State Gazette. (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 7, No. 36, Ed. 1, Saturday, April 26, 1856 Page: 1 of 4
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- jv:'. sr " i t-m v- j-ii
:-feci0 State atte
-JGIK MARSHALL & W. S OLDHAM.
jPBSCEiriKJN' fnt Abtakx)..
fBscsarnos (jot adtaic
ClHb and Democratic Association
fai-jdsfied at liberal Cash rate.
GAZETTE BOOK AND JOB OFFICE.
tTc have made sad are snaking extensive additions to
arJOB OFFICE and we are cow prepared to execute
very variety ( Ornamental Dsok and Job Printing.
Oar Por Press has been erected and to ineeesslal
-etED rEDfTcto bills op xading bills or -ex
. CHANGE Deeds Law Blanks etc rlc- executed with
frrai dispatch and sent to sury P4rt c' "" Stat at cor
BLAHK BOOK KAHUFACTORY
Hut Clock en hand and a first dui binder always at
his pest places irfthln the power of every body In vast of
feUsc Doeo cacn as jiCUKcnosraau y ikk&i wun
gteerdj or IociU to care tbea made right here la
Austin at prices bat very Utile abort those of Sew Tort.
ALLAN JOHN T. ATTOlortT at Law. Austin
Texas. June2Ut.lSS5. SOly
" A TKINS IlEXJAJIsr i?. ATroaxrr atLaw.
?. Columbia Brascria county. Tcxat. Win attend
s basinets In the Coort of the first Judicial Dbtrlct and
s the Supreme and federal Courts of the State- JWtt
J. FXcCLELL AND ATTOMrr-AT-LAW Edln-
berg Hidalgo county. ly C-
BUVCU) AVILLIA3I ; Attdijet .at Law
Austin To as. OCke on Congress Avenue. Win
practice in the coo. tier the Second JodleUlDUtriet and
the Supreme and Federal Coartt at Austin and Galveston
attending faithfully to the collection of claims. Investi-
gating land title ic and any professional business
entrusted to him. Jl5 "tT ly
B" AilllMl M C. t Attorney tnd CtmnuUor
at Xotr Brenham Texas will practice fa the CoarU
of the Third JndlcialDlstrlct In Fayette and Acitln coon
lies and In the Supreme and federal CoarU at Anitln.
r. EtocriE 7. x.t. cewj.
BLOCKER St CVltliT AtT0it at Law
Waco McLennan Coanty. Will practice In the
conntlei of McLennan FalU Llmeitone Freettone and
UriLEi IV. IV. ATToaxrr at Law r.aco
J WcLnnin eocstr. Texaa. Will oractlc In the
CcarU of the 3d Jod tclal dUtrlct. and In the Soprene Court
at Awtla. M5-y
rt3. b BAKcrf jurasa BArarrr.
TIASSETTA: BASSETX Attobots Ajro Conr-
JfiJP auxoas at Law Brenham WashloRton cotmty
Tezaa will glre their attention to profetilonal bntlnesi in
the DUtrict CoorU of the third Judicial Dlitrlct eiabrac-
Wntthecoonllefof Washington Burleton Milam HcLen-
nanBellndWilllat3onandIn the Probate Court of
Washington and Barleoa. decSyw-y
BVItO IVM.Attorney.at-Law Austin Texas.
November Still ISM. nll;tr
tAi!UUEr.L. AJCCIltUAIU . Attoxxxt
J azd Comttun-AT-LAw Austin City Texas.
April S3. 3S n8o to1.6
D. T.CBAKSEIUX . T. JXIST
CKai3SVaV.WVS & FUST- Attot-at-J.
Law Belton Bell county Texas. lt-r
COOLEV A. O. Attoset-at-Law axd Gssxkal
Lako Aaxsr Fredericksburg Texas
Inferences: Tton. Wm-E. Jones Comal county; MaJ.
M.Entine Cannt 5 Jobn Twohlg U.M. lewis San An-
tonio; CD. na v Co.Frederiekaborg; Elliott k Thorn.
taafrnia. ; -10
OKE ItlClIAItD Arrorxtr AXnCocwnroB-
at-ijlw waco Mclennan county icxas. s-ts
IBOCKETT J M. Attornty-aNLaw Dallas
CHARLES BtrCKHOITS Attomet at Law
Xand and General Agent Austin Texas.
tmrt.iaxaat s. r. tstob.
S VENISON A: PltVYOK Attoxmt and Cocssix.
P lor at Law San Antonio Texas. Will practice In
the District Courts or Bexar Medina Gillespie Comal
Qnadalnpe Caldwell and Gonxalei counties and in the
Fderaland Supreme Cnurti at Austin.
EST Office on Post Office street opposite the itore
Gr&eibeecfc French. 87:ly
J. K.JniAXT 77... w. n. WOOD.
TJRANT & 1VOOD Arroasm and Cocrsa-
Loksat Law CentervilleXeon County. Will prac-
tice In all the Counties of the thirteenth Judicial District
and In the counties of Houston and Anderson.
' September. I it 1S55. ni.vT-ly
EWrEkt VM H. Attouxjt axd Corxsnua-
practice In tbe District Courts or the Sixth Judicial Dis-
trict and a portion of the Fifth; also. In tbe Supreme and
Federal Courts st Tyler. Undivided attention wfll be
given to aB business confided to bis care. Prrtlcular at-
tention to the collection of claims and the prompt smlt-
tince of moneys collected to the proper parties. He will
act m agent tor the purchase and mo oi una ana win
Investigate land tltlei npon reasonable terms.
March ISM. 4-S3
BVA.SA. J. ATTOxxirr-AT-LAw Waco McLen-
r.sn county Texas. Will practice In the counties
cf McLennan Limestone Freestone Falls Milam and
BtU and In the Supreme Court or the Btate. Trorapt
attention given to the securing raUd.andperfectingcon-
trorerted and claims .Office east of Waco Inn.
Jcsiin rrsr !.h.bowx8S.
"OISK d: BOWERS Attojoiet and Cocsselloes
Jt" AI1AW Austin ex ai" practice in me sna
Judicial District and adjoining counties and In the Su-
preme and Federal courts at Austin. They will also act
ai General Land Agents. Office on Congress Avenue 2nd
dr tenth of the Treasury. Jan. 19 '61 23-ly
jTi KEE.V JOHN A. A: R. AttosxstsaxdCocsi
SJS rtw.iT.iiv Ausun icxas. inn practice in
the second Judicial District and adjoining conntlei ; also In
(he Supreme and Federal courts at Austin. 3-49
JOSH . BOrSTOX n. S. BIlADroU).
rOTJSTON & fsRADFOltu ArroRStra-AT
''Law and Central Land Agents. Belton. Bell county.
Txais WJH practice In the ConrU or McLennan BeU
sUam Bosque CorryeUand Williamson. Prompt attention
given all business placed In his hands. ' 41
tnSHi SOWARS JOnX A. WILCOX.
HOWAKD A: WILCOX ATToasmandCocs-
- ssxcipy at Law San Anto nio Texas. 5-35
aENDERON WILLI A 31 """iLArrosxir
andOocxEixuif atLaw Austin City Texas. Of-
fie adjoining the office of Hon. Thomas J. Jennings At-
tsraty General. 2S3T.
ex Hasoocj: .C 8. Wist.
HANCOCK A: WEST Attoixtts at Law.
" 03xe up stairs above tbe Pst Office In Hancock' Sew
Ansae Febrnary. S3d. 1S55. (n27-3m)
HQ3TAN JOHN P. ATrosatxt axd CouxaiLo
AT Law Springfield Limestone county Texas.
TTOSES JOHN B. & G A.AUorneys and
O CounselloTs at law Galveston Texas Will attend to
scyibuilner: In the Federal Courts oT Texas the Supreme
Court at Gatveiton or in the Counties of the First and
Stventh Districts. Particular attention civedto the In-
TtttlraUonofUnd titles. Dec 2d ISM. n!5:ly
TAniHON W. It. ATTOBS1tTAT.I.AF LaQ range
ft? -iTras YUl attend to the collection or claims In--iWEiUnglind
title ic and all other business con-
nected with his profession in Western Texas.
Streamer 17 pd nl3 ly
JONES W. HESS Attoxxxt axd Cocxsxllok-at-Uw
KaUry PabUc and. General Ccjlectlng
ttBttnelena Texai. 00-y
EWISAt DAVISr-Attomeyi and Counsellors at
Law. Brenham. Texas. June SO 1655. tf nUvolS
in. SI. SATIS.
K Auumftt;i; & BIEOU'NRIGG attoi-
JLJ xxt at Law xd GtxtxAl. Awsts Win practice in
aC the Cotjrts f the Sixth Jodjclal District In theSu-
irtaCcsirtaad ja the Federal OuRm at Austin and
Jiilmtsn-Thty wtu pay partlcuUr attention to the
"eating and pattetiBgtf land paymentor taxes and to
tt; examination of HUes to land etc All business placed
tathtlrkandi win be promptly Attended to and all mon.
y caBectedpnactuallypald oTer. 42y June 171 S54
il "Ji1"! C. C. A; A. D. ATTOftXT8 AXD
Bastrop Bastrop county.
