State Gazette. (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 10, No. 33, Ed. 1, Saturday, March 26, 1859 Page: 2 of 4
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If A .
77ic AifV 1'tutirtnttt r lit limit.
Ou Monday tlie i th inst. tllO President
called to fen lliii Postmaster General ninl
tlio lust intcrvk'W between theso (wo high
officers uf the Government was quite
touching. An Mr. Buchanan was nbout
to leave tho room which lie hid quietly
entered ninl fiom which he noliolcssly
deputing Mn. Rrown rt'iuaikcd In her
husband thtt I lie President litl call oil In
Inquire into thn condition of hti health.
ll qnokl) answered Ibil ha would be gbd
to see him ) hearing wliieli Mr Buchanan
returned to his bedside. jlr. Drown re-
marked I "Mr. Buchanan I hnvu en-
deavored faithfully to discharge ill my pub"
Ho duties." To which the President replied
thtt his efforti hail been sitcuWu) ntid
lli.U tin' whole country would IttSSt tn Ilia
fidelity s n public officer end tbe inocest
1 1. :u liutl attended his adniloiatrntlon of tbe
depertmentj ami while ooromlsseritinp
his suffering ennui Ion expressed n hope
lor h's restoration to health. Mr. Ilruwii
aeoiued oonialoUa ihnl tbe time for hope
bad passed and with evident feeling) having
thanked the President fur tlio uniform
kindness wliieli lio had extended to him
and bis t'.iiuily bade liim adieu. In I lew
hours he was bo more.
He died on tlie Stli inst at about ni'.ie
o'clock in tho morning. Mr. Brown wa.
born August 16 1705 in Brunswick eo.
Va. graduated It the university of North
Carolina at Chapel Hill in 1814 studied
law and soon niter commenced praotloe in
Nashville Ter.n. Ho was partner in busi-
ness with the late President Polk until the
latter cutoroJ upon hie Congressional ca-
reer; served iu almost all the sessions of
the Legislature of Toncsseo between 1821
and 1832; was a member of tlio House of
Representatives iu Congress from l'IM te
1815; and was in that jcar elected Gov-
ernor of Teunoas.ee. He was a delegate
to the Southern Convention held at Nash-
ville in 1S50 and submitted a report to
that body known us the Tcnnossceo platform
lie was also n member of the Convention
of the Demoerttio party nt Baltimore in
1852 to wbioh ho reported the platform
adopted by them In 1J-J7 he bourne e
member of President Buchanan's cabinot
in which ho was second to nunc iu the
highest attributes of tbo patriot nnd states-
The expression of grief appeals to be
widespread His funoral honors were the
uccision of tho assembling of nu immense
eoncourae of the oitixens of Washington.
2 he Extra Sttrion.
New Vokk March 10. It is understood
bera that the Cabinet at Washington bare
decided unanimously that un extra session
of Congress shall be called but no time
has been fixed.
The President is iu favor of the miJdie
of August for the purpose.
Should i here be an extra session elec-
tions will have to take place iu thirteen
States having u total ol 'eventy-eigbi
It is due ' 'Mr. Ward to notice bis efforts
t incrasse our mail services on tbe Gulf.
He reported from the Committee on the
Post Office and Post Honda an amendment
authorizing and directing the Postmaster
General to contract with Curios Butterfield
and his associate who were to be styled the
United States and Mexican Mail .Steamship
Company for the transportation of the
mails between the United States ami the
Republic of Mexico making four round
voyages per month and touching nt Tarn-
pi :rt Brazos Santiago Matagorda Bsy
Galveston HualeOB mid other ports; the
contract to continue for the term of ten
years and tbe expenses of the services not
to exceed 812000 per annum. This amend
ment after the time had been reduced to
four years was adopted. The post office
bill however failed to pass nml thus for
the time this measure !ias been defeated.
Washington March 15. The Secre-
tary of the Treasury 'as notified the suc-
cessful bidders for the ten million loan that
they need not maxe any further deposits
it prcseuf uuless they chouse as the Gov-
eminent is not requiring money at present.
Dec th nf Judge !!!..
Washington March 15. Judge Yes-
pacian Ellis died in this city yesterday of
Expenses or tue Gbnkual Govern-
ment. Annexed arc the various appro-
priation bills passed by the late Congress
with tho amount they respectively appro-
priate for Governmental purposes during
the next fiscal year :
ttjje Slate gftgetit.
JOHN MARSHALL Bottom
U'STIS' ... SATU!M.Y"Uil'ii Mil 'llio'l
TRAMS J.;j r jut to ho pa'ul on lub-
l'limso renew your rubacriptlnti before tho oM
Ki'init by limit at nor i-inV
TNG I.AWM OF TtiX.-ltt
FOR 1857 c 1058.
Fon Hai.k at tub Omoi 0 the
STAT: OABBTTB Prt'ct l.
Our Ht'coml eriilimi U now ready for tlt-livery.
Hciiil Jl If.c. by Mail ami piu will nsetvo
hem by return mill p"t palu.
rii!: ii:tkk ISATIC
wsi.i IHGCT ssj nOVRTOn
THE 'Jl OK MAY M.l'.
Military Academy - - $1795Sfi
obsulir and Diplomatic - - 1047745
rmy 1. "..!' ir.
