State Gazette. (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 7, No. 41, Ed. 1, Saturday, May 31, 1856 Page: 2 of 4
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W (8'JW i up
KWecJrtr Stasre lo-ELP&so.
PDBfflffiETIKG IN WPAWcOTJNTY-
. -. .JJ -- -! -.
AamjfeUe naeeUng vl the cifizens of EI Paso
coupyaprasjIseUl piLuant to previous notice on
Thurify J'M&rca 1850 at Y!etatbc county
icat of said county for the parpote of taking into
consideration the propriety of a tri-monthly mail
cowi JiBc frta. Saa Autoslo by way of EI P
to EwDlego in California.
Onraotion H. L. Dexter n called to tie
CburVandErancUco Pasos appointed Secretary.
Tho object of the meeting was then explained 07
the Chairman in EnKh and Spanish and oa mo-
tion of W. CUair JnnM. Km.. U. S- Attorney a
Committee of three was appointed to draft reso-
lutions cxprewire of the sense of ske r mee$in.
Whercst-on the Chair appointed Gen. Jones
J. JCTGoBzalca and M- Torreo said Committee.
Tho Committee after retiring to consider the sub-
ject aabmitted the following report and resolu-
tions through Gen. Jene. their Chairman.
The Committee appointed to draft resolutions
expressive of the sense of this meeting respect-
That bey are deeply sensible of tho great im-
portance of calling public attention to the neces-
sity and propriety of establishing tLtri-moathly line
of mail coaebe from some point on the Golf of
Ua.hso.VfvnyoTBinADtouio and El Paso to
San Diesatc California. This routeis eminently
the best and most practicable. Free from the
snows cf Truster and the withering heat of Sum-
mer. Passim; thrcugh a climate salubrious and
defignifuL Trading fertile and beautiful vallejs
and not endless treeless prairies and scorching
deserts of sand. Encountering abundance of
wood water end grass and not thirsty desert
plains and bleak barren mountains burning as a
furnace in summer and frozen end ice dad in win
ter. Open end passable at all seasons with erery
thing to cheer the emigrant and traveller. In rich
toQ and varied landscape with no mountain bar
rien-HD0.O3taralwaUsacrau.it pathnay. The
route contemplated is superior for a gnat mail
and emigrant road across the continent to any
other north of it and there can "be none south
passing through our own Territory.
Tho establishment of a tri-monthly mail lino on
coaches by this route wonld tend greatly not only
to develop the resources of North Western Texas
but of the State indeed of the whole union. It
would be the first active progressive step in the
establishment of the great Southern Pacific Rail-
road. It wonld direct public opinion to definitely
settle down ra that route Thich is marled by
nature as the nearest cheapest and best It
woald form an active stream of travel across the
continent and unfold to light not only our great
resources but the practicability of tho railway.
It would be the cheapest and best means of trans-
porting the mails and wo believe that a contract
could be procured for carrying them tri-monthly
at la t than one half what is paid by the Govern-
ment to the Panama mail steamers.
The mails could be carried with more prompti-
tude end less risk. The route contemplated it
the best natural road in the world. By a little
improvement abridge across thePecos and some
little work on tho San Pedro and Gila rivers it
could be rendered so that no road of the same
length on the surface of the globe could comparo
to it There is but little danger to be apprehended
from the Indians. The monthly mail.by this point
generally pasics in security. Military posts exist
along the Una. Others will shortly bo constructed
en the line of the new boundary under the Gads-
den Trctty and there will be less danger from
these wi'd tribes than from accidents on tho
Several stage routes already meet in San Anto-
nio and bifurcate from that point One comes
from Galveston by way of Austin the other from
Indtanola. These are tri-weekly. From San An-
tonio there is a route to Eagle Pass and a monthly
stage to Santa F& by way of El Paso. "Without
any relay or change of mules this distance (672
miles from San Antonio to El Paso) is made in
from 15 to 18 days. El Paso is tho half-way
point to San Diego. "With a frequent change of
mules at suitable points on the route at the rate
of fourmilesjm hour this distance could be made
in seven day and seven more would place the
stages in San Diego. Thus the entire distance of
1354 miles from San Antonio to San Diego could
bo made in fourteen days if not less. This is a
much shorter time then tho mail steamers make
the distance from New York to San Diego and
shorter than from New Orleans to San Diego.
"With a telegraphic line continued to San Antonio
orders of the Government and news of importance
can be carried by the tri-monthly mail tu our pos-
sessions on tho Pacific sooner than by the steam
mail line. In case of war with a naval power the
team mail would be endangered hy the enemies
cruisers. Passing secure through the interior of
tho country orders and despatches or the Govern-
ment would not bo exposed to iho danger of cap-
ture by an enemy.
This route once permanently established would
indues tho adventurous pioneers to make settle-
ments In all the rich valleys through which it
passes. Thus a nucleus would bo formed for col-
onics furnishing protection and security for the
mail party. It rould enhance the value of tho
puouc cocjainm acxni as wen as me ncn ana
beautiful valleys belonging to the General Gov-
ernment on the San Pedro and Gill rivers.
Far South of the region of ice and deep snows
this route Is clear open and unobstructed and ap-
pears traced by the finger of God across the con-
tinent It is time that we should avail ourselves
of it Let the -voice of the people be heard from
their primary meetings from tho stump from
tho press nutil the omnipotence of public opin-
ion moves our national Congress to do its duty.
Therefore they recommend the adoption of the
Rctohtd That we rceardthe nronosition of os.
tabliching a line of tri-monthly mall coachcc on
the route from San Antonio by way of El Paso to
San Dieg in California as eminently practi-
cable and of the greatest public utility.
Raolted That It Is not local but national in its
character benefitting the whole union by opening
a channel of communication from the Atlantic to
Retolred That regarding the road by this route
as a national military and mail road conducive to
the best interests of the whole country we believe
that the Government possesses the constitutional
power to improve it
Resolved That our Senators and Representa-
tives In the Coup-eta of ihe United States be tc-
Suested to use their utmost endeavors to establish
le said tri-ratrathlv mail coach line and to pro-
enre an appropriation to improve said road.
Resolved That a copy of these proceedings be
forwarded to each of our Senators and Eepresen-
tattveaJn Congress also to those of the State of
California;.and that the " State Gazette" the San
Antonio "Western Texan" and "ElBejareno"
-with other papers in the State favorable to the
enterprise requested to publish tho same
which was unanimously adopted and on motion
the meeting adjourded sine die.
H. L. DEXTER Chm'n.
Fraxcisco Pasos Seo'y.
5KAKSAS ATJF AIRS.
Se. Icig Hay la Eobinson having been
indicted by graaa jary for high treason the
Martial apro4aepatie have gone to Mesouri
with. Got. shannon's requisition for him
Bwwn editor of the Herald of Freedom was
arrested while attempting to cscapo from the
Eeeder'ha."aeat tttras thought he would
Sheriff Jcaes la convalescent.
Jndga Fane or Georgia has "been appointed
Sheriffduring Jones' sickness and has been shot
at twice while ikcharging Ms duty.
Fifteen iundrca men with two pieces of artil-
lery and Sharpe'i rifles have fortified Lawrence
andmeta toiasist all attempts to arrest the in-
About one &onw men responded to the
Governor's preckaaiicn aid are encamped in
tho viaaltyo'f Lawrence aai Lecomton for the
purpose of compelling the people ofLawrenc to
acknpwedge tie organic laws of tfee Territory.
I Sattle Bzpcctetl Great SxcltcmcBt.
ST. Louis j-May 20. Later intelligence from
Kansas staies that the people arc responding to
GorerBor Shs&BQB.'s proclamation ia large nnra-
Six hundred men armed and equipped cave
aiseatesl atX-ecomptoa and Sve hundred more
at FnaUiB. The greatest excitement prevails
tkre-sghesi tto-Territcny. Aisd a battle is expected
District ATrassET. Tfee SostAtm (fetch
km mtiki of ike Ihanceraiie eaniltdattt for
DiHrici Asterney -G. W. Jones :
" Wis are set peraeaaUy acquainted with Mr.
Joaec tut have always ttcrferttood from those
who kaew Mm. veil that ia is an -able lawyer
aadasuB orEtnctioBcrssd fatcgrity. Thede-
sBOOxaey of tfeSa ccanty ate well pleased with the
asokitiea it'll sale the know aothisg party
amis&iec alcttyaifir caw bow la the field.
will go far im to a tarn.
