South Texas Catholic Monthly (Corpus Christi, Tex.), Vol. 35, No. 1, Ed. 1 Saturday, January 1, 2000 Page: 1 of 32
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VOL. XXXV, NO.l "...to inform, inspire, catechize, and evangelize the people of the Church..." — tnj s>n,..i oi c.npu.chimi
January 2000 S1.00
1,000 years of Catholic history
To you, a thousand years
are a single day...’
By Jerry Filteau
WASHINGTON (CNS) — Here, chronologically, arc some of the leading events or individuals that
have shaped Catholic history over the past 1,000 years. Catholic News Service editors and writers, in
consultation with church historians, developed the list and narrowed it to a selection of 25.
1054 Great Schism Mutual excommunications harden centuries of growing rift between East and
West, dividing mainline Christianity into the Orthodox churches of the East and the Latin Church of
1096 Crusades begin. Campaign by Pope Urban II to retake Holy Land
from Islam starts almost two centuries of intermittent religious wars there,
ending in 1291 with Muslim recapture of Acre. With the Crusades came the
birth of military and hospitaller religious orders, rising importance of
pilgrimages in religious life and increased East-West trade.
1209-15 Mendicant orders. Itinerant preachers St. Francis of Assisi and
St. Dominic found the Franciscan and Dominican orders, which have deep
impact on spiritual and intellectual life of the church and continue to
1215 Fourth Lateran Council. Key medieval council formulates
doctrine of transubstantiation and makes church reforms, including
obligation of annual confession and Communion at Easter time.
1265-73 “Summa Theologiae." The most notable work of St. Thomas
Aquinas, who articulated a theological synthesis that would influence
Western Christian thought for centuries.
1452-55 Gutenberg Bible. First book printed with movable type
marks beginning of mass media, a cultural revolution profoundly
affecting religion, education, commerce, politics and culture.
1000 Years of Catholic History continued on page 23
Dorothy Day leads historians
list of century’s top lay people
• See the picks of our local leaders on page 27
Luced sometim be
Lre.d to be
,456 " Voo"Sprint«d with
By James Breig
Catholic News Service
An American woman who
advocated for the poor, stood up
for the rights of workers, and
protested against abortion and
the Vietnam War has been
chosen the most outstanding lay
Catholic in the world during the
Dorothy Day, co-founder of
the Catholic Worker movement,
was chosen by a panel of church
historians and theologians asked
to select laity who made the
church better or lived their faith
in exemplar)’ ways during the
past 100 years. Her name
appeared on all but one of the
“She also came to know
abortion as a hideous reality and
rejected that as a choice," Father
Fiore added. “Her social con-
sciousness inspired countless
others to follow her example."
Other lay Catholics receiving
more than one vote were Catho-
lic book publishers Maisie Ward
and Frank Sheed; British author
Gilbert Keith Chesterton; and
French writer Jacques Maritain
and his wife, Raissa.
The Maritains “were great
voices in the world of philoso-
phy, art, culture and religion,”
said Father Charles D. Skok,
professor emeritus of religious
Police and farm
“Her outspoken and consis- po„ce ana farm
u, ,P,T T,' T" ' u 6 workers flank Catholic
World War II, kept that time- Worker founder
honored Christian ideal and Dorothy Day, seated
alternative before the con- /„ a farm workers
sciences of informed Catholics picket line in Lamont,
and non-Catholics alike,” said Calif., in 1973. She
Jesuit Father Ben Fiore, a was arrested that day
professor at Canisius College in * for violating an
Buffalo, in a response echoed by injunction limiting
many of his colleagues. picketing.
Pope urges spiritual readiness for
Jubilee, Rome and Israel prepare for
pilgrims, debt forgiveness campaign
for poor nations makes headway, U.S.
churches prepare celebrations and
renewal programs for 2000.
3. East Timor
5. Catholic colleges
1. POPE JOHN PAUL II
He prepares to usher church into
new millennium, travels to seven
nations, issues post-synod documents
on church in America and Asia and
presides over European synod.
2. Bishop Belo of East Timor
3. Sister Gramick/Father Nugent
4. Cardinal Hume of Westminster
5. Cardinal O'Connor of New York
Source: CNS poll of Cotfiolii newpoper editon
©1W OfS Graphics
studies at Gonzaga University in
Spokane, Wash. “Their accom-
plishments kept the church from
becoming peripheral in the'
The scholars' other choices
ranged from the late Cesar
Chavez, who organized
farmworkers, to anonymous lay
ministers, and even a rock singer
popularly known as “The Boss."
The list was compiled by The
Evangelist, newspaper of the
Albany Diocese, as part of a
yearlong series examining the
first 2,000 years of church
See LAY PEOPLE, page 27
Pastoral Ministries Conference
to be held Jan. 15 & 16
January 15 and 16 mark the annual Pastoral Ministries Confer-
ence for all people wanting to know more about their Catholic
This year’s event, which will be held on Jan. 15 at the Bayfront
Convention Center in Corpus Christi and Jan. 16 at St. Augustine
High School in Laredo, features keynote speakers Franciscan
Father Juan Sosa, director of Worship for the Archdiocese of
Miami, and Jesuit Father Edmund Rodriguez, former director of
Jesuit Retreat Center at Grand Couteau, Louisiana.
The theme for the conference is “Celebratingjubilee: We Are a
Eucharistic People.” In addition to the keynote addresses, each
day will include a liturgy, presided by Archbishop Roberto
Gonzalez, and a series of workshops.
Father Sosas address, “Celebrating the Jubilee as a Eucharistic
People" will focus on the gift of Eucharist and how it "empowers
us to recognize the presence of Christ in our midst, and chal-
lenges us to become that very same gift for others," said Father
Father Rodriguez will speak on “Trinitarian Faith in Action; A
“We are called to participate in the creative work of the Father,
the transformative process of the Son, and to listen to the music of
the Holy Spirit," said Father Rodriguez.
Workshops include; “Spirituality for the New Millennium, by
Sister Maureen Sullivan, asst, professor of Theology at St. Anselm
College in Manchester, New Hampshire; “Eucharist; A Taste of
See MINISTRIES, page 27
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Espitia, Paula. South Texas Catholic Monthly (Corpus Christi, Tex.), Vol. 35, No. 1, Ed. 1 Saturday, January 1, 2000, newspaper, January 1, 2000; Corpus Christi, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth856044/m1/1/: accessed May 23, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; .