.'ainlative Executive and Judicial 6745743
'mal .... . I0.654.U43
Fortification .... 1000000
Miscellaneous Appropriation bill 8345000
Coait Survey .... 4.")2inii
Ke-Uiue of Treasury notes - . 20000000
Total approp'naaa Tar a known 50601335
PoftOlfloe appropriation! wbich
failed to pass - - - 00.405788
Total expeniea - t-05197120
Nrw Yoiik March 10. The City of
Washington reports that tho Liverpool cot-
aatoii market was active at an advauco of
Thu Slava Ship Mystic.
New Youk March 15 Information
has been received that the slaver captured
off Porto Itico sometime in February wis
tbe bark Mystic with over a thousand lie-
itroes on board.
The captain who was an American and
owned the Vessel has I collision with the
authorities nml made his escape after hav-
ing landed nearly all tho negroes at Ha-
xuacca. BfA. Wo see by the papers that our
representative Hon Guy M. lirvuu and
also the Hon. J. T. Reagan of the Eaitorn
District have both reached tbe State.
Iu a review tf their labors wo uiu;t is
cord great credit to thciu for their prompti-
tude and energy in attendiog to the in-
terests of Texas.
gg It ur'penrj Iron tl o True Issue
that Maj. Scuny hl resigood his oUioe ol
Jioundary Oommiisloncr. This is u mis
tali. No resignation has beeu received
! Aui.in and his friend do uot expect it.
" Mlghtott of tlie mighty nicana
in which the arm ofprogren leans
Man's iiobleal mission to sdrnnoo
II ii moi'k sstiisge his well adranre
liis rlabts onforee hlswratiMredreea
Mightiest ol the mighty Ii InePRESsl"
Whilo thinking our friends in various
arts of tho State for aiding us In procur-
ing new lists of subscribers we must Bug-
g08t te all who fool a deep interest in those
(uestiniis of national and State policy now
directly at issue and upon tho proper set-
tlement of which our whole future prospe-
rity is involved that wc must rely entirely
upon the information which may bo spread
unjonp! the masses of tho people for the suc-
cess of cur principles ; and that unlets the
proper documents arc well distributed we
will realise nothing but failure. We arc
agitating questions of the deepest moment
to Texas and now is the time for all to
work. Lot our friends everywhere continue
tho task of Inducing their fri. t Is and
neighbor to subscribe for tho Qaaettc.
Clubs furnished at low rates. Let us see
which county will scud us tho largest
BOOK AND JOB HUNTING
Ve have been executing some beautiful
specimens of printing lately and we should
be pleased to have our friends and tlie pub
lic call and cxamiue them.
Wc have u very large Job Office selected
with great care and wo can do any kind of
printing and upon very reasonable terms
We solicit the patronage of the public.
Connected with the (J ixetle office is a
well established book bindery. We are pre-
pared to execute with promptitude all kinds
of hook-bindiog. Our charges are lets thau
cod vrv VOX VEWTIOIV
S A T LU 1 A y 1 0 T if. A J' HI L .
f O 5L IS T - II O I St!.'
At the request of many Democrats of this
County it is proposed to hold a County
Convention at the COURT-HOUSE on Sat
urday tho 16th April nest at 11 eclock
tor the purpose of organizing aud sending
delegates to the State Convention and for
such other business as may come beforo it
LOCAL AMI PEIISONAIi ITE.fIS
n?" See advertisement In oar columns of F. T
Duflau.Wliolesaleand Retail Dealer In nrurnaral
Medicinal Paints and Oils Blank and School
Books and Stationary llin stoc-k is cotnplet
tftu Wo have had the pleasure ol meeting
with Cob C. S. TODD Into of Kentucky
now of Texas. His past distinguished
publio services ate well known lie has
determined upon his future location in
liurnett County. He own? a portion of
that valuable tract at the falls of the Colo-
rado and soon intends erecting a substan-
tial mansion upon his estates.
rgr HuQU IIaynik Esq. who has just
returned from a busiooss tuur in the inter-
ior of Texas reports a very favorable
condition of tho crops at this period of the
season. The people arc evidently in much
better circumstances this year. Prosperity
wears a smiling face upon the whole eoun-
try. Immigrants aro coming in and
commencing largo uud valuable improve-
ments. Mr Hayiiie has again left for a business
tour in the Southern Counties. We learn
that 10 has been very successful as agent
for a New York house in obtaining orders.
He is indefatigable in whatever he under-
takes. IQk. A marriage notice lent us from
another county has been mislaid.
The different Temperance Orders of this
city made a grand display on the '1'lii inst.
They turned out in considerable strength
and inarched through the streets to the
Cumberland Church at wliieli place a large
audieuco of ladies and gentlemen collected
lo listfii to tho eloquent and touching
plea lings of Hev. Mr. Seat on behulf of
this cause. His effort was a most gratify-
ing one and was listened to with deep in-
terest during its delivery. Dr. Qaynie
also made an address to the Youthful liat-
talion who appear to preserve their organi-
sation with considerable spirit. All passed
off well and we trust tho occasion was one
of prolit to every one prestut.
B- We are indebted for speeches to
lions. A. O. llrowo Matt. Ward Sam.
lljustoti John II. Reagan
(fa Dr. Kva.n of Lampasas county
informs us that tho Indiana ire ip road over
the whole country iu that region. We
understand that Uov. RuddcIi is in fuvoi
if prompt nct'on. If we have again to
enter the fie'd we must not stop short of
wiping the enemy out.
fejf Ke are Indebted to Jones' exjuess
fur a copy of the " s'cii VuMimv fftrahi"
J our Indian Atfalra.
