Marfa, Diversity in the Desert - Browse

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My Land, My Heritage, My Hope

Description: Paper submitted to the Junior Historical Society state writing contest held by the Texas State Historical Society, discussing historical landmarks, landscape, and people of Marfa. This written speech accompanied photographic slides (noted in the text with slide numbers).
Date: 1969
Creator: Edwards, Nancy
Partner: Marfa Public Library

[Longhorn cattle in Big Bend]

Description: Photograph of three longhorns in Big Bend ranch, standing in a fenced area in front of a desert area with a mountain in the background. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "His [Don Milton Faver's] entire herd of three hundred cattle was run off by the Indians, leaving him with only thirty or forty calves which were in a corral. From this meager beginning, he built a second herd of ten to twenty thousand" (p. 6).
Date: 1969~
Creator: Edwards, Nancy
Partner: Marfa Public Library

[Fort Leaton ruins in Big Bend]

Description: Photograph of a stone or adobe building that is part of the ruins of Fort Leaton ("El Fortin"), near Rio Grande, Texas. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "Ben Leaton sold guns and ammunition to the Indians to kill the immigrants on the wagon trains. He then gave aid and shelter to the same immigrants at 'El Fortin.' He was called the 'Noble Desperado'" (p. 4).
Date: 1968
Creator: Edwards, Nancy
Partner: Marfa Public Library

[Big Bend landscape with mountains and trees]

Description: Photograph of a desert landscape in the Big Bend area, including trees and bushes with mountains in the background. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "The Big Bend really began to open up when in 1882 the Southern Pacific Railroad planned to lay rails through Ft. Davis on its way to the ocean. The city fathers didn't want the noise of the trains to disturb their beautiful, quiet town, and the plan was revised so the tracks would be laid twenty-five miles south" (p. 6).
Date: 1969
Partner: Marfa Public Library

[Big Bend desert landscape containing bushes and mountains]

Description: Photograph of wildflowers and grasses in a canyon near Presidio County, Texas. There is a large bush of pink wildflowers in the foreground with green grasses and bushes behind. A rocky mountain range features prominently in the background and extends the width of the photograph. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "Bluebonnets, our State flower, and sage bloom early in the year-round warmth in the Big Bend Park on the Rio Grande" (p. 2).
Date: 1969
Partner: Marfa Public Library

[Big Bend landscape with tractors]

Description: Photograph of farm fields in front of a mountain range, located in the Big Bend area. Several tractors and wagons are visible on dirt roads around the fields and desert scrub is visible in the foreground. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "The two to three hundred acres behind the mission have been given the title of 'the oldest piece of land continuously used for farming in North America'" (p. 4).
Date: 1969
Partner: Marfa Public Library

[Big Bend landscape with unidentified mountain peak]

Description: Photograph of a desert landscape in the Big Bend area with a prominent mountain in the center. A dirt road is visible in the foreground as well as an unidentified building. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "The city fathers didn't want the noise of the trains to disturb their beautiful, quiet town, and the plan was revised so the tracks would be laid twenty-five miles south" (p. 6).
Date: 1969
Partner: Marfa Public Library

[Carolina Borunda Humphries]

Description: Photograph of Carolina Borunda Humphries cooking on a wood stove at The Old Borunda cafe. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "Carolina Borunda Humphries has cooked on her wood stove in the kitchen at 'The Old Borunda' for many years. This restaurant has been in the Borunda family for three generations" (p. 13).
Date: 1969
Partner: Marfa Public Library

[Car and set from movie Giant]

Description: Photograph of a set from the movie, "Giant" including the front of a stone mansion with a car parked in front. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "The house used for the shooting still stands in the pasture where it was put together nearly fourteen years ago" (p. 12).
Date: 1969
Partner: Marfa Public Library

[American and Texas flags]

Description: Photograph of a flagpole, viewed from the ground looking up with an American flag at the top and a Texas state flag below. A cloudy sky is visible above the pole. The image accompanied the conclusion of a written speech, with the caption: "To those who would protest the American life of challenge and accomplishment, I would remind them, our land has never been easy. [...] The land is rich, not only in landscape, but also in the heritage of those who have tried to tame it. This is My Land, My Heritage, My Hope" (p. 14)
Date: 1969
Partner: Marfa Public Library

[Big Bend cave painting]

Description: Photograph of a Big Bend cave painting that includes a picture of a cave buffalo in the upper-left quadrant, a small picture of a buffalo in the upper-right quadrant, and a picture of a caveman in the lower-left corner of the photograph. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "The climate changed, and food shortages caused the Jumanos to become buffalo hunters, as evidenced by this cave painting" (p. 3).
Date: 1969
Partner: Marfa Public Library

[Close up of Big Bend desert mountain]

