Postcard depicting a bullfight in a Ciudad Juarez, Mexico arena. In the photograph, two men in costume wait to bullfight, and one man is directly engaging the bull. People are visible in the stands. Advertisements are visible in both English and Spanish. Postcard was stamped and mailed from El Paso, Texas on April 27, 1915. [Text on back of postcard.]
Postcard depicting a man bullfighting in Juarez, Mexico. There is one assistant helping the bullfighter. In the photograph, the bullfighter rides on a horse as he fights. People are visible in the stands. There are advertisements on the fences in the arena. Over one of the advertisements on the left side of the image, is a tear in the picture.
A postcard depicting two matadors fighting a bull in Mexico. The two matadors face the bull, with one matador raising sticks in the air, and one matador holding a cape. A third matador stands off to the side with a cape. One bull is lying on the ground. People are visible in the stands. [Text on back of postcard.]
A postcard depicting a bullfight in Plaza de Toros, in Ciudad Juarez, Mexico. One matador engages the bull directly. Three other matadors stand away from the bull. A crowd is visible in the stands, with one onlooker reaching out towards the bull. There is advertising in Spanish on the wall surrounding the arena. [Text on back of postcard.]
Postcard depicts a mass grave after a battle. Bodies are lined up next to each other and on top of each other, situated between two dirt walls. Men surround the grave site. Text on the image says: "Burial Scene After the Big Battle." On the back of the postcard, the date says: "Dec. 1, 1913"
Postcard depicts the cremation of bodies in Columbus, New Mexico. The bodies of men are strewn across logs and are charred in places. Men in uniform stand near the bodies. Text on the postcard says: "Burning the Bodies of Dead Bandits at Columbus, N.M."
This postcard depicts a cremation site in Ojinaga, Mexico. Bodies lie on top of cactus and brush. A man wearing a uniform crouches next to the bodies with metal can. Out of the frame, another man stands with only his leg and foot in the picture. [Text on back of postcard.]
The picture depicts the scene of cremated bodies in Columbus, New Mexico. Burned human remains are visible in the image. Torsos and limbs are distinguishable, as well as some clothing. Text on the image says: "Burning the Bodies of Bandits at Columbus, NM."
Aerial view of Camp Cotton, El Paso, Texas. This photograph was taken south to north with the Franklin Mountains in the background. A soldier riding an Indian Motorcycle is visible in the center of the photograph.
Postcard depicting the Camp Pershing YMCA members in El Paso, Texas. There are 18 individuals standing in a group in front of a wooden structure. The wooden structure has a large sign attached to it that says YMCA. All of the men are wearing uniforms and some are wearing uniform hats.
Postcard depicting a soldier standing among five visible tents in an El Paso, Texas army camp. The soldier wears a uniform and hat. He holds a rifle up against his shoulder. Behind the soldier is a large red building with indistinguishable writing on it. There are also several buildings and a mountain in the distance behind the soldier.
A postcard depicting a camp scene in Columbus, New Mexico. A group of soldiers in uniform faces three men in uniform. On the left side of the picture, a soldier holds a rifle. Other soldiers stand inside the entry of the cloth tents in the background. Beds and supplies are visible in the foreground. [Text on back of postcard.]
Photograph of 10 visible soldiers in a campsite in Mexico. Some of the men are situated in front of one-person tents. Two of the soldiers are walking around. One soldier is lying down. The soldiers are wearing uniforms. The campsite is surrounded by tall brush and large trees.
Postcard depicting disassembled tents and camp supplies in the desert after a sand storm. In the photograph, some men stand around the campsite and some work to assemble tents. Three covered wagons are visible in the background. The camp is surrounded by flat and treeless land.
Postcard of a U. S. military camp on the U.S. - Mexican border. Two rows of tents are in the forefront; a row of cabins is visible on the right. A variety of miscellaneous items, including wooden boards, fire wood, buckets, barrels and trash cans, are strewn on the ground in between the rows of tents. Soldiers are inside the open-sided tents completing chores.
The picture shows a cart full of bodies being pulled away. To the right of the cart, a body lies on the ground. A man with a rifle looks away from the camera on the left side of the picture. Another man with a rifle, on the right side, looks towards the cart. Brush is piled in a heap near the cart next to the remains of an adobe structure. [Text on back of postcard.]
This short treatise, written in Havana in 1913, espouses the land reform goals and ideals of Emiliano Zapata and the Zapatistas while condemning the regimes of Carranza and Huerta,. It proposes an idealized agrarian society with land held in common and a system of "Escuelas Granjas" or rural schools. He deplores the evils of clericalism, plutocracy, and militarism. The three headings in the document are "Manifiesto al Pueblo Mexicano," "Bases Generales," and "Pensamiento de la Revolución: Como educar al Pueblo para la Nueva Reforma."
Postcard of U.S. soldiers from the Punitive Expedition exploring China Town in Colonia Dublan, a Mormon colony in Mexico. General John J. Pershing established his headquarters at Colinia Dublan for the duration of the expedition. Groups of soldiers converse with one another as they stop at individual tents and huts. In the far distance, a wagon is traveling away from the town.
This picture shows Colonel H.J. Slocum, the commanding officer of the 13th Calvary Regiment in Columbus, New Mexico. Col. Slocum is the focus of the image. He is dressed in uniform and hat and holds a cigar. To his right, the rear of a motorcycle is shown. In the background there are various wood buildings. There are also two people standing in the background.