Wu hnvo received the speech of John It.
Reiigin delivered on tho 84th ult. iu tho
Inwor House of Congress. Ho gives a
graphic sketch of tho exposed utnto of our
frontier and speaks of tho largo amount.
of property stolen by the Indians and the
loss ol life uniung our frontier Mtllefl
Ho regards tho two fights on our frotitier
during the past year ns the most important
'utiles foug' t with tho Indians for sovoral
ycni'S past. Ho cites the liabilities in-
curred by Texas in furnishing volunteer
Hangers tj piotcct tho frontier. Wo re-
sponded to ;tho call of (len. Peril fit P
Smith in 1864 fir six companies for three
months In 1856 wc furnished one com-
pnnv for three months and two companies
for otic month each. Daring tho past year
additional Rangers have been put into the
field by the BxeOUllvo of the State. Texas
has appropriated to the payment of these
To show tho necessity for the action of
our Stale government ho quotes from the
Report of the Indian Superintendent the
fact that from November lJS.i" to January
IS.'iS properly to tho amount of 100000
had been captured by the Indians from our
frontier people. He also shows the neces-
sity of our action by reference to tho tes-
timony of officers of tho U. S. army and
the action of our legislature.
lie regretted the refusal of the Senate
to make tho necessary appropriation to
bring the volunteer regiment into the lield;
tlie bill to do which had passed the House
and deplored the conclusion that tho iu-
differOUCfl In Congress to the wants of
Texas proceeded from the Insignificance of
our political power in the Union.
Wc give place to some remarks showing
the partiality of the Federal Government
to the free States :
" I would hope it has not beeu brought
by the inefficiency of her Representatives;
arid I shall regiet to be foieed to the con-
clusion that it results either from n wilful
and perverse neglect by Uougress of our
rights and of their duty towards us or
from tlio baser consideration that Texas
has but two humble members on this lioor
Tho Deed not be consulted iu any general
feliKinc for the dispensation of patronage
for political effect or for .-ecuring public
plunder or from the fact that she has but
four votes in tho electoral college for Pres-
ident aud because from that fact it be-
comes a matter of but little ooniequsnoo
whether their favorable consideration bo
propitiated here or not when other States
with more votes here and iu tho electoral
college have still a use fcr more money
aud Government patronage.
It may be unjust to suppose that such
considerations can have any influence here
and I would uot be understood as imputing
suoh motives of aotion; but 1 am afraid
that in the hurry of business and i? the
nooessaryand natural exertion of members
to M-;cure the interests of their immediate
constituents such influences are sometimes
felt in our action here. If this ho not so
huw should I account to the people of my
State for the refusal of Congress to provide
fur the defense of our frontier when mur-
der and pillage by hostile savages are
spreading terror and dismay all along the
hue cf of our frontier for six or eight
hundred miles in extent? How shall 1
account to thera for ihe fact that with a
Qhtff-eoast of eight hundred miles or more
we have not u. Single fort to protect our
towns and commerce and shipping How
shall 1 account for the fact that iu all this
long line of coast we have no custom-
houses such as are built in other States
similarly situated? How shall 1 account
for the fact that we have not beeu able to
get uny appropriation for the improvement
cf any of our harbors while like improve-
ments have been appropriated for iu other
States having no greater necessities than
ours for such improvements? How shall
I account for the fact that o.ir efforts to
secure the necessary appropriations for the
building of court-houses and post-oflices
have been wholly disregarded notwith-
standing the Federal courts are held at four
places in tho State while this day we have
voted in this House to re-appropriate two
cr tli-ee million dollars for the building of
cotirt-liouscs and post-offices in other States
and in many places where they are less
necessary than in Texas? And how shall
1 account to them for the fact that it was
regarded by the Committee of Woya and
Means and also by this House a few days
no is out of order and improper to insert
in the general military appropriation bill a
provision making an appropriation to re-
imburse Texas for money paid out by her
for the defonso of our frontier when a
motion was made for that purpose by my
colleague Mr. Bryan aud to provide the
means for calling the mounted regiment of
volunteers for Texas into service on te
motion of the gentleman from Georgia
Mr. Stephens; while in the same hill
i tlio military appropriation bill) it was
deemed in order and right by the Com-
mittee of Ways and Means to report in
favor of un appropriation of 875000 for
the survey of tho northern lakes where
all la peace aud prosperity but where there
happens to be a larce number of members
interested? What shall I say to them to
satisfy them of tho justice of euch legisla-
tion as this and to induce them to believe
they receive from tho Federal Government
that protection and justico which is due to
their allegiance and to their fidelity to the
Constitution and tho Union '"
Very we'l said. What with the Wntrous
case aud tho criminal neglect of tho Fede-
ral Government to protect our frontier we
are almost disposed to believe that we are
regarded as having no rights in the Union
but receive only what wo may obtain
it is due to the whole delegation to say
that ibry have dono till they could to ob-
tain indemnity for the monies expended by
fexus in her defense against the Indians.
The result is that wo aro allowed 866000
there being still a large sum yet stand-(
ing against the Federal Government
which we uio not yet nble to obtain.