7tcpAKIEL W P. ATTOXSCTAXDCoCXEIXUtt
itfS; TVljv"n'3ten. Polk co Texas wiU pracUce
SSfw00 O' veston and wai pay strict aHentlon
aySS1' fW'totbs cdleetlon of
ttrat ue pwt ass
"jKTXXVTON. S. T. ATTaaxvT end Cocxssua at
Smo-1 Tex .Wrtl P"tio ta the Sd 3d
aodtln Judicial Districts and In the Supremo and Federal
cosrta.at Austin. Office at Us residence near the Somh
tast corner f the new Capitol. Sent 15 n4r7
.T&JOW- IN J. W. Arroaxxr and CoCTamim at
JLS to Wato. Texas.
w-voLBttis . . A.w.Trsi!8riT J.-w.wBrrc
riLHA TERRELL A: WHITE.-AT-
J Taxrrt at Law Austin. Texas wOl practice la the
" sad Third Judicial Districts and In theSopreme
amreilaal Owrti at Austin. n27
'OEKDLETON FRANK ATTaxxtr axd Oot-
JjL' -BEO0-at-Law Btjlton BtU county Texas. 4-$a
mEatKlNSMENKY E. ATrewxr Axt? Cors-
tsutAT LaV Houston lUrrls county Texas
Grimti; JeSersoa and Liberty.
" ijww if ine counties ex
Aiarca i inm. iy
wfcwsiBrrroadlogexiantles ana wfllalso attend to
fbj pfethtM i and nit laaCs the Investigation and per-
ftttfesoiaaa titles etc 41
. ' miiiin -F'gl- ! u i iis .... -m -
EgfCACE JAMES A. ArrcsjsrrASD Corxssuox-
PRl WKTEB-lswmi und Corasix-
f. tesj-Av-ULp-tcMt Texas -SS
isTr4Awiic' IS?""- -usZ
fL-" tne Ctonrn at 8a Antonio and
SZiLs ? tt
-j :!.!. ... - pnrnnraaa. xwrMi ttbi
L itfSMtRfbui sKlLBsdA . .
3ti & CA i !JSS!?"iR
iSgmZtir kWfcf. m
asaa Jrevtsswar ..
A rXVllTBEB IB- -
h H"1 ' WMyraMM. ' l?
-rzv"-" Fw11 'nTTresr-i
' ' SEgg?1"- ' n - - .-m '" -- . jaa... .itMfag 8y ivaft;; :8i' A & ; -'j8s- - -
I . - '-' ' -rfsa - -ESfo" I T I
A. J. ITXJCXtAsO Jla. WAIXni.
QTRICKIAJVD A- IVAtKEtt Attouet 1
U CocxsozoM at Law Oeorjetown Wllllaniion
county. Tciai. 6-4-iy
. W. 6CBLSTT.
CJirilLETT AMD A'EAa-ATTOBSErii axd Cera
w oxoi at Law cily of Atutlc Texai.
C! WITII JAMES IV. ATroaxtT.AT-Uw Anitln
-r icxaa. msec on xngmt .Tenne
x. o. Hiaxrr .. ...w. n. n. pasiiikctox.
Law Anitln Texa WIU uMtn o anr buInen
cntmited to then In all the counties ! Wctt&rn Texai
and in Uie Supre-ne and Federal ConrU it Auitin.
ceszsal loan ACtxcr.
Special attention siren to the Inretllc t-on nf tltlrc in
land buying and teillcc; land paying Ux for non-rel-denU
and the prosecution of clilaij for tieadriglit and
rurmsxecj: S. F. nice Chief Justice of Alabama ;
Baker Lawler k Co.. Mobile Ala.; JohnT.Morean Esq.
Eelma Ala.; John T. Ilardle t Co. Kew Orleam; Buch-
annon Carroll t Co. Sew Orleani ; Cotart. Humphries
k BlUupt Columbus Mlsp.; G. P. Coxart. Washington
Ga.; Benj.Wh!tlockKtw York; North. Sherman & Co-
Kw York ; J. B. Frotlilnsham. New York.
Feb 24 n27
TARVEII. R E. Attoisict as Cocxszxloe jit
lJtw Washington Washington county. Texas. 5-21
WHITE "V. S. Attokxet axd CocssEuon-AT.
Law. and General Land Atrr-nl. Relton. Texzi.
Will practice In the various Courts of Washington Bnrle-
son.MIIam McLennan Bell and Williamson counties and
In the Supreme and Federal Courts at Austin. Prompt
attention glren to the collection of claims and the perfect-
ing of Land Titles In any part of Texas. 4tr
WADDILL R. I. Attorney-at-Law McKin-
ney Collin county Texas.
May 27. ISM. 5-40
A. Y. FOWLER
ATTORNEY-AT-LAW Fobt-Woetu. Tarrant county
Befers to any business gent -J a- n Austin Texas;
Hon. Isaac Parker Blrdrille Trv ; Col. M. T. Johnson
Johnson's Station Texas; J. Vi . retime.- Esq. DaUas
. J. A. BLACK
LAND AND GENERAL AGEtfT
Nor ember 17. v nl3 ly
G. WALKER Land Agent Surveyor etc.. will at
tend to locatinc and survevlnc lands in the Den.
ton and Cooke Land Districts. ITe has been engaged in
surveying investigating and perfecting land titles in
Texas and particularly in the Upper Trinity region du-
ring the last ten years. He Is thoroughly acquainted with
the country and is perhaps better prepared to make
valuable locations than any one In It. He will locate lands
on very moderate terms and he pledges himself that all
business entrusted to him will be faithfully correctly and
promptly attended to. Address Birdvllle Tarrant county.
JOHS M ALLOY begs to Inform the cltlxens of San An-
tonio and the surrounding district as well as those
at a distance who have business In Western Texas that
he has commenced General Agency business in the above
city and will give his personal attention to the collection
and settling ol claims and to all other business that may
be entrusted to him.
Retirexcxs. E. Jones & Co. Merchants ; Paschall k
Stribllng Attorneys; Groesbceck & French Merchants
Hewitt 4 Newton Attorneys; Vance k Brother Mer-
chants; Denlson k Tuns tall. Attorneys. noSSlyr.
jonx d. u'Lton j. g. ji'dosald
iiAcaja.uA cc iucuunjujui
AUCTIONEERS LAND & GENERAL AG'TS.
WILL attend to all business entrusted to their care on
reasonable terms. Office on Eastslde ofMain Plaza.
Nov. 11th 1S54. nl2:ly
Y AND AGERCY. McKEAN k McMAHON
JLA Lockhart Texas have entered Into partnership
for the purpose of buying selling and locating lands and
acting as general lanagcnti. An experience or twenty
years In the above business combined with an intimate
knowedge or tho lands In the countty ana an extensive
acquaintance with Its Inhabitants secure advantages to
the above firm which are possessed by few in the same line
References Hon. A. J. Hamilton Austin; Judge Han-
cock Austin; Hon. W. B. OchUtrce Nacogdoches; Col.W.
Means Gonzales; F. B. Sexton Angustine; H. M. Kln-
sey Augustine; A. Nellie Eeguln; S. G. Newton San
Antonio. March 4 1S53. 4-29
IT AND AGENCY GAY HILL WASII-
W J 1NGTON COUNTY. The subscriber having been
engaged for the past ten years In locating and surveying
lands In Texas and in Investigating and perfecting land
titles now takes this method of offering his services tnthe
public In that capacity. He will locate and survey lands
perfect titles and secure patents pay taxes and redeem
lands c on as reasonable terms as any other person In
me state auupromises mat au Business entrusted to him
shall be talthluUy and correctly attended to.
He has Just returned from a three months tour or land
locating and will soon start on another trip and being In
possession or the information ef valuable uniocated lands
where he expects to locate such claims as may be placed in
his hands; an opportunity seldom equalled is now offered
to those holdlBc uniocated claims to secure good land.
He proposes to 'locate on the following terms :
One-third or the land and deliver the patent.
For 820 acres G3
For CIO acres 100
All claims over C40 will locate pay all expenses and
deliver natcnt for 12 cts per acre.
He prefers to take a portion of the land for his locating
rees. Postofflce address. Gay Hill Washington countv.
Texas. F. A. THOMSON.
Retxhxsco Stephen Crosby. J. II. Raymond. J. n.
Shaw Rev. E. Fontaln.Gov. E..M. Pease MaJ. J. W. Hamp
ton Austin; E. IL Nichols 11. B Martin Gall Borden
Jr. Galveston; E. W. Taylor Shepherd k Burke Wm. M.
Rice Houston ; James C. Wilson Matagorda ; Dowsing 4
Toung New Orleans; Maj. Dowsing Columbus Missis-
sippi; John Fountalne Columbus Georgia. Address F.
A. Thomson at Gay Hill Washington county or Austin
EXEUAL LAND OFFICE AUSTIN
W DECEMBER 29 1S53. Notice is hereby given to
persons having business in this office that from and after
the 1st day of January next It will only be open for the
accommodation or those wishing to make examinations
between the hours or 9 o'clock A M. and 12 M. It having
become necessary In order to bring up the unfinished bu.
stnesi that the employees of the Department should
have uninterrupted acctst to the books cf the same du-
ring the halance'ol the day in the examination and pre-
paration or claims for patenting.
