The postcard captions reads: "Firing 4.7” Gun. W. H. Horne Co. El Paso, Tex." The 4.7 inch Field Gun M1906 was designed and issued by the US Army Ordnance Department in 1906. There is no accompanying information to positively identify the troops in the postcard or the exact location of this event. The postcard is addressed to J.R. Teague, Framingham Massachusetts, 114 Hollis Av. The postcard is postmarked El Paso, Texas, February 13, 1918, 2 PM.
Photograph of fancy riding by the U.S. Cavalry. One of the men, who has just completed the jump on an obstacle course, is carrying the banner which designates the 5th Cavalry M Company. In the distant background are the Franklin Mountains. Left of center is Sugarloaf Peak. The Cavalry competition is being held in front of the officer’s quarters in the new Fort Bliss on Lanoria Mesa.
Photograph of the 8th Cavalry playing mounted tug-of-war. Two teams comprised of men and horses have been formed and are set to battle each other in a tug-of-war competition. The postcard was not mailed and has no postmark.
Postcard of soldiers airing beds at a military camp on the border after a storm. Text on the reverse of the postcard reads: "We air our tents every other day and it is some sigh to look across the camp and see them all furled."
Photograph of Ambulance Corps #2 and Field Hospital Corps #2 in Pennsylvania. This postcard is addressed to Miss India McKenzie, 5922 – 457h Avenue SE, (unknown) City. The postcard is postmarked out of Portland, Oregon, 12 July 1917.
This work, presented to the 26th Mexican Federal Congress, focuses on the Mexican oil industry. It details its origins, development, and capital investments. It also notes its production and profitability to the nation. It calls for legislation and nationalization.
Photograph of an army caterpillar tractor pulling heavy artillery through mud. The flatbed wagon has become stuck in the mud. Marines are attempting to get the wagon out of the mud with the assistance of the tractor.
Photograph of an ambulance transporting wounded soldiers from a Mexican battlefield. The field ambulance is carrying four men. Two of the soldiers are laying down on gurneys, while the other two soldiers are sitting upright. One of the soldiers is wearing an arm sling. The words "Maximum 8 Patients" are displayed on the side of the vehicle.
Photograph of an army wagon train crossing the Mexican desert. There are three United States Army supply wagons visible. The supply wagons are being pulled by teams of mules and are guarded by U.S. Soldiers.
This piece provides a firsthand account of the attack on Ciudad Juarez by Villistas and related events, including the American incursion. It also provides information regarding the effects of the battle on El Paso, Texas and includes named civilian casualties. The official American response is also noted.
This piece was written to provide a firsthand account regarding the attack on Ciudad Juárez by Villistas and related events. It also provides information regarding the effects of the battle on El Paso, Texas and includes named civilian casualties. The official American response is also noted. The translation was probably done in the 1970s.
Novel with illustrations consisting of line drawings, photographic reproductions, and cartoons. It provides anecdotal information and interviews as well as a fictionalized account of his life. The work focuses not only on Zapata’s military achievements, but also personal information. Includes text of El Plan de Ayala, Zapata's manifesto on land reform.
This book is an account of Battery A of the Rhode Island National Guard and its activation on June 24, 1916, its travel to the U.S.-Mexico border, its activities until it was mustered out on November 2, 1916. They were stationed at Fort Bliss in El Paso, Texas, and also referred to their site as Camp Pershing. Includes a narrative description of their trip by train, their camp and training activities on the border. Also includes many reproductions of photographs of the troops and sites, cartoons, and a list of personnel.
Photograph of a bayonet drill. The army soldiers are practicing close quarters combat or hand to hand combat in preparation for their bayonet drilling exercises. To the right, bayonet practice dummies wait to test the soldier’s marksmanship. The rifles in this image are M1903 Springfield rifles.
Postcard depicts soldiers performing a bayonet drill. In the photograph, dummy bundles of straw hang from a wooden structure. The soldiers attack the bundles with bayonets. Postcard is addressed to J. R. Teague of Framingham, Massachusetts, 114 Hollis St. Postcard is postmarked from San Antonio, Texas July 6, 1918 at 5:30 P.M.
Aerial view of Camp Cotton, El Paso, Texas. This photograph was taken south to north with the Franklin Mountains in the background. A soldier riding an Indian Motorcycle is visible in the center of the photograph.