To Hon. Mii.i.KiHiE L. lio.Nli.wi of
South Carolina whose brother fell in the
battles of our revolution we are Indebted
for important aid. He was on the Military
com mil ten and did all iu his power for
q'exns. lie has ever been her friend and
iu the name of hi i; people we thank him
for bis valuable and disinterested services.
tsiT Correspondents write U3 that there
is sumo likelihood of those two good Dem-
ocrats Capt. I'. Lynch and W. J. Hower-
toii running against each other for tho
Legislature. Wo know both well uud we
dj not think bo. They are convention
men and will submit their names to the
action of their friends.
i . . -
It is with pleiran we hear of tbe strcn-
ions efforts making to build up tlio railroads
of Texas. Tho following table carefully
ooinpiled will show tlib contrast be-
tween what wo nro now compelled to
enduro from tho Gulf monopoly and
wagoning nml what wo could obtain
from railroads. It applies to every olhet
section of tho State :
run Onk iIiini.ukiiMii.ks.
1 bushel ol corn
i IuihIii' of wheat
I barrel uf floor
1 ring WOO pounds
1 barrel pork
steer lfiuu pminila
f0 or 1-9
I cord of i-.oiiii
1000 feet nf oak lumber
1000 feet of poplar lumber
PiOO lumber brought ou a railroad from
RlltofO Texas Would nut cost mora than
i120U per thousand feet for freight per-
haps much lesi. The original cost would
bo obout the same making the whole cost
here $2400 or about twenty dollars less
than wo now pay.
We suffer nt present enormously from
the high tariff of charges paid on freight
Orosslng the Gulf. A freight bill was late-
ly Hccn by us iu which SI per bbl. for dry
barrels had been charged; and wo have
freight bills in our possession where the
freight charged by the steamer is more than
the amount paid on the same freight to the
wagoner. At this distance from the
const such a disproportion is a sovort
oppression and deserving the public notice
of tho press.
It will be seen by tho above table that
with railroads wo could cash all our wheat
and corn for the New Orleans market. We
could dispose freely of our beeves mules
and mares and this interior country while
one of tho healthiest on the glob? would
bo ono of the thriftiest and most desirable
iu every point of view.
Ought wc n-jt to make many sacrifices to
hriug the locomotive to our doors ?
ii;n.i i:ot- tub rim.vrifcit.
We understand that the people en a por-
tion of tho frontier have been in corres-
pondence with Gov. Runnels proposing
to form au expedition against the Indians
and await the aetiou of tho General Gov-
ernment for their pay. A correspondence
we learn baa taken place between Guv. Kun.
nels aud Gen. Twiggs wherein tho former
desired to obtain information whether ac-
tive operations were contemplated by the
latter this s; ring in the wild terrritory to
which the Indians resort. It appears from
his answer that this is his design and thut
he has just issued his orders ( March 1211) to
carry it out immediately.
Brevt. Maj. Karl Vau Horn of the Se-
cond Regiment of Cavalry with sit mount-
ed companies of this regiment is to scout
all that portion lying on tho head waters of
the Canadian. Washita and Red River as
far a the lOH3 or W;-it longitude and to
the South as far as tlie line of the Mem-
phis overland mail-route. The depot on
Otter Creek at Camp Radxiraioildj will be
guarded by Capt. Barton's company of 1st
At Camp Colorado n Company uf Caval-
ry will be commanded by Cap! 0 J.
At Camp Cooper u Company of Cavalry
will be commanded by Maj. G. II. Thomas.
Gen Twiggs on tho 23id inst gave
directions to the commanding officer of
Camp Colorado to do nil in his power to
punish the parties mentioued in Gov.
Runnels communication nnd of whose
outrages we give an account to-day.
Capt. Ford'l Camp is on the west side
of Camp Colorado and he is out in pursuit
Capt. liourland is in Montague county
with a company in active operatiou against
Capt. Ford will likely remain in the field
until the 10th of May next. The service
of Capt. liourland will uot expire until the
28th of April next.
The force now about to bo actively
engaged in the field against the Indians is
therefore eight cavalry companies and two
mounted Itangcr companies. Wo under-
s'and that Gov. Runnels is of the opinion
that this action on the part of Gen. Twiggs
will supersede tho necessity of tho proposed
With this force wo hope that something
efficient will be done for our frontier people.
Wo cannot prolong this Indian fighting
without great loss to the Stato as well as to
the frontier settlers. The ludians must be
BgrA. A correspondent of the Northern
Standard writing from Jacksboro says that
Gov. Ruunels was apprised of the helpless
condition of tho frontier in May 158
hut that the first uotieo he gavo it was un
dor dato Oct. 29th 18J8. This corres-
pondent is entirely uiistakon. Tho ar-
chives of the State Department show that
at the threshhold when entering upon the
duties of Governor aud down to this time
he has been unremitting in his correspon-
dence with the proper authorities for tho
purposo lit obtaining duo protection to the
frontier. He has laid communications for
this purpose before Gen. Twiggs before
the Secretary uf War and before the Pres-
ident of the United States. He has also
constantly communicated with our members
of Congress and appear to havo shown
the greatest solicitude iu the success of the
hill to raise a regiment of volunteers. Bo
sides Capt. Ford was in the field during
last winter aud remained on the frontier
uutil Augttit last. Gov. R. has also had k
company ou the frontier under Capt. Hour-
land and another under Capt. Ford. These
are still out and rendering all the aid in
their power to tho frontier settlers. Could
an impartial judgement be invoked no one
acquainted with the record would neeuse
Gov. Runnels of any waut of zeal or effi-
ciency in seeking to protect tho frontier;
and wo sco thut in Johnson one of tho
frontier counties he is warmly and fully
endorsed fur his course towarjs the frontier
country. It is n just and merited tribute
to a faithful officer.