Q?Dr. WMtSeld was seemed ofxambling
ia Ms IStetn&tffarMiQati of Ms hearers" to -which
ie rsf&ai u;3Jgyi$sria wasder to tho devil I
jcai!iwiWa 8ccyaT . (
f)t Bale Wafeitcr
JtlAKSKAEX fc JA3sT EeUf.rs.
AUSTIN SATUEDAT MAT 31 1836.
ELECTOES FOE STATE AT LAEGE
FBA5K BOWBEX fir.K. SCCRRT.
' DISTBICT ELECTOES
SXOOB A. S. KADflXTeiV.
JAXES B. SHAW.
7 JUKES M. KAOI850.
FOE ATTOEKEY GEKEEAL
FOE DISTBICT ATTORNEY SecoxdDist.
GEORGE W. jeXES.
$S"" We axe authorised to announce HUGH McBEIDE
u a candidate for Asteuorand Collector of Travis count'
at the ensuing Accost election. Subject is the decision of
the Democratic county Convention.
US ' We are authorised to announce ED. FIXKEi ai a
candidate for Treasurer of Travis County at the en-tnlnf-Acftut
t2r We are authorised to announce J. T. McLACBIN
at a candidate tar Alienor and CoSectcr of TtitIs Cocntj-
at tit ensuing- Anjust election.
t37We arc anlbcriied to announce JAMES MOXBOE
EWISHEB as a candidate for County Clerk at the tnsnlns
fr We are authorised to announce JIaJ. JAMES 8.
at h. candidate lor lue omce 01 uicrs. 01 u wu-
tj- Court of Travis county.
Election on the nrst juonoaj- in
- syWe are authorised to announce L G. L. McGEHEE
cf Lockhart as a candidate for District Attornex or the 8d
Judicial District compose of the counties of Bastrop Cald-
wellGnadalenpeHarsTravlsBnrcettand WHllainson at
the ensulnc August election.
HT" We are authorized to announce ALEX. JI. CHAL-
MERS of Austin as a candidate for District Attorney of
the Sd Judicial District composed of the counties of
Bastrop Caldwell Guadiloupe Hays Travis Burnett and
WBllanuon at the easulne; August election.
OCE TRAVELING AGENT.
We commend to our friends renerallr throughout the
State our Agent Mr. JOHN Y. 8TOEES who leares Austin
lor Jliaaie and eastern Texas inty wm nna nun a
courteous gentleman and good democrat and we trust
they will enable him to give a good account of his steward-
ship. We hare a large amount due us and obligations
constantly pressing upon us to discharge.
CLUBS. Cannot our friends get up some Clobi for the
Giximfor the ensuing year?
THE GAZETTE FOE THE CANVASS ONLY ONE DOL-
The Gizxm serred the srhole year t Clubs of nrrrKf
for TWO DOLLARS CASH!
l.rrtra of the last EiegislttfHre.
We hare printed an edition of the General and Special
Laws of the last Legislature for private rale.
Price 60 cents each copy. Copies sent by mail at 68
cents each (which Includes postage.)
&rral Commvnicctiom ere on file for publication.
Proceeding) of teteral County Convention trflJ be
pubtUhtd at the earltettopportimUy.
" CffdnW oBatropciUappearin our next
r3S" Notice the meeting of the following named Or-
ders: Johnson Encampment I. O. 0. P. No. 8; Milam
Lodge No. S3 1. 0. 0. 7. ; Auatin Temple of Honor No. 62 ;
Harmony Lodge No. 21. 0. Q. B. and D. S.
t Messrs. LaughUn k Birnle has a fine lot of tin ware
on hand and are well prepared to execute work" in the most
perfect style. Orders promptly attended to.
t3fSIr.SajnT J. Redd will liberally compensate any
person for Information concerning a gun stolen from him
on the Slit Inst- by W. E. Carper.
g See cards of Mr. Ed. Tlnnln for County Treasurer"
and Mr. J.T. MeLaurin for County Assessor and Collector
the nominees of the late Enow Nothing Convention of this
rT" Mr. L. Moke offers dry goods and clothing very
cheap. Hehas town property horses boggles etc. which
he will sell on reasonable terms.
C35T" We announce Mr. McBride for assessor and col-
lector. He Is a sterling democrat
137 Mr. D. Bottomley Is about leaving tb city. Those
who wish cheap bargains should give him a call soon.
EEF" Mr. Joseph Tinkler of Columbus advertises lost
& We hare on file many Interesting communications
which we shall publish In due season.
(37" Our thanks to Hon. P. H. Bell for valuable public
documents to lions. C. C. Clay of Alabama H. S. Geyer of
Missouri Ell S. Shorter of Albania and T. G.Daridson for
copies of speeches.
tST Will our co temporary the Cherokee Sentinel send
us a copy containing the proceedings of the late Democratic
What is tee Mxrrcnf We received no New Orleans
DdUt by the mall of Monday last while we had files of
other papers of that city. How Is this?
Gen. McMacldn with his smiling face and soul still foil
of humor as ever paid us a visit the past week. The
General reigns supreme In Hotel keeping in Mississippi
and known to nearly every man woman and boy In the
State. We were glad to shake him by the hand and would
be it!U better pleased to see him installed over the Swen-
Attxaicix Tntcs Tlcksburg Misp. : John S. Byra it J.
8. Claiborne. Though differing essentially with these gen-
tlemen In theirnew political creed we know them to re-
spect themhlghly. Mr. Byrn Is gifted with a sprtghly intel-
lect sad speaks and writes welL The Timet promises to
become a leading organ of his party.
We have just received the Henderson Democrat con-
taining the proceedings of the County Convention of Rusk
and shall publUh them In our next. They are of the righ
stamp and t have been delighted in reading them.
The Trinity Advocate learns that Attorney General
Jennings is a candidate for a Judgeship on the Supreme
Bench. He is certainly eminently able to fill the office.
Mr. Cuddy formerly of the Una of Cuddy Crutcher k
Co. of New Orleans was lately killed In a duel by Mr
t?. Pnetanati Convention take place on Monday next
It will be about the 10th of June whea we shall hear of the
County CeBTCBtien meets ea Xsniav
" requested to call the attention of the Democrati
TraTis to the meeting of ha County Convention to
noalnate County officers and to request a general
Democratic Ceaaty Caaveatiaaa
The aecrctarieacf Democratic county conrentian should
always mall tu a copy of proceedings when they arc to be
Inserted In the Gaxette. Failures to appear in our columns
are aunostlnvariably caused by these neglects.
Know Itetalap Ketataatleas. '
Oa Saturday last according to previous notice a district
Conrentioa was held at Austin by the Enow Nothings and
nominations made for Attorney and Surveyor. The result
was the selection of Alex. Chalmers for District Attorney
and A. N.Iindsay for District Surveyor.
HOtxT nnaixt. This Is a name recently girea a
mounUia bonJerlng on Williamson creek eight xnfles la a
northwesterly direction from Austin nearHn. Glascock's
&a. The atranger Wrclbly strnck with IU pecalltr
structure. Frea thebasia to the usBnjllnatural road of
.aroui wiatas extend Inadreular form round the mount.
the view from the top U far more picturesque and Tirie-
galed than that rromMuBurneU.
Xae Ckaracteref taelatePUtettelpltia
lo&uthemaan can rite from a penai 0f th teller
pohUshed on our first page froaBcas Atsr. Wamt aad
aiaactnv Smrooiof AlabaKa without refirdtog- the
Ute K. X. OonTenUon which oooicated FBlae and
Donion a a. free-eoa body. Neither Geo-w k
Carolina rf Booth CaroSS; AUba mu
Texas were represented by delegates? -iunetfEtetl
jmpmentedby onlyaUeliS xSmSS U
usana four Arkansas two and yierida one. Tk
fitlSI' "&m o nBmore tad W
e Etates jf New Xcrk and Pennsrltaai. sar lTT
The "AoserSean mil!..ti . . . . ..
j. "lumji. narts asd
ttEjbers of the saae part t
These gentlemen aim tell ss .( m -m.. -..
oraadAct(L Itbir.ii .STf ? b
- -'WW"! H Hi -II Mil i
A Fact t 1k Kejpc SMatta-.
lathe letter oS Albert Kke pnbBtked ea r r-liTsr.
nd which wffl be read wt deep Isiewt he glre. Wtl
traehhtory cf the repeat ef lhe cid yiatim eertkttar
th12jhsJaveyeeUoaaBa the calwtttetfee of fte k-
teBtequiTocal caa talU place. He tiat tbe"V u
form WA3 UTHODt!CO r-VSL2SJSLS"
Friends cf the Seath. res8wt tliat 1
;5 SEPSIS is s?"."?- "3.?.