Postcard of a U. S. military camp on the U.S. - Mexican border. Two rows of tents are in the forefront; a row of cabins is visible on the right. A variety of miscellaneous items, including wooden boards, fire wood, buckets, barrels and trash cans, are strewn on the ground in between the rows of tents. Soldiers are inside the open-sided tents completing chores.
This short treatise, written in Havana in 1913, espouses the land reform goals and ideals of Emiliano Zapata and the Zapatistas while condemning the regimes of Carranza and Huerta,. It proposes an idealized agrarian society with land held in common and a system of "Escuelas Granjas" or rural schools. He deplores the evils of clericalism, plutocracy, and militarism. The three headings in the document are "Manifiesto al Pueblo Mexicano," "Bases Generales," and "Pensamiento de la Revolución: Como educar al Pueblo para la Nueva Reforma."
Postcard of U.S. soldiers from the Punitive Expedition exploring China Town in Colonia Dublan, a Mormon colony in Mexico. General John J. Pershing established his headquarters at Colinia Dublan for the duration of the expedition. Groups of soldiers converse with one another as they stop at individual tents and huts. In the far distance, a wagon is traveling away from the town.
Provides an account of the personal conflict felt by the author regarding the Mexican Revolution and the ensuing reign of Venustiano Carranza. The pamphlet calls for an end to caudillos; however, it is sympathetic to Villa. Although written during Chocano’s travels to New Orleans, it was published in El Paso, Texas.
Postcard of a destroyed building in Juarez, Mexico during the Mexican Revolution. Bullet holes cover the exterior of the building. All of the windows have been destroyed, the roof no longer exists, and heavy smoke damage from a fire is evident.
First book edition of the most famous novel of the Mexican Revolution. It appeared first a serial within a local newspaper, El Paso del Norte, but later was issued as a single work. It was published in El Paso where the author resided in exile. Subsequent editions are quite different from this first version.
This government-produced work discusses land reform and tenure in Mexico. Completed on December 15th, 1914, the second part of this pamphlet outlines Rouaix and Novelo’s agrarian recommendations to the “First chief of the Constitutional Army, Charged with the Executive of the Nation,” Venustiano Carranza. Most significant is the call for a return to the ejido system for communal use of lands by villages in an effort to raise national productivity through effective land usage. Includes: Prontuario de las materias que comprende el proyecto de la nueva ley agraria (p. -39).
Postcard of a deceased man. The caption on the postcard indicates that the individual was executed. He appears to have been shot; a pool of blood runs down the sidewalk. Papers are strewn about the body. The feet of onlookers are seen on a doorstep at the top of the postcard.
Photograph of U.S. Ambulance picking up wounded soldiers on a battlefield. Three unidentified soldiers are placing a wounded soldier onto the field gurney also known as a stretcher or litter. This particular field ambulance was specially modified with supporting hooks so that it could transport up to four loaded field gurneys. The unidentified man in the dark suit and wearing the derby hat is most likely a newsman.
Photograph of U.S. cavalry drilling. The group of soldiers is part of the United States First Cavalry Army Division. The 8th man in the formation is holding the Unit’s flag. The flag in this image contains the number 1 on the top part of the flag and the letter E on the lower part of the flag which would make this group of men part of Company E. This postcard is post marked September 11, 1918, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas and was mailed to J.R. Teague of Framingham, Massachusetts, 114 Hollis Avenue.
Aerial photograph of an artillery camp. The two crossed cannons signify that the flags belong to an artillery unit. There is a river in the background with a few people gathered at the river’s edge. There is also an unidentified settlement on the other side of this river.
Postcard of a group of soldiers keeping watch at the customs house in El Paso, Texas. The customs house was located on the U.S. side of the International Bridge, the gateway to and from Mexico. The majority of the soldiers are sitting down with only a few standing. Two soldiers have their rifles slung over their shoulders.
This work provides an account of what the author terms the “heroic defense” of Ciudad Juarez against Pancho Villa’s forces. It also includes correspondence by Villa to the military garrison urging their surrender. Notably, it describes American involvement (and brief incursion into Mexico) and the Mexican embassy’s response to it in El Paso, where the work was published.
Photograph of trenches. Soldiers are wearing gloves and a lone standing soldier, with the clipboard, is wearing an Army issued trench coat. A solider with binoculars is judging the accuracy of the group’s aim.
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