Texas State Gazette. (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 6, No. 47, Ed. 1, Wednesday, July 11, 1855 Page: 2 of 4
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Tn viec- of the iiisidnom inannr in which ihc Know Nothing--Usrtv
in Texas is cudeatprsH to overturn tlieVD?mocrncy and build
hsalf up UPON ITSR'&JN?. weliavdeieahdio iseuo a Semi-
"VVcetlvariiiir the wuvrA. .. .5 "'" -m.
Our reenter JIctwl mi!ieemi-VqIkwithoni extra
air i" sir '
charge. ' ST
Sutecripliotis for therSmipaJgn G&E BOBTj&Il.taf-h. s
CLUBS tewling j.weMy name will be furnished al the rate of
riVE dollars cash for the' whole li?t.
DEMOCRATS CIRCULATE THE DOCUMENTS!
mm ifiTnvAci wkw nhwvw
inn nAHi . h i. thiRi n
lliJJ lUililU UllllJJ U11ZJ1J11
Edited br JOKX 7IAH.MIAI.L and IV. S. OLDHAM;
OITOP AUSTIN" WEDNESDAY JULY 11 1S55.
- HON- ELISHA M- PEASE-
"A . - ' v For Lieut. Governor --
RUNNELS OF BOWIE.
HON. P. H. BELL.
jFcw Commissioner of the General Zand Office
.j- WILLIAM FIELDS.
"'AtUie'reqcit cf nomtroni aenibers of the Democratic party Gen. A. J. IIAMII.TOH t
Trsvta eoonV win addrri the Dunocracy it the following times and placet;
bfltmmm. tlHam coentr... 21tt Julr. I Vashlnrton. Washiurioa county. 26th July.
TsWirtH.IlBrleian county 2s5 " I Anderson Grimes county 2Sth -V- '
(jJrenhani IVithlDton county 25th " HnntnIIIe Walker conn tf .30th "
Montgomery Montgomery county 2d Acguit. t
Keep It Standing what Messrs. Dickson and Jowers subscribe
The following r&soltitiou is part of the national platform of the
Know Nothings a'dopted at the Philadelphia Convention on the 14th
t'JScjofccf.'Thaths American party having risen on the R.UINS-
apd in deBpft'e 07 tlftfopposition of the Whig and the DEMOCRAT-
IC PARTIES .theyi cannot be held in any manner responsible for
tbeorbco.xFou5sacts orAYiiolated pledges ofeither of them. . A&.
1 Recollect fellowitizens the Know Nothing party in Texas is to
be built up upon theRUlNS OF THE DEMOCRACY! Can a
aingle Democrat vote for men who make this open avowal of their
TFJHIam Fields of Liberty for Commissioner of the General
The name ojT this gentleman will be found in the list of announce-
ments. In the abenceof regular Democratic nominations we must
content oursolves with voting for men whom we know to be Dem-
ocrats and competent men. Perhap5 there is no man m. the State bet-
ter qualified than Mr.Fields for the-office of Commissioner of the
General Land Office. He -is remarkable for the clearness of his judg-
ment the dispassionateness of his temper the eminently practical
character of his Ideas and the firmness of his convictions. This is
wying a good deal for any man. But we say that wo do know. Mr.
Fields was elected a member of the Legislature from Liberty in 1847;
was re-elected in 1849 1551 and 1853. In 1853 he was brought out
a few days before the election while he was absent from the County
notwithstanding he had published his determination not to be a can-
didate. Nevertheless he was elected over men of considerable popu
larity. At the last session of the Legislature hefwas a candidate fori
and was only beaten four votes bv MrssRunnells. the':
Al "1 "' fc"t
-fjiu. -uiuawjor jyvyatenajit trQPa"'-' hiuij-j s. member;
the Legislature and his experience as the representative of a constij
uency wjipse principal business is in the Land Office far etr many
years have made him in a gteat measure familiar with the routine
end detaits'of the office.
