Postcard depicting the Camp Pershing YMCA members in El Paso, Texas. There are 18 individuals standing in a group in front of a wooden structure. The wooden structure has a large sign attached to it that says YMCA. All of the men are wearing uniforms and some are wearing uniform hats.
Postcard depicting a soldier standing among five visible tents in an El Paso, Texas army camp. The soldier wears a uniform and hat. He holds a rifle up against his shoulder. Behind the soldier is a large red building with indistinguishable writing on it. There are also several buildings and a mountain in the distance behind the soldier.
Photograph of 10 visible soldiers in a campsite in Mexico. Some of the men are situated in front of one-person tents. Two of the soldiers are walking around. One soldier is lying down. The soldiers are wearing uniforms. The campsite is surrounded by tall brush and large trees.
Postcard depicting disassembled tents and camp supplies in the desert after a sand storm. In the photograph, some men stand around the campsite and some work to assemble tents. Three covered wagons are visible in the background. The camp is surrounded by flat and treeless land.
Postcard of a U. S. military camp on the U.S. - Mexican border. Two rows of tents are in the forefront; a row of cabins is visible on the right. A variety of miscellaneous items, including wooden boards, fire wood, buckets, barrels and trash cans, are strewn on the ground in between the rows of tents. Soldiers are inside the open-sided tents completing chores.
This short treatise, written in Havana in 1913, espouses the land reform goals and ideals of Emiliano Zapata and the Zapatistas while condemning the regimes of Carranza and Huerta,. It proposes an idealized agrarian society with land held in common and a system of "Escuelas Granjas" or rural schools. He deplores the evils of clericalism, plutocracy, and militarism. The three headings in the document are "Manifiesto al Pueblo Mexicano," "Bases Generales," and "Pensamiento de la Revolución: Como educar al Pueblo para la Nueva Reforma."
Postcard of U.S. soldiers from the Punitive Expedition exploring China Town in Colonia Dublan, a Mormon colony in Mexico. General John J. Pershing established his headquarters at Colinia Dublan for the duration of the expedition. Groups of soldiers converse with one another as they stop at individual tents and huts. In the far distance, a wagon is traveling away from the town.
Provides an account of the personal conflict felt by the author regarding the Mexican Revolution and the ensuing reign of Venustiano Carranza. The pamphlet calls for an end to caudillos; however, it is sympathetic to Villa. Although written during Chocano’s travels to New Orleans, it was published in El Paso, Texas.
Postcard of a destroyed building in Juarez, Mexico during the Mexican Revolution. Bullet holes cover the exterior of the building. All of the windows have been destroyed, the roof no longer exists, and heavy smoke damage from a fire is evident.
First book edition of the most famous novel of the Mexican Revolution. It appeared first a serial within a local newspaper, El Paso del Norte, but later was issued as a single work. It was published in El Paso where the author resided in exile. Subsequent editions are quite different from this first version.
Postcard depicting a drilling infantry on the border. In the photograph, four men in uniform and on horses face a group of soldiers in formation.The area surrounding the group is desert. There are some wooden structures visible in the distance, on the left side of the image.
This government-produced work discusses land reform and tenure in Mexico. Completed on December 15th, 1914, the second part of this pamphlet outlines Rouaix and Novelo’s agrarian recommendations to the “First chief of the Constitutional Army, Charged with the Executive of the Nation,” Venustiano Carranza. Most significant is the call for a return to the ejido system for communal use of lands by villages in an effort to raise national productivity through effective land usage. Includes: Prontuario de las materias que comprende el proyecto de la nueva ley agraria (p. -39).
Postcard of a deceased man. The caption on the postcard indicates that the individual was executed. He appears to have been shot; a pool of blood runs down the sidewalk. Papers are strewn about the body. The feet of onlookers are seen on a doorstep at the top of the postcard.
Photograph of U.S. Ambulance picking up wounded soldiers on a battlefield. Three unidentified soldiers are placing a wounded soldier onto the field gurney also known as a stretcher or litter. This particular field ambulance was specially modified with supporting hooks so that it could transport up to four loaded field gurneys. The unidentified man in the dark suit and wearing the derby hat is most likely a newsman.
Photograph of U.S. cavalry drilling. The group of soldiers is part of the United States First Cavalry Army Division. The 8th man in the formation is holding the Unit’s flag. The flag in this image contains the number 1 on the top part of the flag and the letter E on the lower part of the flag which would make this group of men part of Company E. This postcard is post marked September 11, 1918, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas and was mailed to J.R. Teague of Framingham, Massachusetts, 114 Hollis Avenue.
Aerial photograph of an artillery camp. The two crossed cannons signify that the flags belong to an artillery unit. There is a river in the background with a few people gathered at the river’s edge. There is also an unidentified settlement on the other side of this river.