SO T S. CROSBY Com'r.
GREAT LAND SPECULATIONS IN
VERY VALUABLE USDS TO BK LOCATED.
I WOULD very respectfully Inform the citizens of the City
of Austin and vicinity that I purpose starting on a
tour through Iewa to locate land In the month of March
next. Jiaviug had considerable experience lu the land
locating business both In Texas acd n the northwestern
States I reel prepared -In saying that 1 can make choice se-
lections of land for these who will favor mc by giving me
their United Stales bounty land warrants for location.
Iowa contains st large amount of vacant lauds subject to
location and which cannot be vuruassed for fertilltr beau-
ty and health in the world. Water timber. coeLacu Iron
ore of an excellent quality are found allovertteStx'etn
great abundance. I will locate warrants for the very low
compensation of one fifth of the land only and pay all ex-
penses will warrant the best selections or no pay and on
such lands as wOl be In three years worth from five to twen-
ty dollars an acre owing to the very rapid advancement
of public Improvements My brother residing In Iowa and
belngtngaged In the land business and consequently being
well acquainted with the lands in the entire State will give
me Toy superior advantages in making tlte best locations
nut can oe desired. Un refer to Hon. joiin .Marsnau
of State Gazette Hon. E. A. Palmer Hon. a S.West Hon.
M.Busby or State Legislature; J. It. Henry and W.W.
Oliver Esqrs Springfield ; Hon. IL J. Jcwltt Centcrvillc ;
R. and D. G. Mills Galveston-
Address me at Fort Dcs Moines City Iowa.
D1V"lrI'llTTEX'rilcontIne to Practice
SL&E& V"5!?t. 0ffireoa Congress AT-
. - r- m .. BicuiuaA ciorc.
"afc-t cepu.atu. 'aju
its m wt . - r . . " !!
. I SMIWl -U.IJUV
U Tender iu "W r Missouri-
ltrne trwtT w w uicxory ana Guada-
- fc.W. v.
pennanently located for the practice eJbJuTsSesrfei hftS
yarious branches Tix: Medldne ObsuweVaad&f
Office and wsUenceon Pincstteet. adkdnlnc CoSTf:
February 19 1S3S.
n " ------i
j.T.AlxxASnioi Jt-E. A. j. urrr.ji.il.
DOCTORS ALEXANDER A: LTT' O'-
flce adjoining the Post Office. Dr. Alexander's resi-
dence at tfce M'Atthur house. Dr. Lott't residence as hcrc-
tulorr Austin Jan.12. ;j
DOCTOR HOY B. SCOTT
HAS TAKES AN OFFICE ea the lecosd floor tu the
baUdlng belonging to Geo. Glascock on the Avenee
opposite the Executive- Ofito for the practlc iif the
several branches ef ile-ldne. lie can-be round it bis
office at t4ght;r during the day. '
Ao;Uo.April 12lb-o-Dn -
ISOWs&r aB tlwrestsainaercTn Stock cXMerehandlss
at NewToj-J; prices at Wholesale and KetaB
1NYA&UBLY TQS CASH OXLT.
Thosi wfeo tihl to bay bxrjriins iad best caB came be-
fcre roing ekttrisere and they trjll tld thatl so deter-
raijt to vjudereOlcYerybody euf.
Aa I jrw detertatsed lo cine say bsslcess. $ He net iataad-
totax; tnotlttr charge for pds alter tiie $rst of next
sne&tli.2 1 Yoaldia&i;'Hknfcfa8.-a&fiB those esrdehted
ta is to come andcloelK'4rAcastor tlsel wfil ferl
ABtasi rya.is tesn-eitr - r. snKTCsuuu.
s.w . ?
- - . n '
SEAT OF GOVERNMENT AUSTIN
NOTICES OF LOST CEETIFICATES.
LOST. The following described Land Certificates
which If not found In sixty days application win be
made for duplicates :
The bead right of James K.I.bIl No. 150 for CIO acres
8d class issued from Liberty county.
The head rlghtof John Wilkinson No.SO for 320 acres.
Issued from Nacogdoches county.
The uniocated balance No. 753 5J2 for 2-C of a league
and one labor. Issued from the General Land Office to Lee
C. Smith on Slit Dec.lWT.
The head right of John Swuey.No 41 for I-S league. Is-
sued from Harris county Feb. 12 lB&f.
The head right of Robert Moore No. 3S1 for 145 league
-toned from Harris county.
The head right of Adam.llampei No. SIC for MOaere
issued from Harris county.
The head right of Matthew Kuvlendall for 1-3 league Ij-
tued from Austin county.
The head right of Mark I. Thernuu. No. 75. for CIO acres.
3d class Issued from Austin county.
The hiad right or David Cole No.. "Mi for (MO acres 2d
class. Issued from Jasper county.
The head right of Nicholas Griffith No. 104 for CIO acres
3d class Issued from Galveston county.
The head right of James Evens No. SO for 320 acre is-
sued from Washington county.
The head right of George F. Wasell No. 922 for MO acres
2d class. Issued from Harris county. J. II. ISDELL.
March 22 ISM. 3l-3w
LAND CERTIFICATES FOR SAXE-
Tbree one third League and onr twelve nn.l ichi.
acre certificate. Apply to (n52-tf ) S. M. SWENSON.
fflIE following Land Certificates to wit the head right
jk. uijjcn ""iuiui iiu.-ju issued uy tnextoard of Land
Commissioners for Harrisburgh tor three hundred and twen-
ty acres ; also tho bead-right certificate of William L MIIII-
can for three hundred and twenty acres No. 17 Issued bv
the Board of Commissioners ef Jackson county.
February 1. 1K5C. WILLIAM DUN LAP.
Feb 51 n25 pd
If OST THE HEADRIGHT CERTIFICATE of L. F
JLi Margaret! No. 11C7-12CG for one-third league land
issued by the commlulonner of land office July 9lh IS19
In place of original lest.
n2S-9w JOHN C. DUVAL.
SAMPSON" & HENPJCKS ADS.
WATCHES AND JE WELRY!
SAMPSON &. HENDRICKS.
;The Subscribers ha veiust received a Iarre
assortment of WATCHES & JEWELRY ror which they
particularly Invite attention.
CARPETING OIL CLOTH AND WIN-
DOW SHADES. A Sne assortment Just received
and for sale by Nov.18.13f SAMPSON k UENR1CKS.
f& DOZEN cane and wood seat Chairs for sale by
aJV Nov. 13. I3f SAMPSON k HENRICKS.
WINES AND LIQUORS. A foil supply or
wines and liquors on hand and for sale by
Feb. 2S 1S54. 27:tf. SAMPSON k HENRICKS.
FAINTS OIL PUTTY AN1 t:tA.2
bbls. Linseed Oil 2 bbls. Turpentine 1 bbl. Train
OU 1 bbL Nealsfoot Oil 1000 lbs. White Lead pure 1000
lbs. Putty 100 boxis Window Glass assorted 100 lbs. Red
Lead 100 lbs. Black Lead in store and for sale by
Nov.13lS52. 13 SAMPSON k HENRICKS.
"h M CEDAR SHINGLES rough edge at 6 per M.
Tcvr waao. uo. square eage - s per 31.
tor sale by
Dec 22d 1S5S.
SAMPSON k HENRICKS.
A LARGE and well selected Stock of Summer Clothing
consisting in part of Black Alpaca Merino and Drap
COATS AND PANTS
White and colored Linen Coats and Pants ; Cottonade
Coats and Pants; Shirts Under Shirts Drawers and Collars;
White and Colored Marseilles Tests etc. etc.
All Just received and for sale by
AprI15lS5C-nS3 SAMPSON k IIESMC1H.
A FINE assortment newstyleSummer Hats Just received
and for sale by SAMPSON 4 HENRICKS.
SPRING AND STJirtlTIEK BOSKETS.
LADIES Straw Bonnets Neapolitan Rusch edge do.
Misses Straw Bonnets and Flats; Misses Lice and
Leghorn Flats just received and for sale by
April &-n33 SAMPSON k HENRICKS.
LadU'fc Spring' and Summer Dry i .
COLORED Organdies Jaconetts and Lawns ; Colored and
Black Bareges and Tissues; Bonnet Ribbons Lace
Mitts Parasols and Fans just received and for sale by
SAMPSON k HENRICKS.
April 5 1S5C-D33.
J E HHDS. Texas Sugar for sale at planter's
AJ price; and 25 hhds. prime New Orleans Sugar
for sale by
TMTATTItASSES. A few double and single Mat-
trasses for sale by
S. M. 8WENSON
FURNITURE. An asortment or Chairs Bed-
steads Sofas Bureaus Rocking Chairs Ac. for
sale by Jan. 13 1855. n21-tf 3. M. SWENSON.
&f2 f CYPRESS shingli:
C7ss!5vrV'r ? m per M for sale by
June i) ISM.
S. M. SWEXSON.
WANTED Claims agalnstthe late Republic for
which the highest price will be paid in cash by
S. M. SWENSON.
7n XCH AMGE for sale by S. M. Swenson on
Hi NEW YORK
Austin March 1S54. 30 HOUSTON.