Mr. Fields is a Democrat and has withstood the allurements of
Ktjbw-Nothtngifcm. His pecuniary circumstances are bumble. As-
pirations he appears to hayo had none save to discharge faithfully
afiist repeatedly reposed without solicitation from him. Opportu-
nities to try his integrity have not been wanting. He is an honest
man: and when wo say he is an honest man we "do "not mean it
merely in a pecuniary seuse; but we mean further thathe is honest
inall the relations of life. He Has a family : is a Printer by trade.
Vote for' him ; you. will never regret it.
Most that has been said for Mr. Fields can also belaid of the pre-
sent Commissioner "who is a candidate for re-election. But he is ai"
member of the Order of Know-Nothing. He was notriinued by
them hit prefers not to run as their candidate. It appears from the
last Times that he is still a member of the Order. Therefore his refu.
sal to run as the Ivnow-Nothing nominee can only be "regarded as a
.conclusion drawn from considerations of expediency. He cannot
hare our vote on those terms. Jfhe had come out and renounced
the order we should1ha've supported him heartily.
The Chief Clerk of the Land Office is also a member of the order
of Know-Nothing.. If we misrepresent that otherwise estimable
gentleman we will never cease to regret it and will take the first
occasion to make the correction. Our apology for mentioning his
itame must be found in the complimentary fact that since the nomi-
nation of the present Commissioner by the Know-Nothings Demo-
crats m all parts of the State ignorant of his relation to the new or-
der have named him asja suitable candidate for the Democracy.
- If anyone should ask why makeKnow Nothingism an. issue in all
our elections we reply that the Democratic party has had no hand in
the making. The credit and the discredit abide with the Know
Nosings. They have run the question "in every election which has
come off within a year past from Governor down to Town Constable
from one end ol the Union to the other ; and their success in the most
insignificant places have been .published throughout the land with re-
joicing. Thcparty professes tobe reared upon the ruins of the Dem-
ocratic party Its grand conceit "has given a pledge that if they uc-
ceed.the spoils shall T9 distributed according to the appointments of
the .minor couucils. Is tho question not answered 1 Since the receipt
of -the published proceedings of the Philadelphia Grand Council
no one can claim to be any longer misled as to the aim of the self-
styled American" party alias Supreme Ordee ofthe Sijuj. Spak-is-led
'Banker alias Know Nothing. -.
" Circular of flarid C. Dickson.
Mr. Dickson sets out by saying
" I have in view of existing issues determined to announce myself
a CHiiflitlate for that nositiotl fofnee of Governor"! and adhnt ihi method
.of giyinjjmy opinions itpon sucJi siibjxcts of State policy as seem at
Well we think that the Know Nothing subject engrosses public at-
tention pretty exclusively over the whole State. Does Mr. Dickson
give v's his " ophiions" on this subject ?
Not a word ! It is too tender a subject. He wants us his paper
in advance asserts the votes of Know Nothing and Anti-Know-Nothings
Whig and Democrats.
This is the Captain of the piratical Know-Nothing flag in Texis
and all the lesser craft are playing possum everywhere. It seems
to be some Know Nothing decree in secret council that a regular
denial-of a State Know Nothing issue should be made. Such chaff
enntcatch old birds.
SIn all other matters relating to St3te policy we can see no public
object in Dr. Dickson kicking out of doors his democratic recommen-
patioii for Lieutenant Governor.
It is all fudge for him to talk about making an iue on the State
system and it is really amusing to see hmv he magnifies it since his
nomination by the Know Nothing party at Washington. Hear him :
" A large party composed of gentlemen of acl:noioledged ability
and distinction insist with quick pertinacity v knows how to ring
in the expletive) and with a zeal worthy of a better cause that the
State alone and unaided should undertake to supply this great want'
of her citizens.
There is time for all things under tTTe"?RSandJt is time to stop
this humbug about a big party in factor of the StareiS'istem. Where
is the large party 1 Turn them out. Let us see them. Did this
large party show itself at the Huntsville Convention 1 No. How
many delegates attended it ? How many came up from Galveston
with Mr. Sherwood ? Were there more than two others beside him-
self? Were there over half a dozen counties in the State represented ?
