Civil Rights in Black and Brown - 521 Matching Results

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Oral History Interview with A.C. Jaime, July 2, 2015

Description: Interview with A.C. Jaime, an accountant from McAllen, Texas. Jaime was the first Mexican-American mayor of Pharr, Texas. In his interview, Jaime discusses his early life, education, political and professional career, the riots in Pharr, and race relations in the Rio Grande Valley
Date: July 2, 2015
Creator: Jaime, A. C.; Enriquez, Sandra & Robles, David
Partner: TCU Mary Couts Burnett Library

Oral History Interview with Abel Bosquez, June 8, 2016

Description: Basquez was raised in the Panhandle and joined the Marines as a young man. Upon returning, the settled in Amarillo and eventually obtained a job at Pantex. At Pantex, he became invovled with Union organizating and evetnually became an organizer lobbying in Washington DC. From there, he began joining other ogranizations such as LULAC to raise scolarship money as well as to promote voter regestration. He ran for State Representative in Amarillo three times.
Date: June 8, 2016
Creator: Bosquez, Abel; Wisely, Karen & Zapata, Joel
Partner: TCU Mary Couts Burnett Library

Oral History Interview with Addie Walker, July 29, 2016

Description: Ms. Walker grew up Raywood, Texas which is a unincorporated town of a few hundred people. She was born in 1943 in Liberty County. Walker discussed the Black neighborhood she grew up in and changes in Raywood over time. Walker described her experiences attending segregated schools including the quality of resources and instruction. Walker also discussed the role of colorism in the community. Walker described a divide between some Black children and Creole children based on color. Walker left Raywood to attend Prairie View and returned to Raywood. Walker has taught in Raywood schools for 52 years. Walker also discusses how segregation operated in such a small town. She described a more positive Black-White relations during segregation in comparison to how others described race relations in surrounding areas.
Date: July 29, 2016
Creator: Howard, Jasmin & Walker, Addie
Partner: TCU Mary Couts Burnett Library

Oral History Interview with Adela Vasquez, July 16, 2016

Description: Adela Vasquez was born (1949) and raised in Odessa, Texas. Her family was able to move to the Anglo area of West Odessa when she was a child. Vasquez attended the predominantly Anglo School, Zavala Elementary. She later went to Ector High School, where she graduated in 1967. Vasquez attended Odessa College, where she met her husband Gilbert Vasquez, and then attended Texas Tech University. Vasquez also obtained an MA degree in psychology at Texas Tech University. Vasquez held various leadership positions in Ector County ISD and Region 18.
Date: July 16, 2016
Creator: Wisely, Karen; Zapata, Joel & Vasquez, Adela
Partner: TCU Mary Couts Burnett Library

Oral History Interview with Agustin Loredo, July 15, 2016

Description: Agustin Loredo was born in Baytown, Texas in 1974 and comes from a family with long ties to the area. In the 1930s, several family members, including his father, were repatriated even though they were U.S. citizens. Loredo grew up with stories (that he later researched as a college student at UH) about the vibrant Mexican American community in Baytown, including stories of fiestas patrias and Guadalupe Church, the hub for the community. In 1996, he attended the University of Houston, where he enrolled in courses taught by the Center for Mexican American Studies (CMAS). These courses sparked his interest in the culture, history, and eventually encouraged his community involvement. After he spent some time in Austin, he returned to Baytown in the early 2000s. After the Luis Alfonso Torres police incident in 2002, Loredo met Fred Aguilar, and became involved in the marches and protests that followed. Loredo witnessed the coalition of African Americans and Latinos to help the youth of Baytown. He then became a member of the West Baytown Homeowners Association and a board member for the Promise Center (led by Aguilar). A teacher at South Houston High School, he is an advocate for Mexican American Studies not only in his school but also across the state of Texas. Loredo also joined the Librotraficante Caravan to Tucson in (2012 or 2013). He currently serves as a board member for the Goose Creek Independent School District, where he is an advocate for the Latino student population and has led several efforts, including the naming of schools after community heroes and the institution of ethnic studies classes.
Date: July 15, 2016
Creator: Enriquez, Sandra; Rodriguez, Samantha & Loredo, Agustin
Partner: TCU Mary Couts Burnett Library

Oral History Interview with Al and Larneatha Bowdre, July 14, 2015

Description: Interview with Al and Larneatha Bowdre, retired couple from Prairie View, Texas. Mr. and Mrs. Bowdre discuss their childhood experiences, education, and raising their family in Texas. Mr. Bowdre also discusses his work as a volunteer firefighter.
Date: July 14, 2015
Creator: Bowdre, Al; Bowdre, Larneatha; Acuña-Gurrola, Moisés & Bynum, Katherine
Partner: TCU Mary Couts Burnett Library

