The Lampasas Daily Leader (Lampasas, Tex.), Vol. 32, No. 78, Ed. 1 Wednesday, June 5, 1935 Page: 2 of 4
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THE LAMPASAS LEADER
CURRENT TOPICS BY
By JOHN W. BANKHEAD
U. S. Senator From Alabama.
AT THE rate we are going now
A it won’t be long until every
second farmer in the United States
will be a tenant. Nearly 45 per cent
of our farmers were tenants in 1930,
and the number is growing all the
Naturally, the tenant situation Is
worse in some parts of the United
States than it is in others. Tenancy
is heaviest in the South and Midwest,
and is lightest in the New England
states and along the Pacific coast.
While some tenancy is found in every
state in the Union the percentage of
tenant-operated farms ranges from a
high of 72 per cent in Mississippi and
68 per cent in Georgia to a low of 5
per cent in New Hampshire and 4%
per cent in Maine.
Tenancy is not the result of the
AAA and it is not a negro problem,
as some would have you believe. Negro
tenancy is actually declining, while
some white tenancy is increasing. The
tenant problem in this country is a
national problem that includes all
races, all creeds, and reaches from
Maine to California, and from the
Lakes to the Gulf. It has been grow-
ing in seriousness for more than 50
By SIR ARTHUR STEEL-MAITLAND
Former British Minister of Labor.
T SUGGEST again for consider-
X ation an approach to the Amer-
ican government for the purpose
of reaching parity between the two
countries. During these negotiations
efforts should be made to prevent any
further substantial depreciation of the
pound, and the knowledge that this
was being done would strengthen the
position of the gold countries in the
If the American government is un-
able to consider our proposal, the mat-
ter drops. But if it can be agreed,
further approach can then be made to
the gold bloc countries—again on a
The period of the provisional agree-
ment would be limited. But it might
be sufficient—without committing any
country detrimentally—to make a start
in lessening the present obstacles to
international trade. In any case it
may prevent further deterioration of
the international position.
By HENRY WALLACE
Secretary of Agriculture.
T?ARMERS are poorly organized
X1 and it is difficult for them to
make their protests articulate. For
that reason the government has a spe-
cial duty to see that farmers get a
Farmers everywhere need to do
some hard thinking and to express
their point of view as to whether they
want the mechanism of the Agricul-
tural Adjustment administration to be
thrown overboard because certain spe-
cial groups believe it to be in conflict
with their immediate self-interest.
If the cotton program goes by the
board, the corn, wheat, tobacco and
other programs will follow. The unity
of the farmers will be broken.
THE SALVATION ARMY
By HERBERT HOOVER
^TpODAY the taxpayer has been
X assigned the burden of food
and shelter for the destitute. But
obligations as “our brother’s keeper”
are not confined alone to material aids.
To charity there must be added the
gifts of faith and hope. The taxpayer
is an impersonal body. He cannot
light the beacon of hope in the soul
of despair. The Salvation Army does
furnish that spiritual uplift to the
souls of discouraged men and women
that sets them on the road of self-reli-
ance and courage for the future. It
regenerates the will to be men and
women. This institution rebuilds char-
By LIEUT. GEN. R. L. BULLARD
U. S. Army.
TN THE four great regions of
X our country—Northeast, South,
Center and West—an army plan
of organization is being developed for
one complete army in each of the four
regions to take the field on quick, sud-
den notice. This plan is in some ways
imitation of the great German and
French methods, but in our own way of
the mobiliza.tion of armies for sudden
need. Under this plan every officer,
man and organization is being informed
where he will go and what to do at
the first trump or act of war against us.
WAR TIME PROFITS
By PATRICK J. HURLEY
Ex-Secretary of War
TT IS unpatriotic to compel one
X man to endure the hardships of
war, perhaps to give his life, while
another is earning profits from war.
