Oil-Burner. Page: 2 of 4
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UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
OSCAR B., CLAYTON,. OF HOUSTON HEIGHTS, TEXAS.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Application filed April 27, 1912. Serial No. 693,540.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, OSCAR B. CLAYTON, a
citizen of the United States, residing at
Houston Heights, in the county of Harris
6 and State of Texas, have invented certain
new and useful Improvements in Oil-Burn-
ers, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to new and useful im-
provements in oil burners.
10 This burner belongs to that class of burn-
ers, wherein the fuel jil is sprayed through
the discharge nozzle by means of steam pres-
sure, the steam being formed in a heating
coil and discharged through the nozzle in the
15 well known manner, and the object of this
invention is to provide a burner of the char-
acter described whereby the water supplied
to the coil, the fuel supplied to. the burner
and the discharge of the steam through=.the
20 nozzle may be simultaneously regulated so
that as the fuel supply is increased, the
water supplied to the coil will be correspnd-.
ingly increased and the nozzle operiingsfor
the steam discharge be also correspondingly
With the above and other objects in view,
the invention 'has particular relation to cer-
tain novel features of construction, operation
and arrangement of parts, an - example of
30 which is given i- this specification and
illustrated in the accompanyin' drawings,
Figure 1 is' a sectional plan view of the
burner, and Fig. 2 is a side elevation thereof.
35 Referring now more particularly to the
drawing, wherein like numerals of reference
designate similar parts in each of the figures,
the numeral 1 refers to a block which com-
poses the body of the burner and which is
40 formed of any suitable material.. Qne enl
of this block carries the discharge nozzle 2
having a tapering free end with a discharge
- outlet 3. Alined with the outlet 3 and ex-
tending entirely through the block is a nee-
45 dIe valve 4 Which is provided with a length-.
wise fuel passage way 5 extending from end
to end thereof. The free end of the needle
valve 4 is tapering and is designed to control
the nozzle outlet 3. The other end of the
50 block 1 carries a supporting sleeve 6 which
is integral with the block and which is in
aliiienient with the nozzle 2. This sleeve is
provided with a transverse slot 7 in which
the transverse arm 8 is designed to slide.
55 The needle valve 4 is threaded into the centr
of this arm.
To the ends of the arm 8 are secured, re-
spectively, the needle valves 9 and 10, the
former of which controls the flow of water
from the water supply to the steafii generat- et
ing coil 10', and the latter of which con-
trols thi! supply of fuel oil from the oil sup-
ply to the burner nozzle. The water from
which the 'steam is formed is supplied from
any suitable source through the water pipe 65
11 to the passageway 12 which extends
through the block 1 into the chamber 13.
From this chamber, the water passes through
the passageway 14 to the passage way 15
which leads to the coil where it is formed 70
into steam in the usual manner and the
steam is delivered through the passage 16
from said coil into the burner nozzle 2 and
discharged through the opening 3 around
the tapering end of the needle valve 4. The 75
needle valve 9 extends through a stuffing box
17, carried by the block 1,.to the chamber
13 and its tapering free end is arranged to
control the discharge of the passage way 12
into the chamber 13. . so
The fuel oil is fed from any suitable sup-
ply through the pipe 18 into the passageway
19 which extends through block 1 and com-
municates with chamber 20 in said block.
The needle valve 10 passes through a suit- 85
able stuffing box 21 carried by the block 1
and its tapering free end extends into the
chamber 20 and is alined with the passage-
way 19 and controls the discharge of fuel
from said passageway into said chamber. 90
The needle valve is provided with a length-
wise passageway 22, which extends from the
orifice 23, near the free end thereof, entirely
to the other end and connects with a pas-
sageway 24 in the arm 8. This last men- 95
tioned passageway extends through said arm
and connects with the passageway 5 of the
needle valve 4. The fuel is admitted through
the pipe 18 and passage way 19 into the
chamber 20 and passes thence through the 100
orifice 23 along the passageway 22 of the
needle valve 10 into the passageway 24 and
thence through the needle valve 4 to the dis-
A hand screw 25 is threaded through the 105
outer end 26 of the sleeve 6 and its inneen'd.
engages with the arm 8, as shown, aridby-a.
manipulation of said screw, the said arm $
may be moved in either direction in the slot
7 and the position of the needle valves 4, 9 110
and 10 thus regulated and the supply of
water to the coil and fuel to the burner noz-
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Clayton, Oscar B. Oil-Burner., patent, January 27, 1914; [Washington D.C.]. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth859378/m1/2/: accessed May 19, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.