The Mexican Revolution on the Border: Primary Sources from El Paso - Browse

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El Atila del sur

Description: Novel with illustrations consisting of line drawings, photographic reproductions, and cartoons. It provides anecdotal information and interviews as well as a fictionalized account of his life. The work focuses not only on Zapata’s military achievements, but also personal information. Includes text of El Plan de Ayala, Zapata's manifesto on land reform.
Date: 1913
Creator: Ribot, Hector
Item Type: Book
Partner: University of Texas at El Paso

El ataque a Ciudad Juarez y los acontecimientos del 14 al 18 de Junio

Description: This piece provides a firsthand account of the attack on Ciudad Juarez by Villistas and related events, including the American incursion. It also provides information regarding the effects of the battle on El Paso, Texas and includes named civilian casualties. The official American response is also noted.
Date: 1919
Creator: Enciso Durán, Xavier
Item Type: Book
Partner: University of Texas at El Paso

El conflicto personal de la revolución mexicana

Description: Provides an account of the personal conflict felt by the author regarding the Mexican Revolution and the ensuing reign of Venustiano Carranza. The pamphlet calls for an end to caudillos; however, it is sympathetic to Villa. Although written during Chocano’s travels to New Orleans, it was published in El Paso, Texas.
Date: 1914?
Creator: Chocano, José Santos, 1875-1934.
Item Type: Book
Partner: University of Texas at El Paso

Apuntes sobre el petroleo mexicano

Description: This work, presented to the 26th Mexican Federal Congress, focuses on the Mexican oil industry. It details its origins, development, and capital investments. It also notes its production and profitability to the nation. It calls for legislation and nationalization.
Date: [1913]
Creator: Flores Fonseca, Manuel
Item Type: Book
Partner: University of Texas at El Paso

[Camp Scene on the Mexican Border]

Description: Postcard of a U. S. military camp on the U.S. - Mexican border. Two rows of tents are in the forefront; a row of cabins is visible on the right. A variety of miscellaneous items, including wooden boards, fire wood, buckets, barrels and trash cans, are strewn on the ground in between the rows of tents. Soldiers are inside the open-sided tents completing chores.
Date: [1910..1920]
Creator: Horne, Walter H., 1883-1921
Item Type: Postcard
Partner: El Paso Public Library

[Executed Man]

Description: Postcard of a deceased man. The caption on the postcard indicates that the individual was executed. He appears to have been shot; a pool of blood runs down the sidewalk. Papers are strewn about the body. The feet of onlookers are seen on a doorstep at the top of the postcard.
Date: November 19, 1913
Creator: Horne, Walter H., 1883-1921
Item Type: Postcard
Partner: El Paso Public Library

[Military Observation Balloon]

Description: Postcard of a military observation balloon. A group of soldiers and some children surround the balloon and look on as a few individuals secure the balloon to the ground.
Date: [1910..1920]
Creator: Horne, Walter H., 1883-1921
Item Type: Postcard
Partner: El Paso Public Library

[Damaged Building in Juarez, Mexico]

Description: Postcard of a destroyed building in Juarez, Mexico during the Mexican Revolution. Bullet holes cover the exterior of the building. All of the windows have been destroyed, the roof no longer exists, and heavy smoke damage from a fire is evident.
Date: January 18, 1913
Creator: Horne, Walter H., 1883-1921
Item Type: Postcard
Partner: El Paso Public Library

[Guarding the Customs House, El Paso, Texas]

Description: Postcard of a group of soldiers keeping watch at the customs house in El Paso, Texas. The customs house was located on the U.S. side of the International Bridge, the gateway to and from Mexico. The majority of the soldiers are sitting down with only a few standing. Two soldiers have their rifles slung over their shoulders.
Date: [1910..1920]
Creator: Horne, Walter H., 1883-1921
Item Type: Postcard
Partner: El Paso Public Library

Heroica defensa de Ciudad Juárez : la verdad de los hechos, caracter y valor del soldado mexicano; invasión de tropas americanas y su pronta evacuación

Description: This work provides an account of what the author terms the “heroic defense” of Ciudad Juarez against Pancho Villa’s forces. It also includes correspondence by Villa to the military garrison urging their surrender. Notably, it describes American involvement (and brief incursion into Mexico) and the Mexican embassy’s response to it in El Paso, where the work was published.
Date: 1919
Creator: Velasco, Felipe
Item Type: Book
Partner: University of Texas at El Paso

[China Town, Colonia Dublan, Mexico]

Description: Postcard of U.S. soldiers from the Punitive Expedition exploring China Town in Colonia Dublan, a Mormon colony in Mexico. General John J. Pershing established his headquarters at Colinia Dublan for the duration of the expedition. Groups of soldiers converse with one another as they stop at individual tents and huts. In the far distance, a wagon is traveling away from the town.
Date: [1916..1917]
Creator: Horne, Walter H., 1883-1921
Item Type: Postcard
Partner: El Paso Public Library

[Orozco's Sharp Shooters, Juarez, Mexico]