0nr State Beta.
msw-.:rM. .--- .m.- J -.i ik i sji SJH
MT Tho Harrison Flag says that " Rea-
gan failing to procure an indictment went
far to convince tho public that Wutrous
was innocent lie either had n had can -e
or uianngod it unskillfully." IIo docs nut
tell us what Houston ncoomplishcd in tho
Senate? If tho editor oould helievo Wn-
trous innocniit after being ongniiant of the
action of tho Texas legislature and nftor
reading tho ublo expositions made against
him by Reagan Houston of Alabama and
others and witnessing tho mockery of a
fareo in tho House wo should bavu vory
little rospeet for bis convictions formed s
roccnt ns tbe late dramatic effort of Houston
in tho Senate
If lleagao failed in tho House iu
cairying the impeachment Houston failed
also in tho Senato in carrying bis bill to
merge the two Districts. The I'.n-t is that
Texas docs not appear to bo fairly dealt
with in Congress iu anything she ever asks
from that body.
t&" Tho editor of tho Upshur Demo-
crat announces a distinguished arrival iu
tho shapo of "a girl baby weighing about
ten pounds" which his "better half" has
presented to him us " a pledge of her af
fection." Tho editor adds that what littlu
time ho cau spare from rocking tho cradle
ho will devote to his paper his country and
party. We wish him many returns of the
African Si.avkTuadk The Jefferson
Herald uf tlm 8th inst. says that the
present prices of slaves aro such that only
the wealthier classes cau own them. The
editor contends that tho saf..st bulwark of
slavery is to enable every man to own them
by bringing the native African into the
country. The editor takes a proper view uf
the necessity for cheaper slave labor
SiIF.l.nv. The Democracy will meet on
the 2ud of April to send delegates to
Houston - and Henderson. Considerable
interest is manifested. The call was signed
by 200 democrats.
Hoofs vs. Cooks. Mr. Leppmins of
Alto Chorokeo couuty had I negro cook
badly burned lately caused by wearing
hoops. So says the Enquirer.
$ST The snial! pox has nearly abated at
Jefferson Cass county.
MP There appears to bo a misunder
standing between the War department at
Sau Autouiu and boiiio of the citizens iii
regard to the apprehension of fugitive
slaves. Whatever may have transpired to
cause it we can only say that we cannot
believe that any citizen will be molested
who acts under the law of the last legisla-
ture in regird to the capture of fugitive
slaves escaping from beyond tbe bounda-
ries cf the United States.
In a card published by Capt. Henry lie
says that the intention of un expedition for
fugitive slaves in which he was connected
was not to "appropriate the captured slaves
to tho exclusive use of the company and
that only those negroes that were not
proved away by their owners were intend-
ed to be sold. After the circulation of the
documents relative to the expedition it was
unanimously agreed that the laws uf the
State should bo respected in regard to
runaway negroes to foreign territory."
From nil we cau learn this was the true
position of Capt. Henry.
The Crisis. Tho San Antonio Texan
"How necessary under theso circum-
stances that our party should organize in
every county in the State and be properly
represented in the coming Convention at
Houston. Amoug the various influences
that aro at work and that no doubt will
soon manifest themselves we might mention
tint of gradually succumbing iu our State
to the lilack Republican influence that has
so long been manifesting itself in Congress
Another is that of introducing a general
system of banking and internal improve-
ments in Texas. Another is that of di-
viding our State. Wo might mention
several others but theso nro tho most im-
portant and apparent now."
Tho Black Republicans at tbe North
have prophesied that the Germans of West-
ern Texas will turn against us whenever
tho political issues aro reduced to the
slave question. They know nothing of the
German population of Western Texas.
Wo will find tho Germans true to Southern
institutions iu storm as well as sunshine.
It will bo seen that F.l Paso sustains the
President in the war of tho Douglas faction
ngainst it. A preference is expressed for
Gov. Runnels. A friond writing us says :
" We aro if possible more united than
ever aud determined to adhere to the laud
marks of tho party. Maj. Scurry was
present and gave us a war-talk." Wc are
rejoiced to find tho Avalanche county of
El l'aso thoroughly organized and stand-
ing on high and patriotic grounds iu this
UD.iim ItAC'W oi'l:irM
Pursuant to a call of the Hon. A. C.
Hyde Chairman of the Democratic Repre-
sciitativn District of El l'aso held at the
Court House on the 7th March i860 there
being delegates present from each Precinct
in said County tho following proceedings
On motion of lion. J. 1'. Crosby) the
lion John L. McCnrty was culled to pre-
side over said meeting and Jose Mauro
LulU appointed Secretary.
The ubjeet uf the meeting being explain-
ed by the Clinirinau the following named
persons were appointed to draft resolutions
expressive of tno sense of the meeting.
II. L. Doxter A. 11. O'Bannon Gregorio
Garcia Simeon Hart aud Rufus Doane
11. Li Doxter nn behalf of said Com
mittee reported the following Resolutions
whi'li were adopted unauiiimusly.