The power to require a citizen to en-
ter military service, perhaps to be in-
jur'd or killed, ^Is unquestionably a
greater inriad 'upon that citizen’!
rights than anything that could be
done toward using that citizen’s prop-
erty in the service of the government
i. ■- \ \ \ \ \ \ \ ■- ■- ■- ■- ■- ■- ■-»»■- ■■» ■ •, ■ ■, •_ ■.. ■
Nominees for the Hall of Fame
By ELMO SCOTT WATSON
iT\N JUNE 1 a group of
ft/ V H eminent citizens
Wi °* ^ie United States
Jsub Win begin scanning a
ArL list of 76 names and
between that date and
hnnnrirllr oct°^er 15 they win
In 1 [SSL decide wh5ch of the
® 76 are worthy of be-
ing characterized as
“great Americans.” For this year
the eighth quinquennial election to
the Hall of Fame for Great Ameri-
cans is being held and the names
of the men and women chosen by
the 198 electors will be inscribed
upon bronze tablets in the Hall of
Fame building at New York uni-
versity. Later they will be further
honored when portrait busts of
them are unveiled with special cere-
monies In that patriotic shrine.
For election to the Hall of Fame
a candidate must receive a 'three-
fifths majority of the electors or 65
votes. Of the 76 who wilklbe con-
sidered for election this year, 23
are automatically on the ballot be-
cause they received 20 or more
votes in the election of 1930. The
remaining 53, 10 of whom are wom-
WILLIAM H. McGUFFEY
en, have been designated by the
public, in the last five years. Each
of those named, to be eligible for
election, must have been dead for
at least 25 years.
The 23 automatically eligible this
year are the following:
Samuel Adams (1722-1803), states-
man, Revolutionary patriot and a
signer of the Declaration of Inde-
Henry Barnard (1811-1900), edu-
cational reformer and first United
States commissioner of education.
Charles Bulfinch (1763-1844),
architect of the rotunda, the west
approaches and the portico of the
Capitol in Washington.
George Rogers Clark (1752-181S),
pioneer, Revolutionary leader and
the conqueror of the Old Northwest
John Singleton Copley (1737-1815),
artist and member of the Royal
John Ericsson (1803-1889), inven-
tor of the screw propeller which
revolutionized navigation and de-
signer of the ironclad Monitor which
revolutionized warship construction.
Albert Gallatin (1761-1849), sec-
retary of the treasury, 1801-13; a
signer of the Treaty of Ghent in
1814 and one of the founders and
first president of the Ethnological
Society of America.
Cyrus W. Field (1819-1892), the
man who laid the first Atlantic
cable in 1866.
Henry George (1839-1897), politi-
cal economist, reformer and single
Nathanael Greene (1742-1786),
Revolutionary war general and hero
of the famous campaign in the
South in 1780-81.
J. Willard Gibbs (1839-1903), edu-
cator and physicist, noted for inves-
tigations in thermodynamics.
John Hay (1838-1905), statesman
and writer; ambassador and secre-
tary of state.
Thomas Jonathan Jackson (1824-
1863), Confederate general, the fa-
mous “Stonewall” Jackson.
John Jay (1745-1829), statesman,
president of the Continental con-
gress, signer of the Treaty of Paris
in 1783, and chief justice of the Su-
Sidney Lanier (1842-1881), south-
ern poet and musician.
Cyrus McCormick (1809-1884), in-
ventor of a reaper in 1831.
Thomas Paine (1737-1809), politi-
cal writer of the Revolution and
author of “Common Sense.”
William Penn (1644-1718). founder
of the state of Pennsylvania.
Walter Reed (1851-1902), bacteri-
ologist, pathologist and discoverer
of the method of transmission of
Benjamin Rush (1745-1813), sign-
er of the Declaration of Independ-
ence; physician-general of the Con-
tinental army; founder of the Phil-
adelphia dispensary, first in the
Theodore Thomas (1835-1905),
musician and conductor of sympho-
Henry D. Thoreau (1817-1S62), au-
thor and naturalist, friend and dis-
ciple of Emerson.
Noah Webster (1758-1843), jour-
nalist and lexicographer; compiler
of the first American dictionary.
The 53 new names which will be
balloted upon by the electors dur-
ing the coming months are those of:
Louisa May Alcott (1S32-1S88), au-
thor of “Little Women,” “Little
Men” and other books for children.