171LOUR A fresh supply receUedand forsaleby
' July 22. SWENSON.
SADDLERY. Carriage and Sulky Harness Horse
and Mule Collars. Bridles Saddlebags. Horse and
Mule Harness etc- for sale by S. M. SWEXSON.
THREE HUNDRED Sacks Salt In Store and
for sale by S. M. SWEXSON.
Dec. 8. nlC.
IRON AND STEEL.-S0 Ton Bar Square and
Round Iron; 10 Ton Slab Iron 8 to 13 inches wide;
10 Tonllorse shoe iron; 10 Ton Slab and spring steel nlso
a small assortment of cast steel for sale by
August 25th 1S55- nl-v7-tf S. M. SWEXSON.
STOVES of every lize and quality forsalejby
November 17 1S55. n!3-tf S. M. SWENSON.
BOIS D'ARC SEED at 14 00 per Bushel for sale by
Jan.12 21 S. M. SWEXSON.
GROCERIES JUST RECEIVED. St.
Jf Louis Flour Bacon canvassed ilams Irish Potatoes
crushed and Brown Sugar Coffee Tea Rice Molasses.
Lard Vinegar Brandy Whiskey Soap Starch Mackeralr
Star and Sperm candles Powder Shot Lead ; Pepper Spice
Ginger dried Peaches. Pickles-. Se:ars. and Tobacco. All
Just received and for sale by 8. M. SWENSON.
November 17 1S54. rlS-tf
COPARTNERSHIP. The undersigned have
entered into copartnership under the name and
style or Swenson and Swisher for the purpose of transact
tng an Exchange and Collecting business.
s: M. SWEXSON.
Austin Feb. 3 1S55. n24:r JNO. 51. SWISHER.
N. O. ADVERTISEMENTS.
GEORGE H. VINTEN
PRINTERS' WAR EH USE
NO. 105 POYDRAS STREET
TJStttceen Camp and J3. Charte Street
PRESSES Types Inks Paper Cards Card Boards and
furnishing or every description.
Terms Four months city acceptance. 46 ly
O. O. WOODMAN
Successor to Jarvis and Woodman.
CORNER OF COMMON AXD MAGAZINE. STREETS
Imnorter and dealer in Clwice Drugs Selected Medicines
Pure Chemicals Essential Oils. Medicinal Extracts Fine
Perfumery and Fancy Soaps; Patent Medicines Surgical
Instruments Druggists' Glassware Brushes French and
American ttinaow-uuss 'ain-s uui ujee --
tT" Druggists Physicians Country Merchants and
riauters who purchase medicines may rely nponbelng
suited. Orders prsmptly aUemled to. MarchS-n23w
CED.IRL.ISD FOR SALE. .
ABOUT five miles west of Austin -shich will be sold In
small lots to suit purchasers. There Is a good road
from the land to the city or Austin.
I have also constantly on hand COAL. RAILS POSTIXG
HEWN TIMBER and riCKKTS.
rcbgStf n27 UL.SYKES.
BALBKIBGE SPARKS A: CO.-Coinmis-ilea
and Forwarding Merchants and Wholesale
aiiS: J112- B- P- Sparks J. H. BaMrtdge WR.
8l-s.H. Beaumont. 4dl
UIL Fl-Ofis .
FInXPAirTSi3ESlEouiTiSi.T t -i...
Sa?i'?dlssoST4Miifcels-:drr J- '
wtU and. tc t t- jSgSSrSwSetfc
rTVlE cl3ebrAteiPASrILEa!ES?lEH.-& .iL.difi.
.son iaiwinrwHi mwiKi w. vwu.nuie msn
are liable. Tor Hal by BAKEa a SjrtTH
In Travis County District Court Spring Term A. D 135B.
TItc State or Texas I v
Tasvts Cocstt. f"0.
The SaU of Texat to tts Sherifof Tra vi co.. Grating :
WHEREAS Edward B. Cobbs and Susan E. Luckett have
filed In the District Court of our said county their
petition against the unknown heirs of IL R. A. Wlgglnton
in which they aver the loss of the assignment of said Wlg-
glnton of his headright certificate number sixty-seven of
the first class Issued by the Board of Land Commissioners
of Travis countv. and that thev are the owners of said cer
tificate and the duplicate Land Office certificate Issue In
lieu thereof being No. 3937-405S and they pray to establish
said lost assignment and affidavit having been made as by-
These are therefore to command you that you summon
the said unknown heirs successors and legal representa-
tives of the said If. R. A. Wlgglnton to appear at the next
terra of our District Court to be begun and held at the
Court house thereof In the City ol Austin on the tenth
Monday after the first Monday In April A. . 1S5C then
and there to answer said petition of which the foregoing Is
a brief statement Which summons you will execute by
publishing this notice in the Texas State Gazette a news-
paper published In said county for eight successive weeks
previous to the return day of this process.
Herein fall not but due return make of this writ as the
law prescribes under the pains and penalties.
i ih testimony wnereor i. Hereunto place my
j L. S. V official signature and attach the Impress of the
' i ' seal of our said Court this the 15th April 1S56.
in testimony wnereof I Hereunto place my
Clerk D. C. T. C.
Come to hand the same day issued and ordered to be
published In the Texas State Gatette a newspaper pub-
lished in Travis county and city of Austin for eight weeks
successively previous to the return day of this writ.
April 15th 1S5C. JOHN T. PRICE
Ap. 19-n35-Sw SUIT. Travis Co.
In Travis County District Court Spring Term A. D.1S56
TIic State of Texas. I . 0m
Cocstt or Tr.Avu. f- i6i-
Collins k Swlihcr 1
Heirs r J. M. Miller j
Tl State of Texai U Vie Shet-lffotaid County Grettin
WHEREAS Thomas C. Collins and James Monroe
Swisher under their firm name or Collins k Swisher
have this day filed in the office or the Clerk or the District
Court or Travis county a petition against the unknown
heirs or James M. Miller deceased in which they allege
among other thlDgs that in the year lS53there were Issued
to the heirs or the said Miller three Land Certificates to wit :
one county land warrant for 1920 acres. Issued 10th Sep-
tember 1S53; one donation warrant for 610 acres. Issued
10th September 1S53; one-third of a league head-right
claim Issued 1st October 1S53 No 3019-3151. Said cer-
tificates were issued at the Instance and request of P. B.
Calhoun a;ent for the administrator of said Miller then
In New Orleans Louisiana where said estate was admin-
istered; that said Calhoun delivered said certificates to
petitioners for location petitioners then being in that busi-
ness with the agreement on thclrpart to locate survey and
pay expenses and have them patented for which said
services petitioners were to receive at Austin Texas
$250.00 the said Calhoun having full power to make said
comraci petitioners allege mat uiey locatcd.and surreyd
said certificates had them returned to the General Land
Office paid all expenses Incident thereto und in all re-
spects complied with said contract that said lands have
been patented to the heirs of said .Miller with Ue excep-
tion of tho donation warrant the patent on which U de-
layed because tlic Bame has not been approved by the War
Department; that it was no part of their contract to have
said warrant approved the same belngln all other respects
ready to be patented. Petitioners set out the restrictions
or said locations which they allege to be valuable. Peti-
tioners forther allege that parties defendant and said ad-
ministrator and agent have neglected and refused to pay
mem saiu tiro uunurca ana nsiy uoiiars; that the same Is
due and unpaid; that said heirs are unknown to them and
that they believe them to be non-residents of Texas. Peti-
tioners pray for proof on publication ; for judgment for two
hundred and fifty dollars and costs of suit and for such
other relief as may seem proper to the court.
And affidavit having been made by plaintiffs' attorney
W. L. Chalmers as by law required.
These arc therefore to command you to cite the un-
known heirs and legal represcn tath cs of the said James 31.
Miller deceased by publication of this writ for eight suc-
cessive weeks prior to the return day hereof to be and
appear at tho next Term or the District Court or Travis
county to be held at the court house thereof In the city of
Austin on the tenth Monday after the first Monday In
April A. D. 1S3G then and there to answer plaintifl' peti-
tion of which the foregoing is a brief statement.
Herein fail not but due return and service make under
the pains and penalties of the statute in such case made
c " j Witness Frank Brown Clerk of our said Dis--j
L. S. Vtrict Court with the impress of the seal thereof
1 ' attached at Austin April IS 1S56
Clerk D. C. T. C.
Come to hand April 15th 1S36 and ordered to be pub-
lished in the Texas State Grzettc a newspaper published In
Travis county Texas for eight successive weeks prior to tbe
return day hereof.
JOIIN T. PRICE
Sheriff Trath County
AnMln April 19th 1S5C noG5Sw.
THIS U to forewarn all persons against trading for the
one-half of the undivided interest in the Head Right
of Jonathan Scott formerly or DeWItt county or thli State
said headright is for three-fourths of a league and one labor
was Issued In Jackson county January 19 1S33 No. 17 and
now surveyed in Limestone county by the undersigned
under date 23d November 1S51. I hold In said survey
said undivided hair interest conveyed tn me under the
bond or the said Jonathan Scott dated 20th October 1S49.
