The Detroit News-Herald (Detroit, Tex.), Vol. 19, No. 14, Ed. 1 Thursday, July 3, 1947 Page: 4 of 4
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Th* onion hat bean domesticated
as ter back as history records. It
takas its name from the city built
hy Oates fat 173 B. C., near the Gulf
at Ban. Tbs onion was grown in
southwestern Asia and in China and
from these tenters it spread to
every section at the globe. The
anion for centuries found favor with
the Egyptians and Israelites. Ac
early as 1390 the onion was exten-
etrety used in Europe and was
tessgtit to America by the earliest
astentets. There is record of its be-
teg cultivated in America in 16T»
There are near aearly SOO variety*
4lt-&tt, SymU of JjLrfy
Householder? take pride in the ap-
pearance of their homes. It will
pay them to become acquainted
with ways to take care of the wood-
work, to remove stains from floors
and walls. The following may serve
as a guide.
For dark stains, dip a cork in
oxalic acid, rub the spot, rinse, dry
immediately and polish.
For just dirt or finger marks on
painted wood, use .equal parts of
milk, water, and kerosene, or vin
egar in water.
Scratches on furniture, if not too
deep, may be touched with ordinary
iodine said then polished. A good
polish may be made by mixing
equal parts of linseed oU, turpen-
tine and white vinegar.
For n won floor, touch up the
spots with shellac, end give a saw
casting of wax. If the floors are
hardwood, a tablespoon of vinegar
and one of furniture polish, in wa-
ter, wffl give a clear finish and keep
U ttw floors are oiled, turpentine
will take off most spots. If turpen-
tfaw is n ’ available, kerosene will
K a grease mark is made on the
Boor, cover the spot with Fuller's
Leave for at least one day
n remove. If the spot has
a entirely absorbed, apply
This should remove the
Far spilled alcohol, rub tee mark
quickly with the finger tip to smooth
‘away tea roughness, and apply lem-
on ar oliva oil. This
to spilled perfume.
Coal seams that are too thin ar
ten inaccessible far profitable
asteteg now may ha converted un-
derground into fool gas and piped
to tee surface by a new method.
Incendjary bomba recently
dropped into a coal seam
below the ground at Gorgas, Ala.
The fire which was started was
steadily fanned by a blower. Heat:
proof windows at inner ends of tun-
nels were erected through which en-
gteeem could control tee operation.
They changed the nature of the gas
by Injecting steam. The resultant
products included carbon monoxide,
hydrogen and methane.
Potential uses for tee gas are
many, according to Dr. R. R. Say-
ers, director of the bufeau of mines.
M Ml only offers a new source of
raw material for the manufacture at
synthetic liquid fuels, including gas.
sites and lubricating oil, but also
a hasting gas for burning under
.in industrial plants Elec-
might be produced by
of gas turbines.
By Timothy Matlac!
Tbs Declaration of Independence
was tngressed on parchment some-
time prior to August 3, 1771- The
man who penned the engrossed
copy is believed to have been Timo-
tey Mattack. Similarity sf handwrit-
ing in the Declaration and in the
commission of George Washington
as commander-in-chief of the con-
tinental armies, which Uatlack is
known to have written, has con-
vinced authorities that he also wrote
ttie Declaration of Independence and
is usually given credit.
Early in 1779 Matlack had been
appointed as assistant in the office
of Charles Tomson, secretary of
congress, and he wsa-serving in that
capacity at the time the engrossed
Derivation, was prepared.
Before a teacher may be qualified
by a certifying agency, he must
comply with certain educational
standards in professional training,.
Usually less time in professional ed-
ucation is required of elementary-
school teachers than secondary-
school teachers. The most usual
requirement for elementary-school
teachers is two years of post high-
school education, and for secondary-
school teachers, four years. Some
states, however, require four years
of college for elementary-school
teachers and five years for second-
ary-school teachers. UntiLthe war,
standards of professional training
were being raised in many states,
but ttie war retarded progress trf
this development. Several states
still give teacher-training ceurses in
high schools and permit graduates
of these courses to teach in the
Danger Fee Tear Milk
During warm weather fanners
no longer can depend on nature
to take care of milk cooling,
have warm days and nights, and. if
we are not careful we might neglect
to cool our milk as it should be
cooled,” they explain. “As a mat-
ter at fact, it is of the utmost im-
portance to cool milk promptly and
store it at a temperature of 50 de-
-grasa or lower, regardless of the
time of the year/* It is pointed
out that With the big demand for
high-quality milk by consumers and
the strict requirements that milk
meet a high standard, no dairy
tanner can afford to neglect cooling
aa a means of keeping down the
growth of bacteria in milk. The
specialists caution that “when your
milk gets to market sour, your mar-
ket soon goes sour on your milk.*’
CIliiM Stya Sun Art
Captnrad by AmtrJcxw
1 In China the making of soya
sauce is mainly a household art,
with grandmothers passing along to
daughters and granddaughters the
details of recipes and the strains of ,
ferments used in the process.