ICttohed by the citizens of tho County
of Ml l'aso in primary Convention assem-
bled That wo rccoguizo in the present
federal Administration unsullied the honor
and dignity of the (iovcimnont nt home
and abroad a tiue devotion to the welfare
and happiness of tbe peoplo at large aud a
just and proper regard for tho reserved
rights of the several States comprising the
federal Union and That wc cutortain no
sympathy iu the political movements of the
so called Democrats who ore trying to
trammel and wcakou the efforts of the Ad-
ministration Jlesolvcil That in the present political
crisis opposition to the tederal Adminis-
tration should be regarded as the manifes-
tation of a spirit uf enmity to the
Retoh'td That the existing State Ad-
ministration has been characterized by
superior wisdom fearlessness prudence
and a firm devotion to the true interests
of the State and merits the approbation of
the people of Texa; and that recognising
in his Excellency Gov. II. R. Runnels a
propor and suitable standard bearer in the
coming State election we hereby request
our delegate's to use their best efforts to
promote tho rc-noujinatiou of Gov. Run-
nels. Retohtd That the Hon. J. F. Crosby
V O. Ilydo and Jefferson Hail be appoint-
ed to represent Ml Paso County iu the
con. ing Democratic Convention to be hold-
en in Houston on the 2d day uf May next
and ; That the delegates have the power to
name a proxy iu the event of their inability
to attend in person.
linohed That copies of the proceed-
ings be forwarded to tho State Gazette at
Austin and Flag at Brownsville.
Ou motion adjourned tine die.
JOHN L. McCARTY
J. M. LWAH
Run llivr.lt It is proposed to hold
the County Democratic Couvcutiou ou the
2ht of March.
States anb (Ttrritoits
The City Council cf Vicksburg intend
giving a brillisnt reception to Gen. Win-
field Scott on his arrival nt that place
whero be intends to stop to visit bis
nephew Dr. Thomas J. Harper.
Hum PltlCK t'oR Cotmn The Mem-
phis Bulletin of tho 12th inst. sjys :
Messrs. Verscr A Borum cotton factors
sold six bales of tho Maple yesterday at
the extraordinarily high price of eighteen
cents per pound. It was rained upon the
plantation of Mr. John D. Cleaves in
Fayette county and had taken the pre-
mium in the Fayette County Agricultural
fair nml Western Division lair It .men-
son. The price paid is the highest ob-
tained iu this market during the season.
Tho following is the last summing up
of the census returns of Louisiana:
White population of tho Stuto 1125007
Slaves .... 808800
Froo culored . . 18104
gio A correspondent speaks favorably
of the claims of L. T. Harris Esq. of La-
vaca county for Congress and says he i
u sound and reliable Democrat. Mr. Har-
ris has for years been chairman of the
Democratic committee of that county and
is a gentleman of extensivo political re-
search aud deservedly esteemed by all who
tu We see the name of Hou. John
Henry Brown is favorably mentioned for
Ceingress by a correspondent of the Bel ton
independent. We have also noticed hU
name mentioned in connection with the
The Central Tcxian of the 12th
inst reads a lecture on the Stato Convention
to tho Democracy of Grimes. Tho con-
vention wtll be held on the 23rd of April
IfOu The County convention of Mata-
gorda was to meet on the l'.'th inst to
appoint delegates to tho Houston Convention.
Democracy or i.auco.
The County Convention was held on the
12th inst. Maj. A. MoCniltion presided
assisted by C. YV. T. Weldon Secretary.
A committee composed of W. J. Bonner
D. K. Pace M. W. Spears J. H. Crook
M. J. Shelton Young Burgher Henry
Stonohim N. U. Uarland John Matbeny
Joseph Barker Robert Price M. II.
MoCuiation and Joseph Crain reported res-
olutions which were adopted. They en-
dorse Buchanan's administration and also
the policy of Gov. Runnels both State
aud national as enunciated in his State
papers and instructed the delegates to vote
lor his re-nomination in the State Conven-
tion. It was resolved :
" Oth. That the wisdom of Convcn-
" tians on the part of the Democratic
" party is sanctioned by past triumphs
" and hallowed by the associations of the
" most gifted statesmen iu the annals of
" the country. Wc therefore recommend
" the Convention system as eminently
" calculated to ensure success and pro-
" tcct us at this peculiar juncture of our
" political affairs."
A. S. Ivottwitz Root. Price Eli J.
Shelton aud N It. Harland were appointed
delegates to the Stato Convention.
Theooursoof their representative Hon.
J. II. Reagan was approved aud the del-
egates to the Distrijt Convention instructed
to veto for his re-nomination.
W. B. Wright Esq. was recommended
to tho favorable consideration of the De-
mocracy of the Senatorial District for
A ctmmittce of three was appointed in
each precinct to givo notico of all meet-
ings iu said precincts.
Thus the gallant county of Lamar is
thoroughly organized for tho approaching
cauvass. She will do her duty.
The editor of the Sherman Patriot was
lately published in that poper as having
died. Wo arc glad to find that ho is still
living. A youth in the office set up the
obituary notice and inserted it at the re-
quest uf one of the editor's visitors. That
youth must he a very obliging and prom-
ising young man.
