The Mexican Revolution on the Border: Primary Sources from El Paso - Browse

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[Cavalry Drilling Exercise #1]

Description: Photograph of the drilling cavalry on the Mexican Border. The second cavalryman from the right has his service revolver pointed in the air.
Date: [1910..1920]
Creator: Horne, Walter H., 1883-1921
Item Type: Postcard
Partner: El Paso Public Library

[China Town, Colonia Dublan, Mexico]

Description: Postcard of U.S. soldiers from the Punitive Expedition exploring China Town in Colonia Dublan, a Mormon colony in Mexico. General John J. Pershing established his headquarters at Colinia Dublan for the duration of the expedition. Groups of soldiers converse with one another as they stop at individual tents and huts. In the far distance, a wagon is traveling away from the town.
Date: [1916..1917]
Creator: Horne, Walter H., 1883-1921
Item Type: Postcard
Partner: El Paso Public Library

El conflicto personal de la revolución mexicana

Description: Provides an account of the personal conflict felt by the author regarding the Mexican Revolution and the ensuing reign of Venustiano Carranza. The pamphlet calls for an end to caudillos; however, it is sympathetic to Villa. Although written during Chocano’s travels to New Orleans, it was published in El Paso, Texas.
Date: 1914?
Creator: Chocano, José Santos, 1875-1934.
Item Type: Book
Partner: University of Texas at El Paso

[Damaged Building in Juarez, Mexico]

Description: Postcard of a destroyed building in Juarez, Mexico during the Mexican Revolution. Bullet holes cover the exterior of the building. All of the windows have been destroyed, the roof no longer exists, and heavy smoke damage from a fire is evident.
Date: January 18, 1913
Creator: Horne, Walter H., 1883-1921
Item Type: Postcard
Partner: El Paso Public Library

Los de Abajo: Novela (cuadros y escenas de la revolución mexicana)

Description: First book edition of the most famous novel of the Mexican Revolution. It appeared first a serial within a local newspaper, El Paso del Norte, but later was issued as a single work. It was published in El Paso where the author resided in exile. Subsequent editions are quite different from this first version.
Date: 1916
Creator: Azuela, Mariano, 1873-1952
Item Type: Book
Partner: University of Texas at El Paso

[Entrenching on the Mexican Border]

Description: Photograph of entrenching on the Mexican Border. These infantry soldiers are digging a trench line. The soldiers are taking their turns digging out this trench.
Date: 1910/1920
Creator: Horne, Walter H., 1883-1921
Item Type: Postcard
Partner: El Paso Public Library

Estudio sobre la cuestión agraria : proyecto de ley

Description: This government-produced work discusses land reform and tenure in Mexico. Completed on December 15th, 1914, the second part of this pamphlet outlines Rouaix and Novelo’s agrarian recommendations to the “First chief of the Constitutional Army, Charged with the Executive of the Nation,” Venustiano Carranza. Most significant is the call for a return to the ejido system for communal use of lands by villages in an effort to raise national productivity through effective land usage. Includes: Prontuario de las materias que comprende el proyecto de la nueva ley agraria (p. [25]-39).
Date: 1914
Creator: Rouaix, Pastor, 1874-1950. & Novelo, José I.
Item Type: Book
Partner: University of Texas at El Paso

[Executed Man]

Description: Postcard of a deceased man. The caption on the postcard indicates that the individual was executed. He appears to have been shot; a pool of blood runs down the sidewalk. Papers are strewn about the body. The feet of onlookers are seen on a doorstep at the top of the postcard.
Date: November 19, 1913
Creator: Horne, Walter H., 1883-1921
Item Type: Postcard
Partner: El Paso Public Library

[Field Ambulance]

Description: Photograph of U.S. Ambulance picking up wounded soldiers on a battlefield. Three unidentified soldiers are placing a wounded soldier onto the field gurney also known as a stretcher or litter. This particular field ambulance was specially modified with supporting hooks so that it could transport up to four loaded field gurneys. The unidentified man in the dark suit and wearing the derby hat is most likely a newsman.
Date: [1910..1920]
Creator: Horne, Walter H., 1883-1921
Item Type: Postcard
Partner: El Paso Public Library

[First Cavalry Drilling]

Description: Photograph of U.S. cavalry drilling. The group of soldiers is part of the United States First Cavalry Army Division. The 8th man in the formation is holding the Unit’s flag. The flag in this image contains the number 1 on the top part of the flag and the letter E on the lower part of the flag which would make this group of men part of Company E. This postcard is post marked September 11, 1918, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas and was mailed to J.R. Teague of Framingham, Massachusetts, 114 Hollis Avenue.
Date: [1910..1920]
Creator: Horne, Walter H., 1883-1921
Item Type: Postcard
Partner: El Paso Public Library