In the United States, soya sauce—
as is true of many other food prod- j
ucts—is chiefly a factory product, j
Each manufacturer is concerned,
not only with producing a sauce at I
high quality, but also a standard- ,
ized sauce in which each batch will!
have the flavor, color, and taste of
every other batch. This calls for
standardization of the raw mete-
rials and for use of standard struns
of micro-organisms in the fermenta-
tion of the sauce.
The department of agriculture
has announced that strains of four
organisms desirable in preparing
soya sauce have been added to the
culture collection of industrial fer-
ments st the northern regional re-
search laboratory at Peoria, 111.
These include two molds, a yeast
and a bacterium. They . (krill be
- maintained as pure cultures and
will be available to Industrial users.
This makes it possible for a fer-
menter to make a fresh start with
new and pure cultures, if at any
time his stock cultures become con-
taminated with "wild” molds or
i yeasts that injure the quality or uni-
formity of his product.
The preparation of soya sauce
calls for a. brine fermentation of the
beans for from 30 to 90 days. But
the "starter” used in this process is ’
a mixture of three previously pre- ’
pared cultures; (1) of a mold that ,
develops on cooked rice; (2) of a
yeast forking on soya broth, and
(3) of a bacterial fermentation at
soya broth. For a quality product
these should be mixed at the right
stage of development in suitable
m GEORGE L BENSON
Prtr, Jtmt—tUriUi CMUft
i rtrtf. Jktktmm
Business Tells a Story
Time was when it was fashionable
for everyone to talk about big busi-
ness and count over the gross and
net sins of corporations. Of course,
there were mighty good stories even
then about our steadily rising stand-
ards of living. But the busybodies
didn't bother with those success
stories, big or little.
I have said that America is now
beginning to assume her task in pub-
lic relations, that of selling her ways
and her freedoms and her institu-
tions to people everywhere. I should
like to say that some of our groups
and institutions have special respon-
sibilities- in this job. I think that
labor does, as well as business. The
.task is important to agriculture, to
tradesmen, to education, to the
professions, and to civic minded
folks in every walk. Certainly, la-
bor and industry are each so im-
portant in our economic system,
that they must be interested in re-
awakening the people to an appre-
ciation of America.
A Report to Workers
I should like to tell you about a
company that is doing its part, there-
by shouldering it? responsibility for
this kind of public re-education.
Somebody sent me a copy of a re^
port this comnany makes to its
employees. Toe report answers
questions employees want to know.
The answers are frank, fair, and
simply stated. There is no doubt
the report has made its readers bet-
ter Informed Americans. It did so
It takes $7,507 worth of capital to
give a person a job in this company.
Naturally, there would be no jobs
for their 3,951 people if it were not
for this 129.660,626, Shareholders
who put up this money out of what
they earn and save, hope to get “a
fair rental” for their money. These
folks, the report tells us, are capi-
talists—“and so are you!” Because
we own our possessions, we are
“capitalists” and this is a “capital-
Why Make a Prefit?
. "Wa have a 'capitalist' industry
in the United States because, millions
. . . use part of their ‘capital’ to
own and operate the most produc-
tive farms, stores, mines, and fac-
tories on this earth.1 And that is the
reason why we, as a people, have
tha highest standard of living of any
nation in the world. No otherjiys-
tem to any country, at Slfy onto,,
by any other means has ever pro-i
duced so much for so many at such
in tic cost as our ‘capitalist’ busi-
ness does in America.”
The company says frankly that It
made money in 1941—about seven
and one-half cents on every dol-
lar's worth of products sold. While
this record is termed a narrow mar-
gin that calls for economy all along
the line, the report makes it plain
that the company expects to keep
on making money. All this, mid?t
healthy competitors that cause them
to keep putting out better products
for less money. Tribute is paid to
the keen competition they meet as
an effective price regulator.
| “A company that can’t make
money is like a ship that can’t float.