- . . i....ir ty MtmrjT.- JEMC lit'
We tea that Gcv.FeaM is sow tewsj arai-ay afctot tnm
Aeein wtsatOlT3aaatieSlrt. Ti Trttt Amili
fcetjaialn'AMSto. ' -'tass-- :
- " ' x' -" .-CRIC
A correspondent of tho State Timet of the 17th
Inst addresses a letter to Gov. Pease on the sub-
ject of education in which ho accuse that officer
of aiding the Jesuit to convert the children of
Texaa to the Catholic faith. The man i evi-
dently demented by the doctrines of Know-Koth-
ingism. We note tne nrucie ana snnu buumj
some extracts to show the extravagant delusions
under which a man of some intelligence may la-
bor after enlisting in an unholy crusade against
men for their religious belieC
The objectionable part of Gov. Peak's views
oa education which has aroused the indignation
of the correspondent is as follows:
"Tour attention is invited to the annual reports
of the 8tate Treasurer as Ex-oflicio Superintend-
ent of Common Schools for the years 1 654 and
J835 which arc transmitted herewith."
Th rcDorts show that but few of the coun-
har organized and established schools as re-
miiVml br this law: in most of them the popula
tion is sparsely scattered overn great extent of
temiory MU1CU CSUUUt UO UIIIUCU Illiu """""
containing a sufficient number of children for
the maintainance of c school without making
the districts so large that the school must neces-
sarilr be at an inconvenient distance from a large
portion of the scholars; this without doubt has
prevented and will continue to prevent the exe-
cution of a law like the present cntil our popula-
tion becomes more dense.
" We should not bo deterred by the failure of
this attempt. Let us amend tho present law by
imposing heavy penalties upon those assessors
and collectors who fail to make a return of the
number of scholars in their county within the
time prescribed. And in lieu of that part of the
prosent law which requires a division of the
counties into districts let us declare all schools
that may be kept in the State public schools and
allow the fund distributed to each county to be
disbursed under the orders of the county court
to such teachers as tho parents and guardians of
the children may choose to employ for their edu-
cation. " This plan I am satisfied is bettor adapted to
our present situation than any other which can
be devised and I believe it will be much more
acceptable to tho people than that provided for
by tho present law
" As our situation changes Borne othe.- system
more suited to our wants will no doubt suggest
itself and can then bo adopted."
The Governor we apprehend never dreamed of
legislating for the exclusive benefit of the Catho-
lic church while writing tho above nor in the
half-year which has expired since it was read in
both houses of the Legislature has any one
thought of such a thing.
The Time's correspondent who favors the world
with his name "A Herron" cuts tho Gordian
knot. He says:
" If J was assured that there was as much Cath-
" olic influence in this State as Borne others I
" would come to tho conclusion from this part of
" the message that you were under tho innuenco
" of the diBciples of Loyola. But charity forces
" me to conclude otherwise and that the reason
" why we find the above recommendation in the
" message ib because you did not look at the sub-
" ject in all its bearings."
" Sir permit an humble individual to suggest
" that his opinion is that to carry out your recom-
" mendation would be fraught with many and bit-
" ter consequences to public -education. Jesuit
" education with ita complicated apparatus has
" been the curse of all other lands politically and
" morally and an open door for the ruin of Gov-
" Let us examine this subject every one setting
" up a school would draw a per Capita from tho
" State fund. Teachers aro abundant in the old
" world. The Leopold foundation at Vienna the
" propoganda of Some and the Jesuit missionary
" society of Lyons France "ire all manufacturing
" Schbol Teachers. The Jesuites Solitaries un-
" der tho name of Sitters of charity Sisters of the
" Bncred heart etc. etc would swarm among us
" as in other States of the;Union. There would
" soon be a dozen schools where there should bo
" one and all located co aa best to servo the plans
" of the Koraan Catholic Church."
"The consequence would be that easily our
" American children would" be drawn in and ob-
" tain a Roman Catholic education an education
" preparing tho American mind for tho world of
"SupposothoRomau Catholics choose
" to enter the door which yon have thus thrown
" open to them and successfully occupy for fifty
"years and at the end of tho present century the
" people of Texas should awake from their daring
"slumbers and make an attempt to free thexn-
" selves from papal tyranny and find themselves
" too weak to thro w off the colling yoke of despot-
" ism wh"ose principles had been imbibed in the
" very schools which you recommended 7 If there
" could be patriotism and love of republican prin-
" ciplea still lound in tins treof country ot Texas
" they would arise np and call you cursed."
Hereiisamind totally unhinged byKnow-Noth-iugism!
"A Herron" evidently looks upon a
Catholi.c as ho would regard a scorpion a copper-
headed snake an allegator a yellow fever patient
in the black vomit.or an Asiatic cholera subject.in
the las tstage. In this terrific shape hois haunted
at every atop by a Catholic and he is nervously
alarmed and panic stricken for the rest of the
To soothe the troubled breast of " A Herron"
ho will see that whatever the merits or demerits
of ttie Governor's proposition tho school money
is to; be disbursed under the order of tho county
court "fo such teachers as the parents and guardi-
ans of the children may choose to employ for their
education." If protestant fathers mothers and
guardians choose to dispense with protestant
teachers and put in theit places " JesuitB" from
the "Propoganda of Borne" from " the Leopold
foundation at Vienna" or the " Missionary society
at Lyons" to teach their children good English
pronunciation a little writing and arithmetic all
we can say is that certainly they have tho right
to do it however mistaken we might deem their
conduct But wo don't believe that any such
event is likely to happen in the present or next
generation as far as we can judgo.
"AfHerron" nor any of hi KnowNothing
brethren need be under apprehension of the
country suffering from a general inundation of
Catholics. If ho will consult the history of his
country and feed his mind upon facts instead of
vagaries while hcwill be convinced of tbis fact
ho will also improve both his heart and his un-
derstanding. The Catholics first settled Texas
tixty-four years ago. They have now but thirteen
churcheB according to the last census. The pro
testant church in Texas is not much over twenty
years old and yet it now numbers upwards of
thee hundred and fifteen churches ! Nor have the
Catholics Bucceeded any better in the rest of the
States. It is nearly two end a quarter untunes
since the Catholics first settled Maryland There
there are now only sixty-five Catholic churches
while the protestant number eight hundred and
gfty-four. A similar state of facts are found every
where else. Louisiana was first settled by Cath-
olics over a century and a half ago. At the time
of the last census tho Catholics had only fifty-five
churches while the Protestants numbered tco hun.
dred and fifty-ttso. It is upwards of a century since
the Catholics established themselves in Florida
and yet with all tho aid of Catholic Spain for
many years there are now not over five churches
in Florida while there are one hundred and set-fUy-tiro
protestant churches. It is paltry hum-
bag to talk of the inroads of the Catholic .church
la this State or any other against facts Jike these
staring men in thoiace. In the United States
there are thirty-sis: thoasand churches and of
wete bnt eltxt hundred only art Catholics. And
what are the sinews of their pecuniary pojverf
How stand their Treasuries! There are eighty-
six and a half jnillionB of dollars of church prop
erty and of this sum not sine -millions of dollars
keleisg to the Catholic church-
Hew would It behow has it been how will
It be in & struggle for dominion over the souls of
wfcetweca theProtestant and Catholic churches
er country! The Protestant with church ac-
wasaciktiaaiSiumbering thirteen million and a
rerefperscxs; with a religions press difTasj-g
w3 wide Bgwarde of ihtTtyoKe millions of
; a political press with a circulation xr fie
kmmirei xd ttetxtyico &illios of conies; n nen-
na pre sding forth eighty-eigkt viUlioxs; and.
feeeifB eeeneree thitea in 1850 at ee Zillion
ft Awxfrei mUUma of dollars tarlnira nroSt r
W.9BCQ0O-siM teatb ield by Proteaknt.i
. . .-. n:
- a;iresr-Bp witaTprttsaDt'
and associations all protestants wwwo '
of distinction and honor filled simost wholly by
protestants: tvith tho general tone of public opin-
ion In favor of protestant sentiments with all
this arrar ia defence of the protestant religion in
w hat condition would we find the Catholic church 1
We would find an old and feeble church held to-
gether by a bankrept Pope whose seat at Borne
is secured by Protestant Dayonea wu m&-
nificant amount of church property in the United
States; with no external aid from a single Cath-
olic country that can compare with the commerce
of our own country or of Great Britain; with a
verv limited representation in tho press with
nearly the whole federal patronage of the govern-
agalnst them; without any power but the inherent
force of their religious tenets and opinions as dif
fused by their priests and followers to gain them
an entrance into the minds and toearts oi tne
American people and what would be what must
be the result of a conflict between the Protestant
and Catholic churches in which the great disparity
of strength is so clearly against the success of the
latter? Can any ono but a lunatic fancy in his
wildest vagaries that in such a contest there is
the remotest fear of theProtestantpeople of Texas
at the end of the present century after tho elapse
of fifty years; "finding themselves too veak to throw
off the galling yoke of despotism whose principles
had letn imbibed in the very schools tchich you (Gov.