How many presses out of Galvestou advocate the State system?
Arc there two ? How many primary meeting in its favor have been
!h'eld ? Half a"dozen ? Whatvorganization exists in the State in its
favor? None! It is. lifelessjand it is a sin and a shame to kick a
poor dead-Tanimal in .thiByway. Jack Fnlstaff might run his sabre
thioueha fallen enemy and-boast of his victory. But Mr. Dickson
and-li'iE men in buckram oughfuo have more magnanimity.
" The largejparty" only' sprung into existence like Jonah's gourd
in the nighu jyhen the Kno.w Nothing party nominated Mr. Dickson
for election. A
Jt then suddenly became a mountain and when the August election
comes on the laboriugs of the Know Nothing mountain-will briii"-
forth the usual product of'a mouse.
Ta i mm I
i Got Pease and the Frontier.
Tba. Governor was waited upon last week by Judge-"William E.
Jonea with a memorial from the citizens of the Upper "Guadalupe
asserting the re-appearance of hostile Indians in that neighborhood
and praying for authority to organize a company for defence. "The
Goveruor took the responsibility and properly appointed.Capt. Calla-
han to organize a company of 68 rank and file for three months to
act pon the defensive.
' This is characteristic of the course of the Governor and lnis imme
diate!predeceor Gov. Bell. When the United States officers were
last fall vacillating about receiving the volunteers collected in this
citf" upder a requisition of the United States the Governor promptly
caused them to bemnEtered into the State service; and so they re-
mained for some weeks. Hurrah for Pease !" was then heard-from
on end of the line to the other. Hurrah for Pease 1" will Be the
motto of there same'men and the whole frontier at the election.
QHEEtiNO News. Last night's mail brought us several letters
from the East some of "which we shall publish giving ub positive
asiurance of a large majority foe Pease and Runnels. The Dark Lau-
rTaiarly are doomed to utter Annihilation in this contest.
The Bombshell in- Eastern Texas.
The glorious East will do her duty in 'the coming contest with the
dark lantern party.
Never have we felt so truly the thrill of delight at tho concentra-
tion of the-Democracy in a great crisis as in witnessing the late
rnagnnnirrious.wlthdrawal of lion. T. Mills and G. W. Chilton from
the contest for Congress.
The last Texas Republican brings us this cheering news.w The
Democracy of the East have resolved upon concentrating upon Col.
MATT. WARD and with him they will challenge the whole baud
of Know Nothings in Eastern Texas to bring up their men'm buckram.
We had read his circular previous to the teceint of this Ii'ews. and
";- . .. . t -..
an article setting lortn our high admiration ot his principles
aracter as a democrat. He has our whole confidence in this
he friends of Mr. Smyth will join heart and hand in his
rand if the Texas Debt Bill fails in the State which is now
foregone conclusion he and Col. Boll will stand forth in the next
Hcress and vindicate the rights of Texas in a manner tfiaTTwITf
bring the speculating claimants to '.heir senses.
Weay it is due to Hon. T. Mills and G. W. Chilton to note
this act of their devotion to the Democratic party. And we confidently
say to them that in our future contests they must always claim our
' Got. Bell and Got. Pease npon the Rio Grande.
Letters have been received in this city from Maj. James H. Durst
Col. Ham. Bee Judge Ancrim and others which leave no doubt of
the strength of the Democratic Candidates from Corpus Christi to El
Paso. Bell and Pease will sweep the entire vote in the whole valley
of the Rio Grande. These poople are there as they were here in days
of yore daily exposed to a savage foe and they have no time to be
thrusting back any part of the population on account of birth blood
or religious creed. They are all Americans and will support those
who are so in f?ct not by profession only.
The Know IothirisofBa5trop.
It is reported herethat the secret conclave at Bastrop in their fear
for the exposure ofJie 'secret order which we are now making
agreed to decapitate the Gazette. Well readers w.e suppose their
power has been fully visited upon us and what do you suppose I the
extent of it.