Provides an account of the personal conflict felt by the author regarding the Mexican Revolution and the ensuing reign of Venustiano Carranza. The pamphlet calls for an end to caudillos; however, it is sympathetic to Villa. Although written during Chocano’s travels to New Orleans, it was published in El Paso, Texas.
The image shows a fire burning with dark smoke. In the fire, logs are visible as well as human bodies. The area is surrounded by desert. Text on the postcard says: "Cremating Bodies on a Mexican Battlefield."
Postcard of a destroyed building in Juarez, Mexico during the Mexican Revolution. Bullet holes cover the exterior of the building. All of the windows have been destroyed, the roof no longer exists, and heavy smoke damage from a fire is evident.
First book edition of the most famous novel of the Mexican Revolution. It appeared first a serial within a local newspaper, El Paso del Norte, but later was issued as a single work. It was published in El Paso where the author resided in exile. Subsequent editions are quite different from this first version.
The picture shows a field full of dead men. The men in the foreground are lying next to each other in a row, with some of the men stacked on top of each other. Various personal possessions such as hats are on or around the men. On the left bottom side of the picture, a piece of film is torn off.
The picture shows two men situated near a dead body on the ground. One of the men sits atop his horse and looks down. The other man is off of his horse and stands close to the body. The men are dressed in civilian clothes, and the man atop his horse has a rifle.
This picture shows bodies of men lying next to each other in a battlefield. The bodies are arranged in rows, with the personal items of the men nearby such as their hats and coats. The men are surrounded by desert land. Text on the back of the postcard says: "Dead rebels after a battle"
Postcard shows three bodies lying next to each other on a street. People stand on a walkway near the bodies. A person with a bicycle stands to the right side of the bodies in the background. The three bodies all have hats covering their faces. Text on the photo says: "Dead Rebels on a Street in Juarez, Mex."
Postcard depicting a drilling infantry on the border. In the photograph, four men in uniform and on horses face a group of soldiers in formation.The area surrounding the group is desert. There are some wooden structures visible in the distance, on the left side of the image.
The picture shows a train engine with four cars sitting at the top of a hill. One of the cars is tipped over and spilling red hot slag down the slope of the hill towards the direction of the camera. Four men stand to the left of the train and cars. Two light posts are situated behind the train and working men.
This government-produced work discusses land reform and tenure in Mexico. Completed on December 15th, 1914, the second part of this pamphlet outlines Rouaix and Novelo’s agrarian recommendations to the “First chief of the Constitutional Army, Charged with the Executive of the Nation,” Venustiano Carranza. Most significant is the call for a return to the ejido system for communal use of lands by villages in an effort to raise national productivity through effective land usage. Includes: Prontuario de las materias que comprende el proyecto de la nueva ley agraria (p. -39).
Postcard of a deceased man. The caption on the postcard indicates that the individual was executed. He appears to have been shot; a pool of blood runs down the sidewalk. Papers are strewn about the body. The feet of onlookers are seen on a doorstep at the top of the postcard.
Photograph of U.S. Ambulance picking up wounded soldiers on a battlefield. Three unidentified soldiers are placing a wounded soldier onto the field gurney also known as a stretcher or litter. This particular field ambulance was specially modified with supporting hooks so that it could transport up to four loaded field gurneys. The unidentified man in the dark suit and wearing the derby hat is most likely a newsman.
Photograph of U.S. cavalry drilling. The group of soldiers is part of the United States First Cavalry Army Division. The 8th man in the formation is holding the Unit’s flag. The flag in this image contains the number 1 on the top part of the flag and the letter E on the lower part of the flag which would make this group of men part of Company E. This postcard is post marked September 11, 1918, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas and was mailed to J.R. Teague of Framingham, Massachusetts, 114 Hollis Avenue.
Postcard focuses on the First National Bank Building in downtown El Paso, Texas. There is a man walking across the street and others walking in the sidewalk and crosswalk. Personal vehicles are parked along the side of the street. A trolley car makes a turn in the intersection.
Aerial photograph of an artillery camp. The two crossed cannons signify that the flags belong to an artillery unit. There is a river in the background with a few people gathered at the river’s edge. There is also an unidentified settlement on the other side of this river.
Postcard depicting General Salazar's prison camp. Six men in uniform are visible on the outside of the fence. One man stands away from the group and holds a gun against his shoulder. Cloth tents are situated behind wire fencing. Larger structures are situated behind the cloth tents in the distance. Mountains are visible in the background.
Postcard of a group of soldiers keeping watch at the customs house in El Paso, Texas. The customs house was located on the U.S. side of the International Bridge, the gateway to and from Mexico. The majority of the soldiers are sitting down with only a few standing. Two soldiers have their rifles slung over their shoulders.
This work provides an account of what the author terms the “heroic defense” of Ciudad Juarez against Pancho Villa’s forces. It also includes correspondence by Villa to the military garrison urging their surrender. Notably, it describes American involvement (and brief incursion into Mexico) and the Mexican embassy’s response to it in El Paso, where the work was published.
The pictures shows men and women standing on the side of a street looking over the bodies of three men. One woman lifts off the hat of a dead man on the ground. A wagon with two men driving is carrying bodies away. The line of men and women stand against an adobe building. One man with a bicycle stands near the bodies on the ground. Text on the image says: "Identifying Dead Federals and Collecting them for Burial." [Text on the back of postcard.]
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