Pease) recommended'. "
Such is the sample of mental derangement and
morbid sensibility.superinduced upon "A Herron "
by the prescriptive doctrines of Know-Nothingism.
It is this diseased state of mind which is fast des-
troying the finer feelings and sympathies of tho
hearts of thousands and causing men to regard
each other with abhorrence and hatred for a mere
honest difference of opinion. It is a feeling which
never existed between IVhigs and Democrats.
With high-minded men of these parties we could
discuss our opposite political views and suffer de-
feat or gain a victory without invading the sanc-
tuary of a man's religious opinions or stamping
inferiority upon his brow for difference in birth
orlanguago. Never until the Know-Nothing party
commenecd to build itself up upon the ruins of
theso parties had the people sought to make these
odious and detestable distinctions. Clay in his
famous speech pt Lexington in 1847 justly asked
""What other rule can there be than to lcavo
" tho followers of each religion to their own sol-
" cmn convictions of conscientious duty towards
" God? Who but tho great-arbiter of the uni-
"veree can judge in such questions?"
That great patriot has frequently asserted that
there is "nothing in the Catholic religion unfavor-
able to freedom" nor anything incompatible with
the " highest degree of national prosperity." We
have Been that church give civilization and govern-
ment to nearly every country in Europe We
have seep it maintaining an existence for eighteen
hundrel years. We havo found t mixed up with
tho political affairs of nations and warring for su-
premacy; bat then it had brought these nations
out of barbarism ; we have also seen it warring
against the infidel and defending tho holy land from
sacriligiouB invasion ; we have seen fire and fagott
the terrors of the inquisition with retalliations of
Protestants in.the reformation when the political
power of each party shifted. Wo have read of all
these things and the discriminating and liberal
minded protestant student of history can In our
day still place a fair and impartial estimate upon
the Uatuolic clmrcn.
" I can worship God ns sincerely and devotedly
" under one roof as another and havo felt as much
" devotion in a Roman Catholic cathedral as in
" any other temple of worship."
This was the eloquent so'ntiment of William
Wirt and wo might add many more from leading
minds from Washington to Webster but wo must
bring our article to a close and we will only say
that these names will last longer even thau tho
"fifty years" set by "A Herron" for the people
of Texas to rise up and curse Gov. Pease. He
will be fortunate indeed if until that tipe the peo-
ple of Texas fail tu rise np and say as they said to
the "Know-nothing State ticket" last fall at the
ballot box" Farewell brother Craffordl ' It has
been the fate of most politicians In Tesas.to have a
more precarious existence but if when the tomb-
stone alone speaks for him it can say ns it says
now for Thomas Jefferson that he was the author
of ' " Statutes establishing religious tolerance;" his
memory will not bo ungrateful to his countrymen.
Decease of tUc (amep Jod Jcntliiifrs
One among the first and gallant TexansklUed in the bat-
tles of Nicaragua for their Independence was young Jen-
nings a favorite citizen of our place. His bones now rest in
that soli. The following letter Is a worthy mementofrom a
noble breast of the worth of this young man.
OrfT Of Obesida.N A. April IS 1S56.
Coc. P.B. Cauiock " '
Dear Sir: It beeomes my melancholly duty to announce
the death of our mutual friend J. M. Jennings.
On the day of his arrival he Joined the army and the
day after received marching orders for a post somewhat
distant from this city in consequence of which I was unable
to meet hira.
He died gloriously on the 11th of this month ai the bat
tie of Hlras. whilst blading the third charge In company
with his gallant Captain Linton (who I am told was from
La.) both whom shared the same fate. Jennings was
pierced by a ball in the breast and on hfs return lingered
but a short time.
He died universally beloved and regretted and every
one of his companions bear cheerful testimony to his brave-
ry high-toned honorable bearing and generous hearted
ness. All concur that he would have received rapid pro-
motion had he snrvived.
Joining with you In the most heart-felt sympathy and re-
gret for bis untimely fate and offering my condolence to
those who grieve most deeply.
lam dear sir. your friend Aa; If C. COOK.
YTliatanoia JLine Wlii thinks.
The Hon. J. P. Benjamin the orator and leader of the
Whigs of Louisiana thus speaks of the Kunw Nothing Par-
ty. TYa copy from his speech delivered May 2 lB5fl.
No sooner had the views and purposes of this party be-
come displayed by the actios of the Philadelphia Conven-
tion than my path of duty was clear. In an address to my
wutmucQu xiuiormeu wem oi wnai inaa Jisara Oftiore
leaving Washington. I stated my belief that the purpose
of the machinery of this party would be used for elevating
to power the worst enemies of the South. I nolnted ont the
hostility of the organization to Southern rights ; its hostili-
ty to freedom of conscience and religious belief.
Serpral thousand Whigs in my State took the same view
of the condition of public affairs that I did. Some refrain-
ed from voting; others attended pemocratic meetings ad-
vocated onenlv the snecess of the Democratic ticket nnil
the result was a decisive Democratic victory ft tj)e (Jtatepf
A writer in the last Times under the name of "Jackson
American" and dating his letter Texans JIayT; thus
modctfly alludes to himself:
As a little item of news I will inform yon that our quiet
but spirited Tillage was somertat stirred a few days ago
by a democratic rally at which your humb)e servant the
writer was politely invited just on hour before-hand to
a discussion with two of their champions ; after Which said
democratic (?) meeting closed with threehearty cheers for
Fillmore and Donelion !
We shall probably hear the other side of this modest story
from soma of our frjends in Jackson.
BcsECorsrr The ticket adopted by -the Democrats Of
this county as published In the "DiMOCalT" has xaany
sterling names in It It is as follows :
For Chief Justice-H.D. Eedwinc; For &teriJJ.D-
Hamilton; For County Clerk 0. J. Garrison; For At-
tutor dt Cotlectoi Jas. llcWUliamrr For County Treat-trrr-Wm.Bromfey;
For CourAy Conmiteionen3. SI.
Miller; J.W.Bradshaw; E.N. Dunn; Peter Tipps
But Omenta. For Justice of the FeaeeK.3. Smith ;
W.C.JIcMurray; For Constable James H.Nelms.
Sir. Garrison was Engrossing Clerk of the Senate last
winter and was considered an efficient and worthy officer.
We trust the Democracy of Busk will chow the power of their
organization over the ubat and out' party. Some few
refuse to be bound by conventions but no true Democrat
will ever fall to give the candidates his support after a full
and fair trial of strength in a convention. To the lion
hearted Democracy of Busk however wc need tij not a
word. They hare already seen the acts of Sam and well
Know that he will leave no scheme untried to destroy or
weaken the energies of cur rarty nhereverhe can do It.
Printing- and Binding-.
"We thank our friends for the aid we have received In the
line of our husinessand while we yillcst rrofess to do our
work cheaper than everybody else we shall certainly prom-
be one thing. Wewul do our work well and faithfully
and onr charges alall act le more than the utnal rate of
any cfher office in- thi State.
The specimens of binding wo have lately executed wm
compare with any in sew Orleans or the North Prompt!.
tude is observed In doing our work and the earliest dejlrs-
-i jj .. - .. in.initn.-u-1j-w--ri
So new on victory we are bent
Hurrah hurrah hurrah ;
We'll have Fillmore fcy President
Hurrah hurrah hurrah j
Well keep the Irish and Scotch away
And say to the Dutchmen nltcht Uihtay
Well treat them like onr own dear too
Hurrah hurrah hurrah; . r
Well let them vote at twenty-one j
Homh hurrah hurrah ;
Taen if they don't belong to the Pope
They may begin to hare toae iope
i""wc jaeeungproceeaingt of uui jc . party
J58XtfcR Meeting proceeding of tha AT. X. party
The aboveprecioni morsel appears in the published nro-.
"ouaaeta Slay last. Thelrish. Scotch and "rtalchzatn."
