Benavides Facts (Benavides, Tex.), Vol. 17, No. 27, Ed. 1 Friday, September 4, 1942 Page: 1 of 4
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Dr. Paul Owens
Eyes examined—Glasses fitted
New Location—Main Street
J. L. C. Beaman, Sole Owner
BENAVIDES, TEXAS, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 4, 1942
“An Epco Publication”
Married With Quiet
Miss Isabelle Canay, daughter
of Mr. and Mrs. Juan Canay of
.. Ramirez, became the bride of
Lionel Oliveira Sunday morning
at 9 o’clock at the Santa Rosa de
Lima Catholic Church.
** The altar was decorated with
Ji white gladioli spikes and on
either side stood white floor bas-
kets with the same flower ar-
The attractive bride was given
in marriage by her father. She
wore a close fitting white satin
gown trimmed with lace, .the
skirt extending into a long train.
Her short Spanish veil was held
in place by a tall satin crown and
her only ornament was a pearl
Miss America Canay, sister of
•the bride, was maid of honor.
She was dressed in white satin
trimmed with velvet. To com-
plete her costume she wore a
^turban of white velvet with a
The bridesmaids, Misses Esper-
jp anza Oliveira, Frankie Vaello and
** Maria Irene Puig, wore gold satin
and taffeta gowns with gold tur-
bans. Each carried a bbuquet of
pink asters. Misses Bertha Oli-
veira, Luisa Martinez and Delia
^/Salinas were dressed in dusty
pink satin and taffeta frocks and
*wore harmonizing turbans. They
* carried bouquets of blue asters.
Lydia Oliveira, flower girl, was
dressed in a pink taffeta gown
with a pink turban. She carried
a beautiful white hand crochet-
Crescencio Oliveira, nephew of
the groom, served as best man.
Other attendants were Mr. and
Mrs. Jesus Oliveira.
Following the ceremony a wed-
ding reception was held at the
Liberty Cafe. A beautiful wed-
ding cake placed in the center of
the table decorated with fern
was cut and served by Mrs. Ro-
dolfo de la Rosa, sister of the
A barbecue dinner was served
later at the home of the bride's
4 The newly-weds left on a wed-
^^ing trip to Mexico City. On
^Bieir return they will make their
^muture home in Benavides where
^^Mr. Oliveira operates a local mar-
*^%;et and grocery.
For Armed Forces
Must Be Early
Arrangements have been made
by the Post Office Department
in cooperation with the War and
Navy Departments for the ac-
ceptance of Christmas parcels for
members of our armed forces
serving outside the continental
United States, explained Post-
Monday By Pep
Monday night members of the
football team and “Pep” squad
of the Benavides high school
gave Coach E. R. Lerma a sur-
prise party when the group of
school students descended on his
home in a body.
The group retired to the school
master R. R. Gonzalez of Ben- | gym where a large crowd enjoy-
' ed dancing to recorded music.
Football practice started this
week and the “Eagles” have the
material for a promising team.
The boys entered into field prac-
tice with enthusiasm and deter-
mination to capture high honors
in the football schedule yet to be
completed for the new season.
Honored By Dorcas
avides this week.
Christmas cards and parcels
should be mailed during the per-
iod beginning October 1 and end-
ing November 1 the earlier the
better. Each gift parcel should
be endorsed “Christmas Parcel”
to enable postal ■ employees to
distinguish the special packages.
Special effort will be made to
effect delivery of all Christmas
packages during that period in
time for Christmas.
In view of the urgent need for
shipping space to transport ma-
terials directly essential to the
war effort, Christmas packages
should not exceed the present
limits of 11 pounds in weight
or 18 inches in length or *42
inches in length and girth com-
Owning to the great distance
this mail must be transported
and the handling and any stor-
age it must under go, it is ab-
solutely necessary that all arti-
cles be packed in substantial
boxes or contaers and be covered
with wrappers of sufficient
strength not only to resist pres-
sure of other mail in the same
sack, but to withstand the weight
of other sacks of mail.
The Latest In Crops For Uncle Sam
For Next Week
* Cases Are Reported
With an incidence of 134 cases
of Typhus Fever reported in
Texas last month and 83 cases
reported last week alone, Dr.