The loss of six subscribers !
This is the full measure of their proscriptive power in Bastrop.
We will undertake to say that we.shall be favoredjn another week
with double the number. What do you say friends ?
Detection in the Kkow Nothing Ranks. It has leaked out that
a clique in the Know Nothings at the Washington Convention over-
slaughed Ochiltree for Congress. The cards were stocked against
him and although the Eastern Dark Lanterns were slimly represen-
ted it was agreed that Evans should be the candidate of the party and
Ochiltree should waive his claims to him. The latter ha6 many
staunch friends and they do not like to be thus treated ; more especial-
ly when the selection of a candidate for Congress was made out of
the District. We learn this from the Texas Republican
Speeches at San Antonio.
The Texan gives us the following extracts :
"Let me ask those gentlemen if there beany of them who belong
to this Know-Nothing Party do you believe that at this day if the
great Hewy Clay were living now be would be found creeping in
cellars and swearing fidelity to political midnight associatons. Hen-
ry Clay who declared that he would rather be right than be Presi
What ! Americans concealing themselves hiding and swearing in
cellars caves and dens running from city to city from place to place
to conceal their principles mature in secrecy their schemes of Politi-
cal action !" (Extract of Speech of Judge Buckner.)
" TheDemocracy ot the country is arousing itself in every part of
the Union and taking heart from the conflict in Virginia gathering
in its scattered forces calling home its wandering'sons marshall-
ing its tried veterans and recruiting from the liberal minded and pat-
riotic of all parties is looking forward with renewed courage and
confidence to the impending struggle which is to realize the dreams
and establish the supremacy of the midnight faction or to prove the
glorious triumph of the great republican principle no proscription
for religious opinion none for birth or religion." (Extract of
Speech of Hon. I. A. faschall.j
" If their principles are such as would meet the minds of all rea-
sonable men why hide them from the light of day and then come
and1 ask us to vote for things they will not permit us to understand?
With regard to this new society or party or whatever name you
may give it T really believe it to be just one of those phantasms that
appear from "time to time and vanish as they come one of those ex-
citements which will'have its way and its day." (Extract of Speech
of D. C. Van Derlip' Esq.)
Mass Meetteg at Georgetown.
There will be a Mass Meeting at Georgetown on .th'eHth inst.
Several distinguished speakers will be-present. '
The Know Kothing Oaths agaist Catholics.
No religious test shall be made for apjffice of trust or honor
ia the United States" Constitution of thvf$?iited States.
" No Religious test shall ever be required as a qualification to any
office of public trust in this Siate." Constitution of the State of
" Every male citizen otherwise qualified shall be entitled to hold
any office or place of honor trust or profit under the Republic "
Constitutio?i of the State of TtS is.
Extract from the K?iow Nothing Oath.
" You furthermore promise and declare that you will not vote nor
give your influencefor any man for any office in the gift of the people
unless he be anAfnericau born citizen in favor of Americans ruling
America NOR IF HE BE A ROMAN CATHOLIC and that you
will not under any circumstance expose theme of any member of
this order orjreveal the existance of such an organization."
" To all the foregoing yon bind yourself under the no le?3 penalty
than that of being expelled from this order and of having your name
posted nntlcircidated throughout the different councils of the United
States as a perjurer and as a traitor ito God and your country a
being unfit to be employed enirusted.tbr Countenanced or supported
in any business transaction as a person totally unworthy the con-
fidence of all good men and as one to whom the finger of corn
should ever be pointed. SO HELP YOUjGOD.'
The above ought to be read out to the people whenever a Know
.Nothing asserts- any friendship for Catholics.
" Put none but Americans on Guard To-Aight."
The above sentiment like many oihersattnLiuted to the itumort;)
Washington by the corrupt demagogues of the Know Nothing party
lijvsrnn its race and turns out to be utterly withoutjotindatiou. Mr.
