The Refugio Review. (Refugio, Tex.), Vol. 6, No. 25, Ed. 1 Friday, September 5, 1913 Page: 3 of 8
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VESTS FOR FALL
' •w ' 1
These ultra-mannish vests are the very newest in French fashions for
fall wear, but even the split skirt and the one-piece bathing suit have not
prepared man to accept with equanimity this further usurpation of his cos-
DAINTY AND USEFUL DRESSES
Nothing Prettier for the Small Girl
Has Been Evolved in the Season’s
Range of Fashion.
The model on the left shows a use-
ful little dress in a soft shade of blue.
The skirt is laid in fiat plaits turn-
ing from the front The bodice wraps
over a little to left side; it is fastened
by press studs and ornamented with
fancy buttons and braid loops. The
collar, cuffs and waist-band are in
blue and white checked cotton.
Materials required: 2^4 yards 40
ilnclues wide, y2 yard check 26 inches
wide, 3 buttons.
Beside this is a dainty dress of
white spotted muslin. The bodice has
a square yoke of lace insertion to
EYEBROWS NEED CARE
which the muslin is gathered. The
sleeve is set into armhole with very
alight fulness, the’cuffs are of lace to
match yoke, so are the waist-band and
the band that trims the skirt above
Materials required: 2% yards mus-
lin 36 inches wide, about 3% yards
wide insertion and rather under a
yards of narrow for waist-band.
One woman has converted a hall-
room into the daintiest of tiny li-
braries., On one side is a set of
shelves for books. The walls are
covered with blue damask of very
delicate shade. The ceiling is blue,
with a conventional pattern of white
trailing vines drooping gracefully
down to half-length. The rug is delft
blue, and the room contains one chair
upholstered in delft-blue brocade. A
small mahogany table holds a tele-
phone and a blue and brass writing
outfit. A small lamp hangs from the
center of the ceiling, and it has a blue
and rose glass shade with crystal pen-
dants. When lighted, it throws a
beautiful glow over the little reading
For Tight Shoes.
Summer is the season above all
Sthers when one’s shoes seem to hurt,
and this year one looks in horror at
the rows of patent leather ones that
are brought out in the exclusive shops,
but true, these may be worn with com-
fort if one will shake a little powdered
alum into the toe of her shoe before
going out. Do not put it inside the
stacking, merely inside the shoe.
Thin white cotton crepe with inserts
of baby Irish lace medallions is a com-
bination for children’s dainty dresses.
Add So Much to the Genera)
Charm That No Woman Can
Afford to Neglect Them.
It is an acknowledged fact that pret-
ty brows add piuch to the general
charm, and it is odd that women ex-
pect to enjoy this feature at its best
when they do not take care of it. They
would not expect either teeth, nails or
hair to grow in perfection were they
not taken care of, and the same applies
to t,he eyebrows. Tljey need massag-
ing and shaping frequently. Failing
in this, there will be scraggy lines or
coarse, projecting hairs, the latter one
of the most conspicuous disfigurements
a woman can have.
I have often noticed women with ap-
parently good" hair, teeth and complex-
ion entirely unmindful of the fact that
the eyebrows were sticking out in all
directions. A woman is greatly repaid
for the few seconds she spends when
her toilet is complete in shaping her
eyebrows by the improvement in her
The correct shape of a pretty eye-
brow should be like a swallow’s wing,
and to give them the broad, yet curved
effect, begin at the end nearest the
nose, stroke, as if the brows are in-
clined to be too broad, pinch together
with the thumb and fingers in a
straight line to the place where the
natural curve starts. At that point
there should be a downward stroke
that will point the hairs in the right
Some eyes are enhanced by a broad
line, while others look better with a
delicately penciled effect of the eye-
brow; this, of course, depends upon
the shape and contour of the face.
So that in getting this straight line
over the eyes an effect of width most
becoming to the face is given, while
the downward line finishes off in all
cases to a tapering point.
For massaging where the encour-
agement of a growth of hair is de-
sired, I very much like vaseline be-
cause so much of the crude and natu
ral properties has not been extracted
from it as is done in the refining proc-
ess of other creams, but for those who
do not care for it the following may
be used instead and will promote the
growth of both brows and lashes.
One-half ounce of oil of sweet al-
monds, 12 drops each of oil of rose-
mary and oil of nutmeg, and a quar-
ter of an ounce of tincture of can-
thardies. These ingredients, being all
liquid, are easily mixed, and a two or
three ounce bottle is large enough.
Shake well, and it is ready for use.