Geo. W. Cox, State Health Of-
ficer, is making an urgent appeal
to all citizens of the State to help
control the spread of Typhus by
assisting in exterminating rats.
“There is only one way in
which Typhus can be controll-
ed,” Dr. Cox said, “and that is
by as nearly as possible com-
pletelv exterminating rats in the
State, since fleas from infected
' rats transmit the disease to man.
We can begin to visualize the
extent of the needed extermina-
tion campaign when we realize
that there is estimated to be
13,000,000 rats in Texas.”
> There has been some confusion
concerning the type of Typhus
Fever which is occurring in Tex-
as, but Dr. Cox pointed out that
tfhs disease is entirely different
from the old world type which
has followed some of the armies
wp Europe. Ordinarily the kind of
Typhus which makes its appear-
ance in this section of the coun-
try is not a fatal disease, al-
though there has been a death
’rate of about 2 per cent from
Typhus this year.
The poisoning and trapping of
rats throughout the State will
help to control the spread of this
disease although these are obv-
iously temporary measures. In
order to be permanently rid of
rats they will have to be starved
out, which means that buildings
housing food supplies must be
Miss Morales ,
To Receive Degree
Miss Aurelia Morales, daugh-
ter of Mrs. Teofilo Morales, will
be among the Senior to graduate
from the summer school session of
A&I College at Kingsville on
Sunday, September 6.
Miss Morales is one of the
Benavides faculty members and
will receive her Bachelor of
Science degree in Education.
DESTROYED BY FIRE
Monday morning a 1939 La
Salle sedan was completely de-
stroyed fey fire about eight miles
from Benavides on the Gulf to
Border highway. A call was re-
ceived by Coronado Garage to
send a wrecker for the car and
^hen it arrived Tuesday morning
vandals had practically stripped
•the car of all available parts and
accessories not destroyed by the
ty're. The owner of the car was
Completion of one wildcat test
as the discovery well of- a new
producing area and the aband-
onment of a second test for the
Rios Field featured activity in
Duval County this week while
three other wildcat tests in un-
proven districts of the county
were reported at varying stages
Southwest of the Muralla Field,
Taylor Refining Co. No. 1 Cadena
has been completed for 50 barrels
per day of oil through a 9-64 inch
choke from perforations at 5,269-
75 feet, with 200 pounds pressure
on the tubing and 625 pounds
pressure on the casing.
Argo Oil Corp. No. 1 M. E.
Carroll, in the Rios Field and
located 2,772 feet from the south
line and 500 feet from the west
line of the 254.88 acre tract in the
Dionicio Elizondo Grant, was
carried to a total depth of 6,805
feet and abandoned dry after a
series of unsuccessful tests of
John, F. Camp & Sons No.' B-l
Dunn Ranch, located 660 feet of
the south and east lines of the
ranch in the Diego Hinojosa
Grant, is drilling ahead below
Hendprson Coquat & Hiawatha
Oil & Gas Co. No. 1 Julia P. de
Caballero, 660 feet from the north
and east lines of the 120 acre in
the La Huerta Grant, is making
preparations to spud.
Yegua Oil Corp. No. 1 Mucio
V. Ruiz, 660 feet from ihe north-
west and southwest lines of the
B. S. & F. Survey 93, has spudded
and is drilling ahead immediately
Newman Bros. Drilling Co. No.
1 Lucille Gruy Estate, 660 feet
from the north and west lines of
the south one-half of the J. Stev-
ensoon Survey 251, is coring
The Dorcas Sunday School
class of the First Baptist church
held its regular monthly business
and social meeting at the home
of Mrs. A. L., Allen Wednesday
at 4 o’clock. Vice President Mrs.
R. Hofercamp presided during
the absence of the Class presi-
dent, Mrs. Van Deventer.
The meeting was opened with
a prayer by Mrs. J. M. Chestman
followed b y Devotional o n
“Faith” given by Mrs. A. J. Mar-
After the business hour, a sur-
prise handkerchief shower was
given for Mrs. Ernest Souther-
land who is leaving to make her
future home in Houston.
During the social hour refresh-
ments of fruit jello with whipped
cream, cookies and iced tea were
served to the follownig members:
Mesdames W. D. Bryan, C. W.