The "Patriot" gives an account of a
fisticuff light at Grayson between an "Ar-
kansas gal" and a Yankee Sbo is a per-
fect crusher. She brought him to the earth
on the first round and the editor says that
!io never saw such havoc before as she
made with Ms head aud countenance. She
was lined 8600 but she declares that with
ten others like herself she can thrash
every Yankee out of Texas
Com in. At a meeting of a part of the
citizens of Kaufman and Collin oountiei
held at Millwood il was set forth that
members of wlut is called "tho North-
ern Methodist Ep'soopol Church" had ex-pies-cd
in their midst feniinients against
the institution of slavery which culd not
bo tolerated. The meeting was well at
tended. It was resolved that while these
Northern Methodists may come nnd re-
main fern so Ion;- as" they abide by
nnd maintain the laws aud institutions of
the oount-y they arc opposed and will not
allow the preachers uf said Northern con-
nection to preach doctrines in their neigh-
borhood subversive of thoilave institution.
The best antidote is a coat of tar aud
feathers when civil advice is unheeded.
SPX. The Christians arc building u large
church at McKiuncy Collin county.
Total population 010071
Ass'd valuo of taxable prop' $878004282
Of which New Orleans has 08260726
AsesBed taxas tbereou 1898508
In New Orleans 488664
School money ii0li4(isi
Number of voters in the State 58546
Mducuble children 70012
According to this there arc 20oo more
white than colored persons in tho Slate
and 80871 more free men than slaves.
New Orleans owns more than one-fourth
of the property aud pays more than one-
third of tho taxes of the State. She is
however allotted but one fifth of the rep-
Uufdet 'if Col Jotepfi Bond.
Macon G.v March 15. A letter has
been received iu this city from Albany iu
this State anuouiiciug the murder uf Col.
Joseph Bond a citizen of Macon.
He was killed on Saturday ncjr Albany
by Lucius Brown. Tho difficulty is be-
lieved to have originated in Brown's whip-
ping ono of Col. Bond's negroes.
Col. Bend was one of the largest cotton
planters of tlie South was highly respected
popular and public spirited.
The Qeoigil Democratic State Conven-
tion is to be held at Milledgeville ou tiie
15th of June next.
Tut: Slate Agitation. A number of
clergymen and laymen met at Worcester
on the ist of March to form a new organi-
zation on the basis of hostility to slavery.
Among the "principles" adopted were the
"The duty of one family or sect of the
Christian Church to rebuke and refuse tel-
loivship to another sectiun of the visible
church that denies the rights of man nnd
the common brotherhood of humanity by
defending slavery aud folding to its bosom
slave sellers slave buyers aud slaveholders.
The total abolition of the vast system of
American slavery to be accepted an the
providential mission and beauty of the
American clergy and theAmericau churches
of this generation.
Dr. Chever wns pie-sent and made an
address. The resolutions passed by the
meeting are fully up to the most extreme
views of anti-slavery."
The Fort Smith Times says that a large
number of wealthy planters have removed
to Sebastian couuty during the last fall aud
winter many of them having a large num-
ber of slaves. In the neighborhood of
Sugar Loaf and in tlio Potcuu Valley
where the best of lauds have been lying
idle the axe and plow are working wouder--in
reclaiming the wild lands and fating
them for cultivation. We arc told that
the like has never been known before in
this county. Large plantations are now
opened where a few weeks ago there was
not a stick of timber amiss.
We are indebted to a friend for the pe-
rusal of u letter dated Gila River White's
ranch Arizonia Territory 21st January
I85'J. The writer wo understand is a
very reliable man and fuH faith is placed
iu his statements.
He is farming on tho Colorado river
fifty miles from Fort Yuma and on the
road over which tho Overland Mail stages
travel. Ho says that money is to be made
ut farming. Corn is worth ten cents per
lb.; Flour 15 ets.-per. lb.; Sugar and Cof-
fee 50cts. per lb. Everything else iu the
same proportion. Wages rate from if 10 to
$75 per month.
He thinks he will mako money enough
to come back to Texas this fall with 85000.
Ho is we learn a plain laboring man. He
remarks that when he returns to Texas : " 1
will buy a farm aud stay at home."
Now noto what he says of mining. ll
says that the (iila Gold mines have created
a great excitement abroad ; that the immi-
grants are coming iu from all parts of the
United States. They work awhile he adds.
and then they leave begging t h. ir food
He says that these mines will not yield lil'i-
cents per day lo the laborer. No one hat
made much money iu Arizonia yot and 1 1
does not think that anything will be made
hereafter at mining. Tell all persons hi
add who talk of going to the gold dii-
ilings of Arizonia to stay away for it wont
This in formal ion may prevent some from
squandering their money nnd cause others
to wait awhilo longer for bettor ootiHrm
tinn nf the repots of rich gold nii"os
Hut there is u crowd of young Auicrioai -and
even (ome fucies who wili sco tin
elephant cost what it may.
I 1 OKI1M.
The Tallahassee Floridiuti says:
"There hua lately been a wreck near
Jupiter of a ship fitted uut as u slaver in
New Oilcans for tho coast of Africa at
which the Indians were tho principal
wreckers nnd they huve received I benefit
such as they never before have had They
now have uu abundance of ammunition pro-
visions liquors Ac. They appear to be
peaceably disposed bring in plenty of game
are cheerful aud apparently friendly but
Bay they will never emigrate."
Jjtoc fcanta ant) g tacit
lOIKtCIl in Minna i.ii in:.