I understand that said Jonathan Scott has appointed as hii
agent in reference to this certificate J. Douglass Brown or
Austin. All partles'will take notice in the purchase or said
certificate that I hold the said undivided half Interest.
. . T"S. T. BAILEY.
Springfield Texas April 5 1S5C.
m r . NOTICE.
To D. O. Mantn non retident ttndtnalloth'r ta ichasi
it man concern:
NOTICE Is hereby given that a certain instrument of
writing purporting to be a deed was executed by
Thos. T. Bailey of Limestone county on the 20th Janu-
ary 1S5j conveying to Rust Nalley or said county and
Joseph J. Turnham or Milam countv all the right and title
oT said Bailey to a hair league and whole labor of land the
head right or William Sheppard ; since located in Bosqus
county. Said certificate was a duplicate of the original.
Issued 'IniSan Augustine county No. 23. And whereas
the parlies to whom the said Bailey made the foregoing
conveyance totally failed to perform the obliRations entered
Into by them; and we hereby give notice to the aforesaid
parties and to D. 0. Warren non resident and to all others
who may claim any Interest In the above that we shall con-
test their right to the same ; and we now forewarn all pur-
chasers not to trade for or buy the said certificate.
T. T. BAILEY
Springfield Texas Aprils lS5C-n33-lm '
r Jpa-ECUTOUS NOTICE
& LITERS or executorship were granted to the un-
JLl" derslgned on the estate of N. M. Luckett deceased
at the February Term 1S5C by the County Court of ths
county or Travis: This Is therefore to notify all persons
having claims against said estate to present them within the
time prescribed by law and those indebted to make Imme-
diate payment. THOS. II. DUVAL
. .. L.H. LUCKETT
March 22 1&56. 3l-Cw Executors
EL ihl- fiMyT?kEE PROPRIETOR OF THE
f7 --- K3 HALL HOUSE has taken the house
Iatdy known as the "Metropolitan Hot-l. which he is
lTrnn wn5 TP.ired' d. 3wnW gene!
MiaaiS"farnb? tJaew: en .these arrangements
sha 1 have been completed.he will then be enabled to accom-
sMn"?. an? deling customers- in a maimer
Siii2..ai!- I1.6"1 Iare no Pain or expense to
keep the best table this market affords and will rive every
hls'mlrOaDV0fnt0 ?aBB e ""fortand convenlen"
their mncy! eD(Ie-vor to give them the fall worth of
where hoJm Jreral?s " larE - commodious stable
SceTosller" "" feeeWd-aDd Uken Mre of
IU1SSUUBI HOUSE. '
-its8" FAYf 0R as taken charge of the above
weu known house on Pecan Street. The house
has been thoroughlyrefitted and fornlshed. She
promises that nn .!. .1.-11 I .- .1
satisfaction to those who nuyfovor her with th pa-
.uu"k' "" ""use is now open for th ri-Mmlo of
boarders and travelers.
r 21 aii-tr.
RY J. .v. jsrr.
GEORGETOWN TEXAS. This establishment will
be kept In the very best style and every effort
made to give satisfaction to all who may feel
disposed to patronise It. 41 Georgetown June 1. 1S54.
LAGRASGE FAYETTE COOXTT TEXAS-
(HEISKELL i BURTON Promuetoks.)
MTHE undersigned having purchased this wcU
Known stand are determined to beep a good a
house as any body. In connection with the Hotel
is John Henry Hancock's LIVERY STABLE
where horses wfll reeelve tbe best attention. Mr. IL
keens constantly on hand good saddle buggy and ear-
rrVrelorses for hire sale or trade. Also vehicles or eyery
SfsSlDtlon to lit- There balso attached to the Hotel a
TtrTr Room well supplied with choice Liquors axd CI-
rars which wfll be cheerfully handed out by Dave Nich JU.
LOCKHART CALDWELL COUNTY. TSA'AS
JJ1KCTS TREMSIX rBO?jaETOB.
THE abort well known asd long established house is
atiniept by thenndersigned who is determined to
arenoiala6i satisfaction ta his patrons and the
training puhUc. The bouse I targe and comnodtous
with rootn i for famUles ke. The Subles are excellent
and -always weB supplied with provender and attentive
srTlte" tgpt.15 ntlyl M.TRUMBLE.
THE SU3SCRIBER3 having purchased tbe
(late Skinners) beg- ta Inform tbeir friends- and
tie public in general that they are now prepared
to entertain Travellers la a style equal to any
other hotel In Texas. They pledge- themselves to furnish
as good is table as the Ostmty wQl afford. Families and
rc3tlemenbosrdln.tn town -win find this an excellent
-epportoslry to srecre comfortable quarters-
Aiucneu so sne uoam a n excallent stable where
'tvery attention wEItxtMda to'.'noresaitdwl3cr: Horses
JUid Bajxtes win always be kept for bire-T--. ."
' . ii MIXOTABAKROW.Propflelori.
Ucifcaft; Texas December 15155 sitT
Supreme Court ol tbe United State.
-N'o. 30. December Term A. D. J555.
Jonv P. McKlNNEY Plaintiff in error )
3IANUEL S.WIKGO AND PILAR Ms icife )
In error to the District Court of the United State
for the District of Texas.
Mr. Justice CiKruiu. delivered th opinion of the Court.
The defendants ( Saviego and wife) claimed in
the District Court two and a half leagues of land
lying in the counties of Goliad and Refugio in
Texas a an inheritance of Mad. Saviego from
her mother Gertrudi Barrcre who died in Mata-njo.-os
in Mexico in 1842.
Gertrudis Barren acquired in 1834 one league
of the locus in quo by donation and tho remainder
by purchase under tho colonization laws of the
State of Coahuila and Texas while it formed a
part of the Republic of Mexico. She occuuied
and improved tho land until the commencement
of the revolutionary movements in Texas in 1835
but prior to the declaration of independence in
that year she emigrated and became a resident of
Matamoros where she continued until her death.
The plaintiffs were also citizens of Coahuila and
l exas hut abandoned their connection with Toxas
in company with their ancestress ami have re-
tained their status as Mexican citizens.
They are described on the record as aliens and
citizens resident of tho city of Matamoros in tho
State of Tamaulipas in tho Republic of Mexico.
The defendant claimed the laud by virtuo of loca-
tions and surveys of .valid land certificates which
had beon regularly returned to the general laud
oTTico in Texas before the 31st August 1853.
A number of questions are presented in the bill
of exceptions but the opinion tho court has formed
upon tho 12th 13th and 11th instructions given at
the instatico of the plaintiffs in the District Court
rendors it unnecessary for us to consider any
othors. These instructions aro as follows:
"12. If Gertrudis Barrora was a' citizen of tho
republic of Mexico domiciliated within tho State
ot (joanmla aua lexas when tho land in question
was granted to her. her abandonment of the State
of Coahuila and Toxas and sottlement in Mata-
moros in the State of Tanaulipas after the com-
mencement of tho rovolution in Texas and beforo
tho declaration of Texas independence was not a
forfeituro of the land so granted nor did the land
thereby become vacant; and after the close of the
revolution in Texas she would have been author-
ized to enforce her right had she then been living.
" 13. If Madamo Barrera died in Tamaulipas in
1642 theu being a citizen of tho said State of Ta-
maulipas domiciliated there and the fomale plain-
tiff was her only heir she too being a citizen of
and domiciliated in Tamaulipas said heir could
and did take by the law here tbe land in contest
by descent and had a right tu enforce her title by
descent to tho same; extent that her ancestor
could have done but subject as she is an alien to
forfeiture by proceedings on tho part of the State.
''14. But if no proceedings were instituted and
porfected before the lato treaty between the Uni-
ted States and Mexico tho right in said heir be-
comes porfect and not subject to forfeiture by
virtuo of the eighth article of said treaty."
It is settled in tho jurisprudence of Texas that
tho colonization laws of Coahuila and Texas an-
nex as an enduring and peremptory condition to
all titles issuod by her authority that the granteo
so lone as he remains the proprietor shall con
tinue his domicil withiu the republic of Mexico
of which that State formed a part. A change of
domicil operated to dotcat the estate ot the grantee
and to restore the land without encumbrance to
tho public domain so that without a judicial or
other injury it might bo ro-granted. The same
jurisprudence rccognizos tho prohibition upon for-
eign ors to inherit lands in Mexico for the owners
of lands wore subject to charges and obligations
which citizens could alone perform. HoIIimnn
vs Peebles 1 TexaB R. 673; Hortou vs. Brown
2 Tex. 78; Yatos vs. Jones 10 Tox. 168.
The conduct of Gertrudis Barrora and her chil-
dren the defendants in this suit after the com-
mencement of tho revolutionary movomeuts in
Texas and which separated that State from Mox
ico doprivod them of all claim to political rights
in tho now republic and placed them under tho
civil disabilities of foreigners under its laws. The
constitution "of Texas of 1836 identified as citi-
zens only such persons as were residing in Texas
on the day of tho declaration of independence or
should be naturalized according to its provisions.