Fuqua, Johnnie Meadows, Par-
rish, Pat Minar, Moody, J. H.
Schubert, Snyder, Carl Tennis, L.
L. Paton, J. M. Poole, McAden,
Hofercamp, Chrestman, Martin
Mrs. Allen and Mrs. Ernest
Bonner were co-hostesses.
Following the graduation ex-
ercises of the first-aid course
early in the week new classes
have been planned for the second
first-aid group, reports Jose R.
De Leon, coordinator for Civilian
The classes have been taught
by Dr. F. Lopez Lira and the at-
tendance has been good.
New students have already en-
rolled for the second course and
the prospects for a larger class
are in sight, explained Dr. Lopez
Lira, but there is still room for
more citizens to sign up for the
course in self-protection.
Classes of instruction are given
along lines outlined by the office
of Civilian Defense within the
frame work prescribed by the
Federal Government, it was ex-
And Bond Rally
At Rita Tuesday
Tuesday night the mothers of
men now serving in the armed
forces together with draftees who
will enter the army this month
were entertained with a special
party at the Rita Theatre.
Special arrangements for the
theatre.party were not completed
until Friday, explained Van
Chamberlain, owner of Rita
Theatre, which accounted for the
lack of publicity given the par-
Talks on the sale of War Bonds
and Stamps and Civilian Defense
were also made.
Scraps Of Metal
Are Turned Into
“What does Uncle Sam do with
the scrap metal I turn in?”
That is a question often asked
by donors of salvage.
To explain the uses made of all
of the metal that finds its way
into the salvage heap would be
For example, the lowly tooth
paste tube occupies an important
place in the war effort, as does
a worn battery.
Sixty tooth paste tubes contain
enough tin to provide the solder
used in electrical connections of
a flying fortress.
An old automobile battery will
yield the lead necessary in mak-
ing three 75-mm howitzers or 29
Five hundred pounds of scrap
steel will make possible another
big aerial bomb. Twenty-five
pounds of this metal is used in
making a 30-caliber machine gun.
There is enough zinc in an
old vacuum cleaner to meet the
requirements for the metal in a
37-mm shell, which can do plen-
ty of damage.
A heavy bomber uses 1825
pounds of rubber—which can be
reclaimed from used tires tossed
onto the scrap Heap.
Persons who delay searching
out their scrap metal or other
salvage material are doing much
to hinder the war effort. The
scrap iron and steel given will
help to make shells, guns, ships,
tanks, armored cars, submarines,
in fact, all machines and arms
Benavides District of the Hum-
ble Pipe Line is one hundred per
cent in signing up for the ten
per cent payroll plan for pur-
chasing of War Bonds, reports C.
E. McKee, chief clerk, this week.
The local district not only met
the quota but over-subscribed,
explained Mr. McKee. The em-
ployees of the Humble Pipe Line
here are now participating to the
extent of 13 per cent in the pay-
roll deductions to help win the
war by investing in War Bonds.
BANK CLOSED MONDAY
Mrs. Z. Garza
In Laredo Hospital
Mrs. Zulema Garza, daughter
of Mrs. F. A. Farias, was confin-
ed Saturday in a Laredo hospital
for medical treatment.
It was necessary for her to re-
ceive a series of treatments that
could only be given if she was
confined, explained Abel Yza-
guirre, whose wife has been a
constant attendant at her sister’s
Mrs. Garza’s condition is not
believed serious and she is per-
mitted to have company for
short periods at a time.
Monday, September 7th., will
be observed as a bank holiday
by the local banking house, it
was announced this week. “Labor
Day” will be generally observed
as a holiday here with a number
of business houses being closed
all day to enable their clerks to
enjoy a two-day holiday over
First Baptist Church
A. J. Martin, Pastor
9:45 a. m. Sunday School, C. R.
11:00 a. m. Morning Worship,
Sermon by Pastor
7:45 p. m. Training Union
8:45 p. m. Evening Worship
8:00 p. m. Tuesday, Brother-
8:00 p. m. Wednesday, W.M.U.
meeting at the church. Prayer
service and Business meeting.
The public is cordially invited
to attend all these services.
Wonder where gossips would
stand if there weren’t any middle
of the sidewalk.