Neither is safe for you and your
family. A company may lose money
for a short time, just as a shi- may
spring s leak and take in water for
a short time, but if the losses and
the leak cao't be stopped soon, the
ship sinks and the company goes out
of business. Passengers on the ship
j hat sinks and employees of the com-
ny that fails are victims of disas-
A Serious Problem
Six persons were killed and 90S
were inju-ed by fireworks accidents
last Fourth of July. The number of
person? injured ip 1946 shows a de-
cide drop in comparison with pre-
war years. Total injured in 1941
v.as 2,UJ9. But 6 deaths and 903
injuries represent far too great and
unnecessary a toll for this phase of
the holiday Celebration.
Last year 44 persons suffered in-
juries to their eyes, many resulting
in total blindness. The reduction of
unnecessary injuries from fireworks
depends both on adequate state
' legislation and on satisfactory en-
i TSfcr-"; •/
Annivtrrar. of Flag
! July 4th will be the ope hundred
and twenty-eighth anniversary of the
American flag in its present form.
When the flag was adopted, June
14,1777, it had 13 stars and 13 stripes.
Thereafter, a star and atr!-« were
added for each additional state. By
April, 1819> the stripes totaled 20,
■nrf congress ruled that the flag
should have 43 stripes, one for each
of the original states, but that there
should be as many start as state!.
This act of congress became ef-
fective July 4, 1819, hence that day
ia tha birthday of tha present flag.
With possibilities of the admission of
additional states, it ia possible that
the present arrangement of the stars
may have to be changed.
Civil amt Crrataai
Stele ite Federal Carafe
First National Saak BsiUkq
Doctors differ aa to tha n
NUE-OVO. Many users say _
brought them relief. It you suffer__
Rheumatism or Arthritis why~rafi
write for literature oa KUE-OIR
from Re ,iyh laboratories, 1st.
403 N. W. Uth. Portland, —
Pd. Ada, J
Treatment of the Heart
Digitalis, generally given a posi-
tion of first importance in the treat-
ment of heart failure, acts directly
on the heart muscle to increase tha
force of its contractions. Fre-
quently, however, especially in j
! more acute cases, digitalis does not
relieve all the symptoms. In order
to achieve complete relief, addi- i
tional measures become necessary,
and to this end, 'mercurial diuretics '
are employed. Thesf» agents act on
! the kidneys to increase the forma-
1 tion of urine, resulting In with-
drawal of 'excess fluid from vital
organs in which it has accumulated
due to the heart condition. Cornell
1 Medical center reported to the Fed-,
j eration of American Societies for
Nearly two billion dollars have
been added to the national wealth
, by Alaska, during the 80 years of
i United States possession. The coun-
i try still contains vast unexploited
i natural resources. In tha prewar
! years, the territorial fisheries were
; yielding about flO million dollars
i MMinlly to ttie national income,
the mining industries about 34 mil-
lion dollars a year, mostly from
gold, and the fur trade about 2.29
Since purchase of the ter-
by the United States from !
in IMF, fur-trapping and
___ have contributed about
sm WHIm dollar* and tha mineral
A CITIZEN'S CREED
I believe in my Community, my State and my
County. Thank God I am an American and a Texan.
1t)elieve that Men play a bigger part in town build-
\ ing than natural resources, and that cities are what
men make them.
I am willing to give of my time, thought, enery
and money to help advance the welfare of my commu-
nity, in return for the blessings I enjoy.
1 am not afraid that my competitor will make more
money than I will as the town grows.
I will not be a sponge, taking all lean get and giv-
ing as little as possible. *
I want to live in my town so that I can leave as a
heritage the memory of some service for the benefit of
I believe that my record on earth will be largely
my record as a citizen of this town.
I believe in the success of my community and want
to have it said of me that I played my part well.
I believe in the sincerity of other citizens, and will
not indulge in back-biting,, slander or “knocking”
against my town or my neighbors. I am proud of my
town and want to live so that the town may be proud
I will advance the fame of my town by doing my
job the best I can and -perhapsbetter than it is being
done anywhere else.
I Will invest my life where I make my living.
Hubert M. Harrison
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The Detroit News-Herald (Detroit, Tex.), Vol. 19, No. 14, Ed. 1 Thursday, July 3, 1947, newspaper, July 3, 1947; Detroit, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth854981/m1/4/: accessed July 16, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Red River County Public Library.