet bag in church as
collector of the offerings lie tried to observe only the hands
and he satisfied himself that in every individual the shape of
the hand and of the fingers the action and sentiment in drop-
ping the gift in tho bag were distinctly different and indivi-
dually characteristic. There are hands of vat ions characters
the hand catch and the hand to hold ; the hand to clasp and the
hand to grasp; the hand that Avorked or could work and the
hand that lias never done anything but holds itself to be kissed
like that of Joanna of Arrago in Raphael's picture.
Slang Phrases. Among tho many " bye-Avords" that are
used now-a-days that have a great popularity (!) or aro stifl in
vogue are the exclamation " Hip to-doodle" "Lot er rip"
" Dry up" " Nothing shorter" Over the left"" f shant do
anything eke" &c. We have recently heard of a young lady
using tliis latter phrase in a very ridiculous manner. She- had
a beautiful and very showy ring'ou her finger. A friend asked
her if she intended to Avear it to church. She replied "I
shant wear anything eleo."
A few e von ings since a widow who was known by the on tiro
congregation to be greatly in Avant of a husband was praying
with great fcrvenc-. " O! thou knowest tho desire of my heart !"
she exclaimed. " A m-a-n !" responded a brother in a broad
accent. It Avas Avickcd but we are quite euro that several grave
members smiled on the occasion.
Work for April.
Below wo give some timely advice loom planters frptn Af-
April and May are to the planter decidedly tho most impor-
tant months of tho year. Upon his j.udgiuout anil energy now
depends much of his prospect for the future. Let therefore im
chance be neglected for forwarding seasonable Avoik; All of
the Cr being now planted unless it be some of the new or
wet ground perhaps; finish Cotton planting also as quickly as'
the weather will admit of. The great advantages of having
had the breaking-up done well and early thesoil in fipo order
and of having proper implements and a strong teem will now
be proven. A crop well planted in srood season and in soil
carefully prepared is half made. Much depondsupon thesea-
6011 ; so much that it behooves tho planter to look well ahead-
and be prepared as far as possible for unfavorable weather.
So soon as the cotton is in or even before coinmenco upon the
corn and give rt a thorough working; if at all practicable
give a second plowing and hoeing before the close of this month-
so that this crop may belaid by with safety until after-cotton-scraping
i over; by using a good cultivator this work is hot-t-r
(lone than with the plow as it leaves the middles perfectly
ch an. Hut do not neglect the young cotton to give the corn n
second working before the cotton is cut out ; if slighted at this
stage of its growth it receives a check which no after care will
remedy. Continue to set out Sweet polo toe sproit'.n when largo
enough and the weather permits. About the last of tho month
sow Mil let ; if sown sooner it is apt to hit a dry time" Avhen
heading; whereas when sown about tho time named we have-
found it to do much better. Like every other plant that comes to
maturity in a short time it must have rich ground; when it
yields a largo and valuable crop of excellent hay. A bushel of
clean seed will sow four acres of good laud. Continue to soav;
Com 'in drills at intervals during this month and the next'.'
Plant I'umpl'ins Melons XnuatJics Peas t(w. If the Spring
is a mild one shear sheep. They should previously however"
be washed at same time picking out what burrs may bo in tho.
Tiiicue is Monev Enough. Bight thousand five hundred
square miles of this earth's surface arc devoted to the culture
of tobacco. 'Phe quantity annually produced h.is been recent-
ly estimated to be four and a half billions of pounelp o.r four
and a half pounds for each inhabitant. The first cost of ono (
year's growth of tobacco at four cents a pound is one hundred
and e;ght millions of dollars; but the sum annually oxpended
for tobacco by the whole human family is thought to be at least
five hundred millions of dollars. This would keep an army of
live hundred thousand teachers at work at a salary of a thousand
dollars each. It would put a railroad round tlie world. It
would pay for three railroads double-track from New York
to San Francisco. It would support in comfort all the honest
poor on t'le globs. If it were within the compass of the huinan
power which it is not to expend so vast a sum judiciously
in improving the human race by knowldge discipline and art
it would in two or threo generations banish from tho Avorld
ignorance want crime and disease Ah 1 man earns. money
enough what he wants is the wisdom to spend it ! Life Illustrated.
