Oral History Interview with Elvira Martinez, July 20, 2016

Description

Elvira Martinez was born in 1929 in Baytown, Texas. Her father lived in "El Campo," the Humble Oil and Refinery Company community for their predominately Mexican American male employees. Martinez remembers growing up in the company community and how families forged deep bonds. She attended the Lorenzo De Zavala Elementary School, the Baytown Mexican School that was originally funded by the Humble Oil and Refinery Company. Through the music program at the Baytown Mexican School, Martinez was able to travel the country as a player in the group La Tipica. She talks about the development of the Baytown Mexican School … continued below

Physical Description

7 video recordings (1 hr., 52 min., 4 sec.) : sd., col. ; digital

Creation Information

Enriquez, Sandra & Martinez, Elvira July 20, 2016.

Context

This video is part of the collection entitled: Civil Rights in Black and Brown and was provided by the TCU Mary Couts Burnett Library to The Portal to Texas History, a digital repository hosted by the UNT Libraries. It has been viewed 184 times. More information about this video can be viewed below.

Who

People and organizations associated with either the creation of this video or its content.

Interviewer

Interviewee

Named Person

Person who is significant in some way to the content of this video. Additional names may appear in Subjects below.

Audiences

Check out our Resources for Educators Site! We've identified this video as a primary source within our collections. Researchers, educators, and students may find this video useful in their work.

Provided By

TCU Mary Couts Burnett Library

The Mary Couts Burnett Library provides intellectual resources, innovative technology tools, and an inspiring physical and virtual environment to serve the diverse community of learners at Texas Christian University.

Contact Us

What

Descriptive information to help identify this video. Follow the links below to find similar items on the Portal.

Description

Elvira Martinez was born in 1929 in Baytown, Texas. Her father lived in "El Campo," the Humble Oil and Refinery Company community for their predominately Mexican American male employees. Martinez remembers growing up in the company community and how families forged deep bonds. She attended the Lorenzo De Zavala Elementary School, the Baytown Mexican School that was originally funded by the Humble Oil and Refinery Company. Through the music program at the Baytown Mexican School, Martinez was able to travel the country as a player in the group La Tipica. She talks about the development of the Baytown Mexican School and how it served as the first ESL program. Martinez also discusses the role that Dr. Antonio Bañuelos played in the development of La Tipica, how La Tipica was portrayed as an "authentic" Mexican group from Jalisco, how she had to act like she did not know English while traveling throughout the nation, the Mexican musicians she encountered during her involvement in La Tipica, and how this female music group played for WWII bond drives at the behest of the Humble Oil and Refinery Company. Martinez addresses the role of Mexican celebrations, Baytown Mexican School's role in the creation of Felix Tijerina's Little School of 400, how she petitioned the U.S. government for the creation of flood insurance and government flood monies after she lost her home in Baytown, and how she assisted her niece, Eugenia Rios, in establishing a historical marker for the Lorenzo De Zavala Elementary School.

Physical Description

7 video recordings (1 hr., 52 min., 4 sec.) : sd., col. ; digital

Subjects

Keywords

University of North Texas Libraries Browse Structure

Source

  • https://crbb.tcu.edu/interviews/interview-with-elvira-martinez

Language

Item Type

Identifier

Unique identifying numbers for this video in the Portal or other systems.

Collections

This video is part of the following collection of related materials.

Civil Rights in Black and Brown

Based at TCU, the Civil Rights in Black and Brown (CRBB) Oral History Project collects, interprets, and disseminates oral history interviews of the brown and black freedom struggles in Texas.

What responsibilities do I have when using this video?

When

Dates and time periods associated with this video.

Creation Date

  • July 20, 2016

Added to The Portal to Texas History

  • March 27, 2018, 9:33 a.m.

Description Last Updated

  • June 11, 2018, 11:36 a.m.

Usage Statistics

When was this video last used?

Yesterday: 0
Past 30 days: 1
Total Uses: 184

Where

Geographical information about where this video originated or about its content.

Map Information

  • map marker Place Name coordinates. (May be approximate.)
  • Repositioning map may be required for optimal printing.

Help Map this Video

Tell us if you know the precise location of this item. In the lower-left corner of map below, select either the pin () or the box (). Drop a pin or drag to create a new rectangle. Zoom and Pan the map as needed.

Mapped Locations

Interact With This Video

Here are some suggestions for what to do next.

Watch This Video

Enriquez, Sandra & Martinez, Elvira. Oral History Interview with Elvira Martinez, July 20, 2016, video, July 20, 2016; (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth987514/: accessed December 9, 2022), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting TCU Mary Couts Burnett Library.

Back to Top of Screen