.larcd Sparks the American historian thus sp.eaksof it in a late letter
on the subject : " y
" I have never seeirsueh an order nor was it likely that Washing-
ton would issue sn.h a one surrounded as he constantly was by dis-
tinguished officers of foreign birth. To associate with snch men as
Lafayette in the spirit of seeming confidence and tlifcii'privntely issue
secret instructions insinuating a want of ndehtyjdjnioiior in his com-
rades would he so deeply dyed in duplicity thatno man who honors
the name of Washington could believe for a monientYhat he would
be guilty of such conduct. They know nothing of theimbral rectitude
and high honor of Washington's character who insinuated that he
could have done so." f ''
. -' r! A
Bexar County. The following is from the Txan-:-
BnxAR. County Nominations. On TiiesdaygnightfUast; the De-
mocracy ofpid Bexar" met pursuant to previous adjournment for
the purposeof nominating candidates for the coming August election.
A letter was read by the Secretary signed by a large body of the citi-
zens of Bexar county requesting the lion. 1. A. Paschal to become a
candidate for State Senator there was then read his reply in which
he showed conclusively his past present and future opposition to the
'" monstrously intolerant anti-Republican and anti-American doc-
triifes of thausirange midnight association commonly called Know-
Nothings." Judge Paschal declined becoming a candidate The
meetiug then grocceded to make the following nominations which
were received by a unanimous vote of pie meeting.
For jSena'lwr rf
m HON. S. A. MAVERICK. ' ' "
Iris not leas surprising than humihot'
WM. H. CLEVELAND ESQ.
M. L. MERRICK
J. WELDER ESQ.. (floater)
The "Scream of the Bombshell Walker countjvanswers next!!
Huntsville July 3 1855.
Editors of the Gazette -Gents : We had an enthusiastic
meeting of the Democracy of Walker county on yesterday. The
meetincr responded to their democratic brethren of Travis by substi-
tuting the name of lion. H. R. Runnels as the Democratic candidate
for Lieutenant Governor in place of lion. D. C. Dickson. My im-
psession is that the Democracy of Walker will be united anaiust the
Know NothinaJL'iriJi-hii--aot-LVJ-T as. yrj .. :--o-the
proceedings and resolutions published in our next papers at this
place. I am glad to see that you are pouring hot shot into the ranks
of Know Nothingism in good earnest. How the Times newspaper
can any longer claim to be Democratic is marvelous to me when we
contrast the two platforms of the Democratic and Know Nothing
parties. They are as different as darkness and light. No man can
remain a Know Nothing and stand on the Democratic platform. I
wish you would publish both platform in juxta position and point
out the essential features of difference between them. Pease will get
the vote of this county or at least a large majority in myopinion.
L have taken ground against Know Nothingism and will stake my
election on the issue. In haste your friend.
Tho Chronicle of the. Times is also in favor of the re-election
of Gov. Pease. He says :
We learn from the Texas Eanger that the Hon David CV
Dickson of Grimes county was nominated as a candidate for
Governor by the Know-Nothing Convention lately convened
at Washington on the Brazos. By a Nacogdoches Chronicle
extra we see that Mr. Dickson has taken the field against Go-
vernor Pease and the State system of Internal Improvement.
The present incumbent Gov. Pease who has so nobly satisfac-
torily and unflinchingly discharged tho duties of executive
chief of the State is a candidate for re-election.
Although Air. Dickson be the 'Know-Nothing candidate for
Governor of this State we opine it would be difficult for him
to carry the entire vote of that apparently invincible body in-
to the ballot-box. That it is vulnerable the defeat of their
favorite in the late Yirsrmia election is unequivocal evidence
and Pease may defeat his opponent like- Wise. The editor of
the Nacogdoches Chronicle seems to nave iorgotten tunc a coat-
lition of the secret order of Know-Nothings and the openly-
avowed Democracy is impracticable. He "calls upon his
brethren of the Press he calls upon the Democracy of the
State he calls upon every opponent of the State system to
rally to the standard of Jf man who has thrown himself into
the breach and is readyto stand or fall upon this question."