If the brows are naturally thin and
it is desired to improve the growth,
a quinine tonic may be necessary, and
for this I find that two ounces of al-
cohol mixed with ten grains of sul-
phate of quinine and massaged once
a day into the roots makes a decided
No matter from what cause the
brows become thinned, never cut them
with the idea that it will improve ‘the
growth. Good and faithful massage is
the only thing that will help. Cutting
will only coarsen them and they may
become stiff and bristly after being
cut. However, the eyelashes may have
an infinitesimal portion Clipped from
each one about every three or four
months. This must be done very
carefully and when^he clipping is fin-
ished anoint the base of the lashes
with a very minute portion of cafeput
oil, putting it on with a fine camel’a-
PREVENT HOG CHOLERA 1j1MELY N0TEs of sheepfold
Dead Anrmals Should Be Care-
fully Examined for‘Disease.
If Conditions Indicating Infection Are
Recognized Early and Proper
Methods of Isolation Adopted
Spread May Be Averted.
(By F. M. HATES.)
All farmers should either post-
mortem every hog that dies under
circumstances at all suspicious, or
have the work done by a competent
Insanitary Hog Pen and Wallow.
veterinarian who should be able to
recognize any lesions indicating the
presence of an infectious disease in
the herd. These conditions, if recog-
nized early and proper methods of
isolation instituted, might prevent the
general dissemination of the disease
throughout the herd.
In case of hog cholera the lesions
will vary according to the course of
the disease, but the following are
usually present. Slight inflammation
of the bladder is shown by redness of
the lining; hemorrhagic spots on the
kidneys varying in size from the
point to the head of a pin. ,The kid-
neys are often pale and light colored,
showing these black spots, but may be
dark and congested. The kidneys may
be thickly covered with these spots, or
possibly only a few of them may be
seen by stripping off the envelope of
the kidney. The kidneys sometimes
resemble a turkey egg in appearance.
The spleen is usually enlarged, con-
gested, black and friable. Inflamma-
tion of the intestines, more especially
the mucous membrane of the caecum,
the beginning of the large intestine,
often occurs. This inflammation may
be diffuse or in the form of ulcers,
depending upon whether the acute or
the chronic type of the disease exists.
The presence of button-shaped ulcers
Patience, Tact and Perseverance Are
Among Essentials in Making Suc-
cess With Sheep Flock.
No use to go into sheep-raising un-
ss you have patience, tact and great
In selecting a sheep pasture, avoid
lolvv, damp ground, because sheep will
not thrive on it.
Soil underlaid with limestone or dry
sandstone makes the best sheep
, Old meadows with a variety of
grasses are much better for the sheep
than artificial meadows which are fre-
Sheep are probably more delicate
and more easily affected by climatic
changes than any other farm animal.
The wise shepherd does not wait un-
til his whole flock is affected before he
begins to attempt a cure, but takes
every precaution to prevent the dis-
ease getting a foothold.
No use trying to make profit out of
sheep on very high priced land.
Rough, hilly land that hold grasses,
makes the best sheep pastures.
During the hot summer months,
sheep often suffer from the want of
clear, cold water. This should always
Marsh water will sooner or later
cause disease in the flock. It general-
ly abounds in parasites.
To stuff the flock one week, starve
it the next, is a sure way to produce
very bad effects.
Men to whom all sheep look alike
will never succeed in the business.
Every successful flockmaster will
know each individual animal and learn
something of its peculiarities.
Sow plenty of turnips for the sheep
this fall. One hundred head will con-
sume an acre of turnips in about ten
Some farmers allow their sheep to
harvest the turnips, but this is poor
economy. Better pull them and store
them in the cellars and pits and feed
Sheep thrive in the air and sunshine
and quickly pine and fall away when
deprived of these essential elements.
It is a great mistake to overlook a
pasture as the sheep will lose the lat-
ter part of the summer all they have
gained while pasture was good.
Better keep the ram i-n the paddock
by himself out of sight of the ewes in
the daytime, turning the ewes into the
ram’s paddock at night.
The male lambs should be docked
and castrated when one week old. At
this age they suffer little and the
wounds quickly heal.
in the large intestines is the best indi-
cation of chronic cholera.
The following gives the organs
which should be examined when hog
cholera is suspected. A description of
the appearance of the organs in cases
of cholera is given also. It must be
remembered that all of these post-
mortem appearances may not be
found in one hog. Those in the skin,
large intestine, small intestine, spleen,
kidneys and lungs are the most diag-
Skin—Red or purple discoloration
along belly and between the hams.
Ulcers may appear and the skin crack
and ears slough.
Large intestines—External conges-
tion and internal congestion with
hemorrhagic spots in the acute form,
and ulcers in chronic cholera.
Small intestines—External and in-
ternal congestion. Sometimes hem-
orrhagic spots. Seldom ulcere.
Kidneys—Pale or dark in color,
with reddish-black spots on the ex-
ternal surface. May resemble a tur-
key egg in appearance.
Spleen—Enlarged, black, friable.
Sometimes resembles black jam.