Description: Photograph of a large, rocky hill in a desert landscape in the Big Bend area. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "[According to an] Indian legend [...] After the heavens, the earth, and the living creatures had been shaped, the Great Spirit had a great accumulation of rocks and stony material left over. Even the Evil Spirit refused the pile, and so it became the mighty Big Bend of Texas" (p. 1).
Date: 1969
Partner: Marfa Public Library

[Carving of dinosaur]

Description: Photograph of a statue artifact in the shape of a dinosaur. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "Early man, who created these artifacts, entered West Texas while the mammoth roamed free" (p. 2).
Date: 1969
Partner: Marfa Public Library

[Marfa billboard]

Description: Photograph of a billboard at the side of the road welcoming golfers to Marfa, Texas. The billboard has an image with a golfer, golf cart, and hold, with the text "Welcome to Marfa. Relax & Play the Highest Golf Course in Texas (Elevation 4882 Ft.), Bent Greens, Bermuda Fairways. Entrance to Big Bend National Park." A smaller sign underneath says "July 4-14, 1967." The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "The golf course is one of the best in the state and encourages young golfers to pursue their interests" (p. 12).
Date: 1969~
Creator: Edwards, Nancy
Partner: Marfa Public Library

[Hunter Gymnasium at Marfa High School]

Description: Photograph of several unidentified students gathering near the Hunter Gymnasium at Marfa High School. There is a flag pole with the American flag and another flag in front of the building. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "The students themselves take pride in their town by winning awards in nearly all activities. Junior Historians are creating a museum to honor their founders" (pp. 12-13).
Date: 1969
Creator: Edwards, Nancy
Partner: Marfa Public Library

[Three students in sweatshirts]

Description: Photograph of three unidentified male Marfa students wearing hooded sweatshirts and sweatpants. Two of the students' sweatshirts have logos with the text "Marfa Shorthorns." The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "Besides football, basketball, tennis, and golf wins, several members of the track team have gone on to higher competition" (p. 13).
Date: 1969
Creator: Edwards, Nancy
Partner: Marfa Public Library

[Outskirts of Marfa]

Description: Photograph of the town of Marfa taken from a distance. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "Marfa's twenty-five hundred citizens are a blend of three ethnic groups" (p. 13).
Date: 1969
Creator: Edwards, Nancy
Partner: Marfa Public Library

[Craggy desert landscape in Big Bend]

Description: Photograph of a rocky desert landscape in Big Bend near Marfa, Texas. The landscape has sparse grasses and weeds; two hilltops are visible in the top right corner of the image. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "[John W.] Spencer tried horse and cattle raising, but because of Indians, failed" (p. 4).
Date: 1969
Creator: Edwards, Nancy
Partner: Marfa Public Library

[Windmill and ruins in Big Bend]

Description: Photograph of a windmill on top of a small fort in Big Bend. Various sparse bushes surround it and a rocky hillside is to the right of the fort. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "The presence of a United States Army fort in the Big Bend encouraged more settlers to ranch" (p. 5).
Date: 1969
Creator: Edwards, Nancy
Partner: Marfa Public Library

[Students with instruments]

Description: Photograph of five Marfa High School students posing together in front of soundproofed walls; three in the front and two in the back. They are identified from left to right as: Beverly Webb (holding a sheaf of papers), Mark Covington (holding a euphonium), Marfa Gene LaLanne (holding a saxaphone), Delma Gonzales (holding papers or another instrument) and Gene Dempsey (holding a trumpet). The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "The band members work many extra hours in perfecting their marching and concert material for contests" (p. 13).
Date: Autumn 1968
Creator: Edwards, Nancy
Partner: Marfa Public Library

[Ranch home in Big Bend]

Description: Photograph of the front of the Cibolo ranch home in Presidio, surrounded by desert trees and landscape. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "The first Anglo-American rancher in the Big Bend was Don Milton Faver. He established three ranch headquarters when he came in 1857. His first cattle were Mexican longhorns which he branded with a 'lazy F' on the left hip " (pp. 5-6).
Date: 1969
Creator: Edwards, Nancy
Partner: Marfa Public Library

[Coffield Park]

Description: Photograph of the swimming pool and surrounding areas of Coffield Park, in Marfa, Texas. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "Marfa citizens are very proud of their youth and realize that young people are the future of our country. Marfa citizens provide several facilities for warm weather enjoyment. The Marfa Lions Club takes care of the public pool during the summer. Coffield park provides a baseball diamond for Little Leagers" (p. 12).
Date: 1968
Creator: Edwards, Nancy
Partner: Marfa Public Library

[Student writing math problem on chalkboard]

Description: Photograph of a boy writing out a math problem on a chalkboard and another student sitting at a desk, watching him. According to accompanying information, this photo was taken during a session when Cesar Vasquesz, a Marfa High School student was tutoring younger students. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "Junior and senior high school students voluntarily tutor children in arithmetic, science, reading, and physical education without pay. This is a positive study in understanding and selflessness" (pp. 13-14).
Date: 1969
Creator: Edwards, Nancy
Partner: Marfa Public Library