Description: Postcard of a group of insurrecto soldiers in the desert outskirts of Juarez, Mexico, posing for a photograph with their rifles. The caption on the postcard identifies the men as sharp shooters in Orozco's ranks, referring to the revolutionary leader Pascual Orozco. The three men in the first row are not armed.
Date: [1910..1915]
Creator: Horne, Walter H., 1883-1921
Item Type: Postcard
Partner: El Paso Public Library

[Scene of Disorder in Barracks after the Battle of Juarez, Mexico]

Description: Postcard of a group of men and women observing the disarray of personal belongings within a courtyard after the Battle of Juarez. A variety of items, including clothing, blankets, hats, and crates are gathered into one large pile. Horses are in the background, behind the group.
Date: May 1911
Creator: Horne, Walter H., 1883-1921
Item Type: Postcard
Partner: El Paso Public Library

[Uncle Sam's Guests at Fort Bliss, Texas]

Description: Postcard of a family of refugees from the Mexican Revolution held at Fort Bliss, Texas. Two U.S. soldiers and a small group of men and women are behind the children and father. Tents are visible in the upper right hand corner of the postcard. A note on the back of the postcard states that the children strolled into the Perma Division for a visit and food.
Date: [1910..1920]
Creator: Horne, Walter H.
Item Type: Postcard
Partner: El Paso Public Library

El ataque a Ciudad Juárez y los acontecimientos del 14 al 18 de junio. English.

Description: This piece was written to provide a firsthand account regarding the attack on Ciudad Juárez by Villistas and related events. It also provides information regarding the effects of the battle on El Paso, Texas and includes named civilian casualties. The official American response is also noted. The translation was probably done in the 1970s.
Date: 1919
Creator: Enciso Durán, Xavier.
Item Type: Book
Partner: University of Texas at El Paso

Los de Abajo: Novela (cuadros y escenas de la revolución mexicana)

Description: First book edition of the most famous novel of the Mexican Revolution. It appeared first a serial within a local newspaper, El Paso del Norte, but later was issued as a single work. It was published in El Paso where the author resided in exile. Subsequent editions are quite different from this first version.
Date: 1916
Creator: Azuela, Mariano, 1873-1952
Item Type: Book
Partner: University of Texas at El Paso

Estudio sobre la cuestión agraria : proyecto de ley

Description: This government-produced work discusses land reform and tenure in Mexico. Completed on December 15th, 1914, the second part of this pamphlet outlines Rouaix and Novelo’s agrarian recommendations to the “First chief of the Constitutional Army, Charged with the Executive of the Nation,” Venustiano Carranza. Most significant is the call for a return to the ejido system for communal use of lands by villages in an effort to raise national productivity through effective land usage. Includes: Prontuario de las materias que comprende el proyecto de la nueva ley agraria (p. [25]-39).
Date: 1914
Creator: Rouaix, Pastor, 1874-1950. & Novelo, José I.
Item Type: Book
Partner: University of Texas at El Paso

El problema de la tierra

Description: This is a thesis submitted as the professional examination for a law degree at the Universidad Autónoma de México (UNAM). López examines the effects of the Mexican progressive land movement in general, agrarian issues, and problems resulting from the revolution's land concerns, and ends with offered solutions to the “problem of the earth.” He completed the exam on May 4th, 1912.
Date: 1912
Creator: López, Saraim V.
Item Type: Book
Partner: University of Texas at El Paso

El problema agrario en México : la acción del gobierno y la iniciativa individual

Description: Esquivel Obregón wrote this pamphlet as a means of critiquing the Diaz regime’s collusion with major landholders. Esquivel Obregón was considered a progressive and modern in his approach to government. He discusses how landholders were always able to co-opt the gains of different revolutions by swinging laws back into their favor after a return to normalcy.
Date: 1912
Creator: Esquivel Obregón, Toribio, 1864-1946.
Item Type: Book
Partner: University of Texas at El Paso

Mexico. El triunfo de la revolucion o el grito de un pueblo.

Description: This work provides a personal account regarding the author’s struggle against the Diaz regime. It includes as an introduction a letter to Francisco I. Madero, whom the author terms the caudillo of the Mexican Revolution. Includes text of resignations of Porfirio Díaz and Francisco Madero.
Date: 1911
Creator: Illán, Rafael
Item Type: Book
Partner: University of Texas at El Paso

Informe

Description: This governmental report details the state of the union address by Chihuahuan State Governer Abraham González, who held power from 1910-1913. It enumerates the use of taxes, specifically their use in funding schools and telegraph and telephone lines. It also contains a response by the leader of the state legislature.
Date: 1912
Creator: González, Abraham, 1864-1913.
Item Type: Book
Partner: University of Texas at El Paso

The revolution in Mexico.

Description: Printed copy of a speech given by William H. Burges, who was a prominent El Paso lawyer and businessman, in the presence of both Francisco Madero and General Juan Navarro. The speaker urges the audience to support the establishment of Madero’s government in Mexico.
Date: 1911
Creator: Burges, William H. (William Henry), 1867-1946
Item Type: Book
Partner: University of Texas at El Paso