This work, presented to the 26th Mexican Federal Congress, focuses on the Mexican oil industry. It details its origins, development, and capital investments. It also notes its production and profitability to the nation. It calls for legislation and nationalization.
Novel with illustrations consisting of line drawings, photographic reproductions, and cartoons. It provides anecdotal information and interviews as well as a fictionalized account of his life. The work focuses not only on Zapata’s military achievements, but also personal information. Includes text of El Plan de Ayala, Zapata's manifesto on land reform.
This piece provides a firsthand account of the attack on Ciudad Juarez by Villistas and related events, including the American incursion. It also provides information regarding the effects of the battle on El Paso, Texas and includes named civilian casualties. The official American response is also noted.
Provides an account of the personal conflict felt by the author regarding the Mexican Revolution and the ensuing reign of Venustiano Carranza. The pamphlet calls for an end to caudillos; however, it is sympathetic to Villa. Although written during Chocano’s travels to New Orleans, it was published in El Paso, Texas.
Postcard of a U. S. military camp on the U.S. - Mexican border. Two rows of tents are in the forefront; a row of cabins is visible on the right. A variety of miscellaneous items, including wooden boards, fire wood, buckets, barrels and trash cans, are strewn on the ground in between the rows of tents. Soldiers are inside the open-sided tents completing chores.
Postcard of a deceased man. The caption on the postcard indicates that the individual was executed. He appears to have been shot; a pool of blood runs down the sidewalk. Papers are strewn about the body. The feet of onlookers are seen on a doorstep at the top of the postcard.
Postcard of a destroyed building in Juarez, Mexico during the Mexican Revolution. Bullet holes cover the exterior of the building. All of the windows have been destroyed, the roof no longer exists, and heavy smoke damage from a fire is evident.
Postcard of a group of soldiers keeping watch at the customs house in El Paso, Texas. The customs house was located on the U.S. side of the International Bridge, the gateway to and from Mexico. The majority of the soldiers are sitting down with only a few standing. Two soldiers have their rifles slung over their shoulders.
This work provides an account of what the author terms the “heroic defense” of Ciudad Juarez against Pancho Villa’s forces. It also includes correspondence by Villa to the military garrison urging their surrender. Notably, it describes American involvement (and brief incursion into Mexico) and the Mexican embassy’s response to it in El Paso, where the work was published.
Postcard of U.S. soldiers from the Punitive Expedition exploring China Town in Colonia Dublan, a Mormon colony in Mexico. General John J. Pershing established his headquarters at Colinia Dublan for the duration of the expedition. Groups of soldiers converse with one another as they stop at individual tents and huts. In the far distance, a wagon is traveling away from the town.
Postcard of a group of insurrecto soldiers in the desert outskirts of Juarez, Mexico, posing for a photograph with their rifles. The caption on the postcard identifies the men as sharp shooters in Orozco's ranks, referring to the revolutionary leader Pascual Orozco. The three men in the first row are not armed.
Postcard of a group of men and women observing the disarray of personal belongings within a courtyard after the Battle of Juarez. A variety of items, including clothing, blankets, hats, and crates are gathered into one large pile. Horses are in the background, behind the group.
Postcard of a family of refugees from the Mexican Revolution held at Fort Bliss, Texas. Two U.S. soldiers and a small group of men and women are behind the children and father. Tents are visible in the upper right hand corner of the postcard. A note on the back of the postcard states that the children strolled into the Perma Division for a visit and food.
This piece was written to provide a firsthand account regarding the attack on Ciudad Juárez by Villistas and related events. It also provides information regarding the effects of the battle on El Paso, Texas and includes named civilian casualties. The official American response is also noted. The translation was probably done in the 1970s.
First book edition of the most famous novel of the Mexican Revolution. It appeared first a serial within a local newspaper, El Paso del Norte, but later was issued as a single work. It was published in El Paso where the author resided in exile. Subsequent editions are quite different from this first version.
This government-produced work discusses land reform and tenure in Mexico. Completed on December 15th, 1914, the second part of this pamphlet outlines Rouaix and Novelo’s agrarian recommendations to the “First chief of the Constitutional Army, Charged with the Executive of the Nation,” Venustiano Carranza. Most significant is the call for a return to the ejido system for communal use of lands by villages in an effort to raise national productivity through effective land usage. Includes: Prontuario de las materias que comprende el proyecto de la nueva ley agraria (p. -39).
This is a thesis submitted as the professional examination for a law degree at the Universidad Autónoma de México (UNAM). López examines the effects of the Mexican progressive land movement in general, agrarian issues, and problems resulting from the revolution's land concerns, and ends with offered solutions to the “problem of the earth.” He completed the exam on May 4th, 1912.
Esquivel Obregón wrote this pamphlet as a means of critiquing the Diaz regime’s collusion with major landholders. Esquivel Obregón was considered a progressive and modern in his approach to government. He discusses how landholders were always able to co-opt the gains of different revolutions by swinging laws back into their favor after a return to normalcy.
This work provides a personal account regarding the author’s struggle against the Diaz regime. It includes as an introduction a letter to Francisco I. Madero, whom the author terms the caudillo of the Mexican Revolution. Includes text of resignations of Porfirio Díaz and Francisco Madero.
This governmental report details the state of the union address by Chihuahuan State Governer Abraham González, who held power from 1910-1913. It enumerates the use of taxes, specifically their use in funding schools and telegraph and telephone lines. It also contains a response by the leader of the state legislature.
Printed copy of a speech given by William H. Burges, who was a prominent El Paso lawyer and businessman, in the presence of both Francisco Madero and General Juan Navarro. The speaker urges the audience to support the establishment of Madero’s government in Mexico.