Oral History Interview with Alcadio Zamudio, July 1, 2015

Description: Interview with Alcadio Zamudio, from Weslaco, Texas. In his interview, Mr. Zamudio discusses his background, attending the University of Wisconsin, organizing in Wisconsin among migrant workers, La Raza Unida in Wisconsin, the Pharr, Texas riot, and other topics related to Chicano rights and political activity.
Date: July 1, 2015
Creator: Enriquez, Sandra; Robles, David & Zamudio, Alcadio
Partner: TCU Mary Couts Burnett Library

Oral History Interview with Alejandro Perez, July 14, 2016

Description: Perez talked about his life as a migrant worker and working in a cannery. Supporting the walkouts in Uvalde was his first political march. He also participated in voter registration drives at Texas A&I. Mr. Perez also discusses his time working with the La Raza Unida Party in Crystal City.
Date: July 14, 2016
Creator: Sinta, Vinicio; Arionus, Steve & Perez, Alejandro
Partner: TCU Mary Couts Burnett Library

Oral History Interview with Alford Littleton, July 9, 2016

Description: Alford Littleton was born in Corvell County, Texas. His family briefly moved to California then returned to Texas when moving to Odessa during the 1950s. Littleton attended segregated schools while in Odessa and graduated valedictorian from Blackshear High School. Littleton attended the University of Texas at Austin for two years, but he returned to Odessa to work and raise a family. In Odessa, Littleton became the first African American to work within Shell’s refinery lab. He later started his own engineering testing company in Dallas, Texas—the first such company in Dallas owned by an African American.
Date: July 9, 2016
Creator: Wisely, Karen; Zapata, Joel & Littleton, Alford
Partner: TCU Mary Couts Burnett Library

Oral History Interview with Alfredo Santos on July 4, 2016.

Description: Alfredo Santos was born in southern California; after spending the first years of his life attending schools there, he moved to Uvalde and started attending schools there. While he had some awareness of disparities and the strains in relations between Anglos and Mexican Americans, he became politicized while attending high school. He joined the local chapter of MAYO, led by Amaro Cardona and Rogelio Muñoz, and was involved in their early direct action activities, including protests against police brutality and their efforts to instill ethnic pride among Mexican American students. While he was no longer attending school, he supported the 1970 walkout. Santos later moved to California and went to college there, majoring in economics at UCLA. While in California, his activism turned to farm workers' struggle (and in the interview he suggested this was his main interest). The next decades, Santos worked in a variety of jobs in different places; upon returning to Texas, he created a network of bilingual publications named La Voz -- one of which was based in Uvalde. Santos currently runs La Voz in Austin and is highly involved in Chicano politics across Texas.
Date: July 4, 2016
Creator: Sinta, Vinicio & Santos, Alfredo
Partner: TCU Mary Couts Burnett Library

Oral History Interview with Alice Valdez, June 14, 2016

Description: Alice E. Valdez was born in El Paso, and grew up in a middle class, Anglo and Mexican American community. She discusses her father's WWII experience to detail. Ms. Valdez was involved in the arts from an early age through church groups and in school activities. She attended the University of Texas at El Paso where she was part of the band and graduated with a degree in music. She recalled the 1966 Texas Western College (name prior to UTEP) NCAA Basketball Championship during her college experience. Upon graduation, Ms. Valdez moved with her husband to Atlanta for his military service. She moved to Houston in 1971. Due to her arts background, she became involved in creating arts programs for children and subsequently founded the Multicultural Education Counseling through the Arts Center, (MECA).
Date: June 14, 2016
Creator: Enriquez, Sandra; Rodriguez, Samantha & Valdez, Alice
Partner: TCU Mary Couts Burnett Library

Oral History Interview with Alicia Chacon, July 25, 2016

Description: Interview with Alicia Chacon, the first Mexican-American woman to be elected as a city council representative from El Paso, Texas. She was also elected to the school board and as county clerk. Chacon discusses her community involvement and political career, including working in the Jimmy Carter administration.
Date: July 25, 2015
Creator: Chacon, Alicia; Enriquez, Sandra & Robles, David
Partner: TCU Mary Couts Burnett Library

Oral History Interview with Alonso Martinez on July 29, 2016

Description: Alonso speaks about growing up in San Felipe and the segregated nature of Del Rio generally. He also speaks a great deal about migrant farm work and following the seasonal harvest. He speaks about his time in the West Texas cotton fields and speaking Spanish in Anglo schools out in West Texas. He talks a little bit about the 1969 Palm Sunday march--he wasn't a participant but he talks about the march. He also talks about the importance of education he received from Bambi Cardenas and Aurelio Montemayor who were both educators at San Felipe in the late 1960s. All in all, this is a great interview that has tons of useful information on Del Rio, San Felipe, and Alonso's life story.
Date: July 29, 2016
Creator: Arionus, Steve & Martinez, Alonso
Partner: TCU Mary Couts Burnett Library