Hart Dig. 33 35; Inglis vs. Trustees of the Sail-
or's Snug Harbor 3 Peters 99. The same instru-
ment provided that "no alien should hold land in
Texas excoptby titles emanating directly fiom
the goverement of this republic" (Hart Dig. 38
o 10) and provided that Congress should as early
as practicable introduce by statute the common
law of England with such modifications as tho
circumstances of tho State might require. This
duty was performed in 1840 by an enactmont that
" the common law of England so far as it is not
inconsistent with the Constitution or acts of Con-
gress now in force shall together with such acts
be tho rule of docision in this republic and shall
continue in full force until altered or repealed by
Congress." The common law authorities clearly
establish that Mad. Saviego under the circum-
stances is not deemed to be an heir at law having
no inheritable blood and in tbe absence of such
heirs the estato would be cast immediately upon
tbe State without inquest of office. Hodgson vs.
Orr 4 Wheat 453; Hardy vs. De Leon STex.R.
We shall now examino if there are other pro-
visions in tbe laws of Texas to relieve the defend-
ants from the apparent disability.
The constitution of Texas by way of exception
to tho general iuhibitation upon aliens to " hold
land except by titles emanating directly from the
republic" declares that " if any citizen should die
intestate or otherwise his children or heirs shall
inherit his estate and alieiiB Bhall have a reason-
able time to take possession of and dispone of tho
same in a manner hereafter to be pointed out by
law." The 10th section of tho law of distribution
and descent (Hartley's Digest art. 585) provides
" In making title to land by descent it shall be no
bar to a party that any ancestors through whom
ho derives his descent from the intestate is or
hath been an nlien; and every alien to whom any
land may be devised or may descend shall have
nino years to beconio a citizen of the republic and
tako possession of such land: or shall have nine
years to sell the same before it shall be declared
forfeited or before it shall escheat to tho govern-
ment." The first clause of this section is sub-
stantially a re-enactment of tho statute of 11 and
12 "William 3d c. 6 and removes no other defect
than tho want of inheritable blood arising from the
alienage of 6ome person through whom the heir
must deduce his claim. McCrecry vs. Somerville
9 Wheat 354.
Tho second clause modifies tbo existing laws
which regulate the capacities of aliens to take or
hold real property in tho State whether by deviso
But tho remedial effect of the act docs not ex-
tend beyond the disability of an alien heir. It
contains no enactment in favor of an alien who
may have acquired possession or property in lands
whereby he could make a -valid bequest or trans-
mit it to his heirs whether aliens or citizens by
The act of which this section forms a part is
framed for the disposal of the estates of those
having " title to any estate in inheritance and reg-
nl fo if fipRcpnf. ordiatrihnHnn " Tli nn iliifiif inn
ulatesiti descent ordistribution." The prohibition
in the constitution upon aliens to hold lands in
Texas and the limited powers of Congress to in-
troduce favorable conditions in favor of alien heirs
must be remembered in ascertaining its meaning.
The constitution had provided for the transmis-
sion of tbe estates of citizens to their children
or heirs (being citizens) and then provides that
Congress shall legislate to give to aliens a reason-
able time to take possession and to dispose of such
an inheritaucc Neither the language of tho act
nor the policy of the State as it may be discov
ered from its constitution and laws authorizes the
conclusion that an alien claiming real property in
Texas can transmit it by descent to an heir who
is also an alien.
Tho tubject-mattcr to which these prpvisioBi
all relate is the estates of citizens; and we can-
not apply their conditions to the special and ye-
enliar case of inheritance claimud by an alien heir
in right of an alien intestate. The question ias
not arisen so far as we can discover in courts of
Texas: but in the case of Cryer vs. Andrews 11
Tex. R. 170 the court seems to assume that the
act we have considered was a leglslativecomplt-j
ance witn uic consumuocot guarantees in uivor
of alien heirs of deceased citizens; and that tho
alien heir must within nine yeara sell the land
APRIL 26. 1856.
j or become a citizen. In the present instance.
citizeusmp has not been acquired which that
court seems to trept as a pre-requisite to an entry
on the inheritance.
The last question reraaininq for consideration
arises on the Sth sec. of the treaty with the re-
public of Mexico of the 2d February 1843 (9
statutes at large iril called the trcatv of Guada-
loupe Hidalgo. Tho first clause of that article
provides ''for the Mexicans now established in
territories previously belongitig to Mexico and
which remain for tho futuro within the limits of
tbe United States. The second clause provides
for those who shall prefer to remain iu the said
I territories and they arc authorized tu retain the
title of Mexican citizen or acquire the rights of
citizens of the United States. The third clause
prescribes "that in the atd territories property
of every kind now belonging to Mexicans not
established there shall be inviolably respected.
The present owner the heirs of these and all
Mexicans who may hereafter acquire paid prop-
erty bv contract; shall enjoy with respect to it
guarantees equally ample as if tho same belonged
to citizens of the United btntes." 1 o what terri-
tories did the high contracting parties refer to in
this articlo? We think it clear that they did not
refer to any portion of the acknowledged limits of
Texas. The territories alluded to are those which
bad previously to tho treaty belonged to Moxico
and which after tho treaty should remain within
tho limits of the United States. The republic of
Texas hnd been many years before acknowledged
by tho United btatea ns existing separately and
independently of Mexico; and as a separate and
independent "State it had been admitted into the
Uniou. The government of the United States by
that act had conferred upon the population estab-
lished there all file privileges within their consti-
tutional competency to grant.
The various stipulations contained iu this arti
cle are wholly inapplicable to persons who betoro
the revolution in Texas hnd been citizens of
Mexico and who by that revolution had been
separated from it.
The right of property to which this article of
tho treaty was designed to afford a guarantee ex-
tends to property of every kind which at its dato
belonged to Moxicnn citizens (""now belonging
to Mexicans") not established within the territo-
ries then ceded to the United States. In the
present instance the republic of Texas had ac-
quired title mauy years before and the laud at tho
date formed a part of its public domain. Our
conclusion is that tho judgment of the District
Court should bu reversed and the case remanded
to that court for further proceedings.
The Cumuli to Arrive.
The Camels recently brought from Asia by the
steamship t7;iifcv2 States are daily. expected to
arrive at Indianolii. The Hiilletin snys :
The workmen are now busy in erecting enclo-
sures for the Camels that aro now daily expected.
Tho builditig is to bo '200 feet long by 20 feet in
width ami the enclosure will cover 111 acres of
ground It is proposed to keep them at this
placo several mouths to recruit them which
will give all who are desirous a chuuee to see
them. Thuy will no doubt attract great atten-
tion both far and near. In what is called the
true Camel the two toes are united below by n
kind of horny sole almust to their points which
terminate iu small hoofs und there is a soft cush-
ion beneath tho'foot by which it bears upon thu
sandy surface over which it is formed to move.
Two" species are kiiovn tho two humped and one
hump both are coiiiplutly domesticated. 1 ho
two hump is tho larger and btronger being capa-
ble of sustaining above 1000 lb weight ami is
better for sandy soil. Tho dromedary is merely a
lighter variety possessed of great flectncs-t and
power of endurance.
The llcsh and milk serve as food ami the hair
for the manufacture of cloth. Tho humps
composed of fat are provisions of superabundant
nutriment which gradually absorb and disappear
on the occasion of a scarcity of food and in ob-
served at the end of a long journey. I5y resting
on their callosities they arc enabled to repose
on a scorching surface and their stomachs are
adapted to contain supplj of water sufficient
for several days. They inhabit Central Asia
Arabia North Africa Syria Persia &c X:c.
Thenumbcrof animals to arrive is 33 viz; 9 males
and 15 female camels ; 4 male and 5 femalcdrome-
darics. Some of the animals w'orc presented by the
Viceroy of Egypt to our Government but most
of them were procured bj Major Wayne and
Capt. Porter under tie appropriation made for
the purpose at the last session of Congress. We
learn that there is some -Arabs along with them
to take care of them. .
Fruit un an Article of Food.
AVere we of the South to cultivate and use
funt more as a standard article of food instead of
eating it indiscriminately between meals we
should be all healthier people. Weconstimo too
much meat at ourmealsneglecting the fruits which
a benificent Providence has blessed us with.
Were we to breakfast on milk or coffee with figs
and nutmeg or Christina melons dine on such
meats as the taste or purse will permit with veg-
etables to match and a dessert of water melon
grapes apples pears peaches &c aud sup on a
cup of aromatic tea. with strawberries and cream
we might dispense with the pastry cook and the
Doctor provided we would eat no fruit between
meals. It is not a little astonishing that with the
immense amount of fruit produced at the South it
does not diminish the consumption of meat and
bread. There is no doubt but that the sinmcrs of
the South would ba the hoalthiest portiou of tho
year were we only to use fruit as a neccesary arti-
cle of food. When we say fruit we do not mean
the trash that stand for weeks ou the trucksters
stalls of the cities; but that which is picked fresh
every morning from our own vines and trees.