Salads provide the fresh or raw
foods needed in the daily diet;
they add color, flavor, mineral
Seasons Opens On
White-wings may be shot this
year only between the hours of
12 noon and sunset, on Septem-
ber 17, 20th, 22nd, and 24th in
Webb, Zapata, Starr, Hidalgo,
Cameron, and Willacy counties.
Elsewhere i ntne State they may
be hunted from September 16 to
September 25 from 7 a. m. until
But “elsewhere in the State”
sportsmen are not likely to find
white-wings in shootable num-
bers. They concentrate each year
in the Counties named above.
Residents of the lower Valley
find little objection to the severe
restrictions on white-wing shoot-
ing that were in effect last sea-
son and will be in effect again
this season, but on the contrary
are cooperating wholeheartedly
in trying to restore this fine game
bird to a semblance of abund-
It was only a few years ago
that white-wings occmred in the
lower Valley in great flights
numbering millions of birds;, to-
day, because of agricultural dev-
elopment that has done away
with most of the white-wing’s
breeding and nesting grounds, and
because of other important fac-
tors, the birds are numbered not
in the millions, but in a few hun-
dreds of thousands.
Biologists of the Department
expect a fair shooting season
this year, but it is pointed out
that a severe drouth in the white-
wing country during the breeding
season this Spring coupled with
other adversities did hothing at
all to make the white-wing pic-
ture look brighter.
Miss Teresa Bozada was united
in marriage to Leandro Garza,
Jr., son of Mr. and Mrs. Leandro
Garza, last Friday morning at
the Santa Rosa de Lima^Catholic
The bride, given in marriage
by her brother, Robert Bozada,
wore a princess styled wedding
gown with a long flowing train.
A shoulder length veil was held
to her head with a wreath of or-
ange blossom. Her only accessory
was a gold locket that belonged
to her mother.
The bridesmaids were Misses
Clodin Salinas and Cedelia Hino-
josa, dressed in pink organdy
gowns with blue hats; Miss Elena
Regaldo of Laredo, cousin of the
bride, was in blue organdy with
a blue hat and Miss Felicitas
Guevara wore yellow organdy
with a yellow hat.
Lydia Oliveira and Erma Gar-
cia, flower girls, wore pink and
blue net gowns with harmonizing
Mr. and Mrs. Raul Oliveira and
Mr. and Mrs. Eduardo Lopez act-
ed as attendants.
Immediately following the
church service a wedding recep-
tion was held at the Liberty Cafe
where roses and fern decorated
the private dining "room. The
serving table was centered with a
beautiful wedding cake which
was cut and served to the many
guests by Miss Mary Bozada, sis-
ter of the bride.
The couple left for their honey-
moon to be spent in Corpus
Christi. They will make their
future home here.
Special Judge R. D. Wright of
the 49th District Court has dis-
missed a suit contesting the pri-
mary nomination of four incum-
bents of Jim Hogg County Mon
day when counsel for the plant-
iffs failed to appear in special
session of court at Hebbronville.
The suit was filed by Jim
Gonzalez and others against
County Judge Francisco Barrera
Gruerra and others. Offices con-
tested were that of the county
judge, sheriff, county clerk and
justice of the peace.
THE WHOLE TRUTH
If the future husbands would
tell the truth, the whole truth
and nothing but the truth, wives
wouldn’t believe them anyway
—because of the past.
At Oilton Church
The Workers’ Conference of
the Laredo Baptist Association
will meet in Oilton, Tuesday,
September 8th., announced Rev.
A. J. Martin, pastor of the Bena-
vides Baptist church.
The theme of the conference
will be “Loyalty to Christ” and
the following program will be
10:30 a. m. Devotional, Mrs. L.
V. Simmonds, Bruni.
10:45 a. m. Personal Service,
Mrs. E. J. Gregory, Alice.
11:15 a. m. Music and An-
11:25 a. m. Inspirational Mes-
sage, Rev. J. E. Black, Mirando
1:15 p. m. Board meeting and
W. M.U. Conference.
2:15 p. m. Debt-paying Cam-
paign, Rev. H. A. Jansen, San
2:35 p. m. Message, Rev. C. R.
3:00 p. m. Adjourn.