Oral History Interview with Alpha Omega (Faye) Jones, July 12, 2016

Description: Ms. Jones was born in Trinity, Texas. Her parents were educators, and she moved a lot as a child following them to different schools. When she graduated from high school in Conroe at Booker T. Washington, she briefly attended TSU. After a time in Michigan, she eventually began a career with the postal service in Houston, where she retired from a management position. In her interview, Ms. Jones describes segregation in Cleveland and Conroe, Texas, her educational career, her experiences in the north as compared to Texas, her career with the postal service and discrimination on the job, the current status of race relations in Conroe and efforts to reinvigorate the alumni association for Booker T. Washington school.
Date: July 12, 2016
Creator: Howard, Jasmin & Jones, Alpha Omega (Faye)
Partner: TCU Mary Couts Burnett Library

Oral History Interview with Alphonso Saenz, July 22, 2015

Description: Interview with Al Saenz, a city councilman from Bryan, Texas. In the interview, Saenz discusses his family background, civil rights organizations and the Mexican-American community in Bryan. Saenz also discusses time living in Houston during his childhood.
Date: July 22, 2015
Creator: Saenz, Alphonso & Acuña-Gurrola, Moisés
Partner: TCU Mary Couts Burnett Library

Oral History Interview with Alphonso Vaughn, June 22, 2016

Description: Alphonso Vaughn was born and raised in Amarillo, Texas. He lived through the integration of local schools as a high school student. From Amarillo, he entered the military and then attending the University of Oklahoma and the University of Texas. Upon his return to Amarillo, Vaughn helped start the city’s Juneteenth Celebration along with various civil rights and cultural organizations. He served five, two year terms as president of Amarillo’s NAACP. Since then, he has served as a Potter County Commissioner.
Date: June 22, 2016
Creator: Zapata, Joel & Vaughn, Alphonso
Partner: TCU Mary Couts Burnett Library

Oral History Interview with Amy Boykin, July 9, 2015

Description: Interview with Amy Boykin, retired educator from Prairie View, Texas. She discusses her childhood in Prairie View, her education, her employment at Bishop College and McKinney schools, experiences with racial discrimination in Texas, and her activism.
Date: July 9, 2015
Creator: Boykin, Amy & Bynum, Katherine
Partner: TCU Mary Couts Burnett Library

Oral History Interview with Andrew Hernandez, June 8, 2016

Description: Mr. Hernandez was raised in San Antonio, spending most of his formative years in the east side. While young, he became involved in local politics, working for several high profile campaigns, including State Senator Joe Bernal. He studied political science in Trinity University; at a very young age, he was offered the opportunity to work as the first Research Director for SVREP. He collected data and worked with MALDEF and SVREP attorneys to combat voting discrimination in Texas. In 1980, he ran Ted Kennedy's presidential campaign in the southwest. After the death of Willie Velasquez, he took the reins of SVREP. He returned to partisan politics later on, working with the Democratic Party. In addition to his account of his work in San Antonio politics and SVREP, Mr. Hernandez talks about the Mexican American and the broader "Latino/a" vote and the role of these constituencies in national electoral politics.
Date: June 8, 2016
Creator: Sinta, Vinicio & Hernandez, Andrew
Partner: TCU Mary Couts Burnett Library

Oral History Interview with Andrew Melontree, June 22, 2015

Description: Interview with Andrew Melontree, a retired lawyer from Marlin, Texas. Melontree discusses his upbringing, education, experiences with discrimination and Jim Crow, his military service in the Air Force in the Korean War, his work as a laboratory technician, and his civil rights activism in Tyler.
Date: June 22, 2015
Creator: Melontree, Andrew & Bynum, Katherine
Partner: TCU Mary Couts Burnett Library

Oral History Interview with Anita Carmona-Harrison, June 24, 2016

Description: Maria Anita Carmona Harrison was born and raised in Lubbock, Texas. She grew up in the city’s Guadalupe neighborhood, and she attended an all “Mexican” school before entering integrated schools in Lubbock. After graduating from Lubbock High School, Carmona Harrison earned a degree in elementary education from Texas Tech University —becoming the first Chicana educated entirely in Lubbock public schools to graduate from the university. She taught in several Lubbock schools.
Date: June 24, 2016
Creator: Carmona-Harrison, Anita; Wisely, Karen & Zapata, Joel
Partner: TCU Mary Couts Burnett Library