The Mexican Revolution on the Border: Primary Sources from El Paso - Browse

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Causas de la revolución en México : y como efectuar la paz

Description: This short treatise, written in Havana in 1913, espouses the land reform goals and ideals of Emiliano Zapata and the Zapatistas while condemning the regimes of Carranza and Huerta,. It proposes an idealized agrarian society with land held in common and a system of "Escuelas Granjas" or rural schools. He deplores the evils of clericalism, plutocracy, and militarism. The three headings in the document are "Manifiesto al Pueblo Mexicano," "Bases Generales," and "Pensamiento de la Revolución: Como educar al Pueblo para la Nueva Reforma."
Date: 1915
Creator: Martínez, Paulino
Item Type: Pamphlet
Partner: University of Texas at El Paso

El Atila del sur

Description: Novel with illustrations consisting of line drawings, photographic reproductions, and cartoons. It provides anecdotal information and interviews as well as a fictionalized account of his life. The work focuses not only on Zapata’s military achievements, but also personal information. Includes text of El Plan de Ayala, Zapata's manifesto on land reform.
Date: 1913
Creator: Ribot, Hector
Item Type: Book
Partner: University of Texas at El Paso

Estudio sobre la cuestión agraria : proyecto de ley

Description: This government-produced work discusses land reform and tenure in Mexico. Completed on December 15th, 1914, the second part of this pamphlet outlines Rouaix and Novelo’s agrarian recommendations to the “First chief of the Constitutional Army, Charged with the Executive of the Nation,” Venustiano Carranza. Most significant is the call for a return to the ejido system for communal use of lands by villages in an effort to raise national productivity through effective land usage. Includes: Prontuario de las materias que comprende el proyecto de la nueva ley agraria (p. [25]-39).
Date: 1914
Creator: Rouaix, Pastor, 1874-1950. & Novelo, José I.
Item Type: Book
Partner: University of Texas at El Paso

Battery A on the Mexican Border

Description: This book is an account of Battery A of the Rhode Island National Guard and its activation on June 24, 1916, its travel to the U.S.-Mexico border, its activities until it was mustered out on November 2, 1916. They were stationed at Fort Bliss in El Paso, Texas, and also referred to their site as Camp Pershing. Includes a narrative description of their trip by train, their camp and training activities on the border. Also includes many reproductions of photographs of the troops and sites, cartoons, and a list of personnel.
Date: 1916
Creator: Stiness, Henry R.W.
Item Type: Book
Partner: University of Texas at El Paso

Heroica defensa de Ciudad Juárez : la verdad de los hechos, caracter y valor del soldado mexicano; invasión de tropas americanas y su pronta evacuación

Description: This work provides an account of what the author terms the “heroic defense” of Ciudad Juarez against Pancho Villa’s forces. It also includes correspondence by Villa to the military garrison urging their surrender. Notably, it describes American involvement (and brief incursion into Mexico) and the Mexican embassy’s response to it in El Paso, where the work was published.
Date: 1919
Creator: Velasco, Felipe
Item Type: Book
Partner: University of Texas at El Paso

Madero y sus detractores, por varios maderistas.

Description: Book containing short essays (sometimes anonymous) on the theme of revolutionary politics, many works relating to Francisco Madero, the Mexican president who was assassinated in 1913. Notably, it was published in El Paso, Texas by supporters in exile.
Date: 1917
Item Type: Book
Partner: University of Texas at El Paso