CZCcedincfr d.ISAtrf WisTi?.. w-lO-'S"!.-r.-.sS-
trulr !E5aEuCS5i ? t"2S rSKS
i Ki Tm 7ti XI Hfg-iBr SiTiiliif TSfl
' -WsMbWH1 4tKHwlsnMnKtBsrQISIrHnBHC9EnilHHt:HHsww4isl
ni'iiim irim Gexditlfat e.Xr-au9''j'f
We have bfore ns the able report ol tne
ComptroUer.a.'NWe avail ourselves of aome oi m
valuable data and shall endeavor In a fewnum-
bera to present to our reader aome wo trust in
tercsting view of our social and political condition-
During the last four years tho asiesaed acres of
land have IncreSted eight mdlions of acres or ai
the rate of two millions of acres per year while
tho value of said land has been increased to
ftrenfirjrrc sniHiVn of dollars! or at tie Tate of
sir. and a guarter millions of dollars per year !
We have examined tho reports of several States
of the Union and Aro aro at liberty to say that
this is an astonishing increase and vastly beyond
the rates of lands assessed in any Southern State.
The averago value of land per acre which in
1852 was only 87 1-2 cents is now 123.
The number of negroes asteised have increased
in tho last four years twenty-seven thousand and
a value equal to twenty-three millions of dollars
added to tho slavo capital of the State.
We turn to the census and find that in 1830
thcro were only fifty thousand slaves in the State.
Hero then in five years we have more than
doubled our slave population. Can any State of
the Union shown similar condition of things?
During the ton years precoeding 1850 our
slavo population increased 18 per cent. Arkan-
sas increased 136 per cent. Missouri 50 per cent ;
Mississippi 58 per cent. Florida 52 per cent.
Louisiana 45 per cent. Alabama 35 per cent.
Georgia 35 per cent ; Tennessee 30 per cent and
in all the other slave States the increase was less
then 20 per cent ! In the past five years we have
surpassed all our sister States. We exhibit an
increase in our slave population of one hundred
and forty-two per cent over the increase of Missis-
sippi as shown by the last census ! and after our
own State and Arkansas Mississippi then Bhowed
a greater increase than any other southern State-
While our horses and cattlo havo not increased
much over 600000 their value has Increased
nine millions of dollars ! In 1853 the averago
assessed value per head was $782 now it is
The increase in the value of other property
such as town lots monoy at interest &c has
gone up from eleven millions of dollars in. 1852 to
twenty millions of dollars in 1S55
Did we not have the facts and figures under the
official seal of thejproper officer we might well
consider the statement a fancy sketch but such
are the plain facts of the prosperity of our great
and growing State.
The facts wo here state may be more clearly
seen in the following tablot
00 00 OC CO
CI wl C Cl
to CO l CO
OCT ODt J
en - to co
o -i to to
eo to oK o -
OOMO S o
to to com '
CI O U.
CO CP ao to
o a a
oT a Si
The total value of all items of taxation in tho
above for the same yearB was
r each year.
Total value of rroperty for 1852 80754094
" " lb58 99155114
' " 1854 126981017
" " 1855 149521451
Average Increase per cent for 185 to 1S55 21 per cent
o have increased lp the respective value of
our lands negroes horses .and cattle and other
property as follows :
Increased value of slave prrpsrty since 185
" Land " ' "
" Horses k Cattle " "
" Other property " "
We have thus shown that the increased value
of our property jp (be State upon which assess-
ment is madeis nearly sixty-nine millions efdol-
turt auu iruai tbjjaa ujauo tui (uiiuiuifuing increase
in the last four years !
In another year making half a decade from
1855 the value of tha wholo taxable property in
the State will have doubled siuco 1852..
While we pongrntulate the State on this favor-
ablo. state of things under a Democratic adminis-
tration of affairs a state of things which will
make a favorable showing with the most rapidly
populating States of the Union wo hopo it will
arrest the.attention of the people of other States
and prove to them that in the lands of tho State
of Texas is now to be found the bott investment
of any in the Union. We present no exaggerated
picture and our gwn pjople wijl be satisfied that
withsomo exertion on the part pf the State in aid
of railroads wo Bhallin a fewyearsfind ourselves
with such an increased capital and population as
to be 8ble to carry on those great works of im-
provement on a scale commensurate with our
wants. What we now want are some well de-
vised geneaal trunk roads and private enterprise
with pmely State aid will accomplish it with
entire se'eurity to the funds of tho State.
We are really not aware of the swift progress
we aro making in all the elements of wealth.
With but half the resources five years age rail-
roads and other great improvements were evident-
ly matters of doubt and distrust. Now the de-
mands of commerco require and will command
from capitalists what not even prodigal bonuses
of land have influenced in our bflhalf.
In our next we shall give somo'important facts
demonstrating still more clearly our ability to un-
dertake the making of somo two or three main
trunk railroads in Texas.
GiLvzsTOX Mir 31st 1354.
Sdltors Gatette: Oar election to supply the place j
the defunct abolitionist reilgJeJ tookplico on the 19th.
The Demosracy had presenU-d ths nam of a man in rry
respect the anupode of the lata Incombent a South Ciro-
linian by birth one who formanyyearswas adUtlsgutshed
cltlxen of Florida as a lawyer Bevisor and Supreme Judge
a man of profound legal lore and whose every pulis l
Southern. Such a man is Leslie A. Thompson. Tha K. N't
lay low and worked in secret till the morning if the election
when as is their wont they paraded mammoth bills an-
nouncing as an independent candidate Dr. Wm. It. Eralth.
The Democrats for the first time were apirlud ef ths trick
when it was almost too lata; but true to their honored
principles they rallied and defeated the independent Kaow
Nothing candidate by 147 votes. Dr. Smith is In Washing.
tlouCJiT and was seized npoaby the K. N' u thslr only
hope. Sbts have the Democrati of Galveston In three
primary tests and twb ejections shown the southern princi-
ples and disapproval of the course1 of the lata member.
Poor man but for his indomitable leiklnr for martyrdom
by placing bis Kama In such pipers as will publish bis In
terminable wtarisom productions it would toon be for
gotten that there was such a being oa tee island
As amonamanlae. perfectly reckless if the opinions of
others and Infatuated by his ova chimeras
to soma degrie cf listener.
Our dtriJ crowing steadily and bsilnoi lines Januiry
has been good. Brick hoom'are rising In our nldlt and
every thing justifies the opinion that WUvsitoa i to bt a
large city. Your eb't. serv't. X
The coarse lately pursued by Oslrtitcn under the Utd
of the Democracy s giving to that city a position n the
confidence of the people of tha Interior which It nevsr
before possessed W hope for the common Vlf of the
State that Oalrrjton will neisr Iln N sQijtcted to th
mbrepreseQtatoR of eaest!onb frtnda or tho rtten
policy of aa open fta.-Eps. (Us
x m reed-a fna 0Br int. Mr. SwVm. dalsd
UnimTin.. VtrKi).: ih.rn:u-l..-
" EutenTniOon located at this plaet.ls said to
Inafisorlshlntf coaditiAn. thrn tlnv hnt ns hundrid
ui t'eafT-five staieaU Is srttendance-this stulon lbs
-.iois.pjiu iw cxnpuecs ibc vstj fi
gu iBeMBcwara ca ecouatoX.th!lUBM. f
1 . s if Vs
&! IKS'. -tf U
JO li li l-j j.
- w- O
CO Oi CO co
-Mrorr Toaiia MU.UARDriLUIOEE.of New fork.
wcrecepU ad enlightened patriot andeutesmaa of lib'
era! and en Urged views eulnratly conservative and na.
tlonal la character and hvllng wno past carter furnl.h-
rs ampl guarantees or bW devotion to the Union. anl thai
If elected to th4 efficof President he will rusrd and pro-
teet the-Jtttt rights of every sectlio."
Reported by Messrs. K. K. Peek Wiu. K. Jones. lir.M.
A.Ta jwr Dr. W. C. PhUlpn and Col John a Kurd.
Millard Fillmohi: In the words cf Wise Is
" tectionally and politically opposed to tlatery"
His whole past career proves this and we again
go back to the record to meet and repudiate as
totally unfounded in fact the declaration made so
confidently in the abort) resolution.
Wo have boforo w jnany ugly document. We
hero subjoin the following from tho Xcw York
Buffalo Courier with tho remark of an able cor-
respondent of the ntcbiiioii'l Hmiulrvr
Tho Buffalo Courier In September 1848 pub-
lished In the city wbero Mr. Fillmore resided.
makes uio of this langugo:
" It will be soeii by tho following letter origin-
ally published In the Buffalo Commorclal Adverti-
ser on the 30th day of October 1838 that Mr.