Most of our fruits abound in sugar which is nour-
ishing cooling and healthy whilst the meats con-
sumed abound in oil which is heating stimulating
and predisposing to fecrs. Some of the healthiest
peoplo iu the world live in the tropical regions
whose breakfast consist of oranges pineapples
figs or bananas dinuer of melons and raisins stip-
perofdricd fruits with tea or coffee. They have
lcarued to adapt their food to the climate aud tho
wise provisions of Providence.and when we do the
same we shall be a healthier people. Soil of the
A handsome well-built aud prosperous town is
Columbus with a pleasant Rociable and intelli-
gent population with large and commodious
public buildiBgs and situated in the midst of one
of the most lovely sections of a State unequaled
for beautiful and picturesque scenery. We know
of no place in Western Texas which offers greater
inducements to immigrants than Columbus and its
vicinity on the Colorado. Richmond has been
pointed to by several papers in the State ns an
illustration of what industry enterprise and public
spirit can accomplish ; but the citizenn of Colum-
but are not behind us in these respects. They
haVe two large churches several well kept hotels
a new Masonic lodge and arc now finishing one of
the largest and best looking court-houses in the
State this building alouc will cost them upwards
of ten thousand dollars. The country around is
prairie but rich and productive the luxuriant
crops now growing upon tlirse lands furnish tho
traveler with an assurance of this fact. Tho
planters in its vicinity are hospitable intelligent
and independent. A citizen who is well posted
upon the statistics of Colorado county informed
us that upwards of seven hundred and fifty thou-
sand dollars worth of personal property had been
brought into this county since the firxt of Jan-
uary 1855. The citizens of Columbus are now
raising means with which to construct male and
female academies which are to correspond with
the other public buildings of tbe town.
The mule Market. A correspondent of the
Louisville Courier writing from Paris Ky. says:
'S. M. Hiblcr.oneofthelightauctioueers' reports
about IrSOOMuuIcs offered. He sold near 700
head for $60000; 12 head of mules three years
old this spring sold at $132 per bead ; 54 head at
$120 others at $90$U &c : 55 head of colte at
$117; others $dd $60 &e. STock cattle brought
$34 $27 $20 $1-'. Horses Fold from .225 to
20. Capt Leer of Bourbon county sold his fa-
mmi nld" fak. 'Baena Vista' to Messrs. Chenault
& Co. of 3radisoh county for 3.2i0. In his
rounder days lie rated at $7000. He has made
the captain a liiile fortune. Inferior jacks old at
S70O $400f $130 &e. Stallions went a begging.
According to previous notice the Democratic
party of Bastrop county met at the Court-houso
on the "th of April for the purpose of nominating
county officers to be elected on tbe first Monday
of August uext. James Wolfenbarger was called
to the chair and F. W. McGuire appointed Sec
retary. After the meeting was organised. Gen- A.
J. Hamilton was requested to address the meetiug.
He gave a succinct exposition of the principle of
the democratic party. ... v. Jones onereu tno
Whereas We have met for the purpose of
taking into consideration the propriety ot nomi-
nating candidates for the respective offices for
which elections are to be held in August next:
and whereas in tho event it shall be considered
by this meeting proper to make such nominations
the advantages to derivo therefrom to our party
will be determined by tlit? adherence of the party
to such candidates as a unit; aud without division
or dissatisfaction. Therefore
Rcsalred That we will support regardless of
persoual preference any and all candidates nomi
nated by this meeting. 2. Any candidate before
this meeting who does not intend abiding by its
decision iu case he should uot bo uominateo is res-
pectfully requested towitbdraw his name from
beforo this meeting asa candidate. 3. Any pr-
sou present who does not intend no matter who
may be the nominee to support the nominees of
tins meeting is respectlully requested to abstain
from all participation in its proceedings espe
cially as to voting.
Resolved That tbo Democratic party arc under
no obligation to support any mau for any office
whoso intention is to appoint any Know Nothing
or anti-Democrat as his deputy; or who declares
himself a candidate independent of tho party and
that the party will not support any man for office
without a pledge from bim that ho will not ap-
point any anti-Democrat to any office or deputy's
place in his gift.
Tho .nesting then proceeded to make nomina-
tions for county offices.
Hon. W. H. Garrett was unanimously uoini-
nated for re-election as Judge of the Probate
Preston Conlie was nominated for Sheriff"; Hi-
ram S. Morgan was nominated for District Clerk;
Cicero Nash for Clerk of tho County Court; M.
B. Highsmith was nominated for Assessor and
Tax Collector; John J. Moucuie was nominated
for Surveyor; W. B. Billingsly was nominated
for Treasurer; James Jones Thos. H. Mays. E.
J. Jones and Thos. D. Miller were nominated as
Commissioners of roads and revenue
Tho following resolution was adopted:
Rcsohoit That tho democratic party of Bastrop
county advise tho holding of a District Conven-
tion to nominate a candidate for District Attorney :
and that the Convention be held at Austin on tho
first Saturday in May next; and that this meeting
now proceed to nominate delegatos to attend said
Convention. Col. J. W. Buntou W. G. Miller
F. W. McGuire C. C. McGinnis F. W. McGehee
Henry Crocheron and G. W. Jones woro duly
SAMUEL WOLFENBARGER Chr'ran.
F. W. McGuire Sec'y.
Brenham April 12th 1856.
Messrs. Editors : Our county organ is under-
going a temporary occultation and I have been
instructed as Secretary to furnish you for publi-
cation a summary of the proceedings of the recent
convention of the Democratic party held at this
place ou Saturday the 12th inst.
The meeting was organized with J. D. Giddiugs
in the chair Ben. II. Bassett acting as Secretary.
After some dicussion the following Resolution
liesolted 1 Hat this is essentially a convention
of Democrats nud that we desire no fellowship
with auy but those who cordially subscribe to tho
presentDemocrntic and anti-Knoic Nothing creed.
The adoption of this resolution occasioned one
Tho organization of the convention having been
perfected and a satisfactory basis of representa
tion established among tho various precincts of
tno county a committee to drait resolutions ex-
pressive of the sentiments ofthe Convention was
appointed by tho Chair.
Tho Convention proceeded to tho despatch of
the business before them to-wit: the nomination
of candidates for the various county offices which
resulted as follows :
For Chief justice Hon. C. Buster.
For Assessor and Collector John H. Day.
For Sheriff J aines L. Dallas.
For County Clerk John A. Turner.
For Treasurer George W. Horton.
For Coroner O. P. Carrington.
For Surveyor N. A. Clampitt.
For Commissioners S. R. Robert E. ISntwn
Jo Foster B. 31. Hatfield.
Dr. Flowellen on behalf of the committee ou
Resolutions submitted the following Report :
Isf. Resoletd That wo cordially approve of the
proceedings of the late Democratic State Conven-
tion held at Austin and will give our undivided
support to its nominations.
2d. That we have unabated confidence in the
iutegrity intelligence and firmness of ourprencnt
chief magistrate ; that the purity of his adminis-
tration meets with our wannest admiration and
his vindication of the constitution and laws of
the land merits one earnest support and co-operation
: the South may rest secure whilst the
execution of the laws is entrusted to Franklin
3d. That tho Democracy of Washington county
pledge themselves to a hearty support of tho
nominees of this convention and will use all
honorable means to secure the election.
Respectfully submitted. The resolutions were
A resolution was unanimously adopted endor-
sing the course of District Attorney N. W. Battle
Esq. and recommending him for re-election to the
Democratic voters of the District.
The present party organization was continued
until the termination of the next Presidential
Able addresses were listened to from R. M.
Williamson James Willie B. E. Tarver and C.
B. Shepard after which the convention adjourned.
The organization of tho Democratic party in
Washington county is thus complete : the utmost
harmony prevails in its ranks : the defeated can-
didates were among the first to signify their
acquiescence in the nominations ofthe convention.
WhiNt such a spirit prevails amongst us with the
strength which wo confessedly possess we hazard
nothing in predicting the success ol tho entire
Democratic ticket in ths county.
BEN. II. BASSETT.
How to .make Hair Dye. Orfila's Hair Due.
Take 5 parts ofthe sulphate of lead 5 of slacked
lime 30 of water all by weight boil these
four and a half hours together and collect the
powder formed. The moisture must all be
driven off and thie powder made into paste with
water and applied to the hair. Lithrage and
lime effects the same object by making them into
a paste applying the paste to the hair beforo going
to bed and covering up tho part to which it is ap-
Elied with a cloth. It bakes on the hair almost as
ard as plaster and is very disagreeable to take
off but it colors the hair black.
Anecdote of Gen. Quitman. On the morn-
ing ofthe battle of Jlonterrey it was observed that
General Quitman was perhaps the only field offi-
cer in the army dressed in full uniform A friend
remonstrated with the General and urged that he
would be a conspicuous mark for the jrexicans.
The writer of this heard the reply and challenges
the pages of ancient or modern history to produce
a more heroic expression :
"The more balls aimed at me the less will be
directed at my men." Brandon Platform.
A bill has passed the Georgia House of Represen-
tatives by a large majority which provides that
the tax now imposed upon free persons of color
ghall be set apart as a fund to be applied in trans-
porting this class of people volunterfly beyond the
limits of the United States and those so disposed
may voluntarily return to servitude.
The gleam of her eye was bright
The gleam of her gold was brighter
The first was a beautiful s'gbi.
The second a beautiful ighterx
AdTRtisezienti wftlfej Inserted at On Dollar per saaar
ef eight lfee or less tbisstsa type far ths first lr-
tteo and fifty cents far each ceatiss. One half
these charges wal bo made to tiosa who advtrtlu by
the year with tho privilege 0r changing quarterly.
