This system will be undergoing maintenance Monday, January 23 from 8:00 AM to 12:00 PM CST.

The Mexican Revolution on the Border: Primary Sources from El Paso - Browse

ABOUT BROWSE FEED

Heroica defensa de Ciudad Juárez : la verdad de los hechos, caracter y valor del soldado mexicano; invasión de tropas americanas y su pronta evacuación

Description: This work provides an account of what the author terms the “heroic defense” of Ciudad Juarez against Pancho Villa’s forces. It also includes correspondence by Villa to the military garrison urging their surrender. Notably, it describes American involvement (and brief incursion into Mexico) and the Mexican embassy’s response to it in El Paso, where the work was published.
Date: 1919
Creator: Velasco, Felipe
Item Type: Book
Partner: University of Texas at El Paso

[China Town, Colonia Dublan, Mexico]

Description: Postcard of U.S. soldiers from the Punitive Expedition exploring China Town in Colonia Dublan, a Mormon colony in Mexico. General John J. Pershing established his headquarters at Colinia Dublan for the duration of the expedition. Groups of soldiers converse with one another as they stop at individual tents and huts. In the far distance, a wagon is traveling away from the town.
Date: [1916..1917]
Creator: Horne, Walter H., 1883-1921
Item Type: Postcard
Partner: El Paso Public Library

[Orozco's Sharp Shooters, Juarez, Mexico]

Description: Postcard of a group of insurrecto soldiers in the desert outskirts of Juarez, Mexico, posing for a photograph with their rifles. The caption on the postcard identifies the men as sharp shooters in Orozco's ranks, referring to the revolutionary leader Pascual Orozco. The three men in the first row are not armed.
Date: [1910..1915]
Creator: Horne, Walter H., 1883-1921
Item Type: Postcard
Partner: El Paso Public Library

[Scene of Disorder in Barracks after the Battle of Juarez, Mexico]

Description: Postcard of a group of men and women observing the disarray of personal belongings within a courtyard after the Battle of Juarez. A variety of items, including clothing, blankets, hats, and crates are gathered into one large pile. Horses are in the background, behind the group.
Date: May 1911
Creator: Horne, Walter H., 1883-1921
Item Type: Postcard
Partner: El Paso Public Library

[Uncle Sam's Guests at Fort Bliss, Texas]

Description: Postcard of a family of refugees from the Mexican Revolution held at Fort Bliss, Texas. Two U.S. soldiers and a small group of men and women are behind the children and father. Tents are visible in the upper right hand corner of the postcard. A note on the back of the postcard states that the children strolled into the Perma Division for a visit and food.
Date: [1910..1920]
Creator: Horne, Walter H.
Item Type: Postcard
Partner: El Paso Public Library

El ataque a Ciudad Juárez y los acontecimientos del 14 al 18 de junio. English.

Description: This piece was written to provide a firsthand account regarding the attack on Ciudad Juárez by Villistas and related events. It also provides information regarding the effects of the battle on El Paso, Texas and includes named civilian casualties. The official American response is also noted. The translation was probably done in the 1970s.
Date: 1919
Creator: Enciso Durán, Xavier.
Item Type: Book
Partner: University of Texas at El Paso

Los de Abajo: Novela (cuadros y escenas de la revolución mexicana)

Description: First book edition of the most famous novel of the Mexican Revolution. It appeared first a serial within a local newspaper, El Paso del Norte, but later was issued as a single work. It was published in El Paso where the author resided in exile. Subsequent editions are quite different from this first version.
Date: 1916
Creator: Azuela, Mariano, 1873-1952
Item Type: Book
Partner: University of Texas at El Paso

Estudio sobre la cuestión agraria : proyecto de ley

Description: This government-produced work discusses land reform and tenure in Mexico. Completed on December 15th, 1914, the second part of this pamphlet outlines Rouaix and Novelo’s agrarian recommendations to the “First chief of the Constitutional Army, Charged with the Executive of the Nation,” Venustiano Carranza. Most significant is the call for a return to the ejido system for communal use of lands by villages in an effort to raise national productivity through effective land usage. Includes: Prontuario de las materias que comprende el proyecto de la nueva ley agraria (p. [25]-39).
Date: 1914
Creator: Rouaix, Pastor, 1874-1950. & Novelo, José I.
Item Type: Book
Partner: University of Texas at El Paso

El problema de la tierra

Description: This is a thesis submitted as the professional examination for a law degree at the Universidad Autónoma de México (UNAM). López examines the effects of the Mexican progressive land movement in general, agrarian issues, and problems resulting from the revolution's land concerns, and ends with offered solutions to the “problem of the earth.” He completed the exam on May 4th, 1912.
Date: 1912
Creator: López, Saraim V.
Item Type: Book
Partner: University of Texas at El Paso

El problema agrario en México : la acción del gobierno y la iniciativa individual

Description: Esquivel Obregón wrote this pamphlet as a means of critiquing the Diaz regime’s collusion with major landholders. Esquivel Obregón was considered a progressive and modern in his approach to government. He discusses how landholders were always able to co-opt the gains of different revolutions by swinging laws back into their favor after a return to normalcy.
Date: 1912
Creator: Esquivel Obregón, Toribio, 1864-1946.
Item Type: Book
Partner: University of Texas at El Paso

Mexico. El triunfo de la revolucion o el grito de un pueblo.