Fillmore in a correspondence with tho Erio
County Anti-Slavery Society placed himself dis-
tinctly on tho abolition platform so far as that
Elatform was then in oxlttenco. Tho step taken
y Mr. Fillmore at that time was absolutely
necessary to gain political influenco and secure
public favor in Western New York. Having
takenitjhis.position was strengthened and hobe-
vuuiw luiyiu m buuacijucuuu in iuo avowals m nis
latter tho foremost man iu a section of countrv
where tho fell spirit of abolitionism was then and
is now all powerful at the ballot box. To that
avowal of his sentiments we attribute the popu-
larity which ho enjoys among abolitionsts and
Whigs hore and in other Northern States especial-
ly Ohio for we know nothing in his public life or
services calculated to raise him to the eminence
which he has beon 10 fortunate as to reach.
"No! It was Mr. Fillmor's avowal of abolition
seniiments as Jong ago as 1833; his declaration
that he was in favor of the immediate abolition
of slavery in the District of Columbia; his course
in Congress whenevor tho subject of slavery
came before that body; and hit fioroo opposition
to the annexation of Texas that gavo him conso
queuco and eulisted in his support tboso who have
at last snecoeded in placing him before the people
as a candidate for tho Vice Presidency. Having
done so they discover the necessity which exists
of conciliating their fellow-citizens at tho South
who like Ooneral Taylor happen to hold a few
slaves and are notoriouly cautious in bestowing
their share of the honors and trusts of govern-
ment. So obvious is this necessity that the
Southern friends of Mr. Fillmore call attention to
the ffct that in bis Eria letter in 1833 Mr. Fill-
more gave no pledges. JJf no one asked him to
give his pledges. His sentiments wero satisfactory
to tho society which ho addressed and tho tcAofe
Abolition party of the North."
Mr. Fillmore's whole policy upon the question
of slavery must bo regarded as a deliberate and
well sottled one. The pretext und.er which he
seek to escape n regard to tho Mississippi case
decidpd by JudgeMcLean is an exceedingly bold
one in itself for tho decision there only embraces
properly tho point that the power given to Con-
gress to regulate cotnmorce among the several
States did not conflict with the authority of the
Stato of Mississippi to prohibit by law be intro-
duction of slaves into Jhat State as articles of
merchandise. But bo that as it may we have not
yet done with the Brooks letter. We eive him
the full benefit of the conviction which he expres-
sed that Congress has no power over tho subject
of slavery as it exists in tho several States a
position which we have shown is not now dis
puted by the most ultra Abolitionist in the countrv.
Tho case to which Mr. F. refers as effecting the
change in his opinions was decided at theJanuarv
term of the Supremo Court 1841 and is that of
wuvesvH. ciauguier iootora 44H. Ho states
in express terms In the Brooks letter that the
case in question decides that ' the constitutional
power ever the transportation removal or disposal
of slaves from one slaveholding State to another
was vested in the several States and nof fa Cou
gress. This opinion carried conviction to every
unprejudiced mind mid the question was consid
ered settled. At any rate this was my own opiniou
then and I have seen no cause to chango it since."
ixow.wiuiioe consiuorea credible alter this
(instead of beine
sonance with the principle which he would have us
believe he regarded in his unnreiudiced mind
settled) in direct dishonorable conflict with the
asseveration he makes ? We havp ajreqdy shown
that he Is coptradicted and impeached by his own
votes and his own actsin tho statement that this
hadnever been discussed In Congress before. We
shall now nrove that he acain Bins his nwn npot
IS tho latter material assertion.
By the Congressional Globe 2d session 27th
Congress part 1 1841-'2. Dace 442. itwill anni-nr
that on tho2l8t of March 1842. Mr. Qiddlngs of
unto sam ne nao a series ot resolutions upon a
subjeot which had called forth some interest in
the other end .of the capitol and in the nation.
We annex them omitting the three first:
"Resolved That slavery being an abridgment
of tho natural rights of man can exist only by
force of positive municipal law and is neqesiarily
confined to the territorial jurisdiction of the pow-
er creating it".
."5. That when a ship belonging to the citizens
of any Stale of this Union leaves the waters and
territory of such Stato and enters upon the high
seas tho persons (slaves) on board cease to be
SUBJECT TO TIIE SLAVE LAWS OP SUCH STATE
and thenceforth are governed in their relation to
each other by and are amonable to the laws of the
United States " '
" 6. That when the brig Creole on her late
passage to New Orleans LEFT the territo-
rial jurisdiction of Virginia the slave laws
of that State ceased to have jurisdiption over the
persons (slaves) on board said brig and such per-
sons became amenable only to tho laws of the
"7. That the persons (slavos) on board said brig
in returning their natural rights of personal liberty
VIOLATED NO LAW OF THE UNITED STATES
INCURRED NO LEGAL PEN4LTV AND ARE JUSTLY
LIABLE TO NO PUNISHMENT.
"8. That all attempts to recain possession of
or to re-ensiave sam persons are unauthorized
by the Constitution and laws of the
United States and are incompatible with
our national honor.
"9. That all attempts to exert our national in-
fluence in favor of the coast-wise slave trade
or to place this nation in the attitude of main-
taining a commerce in human bcipgs are subver-
sive of the rights and injurious to the feelings
and the interests of the free States are unau-
thorized by the Constitution and prejudi-
cial to our national character."
A motion was made that the resolutions do lio
on tho table. Mr. Fillmore voted nay with
Adams Giddings and Slade. And yet we are cal-
led upon to believe that his mind was unprejudiced;
and although" the resolutions wero proposed a
year after the decision in tho case on which he
relies he regarded tho questions raised by them as
settled! John Minor Botts on the same day of-
fered the following preamble and resolutions :
"Whereas tho Hon; Joshua R. Giddings has
this day presented to this House a series of reso-
ltions touching the most important interests con-
nected with a large portion of the Union now a
subject of negotiation between tho United Statos
and Groat Britain of the most delicate nature
the result of which may eventully involvo thoso
nations in war; and whereas it is tho duty of
every gnon citizen 10 discountenance all cllorts to
create excitement dissatisfaction and divUion
among tho people of tho United States at such a
time under such circumstances; and whereas
MUTINY and murder aro therein justified and ap-
S roved in terms shocking to all senso of law or-
er and humanity; therefore
" Resolved That this Houso holds tho conduct
of the said member as altogether unwarranted
and unwarrantable and deserving tho sorero con-
demnation of the people of this country aud of
ints oouym particular.
On thte resolutions a motion was made to
suspend the rules yeas 128 nays G3. Fillmore
votcdnay with Adams Giddings and Slade. Two-
thirds not voting In the affirmative tho rules wero
The call for resolutions still resting with iho
Stato of Ohio Mr. Weller offered Mr. Botts' reso-
lutions as his own In the discussions which then
took place Mr Fillmore appeared as the sneeial
apologist and defender of his confrere Giddings
who seems to have been as closely allied to him
In feelings as we havo shown him to havo been In
But the case against Mr FlJImoro does not
stop here By the' Congressional Globe 3d its-
ion. 27th Congress. l&i2-."3. ce?e lOfl.lt will r.
pear that ou tho 3d day of January 1843 (two
Jnn mo inttisiiijii CM9J JUT CJIBUO
Vermont moved tho folowlpg preamble 1
' Whereas br A lay of the United Slates
framed on tf
15th Mav. 127. tha far!
traua t nee ami to tie piracv.andiiin&dnminiiV..
. . . i 1 .'-. ' .'I TT l""h
able by death? and wherras there is. and has
long been carried on In the piitrlct o( Columbia.
wlftn light of the Hli oflbe two House of
Congress at)4 the reildeppe of the Cblef Execu-
tiTefagUtrat uf the nation A trad in ujen In.