It is folly to multiply evidences ';
truth is that without IcISBOO Sgrlcull
would full into birbsrlsm But a a '
illustration of the Imtnohio power uf
improved agriculture is met within .
contrast between Hnglllh aud Alnorii
cultivation of tho toll. In the iddi
lion. Charles J. Faulkner of Vlrgiiiia Hl.
llttVO tho flOtl btOUght homo t us h i
well known thtt the area of nil Hnclai I
and Wales is less than the State ol Vltoini I
Notwithstanding this fsot the lasl tenses
shows a product of wheat iu the State ;
Virginia equal only to 1 1212010 U-i
while the English returns of 18 i3 : iw a
production of 00000000 busho'i ol wheat
in England I Prom 8000000 ol ac
lviglnnd raises nearly the same an
wheat as grown in iho whole thirly-cm
Stales and territories uf this Union ! i . ..
average per acre iu England is thirty LusL-
els in Virginia seven bushels I All tl .
is the effect of improved production.
Tho laud iu Kuglaud generally spcuklao
is really inferior to that of Virginia.
The superior health experienced in ..cr
planting districts is lomotimca remarkable
A friend from the lower part of Travii
county told US the other day of a planter
who hud scut out his negroes uudi r ig
OVerseor prior to leaving Alabama for t .
counly. They were under the care of I
overseer for two years and after payi
him uff b.0 noticed that no medical bill had
been presented by the OVersocr. II had
reijucsted him to present all the bills
us he was accustomed to pay an am .
medical bill in Alabama he supposed ti.;
his overseer had overljokcJ tho ae
lie of course called on the overseer
asked him for the medical bill. Tie
seer told him that thcro was none
very much astonished him but we be!
two years more have elapsed and
there is no " medical bill." What
rious country is Texas for the p! I
the sickly rivers of Alabama and Mi." -
TilK LOU III CUADALUPE.
We aro inform d thai C - Prid;
Do Witt c'ouuty has ono of tho dm
peots fur a crop in the wl Va '. y
Guadalupe. A g tntli man wh i h
writes that his o -:t-.-i and n n are
advance of tho proseni crop. His
was in the third leaf nearly two w
Tt.c Captain has a boantiful u i
pi intation and i- snid to he a n
Tho Columbns "Citixcn" repot -of
Mrs. Lueinda Miller's st ck of ti.i
for 10000; one-third cash and balu
one and two years and remarks that
judicious management the amount will Ic
realized in three years aud the purcha;
A. J. Bond .v. Bros. will have a stock leli
as valuable as the present. Such are the
large profits on stock in Texas.
The Bolton Independent is informed by
M. W. Damron '.he assessor that there
cannot be less thau 2000 " live streams"
of water in Dell couuty counting from i. tl
River down to tho smallest branches. And
wo may add that such pure and ;...
streams are found in no other Stat-'.
The corn crop is planted and the cotton
is being put in rapidly. The weather b..-
beon tiuito favorable. In the valley of I .
Angelina the crops are very forward.
IIOV W. s. OLDHAM.
It is well known that thi gentleman 1 -for
sometime past determined upon goini
before the Houston Convention for nomi-
nation for Congress. His former relations
with oursalf in the active duties of tl
editorial chair have been very intimab
but nevertheless the oourso of the Gatctl
has not been biosiod in the present ftiun I ;
contest among Democrats in any mann
Wc have shown no personal preforeui
while we have simply endeavored to p!
the party in possession of all the nan ;
put forward for the office. Iu the- present
oriMs wc ilc.-ire to confine ourselves as stri
ly as possible to a faithful discussion of prin-
ciples and the promotion of the baruionj
and success uf the party. Our columns
however are open to communications from
the friends of any true Democrat in odvo-
caey of his lituess for office.
Wo havo been led to theso remark)
fiom seeing a misrepresentation of out
position iu the Washington Ranger. Ai
anonymous correspondent of that paper el
inst. charges the GlZOtte with I -
Ing a partisan of Judge Oldham audio
asserts that we publish only those nicetii -'n
full in which his name appears ns I
choice of a county convention. Singu '
to say that this statement is so grossly f
that not a public mcoting's proceeding?
one had appeared In the Qazotto in wlii
Jude Oldham's name was mi
down to the date when (his nr
slanderer uttered bis statement : ni
in that simple case Judgo Gn
firtt choict '. And. next so I- r ft
annship th" writer know win n li
ir thai be bad not seen 01
vial or a single letter from n
iu the 1 1 '.- i udvo 'nth '' I
ham for Congt I ns
foots are undenit ble wo
.-1 1 " t . r nf the Ran - I
resent) lionn of his i n
only pnbll" nieeii puhl ' I by -.vlii
b .lo-!-." Oldham - lb ' '
'. -r Congress was Jint -''''
Ran ii ; nnd ' wi re in i ip
by lie.- lotion ti. put tho pi
our columns Those nppi ar in lasl
Tbcso faels are t like du i ourself
.!ud.'o Oldbuui ; an 1 wc may add tl i :
latter anticipated our course of ucuti
by asking ut to take no part In bis sup
before the netior.of the Houston 01 D
Wc know him well8ud W0 know that I
is tho last mm to take or ush a u
advantage uver a rival.
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Marshall, John. State Gazette. (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 10, No. 33, Ed. 1, Saturday, March 26, 1859, newspaper, March 26, 1859; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth81380/m1/2/: accessed October 17, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.