Business Cards of not more thin oas vptare win be hi.
serted fer tin dollars per annum.
Annscaceseatso-f Candidates frOSceaadall pobtteal
personal and basinus coamaaieatKms prometrrt et
tetkyidaal interests wilt ke charged as AdytrtisetMot
All AdmUsesseaK the pobHeaUon of which U rtred
by taw mast be paid for in advance.
CITATION NOTICES. The twenty-second section ef tbe
lawregutitteg fsesor office provides thu in an essis
where erta Ha or other process. Is required to be srrvsa
by paMteaBen in a newspaper tha aeer wh duty
It may be to sake such serriee srau oj raraaarq roa
tneprinera'feefcrsuehpubHeation before ho ibaR o
required to have sseh service made.
FTGnrVE SLAVm-The Sot section of the act of Pb-
reary 5 1SJ1 regatating she sale of runaway stave
provides also that where ay sfave is committed to Ja 3
as a runaway a aottee t &9 apprehension and etna
altacatwHhafaHdeseriptten or sneb alaje. naUb
PuHUhed weekly ia oo of the papers at the Seal of tT-
erpjseat for the saaee ef one month and printed conies
thereof furaiWtoth CKrk r the County Court af
the county where the commitment ihall have beenjaade.
Advertisements not mirked with the time far which they
aretobepuMbfeed.wfllbe continued until forbid and
Subscribers Advertisers and Agents may remit money at
ar risk and expense. AH commnaieatlons oust P
addressed to tho Editors.
warrrci st a oiii. rwsrriss tsarxi gu.
There is a golden chain of thought
3Iy heart and. thine to bind.
With deep and earnest feeling fraught
A link from mind to wind.
It will out live the purest gold
So teadar yet so strong;
I know it never can grow old.
Where sorrows round us throng.
O no .' wo wilt nut let the chain
Grow cankered by neglect.
Nor rudely snap our link in twain.
Nor whisper I forget ."
Twould bo a mockery to do thui
True friendship's bliss impart;
Let fortune smile or frown on us
That chain will link our hearts.
The Arspclss In the Home.
Three pairs ofdimpled arms as white as snow
Held me in soft embrace:
Three little checks like veh et peaches soft
Were placed against uiy lace.
Three tinv pairs of eyes so clear soduep.
Looked up in mine this ev'n
Three pairs oHips kissed me a sweet "g.-od night
Three little (linns from heaven.
Ah it is well that "littleones" shonldlove us;
It lights our faith when dim
To know that once our blessed Savior hnde them
Bring "little ones" to him!
And saidlle not " Of such is Heaven" and blessed
And held them to his breast ! them.
Is it not sweet to know that when they? lnveus.
Tis there they go to r.est 7
And yet ye tiny angels of mv house
mrec Hearts encaseu in miue:
How 'twould be shattered if the Lord should say.
" Those angels are not thine !"
A Dceidcd "Sell."
The Cincinnati Sun publishes tbe following
amusing story of the " Comptroller's Niece."
Jlonday last was a delicious day. Just cool
enough to make the air feel crisp and just sun-
shine enough to make one think of Indian sum-
mer full pippins nnd red-cheeked girls. Such a
day gave rise to considerable traveling. Anions?
the ccntlemen who came in on the Central Rail-
road was Mr. Tomlinson of Rochester. 3Ir T
is a fine looking young man with a strong bias
towards dimity. " At Utica. a ladv and gentleman
got on board thu cars ank took a seat immediately
in front of 3Ir. Tomlinson The young lady was
deliriously plump and had a foot and ancles of
tbat peculiar formation that "walks right into
your affections." We quote 3Ir- Tomlinson.
At the first stopping place Mr. Tomlinson made
the acquaintance ol the young man aiuresam
Tomlinson and the young man exchauged cards
and operation that informed Mr. T. that this new-
ly made adqunintanco was Major Tibbetts from
Illinois- Tomlinson having made this discovery
pushed liis inquiries iu another direction. He
asked 3Iajor Tibbetts who that young lady was
3Iajor T. replied in a whisper that sho was an
heiress worth a hundred thousand in her own
Mr T. then asked her name 3IjorT. replied
" Rosauna Temple niece to Comptroller Cook."
This only added fuel to 3Ir. T.s. flame. A ro-
mantic name a handsome face and au heiress
formed it combination of attractions that mado au
introduction a matter of importance. He hinted
his wishes to Major T. who replied that nothing
would afford him more pleasure. " Miss Temple
Mr. Tomlinson : Mr. Tomlinson 3Iiss Temple
Tako my seat and Im e a chat." 3Ir. T. of course
did so with alacrity. He found JlissTemplo one
of the must lavishing talkers he had ever met
with. TomliiiKiui had seen the " star of his
destiny " and was determined to pursue it lend
where it might. After a delicious ride of two
hours tho cars reached Albany and as 3Iajor T
hud to call on Corning & Co. lie said he would
bo under obligations to 3Ir. T. if he would ac-
company 3Iis T. to the State House where she
had some " real estate" business to transact
with her uncle Comptroller Cook. Jlr. T. of
course asserted that nothing could have afforded
him more-pleasure. Mr. T. called a carriage
and ho and Miss T. got iu and started up the hill.
Arrired at the State House Mr. T. got out took
Hiss T. by the hand and then offered to conduct
her into the presence of the Comptroller. Ab the
business was of a very private nature 3Iiss T
requested Jlr. T. to remain by tho carriage. 3Ir.
T. of course did so. Miss T. promised to be back
inside of throe minutes. Miss T. entered tbe
front door adjusted her dear little bonnet and
disappeared in the darkness beyond. 3Ir. T
waited the expiration of the three minutes and
to the three minutes added fifteen others. He
then added a half hour at the expiration ol
which time the driver of the coach informed him
that ho intended to charge him by tbe hour. Thin
of course produced no effect on T. What is
money to love? He waited another fifteen
minutes when the driver informed him that "if
he was not d n soft he would go and see what the
girl was up to." Jlr. T. took the advice mounted
the steps entered the hall turned the latch at-
tached to the Comptroller' room ; he entered and
inquired for that gentleman. One of the clerks
informed him that the Comptroller was out of to wn
He then asked for Miss Rosanua Temple the
Comptroller' niece. He was informed by tbe clerk
tbat no such woman bud been in the State House
for the pant eiht months. Mr. T. returned to
the carriage and asked ilie driver what the duece
it all meant. Coachee replied that ' he could
not say for certain but he thought it looked a
good deal like a sell " Tomlinson admitted tbat
it did look that way and said he would go aud see
about it. Coaehee gaid before he started he would
trouble bim for three dollars. Mr. T. thrust bis
hand into his pocket; drew it out again with
eyes about as big as Fnucers. " D d if sho hasn't
done it " " Done what " said Coachee. " Rob
bed me of my pocket book." " You don't say so .
she haan't taken the wholo pile has she ? "
" Every blessed red .'" " Well dash my pipe if I
didn't think she was one of 'em all tbe blessed
time." Having relieved himself of thu reflection
Coachee advised T. to rush " to the perleece."-
He did so and swore out a warrant It wan
banded to officer Hale who w ent in pursuit. The
first place he called at was the Hudnon river
Railroad office where be ascertained that a Jady
and gentleman answering the description had
started for New York about an hour before. Jlr
T. lost by that operation $467. and the Ruod opin-
ion of the coachman
Never make love to a strange woman on th
cars. It'u risky and like 'giving sass to a butch-
er" apt to bring trouble.
13?" It wa very bard work to eet the right au-
ver out ofthe boy whom a traveller on horseback
found at work in a field of miserable yellow sickly-looking
corn tbat ought to be to the springs for
" Your corn looks very yellow.' aid the travel-
ler as he stopped in bi ride sad talked to the hot
over the fence.
"Yaas ' mid the boy "it was tbe jailer kind we
"And it' might small too." the traveller
' In coiirne" said the bo) "cause we planted
the .mmll kilwl of corn."
"Yes yes I know; but I doa't think you'll Kat-
over half a crop: do you X
'Wky.iio in course we ka'n't; 'cause for wi-
planted this 'ere field at the halves."
Good-lij ." caid the traveller "I think vi.n'I il.
But the boy would not let him off so. Calling
him back after he id got on a few rods tho boj
"I say stranger. I hope you pick up a dealof va-
luable informationin the course ofyourtraVels '
Important bills. Bills have passed both
branches ofthe Legislature appropriating twenty
thousand dollars annually to tho State Uarversity:
and to loan the Chickasaw School Fund to the
New Orleans Jackson and Great Northern Bail-
road the Central Railroad the Mississippi and
Tennessee Railroad and the Mobile and Ohio-
Railroad. This sum now amounts to near $200-
000 and the bill provides tbat it shall be loaned
equally among the roads until the sum of $400000
is paid into the Treasury ou account of the said
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Oldham, W. S. & Marshall, John. State Gazette. (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 7, No. 36, Ed. 1, Saturday, April 26, 1856, newspaper, April 26, 1856; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth81237/m1/1/: accessed September 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.