Seventy-five years ago the San
Francisco de Paula Catholic
church was organized in San
Diego. At that time all of this
section of South Texas had set-
tled down after the civil war and
was enjoying a profitable busi-
ness in the sale of cattle.
Duval County, still a part of
Nueces, Live Oak and Starr coun-
ties, was not established as such
until 1876 or about ten years af-
ter the Catholic church was or-
ganized. Father Claude Jaillet,
who was born in France, was
the first priest to serve the new
church in 1867.
It was not until 1908 that the
beautiful brick building, for
many years the largest Catholic
church between the Mexican
Border and Gulf of Mexico, was
started. It was a memorial to the
late Annie Hoffman Collins who
died November 17, 1906.
Father , Juan Zabala, who has
served as pastor of the San Fran-
cisco de Paula Catholic church
for the past eleven years, is re-
sponsible for the erection of the
Catholic school and Parochial
hall, the greatest building pro-
gram since the new church build-
ing was started about 35 years
The brick and tile Catholic
school was erected in 1936 on the
corner from the church and fac-
ing the municipal plaza. The
two-story building measuring 40
by 60 feet boasts of 4 class rooms
and cost about $10,000. Five
Sisters compose the teaching force
and last year the school enjoyed
an enrollment of 140 students.
Three years ago Father Zabala
superintendent the construction
of the 30 by 90 foot Parochial
hall. The building is used as a
school auditorium and by the
local Council of the Knights of
Columbus. It was erected at a
cost of $5,000 and fills a long felt
need for a social center in Cath-
Saturday will mark the opening
of a three day celebration of the
75th. Anniversary of the local
Ca-tholic church. Sunday special
services will be held, but the cli-
max of the celebration will fall
Among the celebrated guests
will be the Most. Rev. Mariano
Garriga, Coadjutor of the Diocese
of Corpus Christi, who will of-
ficiate at the colorful Pontifical
Mass at ten o’clock. He will be
assisted by Rev. E.. M. Ledvina,
also of Corpus Christi, and many
others. Many out-of-town visitors
are expected to attend the cele-
bration Monday which will be
a holiday for Labor Day, Father
Of All Students
All schools in the Benavides
Independent School District will
open the new Fall term Tuesday
morning, September 8th, at nine
o’clock, reported Supt. R. W. Mil-
ligan, early this week.
A faculty meeting will be held
at ten o’clock Monday morning,
preceding the opening of school’,
for the teachers will meet at the
same time. Registration of stu-
dents will begin Tuesday and re-
gular classes will start Wednes-'
All boys in high school will be.
offered the regular Aviation
Training, pointed out Supt. Milli-
gan, which is designed to enable
the boys to pass entrance re-
quirements to regular Naval
aviation upon graduation.
All parents are urged to en-
roll their chlidren on the first
day of school. This is especially
important when children are en-
rolling for the first time, it was
The entire Benavides school
program this year will be design-
ed to enable school students and
teachers to give their best effort
to the war program:
The following is the complete
list of teachers:
High School: R. W. Milligan,
Superintendent; V. L. Sewell,
Principal; Mrs. W. G. Cadena, E.
Lerma, Boys’ P. E., Rankin Con-
will, Band Director, May Patter-
son, Commercial Work, Margaret
Giles, Home Economics, Lucille
Neuman nand Mrs. Stella L,
Grammar School: A. N. Saenz,
Principal; Luz Lopez Lira, Mrs.
C. D. Adams, Clotilde Garcia,
Ernesto Guerra, Bessie McCoy
and Ann Dodgen.
Primary Department: Mrs,
Edna Brooks, Principal; Mrs. Eu-
delia Alaniz, Amelia Gonzalez,
Mrs. Inez Harrell, Jane Canales,
Lydia Hinojosa, Carlota Lopez
Lira, Olivia Briones, Aurelia Mo-
rales, Mrs. F. C. Serna, Antonia
Ramos, Mrs. V. L. Sewell and
Mrs. J. McCarty.
New teachers elected to fill va-
cancies are Rankin Conwill of
Bandera, who will have charge
of the band; Margaret Giles of St.