Cooklvo m' Gas. Many of our readers doubtless have
heard of the patented apparatus for cooking by gas. ' Such 'ah
apparatus in successful operation may now bo seen at Willard's
Hotel and we hardly need add that thoso who have seen-it
speak of fi in terms of enthusiastic admiration. At an expendi-
ture of Jialf-a-cenfs worth of ga9 it cooks a beefsteak in five
minutes in a style too Avh'icb cannot fail to please the most
fastidious epicure. The apparatus is manufactured of differenT
sixes and is Avell adapted for small or largo families or for
A Patriotic "Widoweu. The patriotic fund now gathering?
111 jMigiana cans one irany eccentricities anu one ot uicmtliH
an advertisement in the Oxford Chronicle which is as foll'o'vys
" A widower of good character with five children offers 'to
marry the widow of any soldier slain at Alma. For parfcicu-
lars apply to Mr. Higgs draper and tailor South Stoke Ox-
ford. The above offer is to bo considered the contribution to.
the patriotic fund of the widows."
"I do declare Polly you look prcltv cnuf to eat."
"Soloman ain't I eating as fast as I can" repliod tho dam-
sel Avith her mouth full.
. . mm i
Hon. Orno II. Sin'oi.eton. Wc have seen with gmnt plenmre ihi published
proceedings of a nieciiiig in Jackson M'ss. at which preparations were made
without rey.-ird to pirty lo tender an entertainment to ihisgcntlemnp who is one
nmonjjtliiiHulfst repmsenialivcsin Congi ess from the Stale of Mistissippi. 'It
Kn mnritfd and well deserved tribute of regard. His manly course in repaid
10 Cuba won our admiration of hi3 genuine stpieiinniibliip and ability. The fu-
ture is full of promise lo him.
CTThc counly Court of Turrant has ordured ihc salr of lols in the town.flf
BirJvilli' iIkj counly spni. The sale takes placjs on the liOth April nexl.
Birdville is hnriiltomrly situated on a high prairiV on Big Fimil Creek .1 little
nbnve the Uwer Cross Timbers and about thirty miles writ of the town of Dal-
las Dallas conntv.
1 1 Hi-
K7"Thi iron hnvina been untight fur tho MNsUsippi Cmitrnl Railroad from
Jndisoii to Richland Holmes county thru tuwn will be in Railroad cpnnection
with Vieksliiirg nejci sprinp til farthest
Tiir. FjtuMo.rr Casi:. We lemn thai the United Suites Supreme Court 'have
''oided in fnvor of Co. Fremont confirming lo him the valuable- property hv
fjjNPttnrif)K pv CJoon AUTiioairr. The Engineer of the Slate works. .of
Loulbinnsi.oJ verts in his report to the Ksiilruad running from that Stale Wesl rind
savs thai it should penptrnie the l.oart ot Texas and that it would then be one el
the most profitable roads in the Union. We have long since expressed the siuna
Stat Aii A party uniits in Alubiiui whu nro ndvocating the Issuance of
State llundMo build milimuU. Gov. Wuwloii nnd hi friend j tiro ojiposed to it
Tim Cmib'irno Southerner thus treuu it :
.1 1 1P0'i! uf (Jlitibiiriio me Ihtamins of IniiMins; n uiilrond out 10 thotop of
ivldieu hnl 1" mil from invvn. 'l liorn in i.imI.iuU it will pnj woll. lor tljj
j ()Tieri out tli"ro my m. Tliora is 110 dunl.t it will iucrenso tho revenues ?f
I ' suite becnusu tho price of land out thoro will lwonlmiicod ; nnd them ii no
iliiubt but the rond will be built tome time or other provided iho Suvlu will lii
V All we wnnt in Tor the Statu to lend u $800000 per mile which with tlw
SIOOO 00 we subscribe oursulves wiUeufnplolo tho rond Can't wnu ufjour friend
iucest u condidnio for Governor to bmt Wlimton because he pu-wd tho irUi.
tj door too elossiy for our inluroit J We want a lew Yigilaut Corberu..
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Oldham, W. S. & Marshall, John. Texas State Gazette. (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 6, No. 34, Ed. 1, Saturday, April 14, 1855, newspaper, April 14, 1855; Austin, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth81181/m1/3/: accessed May 24, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.