T.' ng 1 ilbS I'rHlc1P'M of out"a on human
rlabts.JvblohcbaraoleriJO tha foreign ilavo trade
audnMeh hKedrtvTU. upon. U th maledictions
of the civilized world aW itlglinafJttd thoso en-
gigad In Hi M thfl enemies of tho human race ;
aud whereas tbo trade thus existing In this Di-
being Car(!e4 OH la the heart ofja natIon"hoiO
U(c.ia BBgravii IR enormity by reason ot tu
iMlllwllfflM W4b6ed upon thejprinclplthat all
apparently canaia and ingenuous recantation that
Mr. Fillmore's wholo legistatfTe notion and votes
after the year 1S51 are (instead of beine in con-
WtUmmmetmtmm)ammrmmmm.jmm 1 ""UVVi
men are created equaTTand whose laws have In
efiect proclaimed its great and superlative iniqni-
ty; aggravated moreover by its outrage on the
sensibilities of a Christian community by sunder-
ing the ties of Chistian brotherhood and by the
anguish of its remorseless violation of all the
domestic relation rendered ihtt moro deeD and
enduring by tho hallowing influenco of the C'hris-
uau religion upon those relations and by toe in-
crease of strength which it give to tho domestic
affections and whereas this trade in hnman beings
is carried on undor tho authoritr of law enacted
by the Congress of tha United States thereby
involving tho people of all tha State in its guilt
and disgrace a guilt and disgrace enhanced by
uie consideration tnat tnosa laws are a virtual
usurpation of power the constitution of the
United Staths having conferred upon Congress no
right to establish the relation of slavery or to
sanction and protect the slave trade in
ANY portion of this confederacy. There
fore Resolved." &c. &c
Mr. Fillmoro voted in favor of this preamble and
resolution with his participators in negrodom Ad-
ams Giddings and Slade. And yet forsooth we
are to regard the declaration that the question
was settled in his mind since 1841 and that good
easy honest soul he was perfectly impartial and
unprejudiced after the Supreme Courr had flapped
its wings over his conscience. " A little eitet good
"The fiesh wDl quiver where the pincers tear;
The blood will follow where the knife is driven I "
We shall call ono now to the stand who served
with him from his first entrance into Cangress
Henry A. Wise ! In a letter which that gentle-
man addressed to F. J. Alfred of Aucuita. dated
July 29 184S and published at the time we find.
many important developments lie says: "I too
served with Mr. Fillmore much longer than Mr.
Stuart did in Congress and I was intimately ac-
quainted with his speeches and votes-in the House
of Representatives on the subject of slavery and
of its abolition in all their forms; and I do .not
hesitate on my own personal knowledgo and res-
ponsibility to pronounce tho chargeof abolitionism
against Mr. Fillmore TRUE. I appeal to the
journals of the House for tho whole period of Mr.
Fillmore's servico in Congress to prove that if he
is not an abolitionist John Quincy Adams was
not Giddings was not. He voted with them and
against the South on every question of slavery
or its abolition without an exception within my
knowledge or recollection. The darkest day I
ever saw durinir eleven years experience from
1833 to 1844 in the Houso was on the 20th of
December 1837" which we havo already ex-
Slained was on the occasion on which Mr. Slade
iscussed the question of slavery in the States.
Mr. Wise then proceeds:
"Mr. Slade was a most excellent man (and a
very able one too; a more able man by far than
Mr. Fillmore) was the hottest because tho most
honest kind of a fanatic. He was Bincerely relig-
ious in his anti-slavery zeal. Mr. Fillmore was
not so. The latter was only sectionally and polit-
ically opposed to the institution of slavery. Mr.
Slade had the better excuse therefore of the two.
There aro three classes of enemies to tho peculiar
institutions of tan South. The first class consists
of the religious zealots who aro little less than
crazy fanatics. Such aro Tappan Thompson
Garrison Giddings Slade &c. They are com-
paratively harmless because they are regardod by
every body as persons running a muck who know
not what they do and aro pardonablo for extrav-
agance of sentiment or action even because they
are hardly rationally responsible. The second
class consists of what are called moderate anti-
slavery men. Such are bound in public to go
with their constituents but are regarded as anx-
ious to restrain their rampant constituents if pos-
sible and are considered as wanting only a little
countenance and support from Southern men in
order that they may strengthen themselves at
borne. To this latter belong all such men of tho
North as Mr. R. C. Wintbrop and M. Fillmore.
The first class are so extreme they cannot at
present hope to get into principal places of power
and trust. But tho second class prepares the
way for the first; and is the most dangerous to the
South of the two. They profess to bo mast reluc-
tant to vote with all bucIi men aa Giddings; but
aro such themselves as always to vote with them
and leaving such as Giddings and Slade and Pal-
frey and Aahniun to make the rude onset to out-
rage all reason and to propose to do violenco to
tho Constitution thoy sit silent vote only and
wear none of the odium which prevents the first
class from getting Southern votes to make them
Speakers Uha'truien 0f Committees and Vice
Presidents 1 The second class therefore get these
posts of power .and thereby aro enabled to get
near enough to strike at slavery tho most deadly
In this connection we must not fail to stato two
circumstances in tbe life of Mr. Fillmore which
in our estimation put bim in a much less liberal
category than that in which he is placed by Mr.
Wise. We havo tho papers to prove that in 1844
at a mass meeting in the Stste of New York (4000
persons present) Mr. Fillmoro mado a speech
from a booth nearly under a banner on which
were painted General Jaoksou and James E. Polk
tho lqtter mounted by a negro who bore a small
flag bearing tho name of lexas. In his address
Mr. Fillmoie exhibited the strongest acrimonious
hostility against the South and converted a great
uuuuuui question ( me x aiuij imu a mere sectional
ono denied that the Southern people could ever
uucuuie a uiuuuiuciunng people wiinoui perming
their power to rttain thtir slaves. We havo the
papers to prove that in 1847 at Rochester in the
State of Now York Mr. Fillmoro made a speech
in Minerva Hall against "TIIE aggressions of
the slave power." The greater part of the
speech was upon the encroachments of slavery;
upon the monopoly of which the Southern oli-
garchy a nest of 250000 slaveholders had enjoyed
in all offices of trust in the Union; how many
Presidents from the South how few from the
North; how he commented on the same dispro
portion of Judges Foreign Ministers Speakers of
tne nouso members ot the Cabinet &c with un-
gracious flings nt what be alleged to bo Southern
arrogance and injustice.
Yet with such an array of facta as these to
prove Mr. Fillmore to be beyond all doubt no less
a Black Republican than Campbell of Ohio or
tbe present Speaker of tbo House the " American
party of Travis " assert that they recognize his
"past career" aa "furnishing ample guarantees
of his devotion to the Union" and that "he will
guard and protect the rights of every section."
Tbe El Paso Mail.
We publish to-day tho proceedings of a public
meeting lately held at 1 Paso in relation to a
tri-monthly mail between that placo and San An-
tonio. At present it is certainly tho bestroutc to
New Moxico. AH who pass over it prefer it to
tho Independence routo and with such facilities
as the mail asked for would give we could have
an extensivo thoroughfare from New Orleans to
New Moxico and California by this route. The
property of Western Texas is intimatly connect-
ed with the business and trade of this route and
we feel a commpn desire to seo it established
Wo cordially join our friends at El Paso in asking
for this additional service of the Department and
from tbe state ot the mails on the Independence
routo it Is clearly evident that it is insufficient
for the vast amount of mail matter sent over it.
By a division of the mail aud confining all matter
south of Mason and Dixon's line to the San An-
tonio route the evils s.ertou)y complained of at
SantaFe might be avoided. At.last accounts the
grievance was sufficiently intolerable on tbe In-
dependence route to calj for a public meeting to
represent thematter to the General Government
and wo see tho call for a meeting published in
the Santa Fe Gazptte.
The road from San Antonio to Santa Fe is one
of tho most lovely and picturesque while
smooth and level that is to bo found in any part
of the world for tho same distance. Eleven days
from Now Orleans to El Paso would bo a reason-
able trip if tho proper liberality should be
shown. For the benefit of an exposed frontier it
Is also a matter of interest to tho Federal Gov-
ernment aud will keen up a quick and reliable
communication with all the out posts.
Our representatives and senators will not fail
wo trust to interest themelves in this project.
Col. Bell is well posted on tht KtihiM-t ..i -;ii
lay the matter before tha Department we doubt
not at an early day.
luault to a member or tbe Texas Bar by
a L-ouIalaim Court.
Wo have read tho resolutions of indignation
adopted at a late meeting of the Galveston bar
and dordlarty approvo them. CoL H. N. Potter
a vory worthy memberof that bar; was called to
testify in the Kendall xase. and Mr. Signr the
defendant's attorney took the occasion in court
to use towards tho said Potter most abusive and
offensive epithets. The Judgo itseems permitted
this gross outrage and even refuted to Potter the
prltilega of defending himself. The resolutions
adopted by the Galreston bar declare that "the
attacking party ought to be disfranchised of every
(ou rtfty of the profession and depn re h im of recog-
nition as a gentleman." W can only add that
we havo no more respect for the Judgo who could
wink at suob an outrago In bis own court.