Liver—Seldom any visible changes.
May be enlarged and congested.
Stomach—Congestion on mucous
lining in varying degrees.
Bladder—Congestion and spots on
Lymphatic glands—Varying degrees
of congestion, from pink to dark in
Lungs May b© covered with spots
of red or brown color varying in size
from a pin head to a half dollar.
Complete hardening of parts of the
lung occurs. Pus may form, and ad-
hesions to the chest will sometimes
Heart Sometimes shows small
areas of congestion of the base.
CORNER A FRACTIOUS ANIMAL
Device Shown in Illustration Guards
Against Injury of Stock and
Is Easily Made.
'T^he following illustrated device will
be found very convenient and effec-
tive on the average farm. While we,
of course, like to (and do) keep on in-
timate terms with most of the farm
animals, there are times when all of
us have wished that we had a corner
in the lot where we could hem some of
the stock up and crowd right up and
catch them without any danger of
their becoming excited and jumping
through or over the fence, says a wri-
ter in Iowa Homestead. Take pieces
of wood about two feet in length
and tack them to the top of an ordi-
nary fence, as shown in the illustra-
To Corner a Fractious Animal.
tion, having one on each post for a
rod or so out from the corner post
Next secure a piece of ordinary woven
wire from eighteen to twenty-four
inches high, and tack it to these pieces
above the posts. When crowded into
such a corner, an animal is pretty apl
to i quiet right down and allow on«
to Rapture it, where, if it were an or
dinary fence, It might attempt to go
thrjough or over it, perhaps greatly
damaging or fatally injuring itself; so
thatj the plan is not only one of conven-
ience and a saving of labor,/but guards
agaJnst the injury of stock and tends
to 1 ceep them more gentle and traA*
Ward Off Sickness.
When the fowl acts dumpish, has a
poor appetite, and seems generally
out of sorts, it is best to pen it up
for a few days and give a good physic.
An ordinary family liver pill is excel-
lent for this purpose. Such precaution
will generally ward off a serious spell
Hens During Molting.
Hffens cannot lay and grow feathers
at t tie same time. It has been said
by £ iome writers that their hens laid
righ t through the molting season,
is not so. A hen can lay while
Is shedding her coat, but when the
of growing the new feathers
starts it requires all the food and
strei ?th to properly perform that
Butcher Gets Heifers.
The city man who keeps a good cow
bates to fool with calves and here Is
an opportunity for dairymen to pick
up some good heifer calves. Usually
the butcher gets them.
Watch for Insects.
Wj' tch the roses for insects and
eithe ll keep them picked off or spray
with insecticides. Soapsuds makes a
good' jspray to get rid of the aphis.
Use i i clean soap that is free from
Two Active Armies.
Two armies that are active day and
night now' must be fought all the
time. They are weeds and bugs.
Alfalfa Hay for Cows.
ilfa hay furnishes the best brand
he-grown protein, and protein is'
!^ost expensive element in the
vr ’ 'C: -}
W T is hardly any wonder that after
having spent a great many try-
ing years in being discovered,
H Americans should at last have
taken a notion for turning the
tables and going over to discover Eu-
rope, a writer in the New York Times
observes. Indeed, it was only to be
expected and there is no denying that
it has yielded many results, some of
them amazing, some delightful, some
A great many of those European
cities, for instance, had been going
for years—one might say centuries—
under the impression that they repre-
sented this or that development or
phase of culture or characteristic, and
that their people and customs had
certain accepted advantages or spe-
cialties. It is usually the way with
people who are housed up by them-
selves, with ever a fresh eye leveled
at them and never a fresh tongue to
tell them what the fresh eye saw.
Since the coming of the new kind of
American traveler, however, European
cities have had an opportunity to see
themselves in a somewhat new light.
And most of them have taken advan-
tage of this outside point of view.
Nearly every city in Europe has
now set apart at least one street or
avenue where it may be seen as the
American Columbus has seen it. In
Paris this is the avenue de l’Opera;
in Berlin the Friedricbstrasse and
the passage; in Munich Karlsplatz
and the short winding way leading
from there to Odeonsplatz; in Rome
it is the Corso; in Florence the Via
Discoveries Made in Italy.
It is in Florence, particularly, that
one would like to call attention to
American discoveries, for, in spite
of the drawing power which Paris has
on the imagination of the new world,
it is doubtful if the city of light is
any more visited by the flitting Amer-
ican than is Florence, and certainly
the discoveries of the flitter are no-
where more remarkable.
He has discovered, for instance,
that Florence is notefcl for nothing but
"Ach, tickets, tickets!” says he, Ii
a fury. ‘‘Here are your two soldi;
go buy the ticket yourself.”
The boy, quick to act on the sug-
gestion, leaps out of the elevator,
and, shutting and locking the door
of it on the outside so that those al-
ready in cannot escape and those
outside cannot steal in, he goes off to
buy the German’s ticket.