Joe, home economics department;
May Patterson, business admin-
istration; and Ann Dodgen, grade
P-TA School of
Named Honoree At
A miscellaneous shower was
given Friday night at the home
of Mr. and Mrs. Jesus Oliveira
honoring Miss Tsabelle Canay. a
bride-elect. Members of the bri-
dal party were hostesses.
Games provided the diversion
for the evening.
Cookies, cake and ice cream
were served the many guests.
The annual school of instruc-
tion of the Parent-Teacher As-
sociations of Webb, Jim Hogg,
Jm Wells and Duval cuonties was
held at Benavides Monday at the
high school auditorium. Mrs.
Clarice Wilkins, of Freer, vice-
president of the Texas Congress
of Parents and Teachers, presided
at the meeting and discussed for
the group the policies, procedures
and activities of the association.
Those attending were Mrs. G.
A. Parr, Mrs. J. E. Monkhouse,
Mrs. J. E. Moore, Mrs. Frank
Llovd and Mrs. J. W. Roach of
Alice: Mrs. W. B. Masteron, Mrs.
H. B. Beard, Mrs. I. A. Laws. Mrs.
Bert Bratton Mrs. Wilkins of
Freer, Mrs. C. M. Welch, Mrs. K.
C. Salley, Mrs. Saur of Mirando
City: Mrs. C. D. Adams, Mrs. J.
T. Howard. Mrs. W. G. Patter-
son. Mrs. J. G. Bogart, Mrs. Al-
varo Guevara, Mrs. A. E. Marti-
nez. Mrs. J. H. Rutledge, Mrs.
F. Brooks, Miss Luz Lira. Miss
Carlota Lira, Mrs. R. L. George,
Mrs. R. Milligan, Mrs. Bert Har-
rison and the Rev. and Mrs. E.
W. Mitchell of Benavides.
Mrs. Cowan Is
Hostess To HDC
“Yes, the covered dish lunch-
eon and the visiting with club
friends are the parts of an all
day quilting party I enjoy most”
said Mrs. Arthur Wied of the
Crestonio Home Demonstration
club last Wednesday at the home
of Mrs. Sadie Cowan.
The spider web pattern for the
quilt was pieced by the club
members using practically all
feed sacks for piecing the blocks,
setting together and the lining.
The club members enjoyed the
quilting and when finished the
quilt will be exhibited in a down
town show window in Hebbron-
Members present at the quilt-
ing were: Mesdames Arthur Wied,
Louis Weid, Alfred Person, Mar-
vin Rabe, Beyer, Wilbert Bub,
Addie Lundstrom, Carl Mann,
Sadie Cowan and Nellie Cun-
diff, County home demonstration
In Food Value
Last year 71,000.000 hogs were
slaughtered in the United States.
The goal this year is 79,000,000
hogs, to supply the necessary pork
and lard needed by this country
and its allies.
“How to conserve most food
value in vegetable and meat
cookery,” was the information
given by Nellie Cundiff. County
extension agent, last Tuesday to
the fourteen members of the
Home Nursing Class which is be-
ing taught by Miss Lula Cham-
pion of the Health Unit.
There are only two principles
involved in cooking meat: (1)
dry heat (2) moist heat. The ten-
der cuts are cooked by dry heat
because they contain little con-
nective tissue, but moist heat is
required to make tender those
cuts which containn much con-
nective tissue. The method of
meat cookery, roasting broiling
and pan broiling are the methods-
of preparing meat by dry heat.
Braising, simmering and stow-
ing are the methods of preparing
meat by moist heat. Here’s a tip
to housewives whc want to buy
inexpensive meat that has high
to do value. Beef liver has more
proteins, more vitamins and
more minerals than lean meat.
Beef heart has more minerals
and vitamins than lean meat.
Kidneys and brains have more
vitamins than lean meat.
HDC COUNCIL MEETING
A regular meeting of the Duval
County Home Demonstration
Council will be held Friday, Sept-
ember 11, at 2:00 P. M. in the
Agent’s office. Council officers
for the year 1943 will be elected
at this meeting.
Here’s what’s next.
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Beaman, J. L. C. Benavides Facts (Benavides, Tex.), Vol. 17, No. 27, Ed. 1 Friday, September 4, 1942, newspaper, September 4, 1942; Alice, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth884567/m1/1/: accessed December 9, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Duval County Library.