That man is David C. Dickson Esq.
The State system has never had our endorsement yet we
cannot discover the great bugaboo in theissue that demagogues
affect to elicit.
TheState system as it is called is the great cynosure of the
political opponents of Governor Pease as the only available
e.rthmera vet caught and it appears to be the only objectiona
ble feature in his gubernatorial career. But the expository
letter that has aroused the terrors ot secnonai politicians or
would-be Warwicks of the day was not norcould it be con-
sidered an official communication : hence there was no more
danger to be apprehended from the opinion of E. M. Pease
Esq. than that of any other private inaivmuai. ai we uo not
greatly mistake his views as expressed at the same time he
as well as many other intelligent mea in this country thought
thfifc wp. werp. nrematurelv dashing into extensive splendid
schemes without the means to carry them out or make them
pay current expenses alter oeing compie. ibi muuiu lub
people be determined to pitch into them at all hazards he read-
ily evinced his disposition to fall in with the popular plan of
the day and lucidly explained what was necessary to be done
forthwith in the event. The embarrassing or perhaps for
some fortunate missile is not at hand to correct the memory
but we do not think that the Governor was decidedly hostile to
all other plans or decidedly determined to accept no other than
tha Galveston scheme. We understood the letter as expressing
his cheerful readiness to accede to any mode of State improve-
ment that carried the public's approbation in its face and to
act in accordance with the general sentiments of the people
expressed by their representatives in the Legislature of the
State. . . . x.
The other Know-Nothing nominations mentioned by the
Ranker are for Lieut. Governor Dr. W. G- W. Jowers; of
Palestine; for Representative to Congress Jndge Hancock of
Austin. Democratic -Hon. P. JET. Bell andHon.. C. W. Buck-
ley for Eepresentative to Congress. Gen. Hugh ifcLeod
of Galveston for. the State Legislature.
.:c. to Uss ih .. Con.
r i.ft.Tn ot me -"
tha Know Nothing Southern r9P3 a0Pl ll" r"a" npp0sed aftr tho '
renuWat Philadelphia. It n.ight reasonably tare been J2fotLiogsIn haa
ssceaaioa of the dr legate! from txveiw States in which h TW . (n ;
acquired its full growth mul where it had developed use
blackest colon that thoss who remained and wlo reprejen haYeadoptedx
"Whiggerj nd Know Nothingisin are alike : discount won Deino. -
platform upon which all the Whigs Injh. Sbu hand on'e conuW Ho' ;
ot who have affiliated with ihe.n8nSnt .land But o n in
Southern man can iwallow tht tloctrinci in iltriail but they
down . h American
We entreat all reasonable men who have said Amen conCerii
Vlatform." to pause andvesamine it cicely. It is a matter wm -religion
as well as politics. Never before h a political party ope y
a religious creed in America. All history teaclie but one lesson a xo g
and intolerance. How wanr Southern chrisiians nre prepared to gte "j.
Westminster Confession of Faith ; their thirty-nine aiticles and their
dist discipline to ad.pt the iiifiiielcreed of the congregated politician
Philadelphia! ' u v n-'oi
We here copy consecutively th.seyeral articles relating to the relipion
these creed mongers : .
I. The acknowledgment of that Almighty Beinrr who rules over the. bau
verse who pteiides over the rouucils ot tuitions who conducts i tne a f
men and who in every step by which we have ndvanced to the c-liaracer ui -independent
nation ha's distinguished us by some token of providential acu j-
VIII Resistance to the aggressive policy and rorrnpting tendencies ot "m
Roman Catholic Church m o-ir countrv by the ndvaiic-ment to all P'"1"'
stations executive legislative judicial or diplomatic of those only who iw
not hold civil allegiance directlv or indirectly to any foreicirpowcr y '
civil or eccloiastical and who are Americans by birth education niul tram-
intr thus fiitfiHing.ahe maim u Amkhicaxs ovi.r muli. govern Ameeica.