We see it stated In tha Washington paper that Capt
Cbas. E. Travis oi the Sd Regiment of TJ. S. Car-
airy was found guilty of conduct " unbecoming an officer
and a rentleman" and sentenced to be dismissed freza the
rvlc The President has directed this sentence to take
etfrcatl flrstor SmautaCt &
The Navajoes are being settled on lands in New
Mexicoiacd taught agricultural pursrilfs- -
Wo see that Surveyor General Pelhamhaa safely
arrived in New Mexico. A wrveylng party has
been sent out to sectionis th Strict of country
lywgonthe Galtlnas Concha) aBd CaaadiMFork
It u said to contain some of tfct- best land la the
The District Court at Santa Fe.Hon J J
Davenport presiding recently adjourned Fiv
murder cases were before it-ptionen. natives
The SantaFe Gazette .peaks very favorably of
Major Steen whom they are evpecting shortly in
Chief Justice Davenport has commenced farm
The Santa Fe Gazette k advueating the rights
of the Pueblo Indians to citizenship undcrthe
treaty of GuadaloupeHidalgo. Tho acting Gover-
nor under the signature "La Vtrdad" seems to
take a different view of the matter and aiserh
that if the Puoblo Indians aro admitted to citizen-
ship that every otherlndian iathe territory would"
have the same privilege.
Capt Scammon is charged with neglect la
carrying out the construction and repairs of roads
in the territory and of unpardonable waste of
the money appropriated for the purpose by Con-
gress. TheSantaFe Gazette pays a high Eulogy to
President Pierce and is in favor of his re-norai
Tho fandango appear to be an interesting pjaCe
or resort at Santa Fc. Frequently the " Cook" b
seen dancing in the same cotillion with the muter
The Santa Fe paper saya that to this complesion
must the most aristocratic comoat last; but he
consoles tho readers with the reflection'that the
Mexican "ladiei" are proverbially polite a
correspondent of the Gazetto says:
"No one need be ashamed to try to waltz whr.
hagnevcrdoneso. His partner will accommodate
him until he is tired of treading on her toes ?
for those who never could learn theso HaiUs are
invaluable as schools for practice. Itis a Eatte?
of astonishment that such dances as the "s.
Waltz" Md the "Cuna" have never been S&
duced into the States-the Slow Waltz"' U
especially graceful and tho most sociable dam
ever invented and if introduced would be a jrreat
relief to theinonotony of thenever ending Cotillion
of the States."
Tho " mails" are in a shocking condition. On
tbe Independece route one half tho mail was
thrown out at Council Grove in March last and
has never yet been brought on to its destination.
Another part of tho mail U said to havo bea
burnt on the Cimmaron to lessen the weight of
the load. A public meeting about theso abuses is
to be held at Santa Fe.
A question of veracity appears to exist between
Gov. Morriwether and Dr. Sfeck the Indisn
agent in regard to the Copper Mine grant. The
bantnie Gazetto learns from Washington that
tho Governor sayB he was not informed of the exit.
ence of the mines when he made the treaty with
the Indians conveying it to them. Dr. Steck
denies it and Bays that ho fully advised him of the
iaci ueiore maaingtno treaty.
Frontier tate rtntl
May 24 lf3o6. J
Messrs. Editors : By the express from the
upper military posts wo learn of another success
ful scont made by a detachment of the 2d Cav-
alry stationed at Fort Mason. This regiment is
kept in a stato of constant activity one party
scarcely returns before anothpr is nriToro.T ..
and in this manner the settlement on the San Saba'
and Llano rivers and ndiacent conntrr nra thnr.
oughly protected from tho attacks of hostile parties
of Indians. Col. A. S. Johnston seems determined
that his regiment shall acquire a reputation worthy
of troops long accustomed to actual service and
with the active co-operation of bin officers he
will ero long moro than realize all his most san-
During tho early part of last month a large
party of Lipans crossed tho Rio Grande. from tho
Mexican side and were pursued by one or mora
Companies of tho Rifle Regiment. On tbe 19th
ult. an express was received at Fort Mason Trout
Department Head Quarters directing parties to
be sent out for the purpose of intercepting the
Lipans alluded to. The following day tho 20th
two parties ono under command of Capt. Oakes
and the other under 1st Lieut.McArthur took tho
unu mo lormeriaKing tne direction of FortTer-
rett and Devil's river the latter the Gaudalupe
nver Johnson's creek and returning to Fort Ma-
son by way of the Llano river. This party saw
no Indians but captured several mules and horses
left no doubt by a small party of Indians until
their return from the settlements.
Capt. Oakes was more successful and as usual
did not return without finding tho enemy. A short
distance beyond FortTerret the ascertained that
Lieut. Sbaaf with a large command had token the
direction of Devil's river and being only a few
days m advance of bim made it useless to proceed
farther m that direction. There ho also found two
trails leading Jortb which he followed and after
seven or eight day's hard marching fell 'in with on
the evening of the 2d inst. several Indians ono
or which wag killed and others wounded. Several
escaped to reach their camp and give the alarm.
The camp was found by Capt. Oakes and four of
bis men but too lato to reach it that evening with
his command which consisted of ono officer Lieut
Royall and 22 men. The Indians made a precipi-
tate retreat during the night so that when Capt
Oakes reached their camp early next morning he
found only their lodge poles and several wagon
loads of their property such as dried meats skins
&c all of which he had destroyed. The rifle
mule &c.of the Indian killed was captured also
one horse. Tho Indians were found ou a tributary
of the rth Concho and were supposed to be
Cotuancbes. Capt. Oakes reports their camp to
hare numbered upwards of thirty lodges and
more than ninety Indians well mounted having
more than ono hundred animals. Owing to the
broken-down condition of hisown animals he could
not pursue them farther with any hope of over-
taking them. He speaks in the highest terras of
praise of tho conduct of hi3 entire command durin
the chase on tbe evening of the 2d lust. and no
ticcs 1st Lieut. W. B. Royall especially forbm
coolness and gallantry.
From tho well known character of these of-
ficers less could not have been expected of them
and Capt. Oakes has only given another proof of
his determined energy and devotion to duty for
which be has ever been pre-eminently distinguish
ed. He is closely identified with our border war-
fare duting the last six years and on former occa-
sions has shown himself to be an excellent oar-
tizan officer inferior to none regular or ranger
and well merits all that mar be snid in his praise
137" In a previous number ire had occasion to replj to
a portion of the remarks of Cot. Harper madeat Marshall
andteported in the Republican of that place. He now
comes forward in our paper tolay and wholly denies hav-
ing made the allegations against xa. We pobifah ike letter
atthe request of the author.
We note that a call is made upon A. D. lUs&ts Esq. of
Gonzales to run for Sheriff. He is a very worthy man in-
deed and not only a g-od Democrat bat the son of an oM and
uncompromising member of the party one who has dons
much food work for the cams in hit time.
IUiukud ix W-i5HrJGTOX Cocxtv. We are glad to learn
that the people are deeply Interested in the prJ?et of
building a railroad from the Brazed to Erenhsia distance
23 mliej. Tbis will connect that town with tbe Iloaston
road. A convention will be held on the 1 1th Jane next at
Brenham to devise (he ways and means.
IP IJ- i1H-W-MM -IJ- -"" -
-District Attorney's Election.
Tbe candidate? oftho two parties aro now fairly
in the field. They are Alex. H. Chalmers Know
Nothing and George W. Jones Democrat.
From all our accounts we have no doubt of
the election of Mr. Jones. - The success bo has
met with at the bar gives tbe people entire
confidence in his ability if elected to mako an
ablo and efficient District Attorney.
gST" A. Mexican named Valentine Gonzales was mur-
dered near San intonio at a fandango on the lith bat.
EaT A gentleman who arrived at San Antonio oa the
S2d lnst.atates that Capt. Oakes has had another eonfiii
with the Indians Ife !j a successful Indian fishier.
Xrw Ouxws Cotton interior Cl-i to 7 1-2; Ordina-
ry a to S 1-2; 0o"d Ordinary 9 to 9 I-t; Low JIHdKng
93-StoOT-3; lllddllns 10 1-3 to 10 3-3 ; Good MUdhog
11 tolll-i; Middling Fair 1I1-2 to 113-1.
! Cattle Jfarltt. Texas cattle quote 5 1-2 to C cents.
Br. torts: Texan mares Is in demand ftr the Iowa mar-
ket and as high as 170 given for choke half breeds- Cat-
tle quote 9 1-3 cents to 10 choice.
Saw Teas. Eome lots of Texas cattle were recently sold
at 10 to 10 1-4eents fattened to. Illinois. - - -js.
.JIxirHis U. lot of-Texas raised males harjbeanioid -at
prices varying from 333 to S120.'- K " 'twrt:
1 . .- -l.
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Oldham, W. S. & Marshall, John. State Gazette. (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 7, No. 41, Ed. 1, Saturday, May 31, 1856, newspaper, May 31, 1856; Austin, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth81242/m1/2/?q=leslie: accessed September 19, 2020), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.