Susan B. Anthony (1820-1906), re-
former and leader ia the woman
Helen Petrovna Blavatsky (1831-
1891), founder of the Theosophical
Alice McLellan Birney, reformer.
Nathaniel Bowditch (1773-1838),
astronomer, mathematician and au-
SARA JOSEPHA HALE
thor of the standard work on navi-
Borden Parker Browne (1847-
1910), American philosopher.
Matthew B. Brady (c. 1823-1896),
Civil war photographer.
Peter Bulkeley (1583-1659), coloni-
al clergyman and founder of Con-
George Catlin (1796-1872), author
and painter of the American Indian.
Grover Cleveland (1837-1908),
statesman, twice President of the
Stephen Crane (1870-1900), au-
thor, journalist and war correspond-
ent In the Spanish-American war.
Jefferson Davis (1808-1889), states-
man, senator, secretary of war and
president of the Confederacy.
Frederick Douglass (1817-1895),
negro journalist and lecturer for the
Anti-Slavery society; minister to
John Fitch (1743-1798), inventor
and builder of a steamboat in 1786.
Edwin Forrest (1806-1872), trage-
dian in Shakespearean plays.
Stephen Collins Foster (1826-
1864), song-writer; author of “My
Old Kentucky Home,” “Suwannee
River” and more than 100 other
John Frazee (1790-1852), one of
the first American sculptors.
Charles Edgar Fritts (1838-1905),
inventor of device that made talk-
ing pictures possible.
Richard Jordan Gatling (1818-
1903), inventor of the revolving bat-
tery gun which bears his name.
Richard Watson Gilder (1844-
1909), author, journalist and editor
of the Century Magazine.
Charles Goodyear (1800-1860), in-
ventor of the rubber vulcanizing
Sarah Joseph* Buell Hale (1788-
1879), author and editor of Gfodey’s
OLIVER HAZARD PERRY
Lady’s Book; originator of Thanks-
giving day as a national festival.
Joel Chandler Harris (1848-1908),
journalist and story writer; creator
of “Uncle Remus.”
Walter Hunt (1796-1859), inventor
of a sewing machine in 1834.
Elizabeth E. Hutter, philanthro-
pist and reformer.
Robert Green Ingersoll, (1833-
1899), lawyer, orator, agnostic, the
man who gave James G. Blaine the
title of “The Plumed Knight” in
nominating him for the Presidency.
John Bloomfield Jervis (1795-
1885) , engineer, buildei of the Hud-
son River railroad and the Dela-
ware and Hudson canal.
Elisha Kent Kane (1820-1857),
Joseph Le Conte (1823-1901),
physician and scientist; professor
of geology and natural history at
the University of California.
John Logan (1725-1780). Tah-gah-
jute. a Cayuga Indian chief and
leader of an Indian war after the
massacre of his family by whites in
Edward Alexander MacDowell
0861-1908), composer, pianist and
professor of music at Columbia uni-
Robert McCormick (17S0-1846),
inventor of a grain cutter in 1809.
William Holmes McGuffey (1800-
1S73), educator and compiler of Mc-
Guffe.v’s Eclectic Readers and spell-
Charles Follen McKim (1847-
1909), architect who, in partnership
with William R. Mead and Stanford
White, “created a veritable renais-
sance in American architecture.”
Herman Melville (1819-1891), au-
thor of “Typee,” “Omoo,” and “Moby
Lucretia Coffin Mott (1793-18S0),
reformer, a founder of the Anti-
Slavery society and a worker for
Simon Newcomb (1835-1909),
astronomer who supervised con-
struction of the 26-inch telescope
In the United States Naval observa-
tory at Washington.
Frederick Law Olmstead (1822-
1903), landscape architect and plan-
ner of Central park In New York
city, the Capitol grounds in Wash-
ington and the World’s Columbian
exposition in Chicago in 1893.
Oliver Hazard Perry (1785-1819),
naval officer and victor at the Bat-
tle of Lake Erie in 1813.
Henry Hobson Richardson (1838-
1886) , architect, who “designed some
of the most beautiful buildings in
John Rogers (1829-1904), sculptor
of “Rogers Groups” illustrative of
American and army life.