The protection of all citizens in the legal and proper exerfUe of their $1TU. .
and religion nphtiand xil-s ; the maintenance of the ri-ht of every man
to the full unrestrained and pencefui enjoyment of Ins own religious opinions
and worship and a jealous lesiitance of all attempt.- by any sect denomination
or church to obtain an ascondency over any other in the Stale by mean ot
any special piivileges or exemption by any political combination of its mem-
bers or by a division of their civil allegiance- with am foreign power potentate
XL The education of the youth of onr country in rhools provided by tli
Slate; which schools shall be common to all without .iis:inctou of creed or
party and free from any influence or direction of a denominational or partisan
character. And inasmuch as Chi isitanity by the constitution of nearly Aall
tin-- Stnrn! hv ill .W.isinn.- of the most eminent iudicial authorities : and by
the consent of the people of America is considered tin element ofnur political
system and as the Holy Bible i at once the source of Christianity nnd the
depository und fountain of all civil and religious Irccdom. we oppose erery
attempt to exclude it from the Schools tlm established m the Slates.
It will be observed that in this creed there is no knowlcdgment of ths
meek and lowly Jesus or the Holy Spirit which enliglifned the Apostles on
tho day of Pentecost and by a vision taught universal salvation. It is a creed
upon which the Deist and the Unitarian may embrace but the christian re-
quires something more in his plan of salvation than u An Almighty Being
who rules the Universe ; The Catholic the Episcopalian the Presbyterian
the Methodist and the Baptist nil follow the same confessional aa to " God
the father God the Son and God'thc Holy Ghost'' nnd more than one of
these denominations beliore in " one Holy Catholic church." '-
Now as this pious convention evidently intended to give to the world a new
faith and a new Baptism it may reasonably be inferred that it wa'i not only
their intention to exclude the notions of the Trinity butnh-o the sacraments of
the churches. For why speak upon the subject of religion at all and keep
back any part of the price? The elements which composed tho Conrention
are living commentaries of the rank infidelity of the body. The dinner ora-
tor from Arkansas with his boasted " aristocracy of blood" is tho veriest infi-
del and scoffer of the age Ami among tho others could be numbered Deist
and Unitarians not a few bu: of christians a very few.
The body is not relieved or the charge of infidelity bv their " rtiittance to
ll;e aggcsive policy and coirnptingtenilencies of the R0man Catholio
Church in our country by the advancement to nil political stations execu-
tive legislative judicial or diplomatic of those only rho do not hqld civil
allegiance directly or indirectly to any foreign power whether civil or e'cele.
siastical and who are Americans by birth education and training thus ful- -filling
the maxim u Americans shall oovekn Amfkim." ?
What kind of " rtiistarct" is intended ! Is it the stake andtho fagot which
have darkened the history of the christian church no matter what order hao
been in power ! Or is it the mire resistance of a religious test in palpable
violation of the constitution of the United States? The one would as cer-
tainly lead to tha other in the end as it is certain that man are actuated by the
same passions in every ace. The single paragraph contains threi" uncormr-
tutional auahfiiiatiousJfor tsllica - -
1. A religious test. " "-
1. American birth.
3. " Education and training in America."
Now.it is a principle of international law that all psrsons are naturally
citizens or subjects of the country of their birth whether their parents b
domiciliated in that country or not. It is likewise consonant to nil experi-
ence that children naturally adopt the religion of their father. The excep-
tions only prove the rule. It is also unfortunately true that a great number of
native born young Americans receive neither "education or training" within
tli meaning of theso exclusive aristocrats. Jackson Crawford Clay Alln o
Ohio Tom Corwin and thousands of others less distinguished may be classed
in this category. And it is also true that owing to a variety of circumstances
many children of citizens of the United States are educated abroad. But by
thlTcrecd the Catholic the Episcopalian the naturalized citizen the un-
educated aiid the native who have been educated abroad are all alike ex-
eluded from.ofiice. And of course according to all rules of moral fellowship
those whoreject the first article about the ' Almighty Being'' oi who add
"the Son and the Ilolr Ghost" are likewise excluded! If asked why we
more particularly srlect the Episcopnlean church from among the proteMant
ohurohesj" it may be answered that their creed varies not so much from th
Nicene creod but thatlthey acknowledge " one holy Catholio and Apostolic
church ;" they acknowledge a foreign power "' civil and ecclesiastical" so far
as to adopt tho " civiland ecclesiastical'' law of England the latter orwhich
is principally mado up'.of the Canons of the Roman Pontiff Their ritual only
slightly varies'from the English established church of which Victoria is tho
head. And we may alid that all Protestantism acknowledges the English com-
mon law so far as nothnconsistent with our own constitution and laws. The
Roman Catholics do o more. v .