After he has returned, packed in
his full cargo of fifteen souls, closed
all the doors and battened every-
thing down with an attention to de-
tail that is used in preparing a ship
for a transatlantic voyage, he presses
a mysterious button with an air of
awful import, and before one can
quite count twenty the mighty vehicle
begins almost imperceptibly to rise.
If one could only see the view as
one glides upward—the lift shaft is
not inclosed and the car is always
visible until a tiny speck, it disap-
pears through the ceiling above. But
there is no view for the incased ones,
as all the doors and windows of the
lift are of ground glass. The occu-
pants have merely to look at another
and to hope and pray.
Finally, after the passage of several
of the mighty spices which separate
floor and ceiling in Florentine palaces,
the deus in machina discovers by
some means or other that the car has
stopped. He unlatches the lattices,
unbolts the doors, throws open the
casement, lets down the portcullis and
announces that one has arrived.
With the dazed expression of a Laz-
arus in the first moment of resurrec-
tion the passenger steps hesitatingly
out. A considerable distance ahead
he sees some natives who entered the
building at the same time he did and
who walked up the stairs. They do
not laugh. They respect the Amer-
ican for his wonderful inventions and
realize that he must have his home
comforts and arrangements whether
they seem an advantage or not. In
fasfct, the lift in the Uffizi is one of the
sights in Florence for the inhabitants,
and they often go there to see it
mount upward in its majestic flight.
* : *
Street Scene in Florence
paintings by. old masters, and it is
with a mind bent on crude oil that
he enters the city gates. How to
clarify the mess so as to carry away
the whole thing in one compartment
of his brain, remembering who did
what and where and how, is th©
problem that confronts him. And al-
ready he has begun to systematize
the gallery question.
The American has discovered in
this connection that climbing two
double flights of a sweeping grand
staircase in the Uffizi gallery not
only takes time, but exhausts effort
that could better be used above amon^
the pictures. He has therefore
stamped his cane in impatience and
asked why there was no lift to shoot
The first time they heard this ex-
clamation Florentines immediately
saw their mistake, bored a big hole
through the granite and marble floors
of the Uffizi palace, and inserted a
lift in which, at the expense of two
cents, every American is rather pT-
pected to ride. In fact, any one wlSo
would consider two cents exorbitant
for riding in that elevator has a dis-
torted point of view.
It runs once in every so often,
which schedule Is subject to change.
The man who runs it wears a daz-
zling blue uniform with glittering
buttons, and be must be by now al-
most eleven years old. In a vok-e
and with a manner promising an On-
coming attack of nervous prostrath n
he demands the tickets which entitle
the bearer to one single trip aloft.
Round trip tickets, be it noted, are
never sold, because lifts are for lift-
ing, now lowering, humanity, and one
is expected to walk down.
Ordeal of “Going Up.”
While the lift is being packed with
intended travelers a German will
stalk in and bring-the case of nervous
prostration almost into the class of
violent epilepsy by refusing to pro-
duce a ticket
thinking the while how clever Amer-
icans were to have discovered that it
should be there.
In spite of the intent to make a
scientific meal of the old masters,
taking them in courses and digesting
tSiem thoroughly, most Americans
flSd themselves so busy discovering
other things when they get to Flor-
ence that after a while the mere men-
ttm of an oil painting or a gallery
ffill cause an unexpected flood of re-
Senator Smoot said of a lobby story
fie other day:
“Why, the thing’s as absurd as tha
sVory of the Roman visitor.
“A Boston girl, visiting Rome last
Simmer, said to a waiter, as she ate a
eassata siciliana at the Cafe Nazion-
in the Corso:
“ ‘Waiter, it was this cafe, was it
Cht, that Keats and Shelley used to
“The waiter frowned, meditated a
foment, then smiled joyfully and
“ ‘Ah, yes, to be sure, signorina!
Pleats and Shelley! There they are
row, signorina, the two fat men at
fifle corner table, drinking beer and
rating strawberry tarts. The bald-
F^sad is Keats, and the other with the
fang beard is Shelley.' ”
Habit of Thought.
“The equator is an imaginary line,
running around the ©arth,” said the
’uoy who likes to tell what he haa
learned at school.
“An imaginary line,” repeated the
great railway financier, absent-minded-
ly. “Who is promoting It?”
Mrs. Faddy—My husband says
money is tight just now.
Mrs. Gaddy—I suppose that is the
reason my husbana never has any
Here’s what’s next.
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The Refugio Review. (Refugio, Tex.), Vol. 6, No. 25, Ed. 1 Friday, September 5, 1913, newspaper, September 5, 1913; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth846811/m1/3/: accessed January 21, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Dennis M. O’Connor Public Library.