James Rumsey (1743-1792), In-
ventor of a steamboat.
Sacajawea (c. 1789-1884), Sho-
shone Indian girl who guided Lewis
Edward Austin Sheldon (1823-
1897), philanthropist, educator,
founder of “unclassified schools.”
Lyman Spalding (1775-1821),
physician and originator of the
United States Pharmacopoeia.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton (1816-
1902), reformer and author ; work-
er for woman suffrage.
Lucy Stone (1818-1893), reformer
and editor; worker for woman suf-
frage; founder of “Lucy Stoners”
(women who retain their maiden
name after marriage).
John August Sutter (1803-1880),
pioneer, the man responsible for
discovery of gold In California in
Zachary Taylor (1785-1850), gen-
eral in the Mexican war and twelfth
President of the United States.
Syivanus Thayer (1785-1872), “Fa-
ther of the United States Military
Academy” at West Point.
John Quincy Adams Ward (1830-
1910), sculptor of many famous
Lewis Edson Waterman (1837-
1901), Inventor of the fountain pen.
James Wilson (1742-1798), signer
of the Declaration of Independence
and associate justice of the United
States Supreme court.
Previous elections to the Hall of
Fame have been as follows:
Chosen in 1900.
George Washington, Abraham Lin-
coln. Daniel Webster, Benjamin
Franklin, Ulysses S. Grant, John
Marshall, Thomas Jefferson, Ralph
W. Emerson, H. W. Longfellow, Rob-
ert Fulton, Horace Mann, Henry W.
GEORGE ROGERS CLARK
Beecher, James Kent, Joseph Story,
John Adams, Washington Irving,
Jonathan Edwards, Samuel F. B.
Morse, David G. Farragut, Henry
Clay, Nathaniel Hawthorne, George
Peabody, Robert E. Lee, Peter
Cooper, Eli Whitney, John J. Audu-
bon, William E. Channing, Gilbert
Stuart, Asa Gray.
Chosen in 1905.
John Quincy Adams, James Rus-
sell Lowell, Willian. T. Sherman,
James Madison, John G. Whittier,
Alexander Hamilton, Louis Agassiz,
Mary Lyon, Emma Willard, Maria
Chosen in 1910.
Harriet Beecher Stowe, Oliver
Wendell Holmes, Edgar Allan Poe,
James Fenimore Cooper, Phillips
Breoks, William Cullen Bryant,
Frances E. Willard, Andrew Jack-
son, George Bancroft, John Lothrop
Chosen in 1915.
Francis Parkman, Mark Hopkins,
Elias Howe, Joseph Henry, Rufus
Choate, Daniel Boone, Charlotte
Chosen In 1920.
Samuel L. Clemens (Mark Twain),
Augustus Saint-Gaudens, James Bu-
chanan Eads, Patrick Henry, Wil-
liam T. G. Morton, Roger Williams,
Alice Freeman Palmer.
Chosen in 1925.
Edwin Booth, John Paul Jones.
Chosen in 1930.
Walt Whitman, James A. Mao
Neil Whistler, Matthew Fontaine
Maury, James Monroe.
©, Western Newspaper Union.
Founding of Oxford University
Traditionally, the founding of Ox-
ford university was by Alfred the
Great, about 871, but the authentic
origin was the result of a quarrt
between Henry II and Thomas a
Becket, about 1164, when the king
forbade English clerks to study at
Paris, and they returning, boomed
the school at Oxford. The earliest
document giving the school of Ox-
ford the title of university was In
The Wren Family
The house wren and the long-
billed marsh wren bubble when they
sing; the winter wren and the Caro-
lina wren sing and the short-bill
marsh wren, second smallest of all
of Eastern birds, clicks. The win-
ter wren and the Carolina are found
In winter woods, but only the Caro-
lina sings in winter In Eastern
The Road to Health
By DR. R. ALLEN GRIFFITH
'T'HE first essential to success in the-
-3- films is a perfect set of teeth.
Crooked, protruding, irregular teeth
may be assets to a few low comedians,
but to the 27,000 “straight” players of
the silver screen such a set of teeth
would loom as 32 distinct obstacles
to a professional career.