[First Regiment of Artillery, Company E]

Description: Aerial photograph of an artillery camp. The two crossed cannons signify that the flags belong to an artillery unit. There is a river in the background with a few people gathered at the river’s edge. There is also an unidentified settlement on the other side of this river.
Date: [1910..1920]
Creator: Horne, Walter H., 1883-1921
Item Type: Postcard
Partner: El Paso Public Library

[Guarding the Customs House, El Paso, Texas]

Description: Postcard of a group of soldiers keeping watch at the customs house in El Paso, Texas. The customs house was located on the U.S. side of the International Bridge, the gateway to and from Mexico. The majority of the soldiers are sitting down with only a few standing. Two soldiers have their rifles slung over their shoulders.
Date: [1910..1920]
Creator: Horne, Walter H., 1883-1921
Item Type: Postcard
Partner: El Paso Public Library

Heroica defensa de Ciudad Juárez : la verdad de los hechos, caracter y valor del soldado mexicano; invasión de tropas americanas y su pronta evacuación

Description: This work provides an account of what the author terms the “heroic defense” of Ciudad Juarez against Pancho Villa’s forces. It also includes correspondence by Villa to the military garrison urging their surrender. Notably, it describes American involvement (and brief incursion into Mexico) and the Mexican embassy’s response to it in El Paso, where the work was published.
Date: 1919
Creator: Velasco, Felipe
Item Type: Book
Partner: University of Texas at El Paso

[In the Trenches]

Description: Photograph of trenches. Soldiers are wearing gloves and a lone standing soldier, with the clipboard, is wearing an Army issued trench coat. A solider with binoculars is judging the accuracy of the group’s aim.
Date: [1910..1920]
Creator: Horne, Walter H., 1883-1921
Item Type: Postcard
Partner: El Paso Public Library

[Infantry in Action #1]

Description: Photograph of an infantry in Action. The soldiers are firing M1903s. The M1903 rifle was a bolt-action service rifle which normally used a 5 shot bullet clip.
Date: [1910..1920]
Creator: Horne, Walter H., 1883-1921
Item Type: Postcard
Partner: El Paso Public Library

[Infantry in Action #2]

Description: Photograph of an infantry in Action. The soldiers are firing M1903s. The M1903 rifle was a bolt-action service rifle which normally used a 5 shot bullet clip.
Date: [1910..1920]
Creator: Horne, Walter H., 1883-1921
Item Type: Postcard
Partner: El Paso Public Library

[Infantry in Action #3]

Description: Photograph of an infantry in Action. The soldiers are firing M1903s. The M1903 rifle was a bolt-action service rifle which normally used a 5 shot bullet clip.
Date: [1910..1920]
Creator: Horne, Walter H., 1883-1921
Item Type: Postcard
Partner: El Paso Public Library

[Infantry Troops]

Description: Photographs of soldiers marching through sand. Two dogs, in flanking positions, are following the troops.
Date: [1910..1920]
Creator: Horne, Walter H., 1883-1921
Item Type: Postcard
Partner: El Paso Public Library

Informe

Description: This governmental report details the state of the union address by Chihuahuan State Governer Abraham González, who held power from 1910-1913. It enumerates the use of taxes, specifically their use in funding schools and telegraph and telephone lines. It also contains a response by the leader of the state legislature.
Date: 1912
Creator: González, Abraham, 1864-1913.
Item Type: Book
Partner: University of Texas at El Paso

[Jumping Contest]

Description: Postcard of several U.S. Army cavalry members riding dark-colored horses next to a low, wooden fence; several of the horses are jumping over the fence. The caption in the lower-left corner says "Jumping Contest." The postcard was sent from El Paso, Texas and is addressed to "Miss G. M. Horne" in Portland, Maine. Text on the back of the postcard reads: "Dear Gertrude:- Big military tournament here next week - 5000 soldiers; and commencing Oct. 15, a full month of maneuvers by the Division of the Army on the border. All[...] here, Walter."
Date: October 4, 1914
Creator: Horne, Walter H., 1883-1921
Item Type: Postcard
Partner: El Paso Public Library

Madero y sus detractores, por varios maderistas.

Description: Book containing short essays (sometimes anonymous) on the theme of revolutionary politics, many works relating to Francisco Madero, the Mexican president who was assassinated in 1913. Notably, it was published in El Paso, Texas by supporters in exile.
Date: 1917
Item Type: Book
Partner: University of Texas at El Paso