Book containing short essays (sometimes anonymous) on the theme of revolutionary politics, many works relating to Francisco Madero, the Mexican president who was assassinated in 1913. Notably, it was published in El Paso, Texas by supporters in exile.
This short treatise, written in Havana in 1913, espouses the land reform goals and ideals of Emiliano Zapata and the Zapatistas while condemning the regimes of Carranza and Huerta,. It proposes an idealized agrarian society with land held in common and a system of "Escuelas Granjas" or rural schools. He deplores the evils of clericalism, plutocracy, and militarism. The three headings in the document are "Manifiesto al Pueblo Mexicano," "Bases Generales," and "Pensamiento de la Revolución: Como educar al Pueblo para la Nueva Reforma."
Postcard depicting three soldiers walking through a camp. Snow covers the ground and the tops of structures. The men face the camera. Long icicles have formed at the end of the eves of the wood structure on the right hand side of the image. The postcard was addressed to J.R. Teague, Framingham, Massachusetts, of Hollis Avenue. The back of the postcard reads: “Taken at Fort Yellowstone, Yellowstone, Wyoming”, however the postcard is postmarked: “El Paso, Texas, March 16, 1918, 4:3? PM”.
The caption on the postcard reads: Wounded Cavalry Horses. These two unidentified soldiers are tending to the three wounded horses in this postcard image. All three horses have deep tissue lacerations to their front legs and chest areas that were cause by barbed wire fencing. Apparently the horses were caught up in a stampede of horses. As a result of the stampede, several of the stampeding horses were caught up in the barbed wire fencing.
The postcard caption partially reads: Survivor of the Battle of Carrizal. It seems that the African American sergeant is the recent survivor of the Battle of Carrizal (Metz, Leon, Fort Bliss, page 83). The African American sergeant has three chevrons on his right uniform sleeve and appears to be one of the highest ranking men among this group of men. He is also wearing driver's goggles on his hat. There is no accompanying information given about his identity. The postcard was post marked out of El Paso, Texas, February circa 1915 – 1920 and is addressed to: Mrs. C H Breslin, Union Hotel, Altoona, Pennsylvania.
Aerial photograph of an artillery camp. The two crossed cannons signify that the flags belong to an artillery unit. There is a river in the background with a few people gathered at the river’s edge. There is also an unidentified settlement on the other side of this river.
Photograph of fancy riding by the U.S. Cavalry. One of the men, who has just completed the jump on an obstacle course, is carrying the banner which designates the 5th Cavalry M Company. In the distant background are the Franklin Mountains. Left of center is Sugarloaf Peak. The Cavalry competition is being held in front of the officer’s quarters in the new Fort Bliss on Lanoria Mesa.
Aerial view of Camp Cotton, El Paso, Texas. This photograph was taken south to north with the Franklin Mountains in the background. A soldier riding an Indian Motorcycle is visible in the center of the photograph.
This book is an account of Battery A of the Rhode Island National Guard and its activation on June 24, 1916, its travel to the U.S.-Mexico border, its activities until it was mustered out on November 2, 1916. They were stationed at Fort Bliss in El Paso, Texas, and also referred to their site as Camp Pershing. Includes a narrative description of their trip by train, their camp and training activities on the border. Also includes many reproductions of photographs of the troops and sites, cartoons, and a list of personnel.
Photograph of U.S. Ambulance picking up wounded soldiers on a battlefield. Three unidentified soldiers are placing a wounded soldier onto the field gurney also known as a stretcher or litter. This particular field ambulance was specially modified with supporting hooks so that it could transport up to four loaded field gurneys. The unidentified man in the dark suit and wearing the derby hat is most likely a newsman.
Photograph of Ambulance Corps #2 and Field Hospital Corps #2 in Pennsylvania. This postcard is addressed to Miss India McKenzie, 5922 – 457h Avenue SE, (unknown) City. The postcard is postmarked out of Portland, Oregon, 12 July 1917.
Photograph of Rhode Island artillery at El Paso, Texas. The author of the postcard identified this group of men and equipment as being part of the Rhode Island Artillery group. The Franklin Mountains are in the background; this is part of Fort Bliss is on the Lanoria Mesa.
Postcard of several U.S. Army cavalry members riding dark-colored horses next to a low, wooden fence; several of the horses are jumping over the fence. The caption in the lower-left corner says "Jumping Contest." The postcard was sent from El Paso, Texas and is addressed to "Miss G. M. Horne" in Portland, Maine. Text on the back of the postcard reads: "Dear Gertrude:- Big military tournament here next week - 5000 soldiers; and commencing Oct. 15, a full month of maneuvers by the Division of the Army on the border. All[...] here, Walter."
Postcard of mountain scenery on the border. Postcard of an unidentified group of cavalry soldiers at the base of the Franklin Mountains. Some of the horses appear to be malnourished because their ribs are showing. Perhaps the horses were left to graze in this field. On the right hand side of this postcard three soldiers are looking down towards the ground and appear to be searching for something.
Postcard depicting a group of U.S. soldiers with a flatbed truck. Four solders on the left are moving a soldier lying on a stretcher; two other solders are kneeling in the bed of the truck, which is covered with straw. On the right, two other solders are talking and behind them, and harnessed horses and trees are visible in the background. The butt end of a rifle is visible in a holder next to the driver's side of the truck. The postcard caption at the bottom reads: "Picking up wounded soldiers after the Battle of San Geronimo, Mex. W.H. Horne Co., El Paso, Tex."
Photograph of a caterpillar tractor pulling heavy siege artillery on the Mexican border. According to the caption, this group of U.S. Marines is trying move a piece of siege artillery that has become stuck in the mud.
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