Since the advent of the “talkies”
enunciation means everything. During
recent months, experiments conducted
by the Westinghouse and General
Electric companies have resulted in
improved microphone recording and
have brought the subject of dentistry
to the center of the stage. These mi-
crophones not only record every little-
fault, lisp, slur or hesitation, but they
magnify them, and no one can have
perfect enunciation without perfect
Because perfect teeth have now be-
come an economic necessity to the
film companies, the largest producing
unit in Hollywood has just rushed to
completion a complete dental suite in
a prominent position on the “lot.”
The organization reports that it is
now obligatory for every player to
undergo a rigid dental inspection and
treatment before stepping into the
range of either camera or “mike.” Ef-
ficiency experts found that, with pic-
ture “overhead” running about $2,000
per hour, it was cheaper to engage a
permanent staff of dentists and fur-
nish them with all necessary facili-
ties than to run the risk of a neglected
or unnoticed tooth ruining many feet
Among the comedians grotesque and
fanciful dentures are made that fit
over the natural teeth which change
the expression according to the char-
acter they wish to portray.
When Mary Pickford was cast in
the role of a shop girl, in order to
get some local color she arranged to
work in a department store for a week.
She had a set of irregular anterior
teeth constructed which so disguised
her that no one knew her identity ex-
cept the manager. These temporary,
removable sets of teeth must be fitted
without injury to the natural teeth.
Hollywood smiles are exhibited on
the screen to approximately seven and
one-half million people daily. The
player’s faeiai expressions reflecting
rapidly changing moods, make heavy
demands on the mouth—the most ex-
pressive feature, and consequently the
most useful, in the actor’s kit.
The next time you watch a motion
picture, look carefully at the mouth
and teeth of the players and you will
have abundant proof that the beauty
of their teeth is, literally, their for-
* * *
ittE HEAR a lot these days, about
VV the vitamines A, B, D and G.
They are advertised over the radio
and in our periodicals. Our scientists
tell us that the day is coming when a
perfectly balanced diet, containing the
proper vitamines in the proper amounts
will conquer all disease.
Beginning with the pregnant mother,
a balanced diet will produce a perfect
child. This child, properly fed on
these same vitamines, will have per-
fect teeth that will never decay or de-
velop pyorrhea, and the child will
never contract any disease. This is a
much to be desired condition and
might be practical provided this in-,
dividual could always be kept happy
and free from care.
The constitution of these United
States guarantees the pursuit of hap-
piness to every individual, but how
many of us ever attain it constantly
and permanently? That grief, worry,
fear, excitement and overwork have a
profound effect upon the human mind
and body, there can be no doubt
These disturbances are superficial
and, therefore, plainly noticeable.
Other organs hidden deeply in the
body are also included in the complex,
of emotional agitation. Conditions fa-,
vorable to digestion are wholly abol-
ished when unpleasant feelings, such
as worry and anxiety are allowed to
prevail. As these conditions affect the
salivary and gastric secretions they
are of vital concern in the study of
Sometimes people who have been
free from decayed teeth for' a long
period of time, until middle life or
later, suddenly present badly decayed
teeth. Their teeth melt away like ice
under a summer’s sun. In these cases
we invariably find that the* are pass-
ing through a period of overwork, deep
anxiety or added responsibility. Find-
ings have been similar in cases of
pupils in high schools and colleges as
well as their teachers.
In the case of young children in the
same family, or in Institutions where
the same diet is fed to all, some chil-
dren will have decayed teeth and others
none. Almost invariably it will be
found that the child with decayed teeth
Is one that i« easily disturbed and the
child with perfect teeth has a happy-
We must, therefore,, conclude that
happiness and freedom from worry and
responsibility must accompany our bal-
anced diet if we are to receive its full '
benefit. However, this is no argu-
ment against our Ideal vltamine diet.
& Western Newspaper Ualew.
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The Lampasas Daily Leader (Lampasas, Tex.), Vol. 32, No. 78, Ed. 1 Wednesday, June 5, 1935, newspaper, June 5, 1935; Lampasas, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth897874/m1/2/: accessed November 18, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Lampasas Public Library.