Description: This work provides a personal account regarding the author’s struggle against the Diaz regime. It includes as an introduction a letter to Francisco I. Madero, whom the author terms the caudillo of the Mexican Revolution. Includes text of resignations of Porfirio Díaz and Francisco Madero.
Date: 1911
Creator: Illán, Rafael
Item Type: Book
Partner: University of Texas at El Paso

Informe

Description: This governmental report details the state of the union address by Chihuahuan State Governer Abraham González, who held power from 1910-1913. It enumerates the use of taxes, specifically their use in funding schools and telegraph and telephone lines. It also contains a response by the leader of the state legislature.
Date: 1912
Creator: González, Abraham, 1864-1913.
Item Type: Book
Partner: University of Texas at El Paso

The revolution in Mexico.

Description: Printed copy of a speech given by William H. Burges, who was a prominent El Paso lawyer and businessman, in the presence of both Francisco Madero and General Juan Navarro. The speaker urges the audience to support the establishment of Madero’s government in Mexico.
Date: 1911
Creator: Burges, William H. (William Henry), 1867-1946
Item Type: Book
Partner: University of Texas at El Paso

Madero y sus detractores, por varios maderistas.

Description: Book containing short essays (sometimes anonymous) on the theme of revolutionary politics, many works relating to Francisco Madero, the Mexican president who was assassinated in 1913. Notably, it was published in El Paso, Texas by supporters in exile.
Date: 1917
Item Type: Book
Partner: University of Texas at El Paso

Battery A on the Mexican Border

Description: This book is an account of Battery A of the Rhode Island National Guard and its activation on June 24, 1916, its travel to the U.S.-Mexico border, its activities until it was mustered out on November 2, 1916. They were stationed at Fort Bliss in El Paso, Texas, and also referred to their site as Camp Pershing. Includes a narrative description of their trip by train, their camp and training activities on the border. Also includes many reproductions of photographs of the troops and sites, cartoons, and a list of personnel.
Date: 1916
Creator: Stiness, Henry R.W.
Item Type: Book
Partner: University of Texas at El Paso

[Military Camp in Mexico]

Description: Postcard of a military camp in Mexico. Several adobe structures, which appear to homes, can be seen in the background.
Date: [1910..1920]
Creator: Horne, Walter H., 1883-1921
Item Type: Postcard
Partner: El Paso Public Library

[Field Ambulance]

Description: Photograph of U.S. Ambulance picking up wounded soldiers on a battlefield. Three unidentified soldiers are placing a wounded soldier onto the field gurney also known as a stretcher or litter. This particular field ambulance was specially modified with supporting hooks so that it could transport up to four loaded field gurneys. The unidentified man in the dark suit and wearing the derby hat is most likely a newsman.
Date: [1910..1920]
Creator: Horne, Walter H., 1883-1921
Item Type: Postcard
Partner: El Paso Public Library

[Ambulance Corps]

Description: Photograph of Ambulance Corps #2 and Field Hospital Corps #2 in Pennsylvania. This postcard is addressed to Miss India McKenzie, 5922 – 457h Avenue SE, (unknown) City. The postcard is postmarked out of Portland, Oregon, 12 July 1917.
Date: [1910..1920]
Creator: Horne, Walter H., 1883-1921
Item Type: Postcard
Partner: El Paso Public Library

[Infantry Troops]

Description: Photographs of soldiers marching through sand. Two dogs, in flanking positions, are following the troops.
Date: [1910..1920]
Creator: Horne, Walter H., 1883-1921
Item Type: Postcard
Partner: El Paso Public Library

[Rhode Island Artillery]

Description: Photograph of Rhode Island artillery at El Paso, Texas. The author of the postcard identified this group of men and equipment as being part of the Rhode Island Artillery group. The Franklin Mountains are in the background; this is part of Fort Bliss is on the Lanoria Mesa.
Date: [1910..1920]
Creator: Horne, Walter H., 1883-1921
Item Type: Postcard
Partner: El Paso Public Library

[Camp Stewart]

Description: Photograph of Camp Stuart, which was located on the Mexican Border. In the background are the eastern slopes of the Franklin Mountains.
Date: [1910..1920]
Creator: Horne, Walter H., 1883-1921
Item Type: Postcard
Partner: El Paso Public Library

[Army Ambulances]

Description: Photograph of a U.S. Army Ambulance in Mexico. The driver of the first ambulance is looking directly at the photographer while the driver of the second ambulance appears to be taking a nap.
Date: [1910..1920]
Creator: Horne, Walter H., 1883-1921
Item Type: Postcard
Partner: El Paso Public Library