Postcard depicting General Salazar's prison camp. Six men in uniform are visible on the outside of the fence. One man stands away from the group and holds a gun against his shoulder. Cloth tents are situated behind wire fencing. Larger structures are situated behind the cloth tents in the distance. Mountains are visible in the background.
Postcard of a group of soldiers keeping watch at the customs house in El Paso, Texas. The customs house was located on the U.S. side of the International Bridge, the gateway to and from Mexico. The majority of the soldiers are sitting down with only a few standing. Two soldiers have their rifles slung over their shoulders.
This work provides an account of what the author terms the “heroic defense” of Ciudad Juarez against Pancho Villa’s forces. It also includes correspondence by Villa to the military garrison urging their surrender. Notably, it describes American involvement (and brief incursion into Mexico) and the Mexican embassy’s response to it in El Paso, where the work was published.
Photograph of trenches. Soldiers are wearing gloves and a lone standing soldier, with the clipboard, is wearing an Army issued trench coat. A solider with binoculars is judging the accuracy of the group’s aim.
This governmental report details the state of the union address by Chihuahuan State Governer Abraham González, who held power from 1910-1913. It enumerates the use of taxes, specifically their use in funding schools and telegraph and telephone lines. It also contains a response by the leader of the state legislature.
Postcard depicting the international bridge between El Paso, Texas and Ciudad Juarez, Mexico. Ciudad Juarez is visible in the distance. This image is looking south towards Ciudad Juarez. The bridge spans the Rio Grande River. In the middle of the image is a trolley car. The background of the image shows the Sierra De Juarez mountain range. Agriculture fields are visible in the background.
Postcard of several U.S. Army cavalry members riding dark-colored horses next to a low, wooden fence; several of the horses are jumping over the fence. The caption in the lower-left corner says "Jumping Contest." The postcard was sent from El Paso, Texas and is addressed to "Miss G. M. Horne" in Portland, Maine. Text on the back of the postcard reads: "Dear Gertrude:- Big military tournament here next week - 5000 soldiers; and commencing Oct. 15, a full month of maneuvers by the Division of the Army on the border. All[...] here, Walter."
Book containing short essays (sometimes anonymous) on the theme of revolutionary politics, many works relating to Francisco Madero, the Mexican president who was assassinated in 1913. Notably, it was published in El Paso, Texas by supporters in exile.
This work provides a personal account regarding the author’s struggle against the Diaz regime. It includes as an introduction a letter to Francisco I. Madero, whom the author terms the caudillo of the Mexican Revolution. Includes text of resignations of Porfirio Díaz and Francisco Madero.
Postcard depicting three soldiers walking through a camp. Snow covers the ground and the tops of structures. The men face the camera. Long icicles have formed at the end of the eves of the wood structure on the right hand side of the image. The postcard was addressed to J.R. Teague, Framingham, Massachusetts, of Hollis Avenue. The back of the postcard reads: “Taken at Fort Yellowstone, Yellowstone, Wyoming”, however the postcard is postmarked: “El Paso, Texas, March 16, 1918, 4:3? PM”.
Postcard of a Mountain Howitzer in action. This unidentified artillery team is preparing to fire the Howitzer. The man standing closest to the Howitzer is a non-commissioned officer. The soldiers ranking of Sergeant is noted by the three chevrons on the right upper arm sleeve of his uniform.
Postcard of mountain scenery on the border. Postcard of an unidentified group of cavalry soldiers at the base of the Franklin Mountains. Some of the horses appear to be malnourished because their ribs are showing. Perhaps the horses were left to graze in this field. On the right hand side of this postcard three soldiers are looking down towards the ground and appear to be searching for something.
Postcard of U.S. Soldiers at drill. The Franklin Mountains are in the background. The post card is addressed to J.R. Teague of Framingham, Massachusetts and postmarked out of San Antonio, Texas, 22 June 1918.
The postcard shows two soldiers in uniform overlooking a National Guard Camp in Columbus, New Mexico. One of the men looks through binoculars, and the other holds a rifle over his shoulder. There are some small structures dispersed throughout the camp. There are many large fabric tents and vehicles in the camp. The camp is surrounded by desert with some mountains in the distance.
Postcard of a group of insurrecto soldiers in the desert outskirts of Juarez, Mexico, posing for a photograph with their rifles. The caption on the postcard identifies the men as sharp shooters in Orozco's ranks, referring to the revolutionary leader Pascual Orozco. The three men in the first row are not armed.
This postcard depicts a bullfighting scene in Ciudad Juarez, Mexico. A bull charges towards one of the matadors who is trying to place two colorful sticks, or "banderillas" into the bull. Two other matadors stand on either side of the bull, holding capes. Spectators are visible in the stands. [Text on back of postcard.]
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