Nor is the quadrupls test relieved of its odlonsnoss by tho sequence; "ful.
filling the maxim tha AmericaSS shall oover.v America !" Whence comes
that maxim and whadoes it mean? May not a native born Roman Catholio
be an American or oes he lose his status when he adopts his religion! May
not those able expohnders of our laws who have acknowledged too profound
an allegiance to the flireign power of the common law bo Americans? Mar
not the uneducated man be an Ameiicr.n? Or i it intended to be asserted
that the Democracy ff the United States admit the principle that they are
govsrncd by the creatures of their periodical appointments the squad of pre-
carious office ho'derf ? Wo -had .thought the government with the people and
the power not with the voters buuhemoral influence of the masses. But let
us follow up tho article as lo'its religious bearing. Let it not be claimed that
there is any security in such " protection oi all citizens in the legal and proper
exercise of their "civil and religious rights." There can be no protection
except upon the principle of equality in society and the absence of every
religious test for every political purpose. The ' legal end proper" would bo
iudged of by the merciless persecutors. Any other protection than the consti-
tutional guaanty is of the character which the lion extends to the Iamb and
the leopard to the kid. The same power whether exercised with sword and
fagot or in midnight conclaves whinh can proscribe Catholics in PhiladelnhiiL
can outlaw Quakers in South Carolina and Baptists in Texas. There is no
middle giound. W; must stand upon constitutional tolerance or surrender
civil and religious Iberty to infidel cabals who will judge what is " lcal and
proper." Nor is there any guaranty inrtie 11th alticle which relates to com-
mon school. Becmie first where common schools exist the teachers ar
civil officer and thi religious testapplieilbSeacherW Secondly all chrutiani
and even universalis and unitarians claimthe Bible as the foundation of thei
faith. And thirdlyif prOtestant parents trtuxnanffes t ' their hostility to all
Catholics children would commence their'warlare over'theBible.
As a religious crcd this American partythefefore holds :
1. That there is anAlmighty Betas wbo ba3shown'hisVr8pecial"provtj
no where but in the Tnited States; " V i "
2. That this Beinp has no toleration for any othor pat t of mankind nor f
Catholic Americans nor for most of the christian church. 0$
3. That he does nt render to Ca:sar the things that are'Ciusar'iiiand to God
the things that are tfod's but he teaches his favored to consider temno 1
spoils as matter of the greatest consideration and thatttbey should direct all
their prayers to Mapmon. v . -K
Brethren let ns pay for the faith once delivered to the Saints'! Christians
arouse ! your freedom of conscience your icmples of worship are iff dan-rer
The next conTenticl comirfg from mfdhight conclaves may do ag'Uie FrenchV
Jacobins declare tint there is nrrGoa and ensanguine a nation with tht?
blood of the Sainti $
While this creed s alarming as a religions confession it js not less dan-
gerons a a political platform. We will not deny but that it has some canons
of Democratic faitk bnt in.addition to the unconstitutional tests for officV
already noticed tfacp are manythings to which the true patiiet after exam-
ination cannot subjeribe. Prominent among the objections we may aotiee
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Oldham, W. S. & Marshall, John. Texas State Gazette. (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 6, No. 47, Ed. 1, Wednesday, July 11, 1855, newspaper, July 11, 1855; Austin, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth81193/m1/2/: accessed April 25, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.