Account of attack of Mexican raiders on Glenn Spring, Texas May 5, 1916. The documentation was compiled and illustrated by photojournalist W. D. Smithers in 1961. Includes information on production of candelilla wax at the Ellis and Wood wax factory in Glenn Spring between 1911 and 1916.
Illustrated descriptions of the Army field kitchens on the U. S. - Mexico border, 1916-1920, from cooking equipment loaded on mule-drawn wagons to rolling kitchens pulled by trucks. Includes recipe for El Rancho Stew and a diagram of Army Field Range #1 (cook stove).
Drawing of the "off" (right) side of a four-mule army wagon team detailing and naming the harness parts. The drawing was published in Chronicles of the Big Bend, W. D. Smithers, Madrona Press, Austin, Texas, 1976, p. 14.
Brief description of the personnel and operations of a battery unit of the U. S. Army on the U. S. - Mexico border, 1916-1921, including a note on the march of Battery B, 6th Field Artillery, into Mexico with the Punitive Expedition. Illustrations based on photographs taken between 1916 and 1922.
Illustrated descriptions of the National Guardsmen in tent camps on the U.S. - Mexico border, 1916-1917 and in service in France in 1918. Theses troops are variously identified by W. D. Smithers as the Fourth Texas Infantry, Militia (National Guard) of Texas, and the 36th Division (U.S.).
Brief histories of the four cavalry regiments (5th, 7th, 8th, and 12th) organized into the First Cavalry Division at Fort Bliss, El Paso, Texas in 1921. Illustrated with the insignia of the five units.
Photographic reproduction of a hand-drawn map of the Texas/Mexico border showing line of forts from El Paso to Brownsville. Includes chart of mileages between Texas forts, listing of old forts in Texas still active in 1935, information about cavalry speeds and auxiliary units, and inset of U.S./Mexico border showing line of forts from the Pacific Ocean to the Gulf of Mexico.
Photographic reproduction of a hand-drawn map that identifies towns where Cavalry units were stationed on the border from El Paso to Del Rio in 1918 and 1919. An inset shows locations of the three U. S. Military District headquarters (Rockwell Field, California; Fort Bliss, Texas; and Kelly Field, Texas) for the pilots patrolling the border from the Pacific to the Gulf of Mexico.
Reproduction of a hand-drawn map showing routes the U. S. troops took into Mexico on the expedition of 1916 led by General John J. Pershing. Notes the pack train and wagon train routes as well as infantry routes, and the Expedition headquarters at Dublan Mexico.
Photographic reproduction of a hand-drawn map showing details of raid on Columbus, New Mexico on 9 March 1916 with inset plat of the town, list of "Raider's Objectives," and short summary of the U. S. Army Punitive Expedition into Mexico that followed.
Reproduction of a hand-drawn map showing the border area between Texas and Mexico from El Paso, Texas (left) to Van Horn, Texas (right). Several towns, forts, roads, and geographic features are marked primarily on the Texas side of the map. A note in the bottom-left corner of the map says "Where the Rio Grande becomes the U.S. & Mexico boundary, and flows towards the Big Bend District. It makes 1,260 miles of the international border. Much of the early history of the south-west was made along the Rio Bravo (Rio Grande) by the Spaniards. Their route was through "El Paso del Norte" the Pass of the North. This section of the border was very active during the "Border Trouble Days" of 1916 to 1920."
Reproduction of a hand-drawn map of part of Brewster County, Texas in the Big Bend region. It includes several annotations and identifies families and ranches in lower Brewster County Texas between 1916 and 1930, WWI quicksilver mines, and provides information on the Glenn Springs Raid of 1916.
Reproduction of a map showing the route of the U.S. Army camel train (under the direction of Lieutenant E. F. Beale) surveying for a wagon route from Texas to California along the 35th Parallel to test the feasibility of using camels as military pack animals. The map has annotations and shows the relationship to U. S. Route 66.
Reproduction of a hand-drawn map showing trading posts on the Rio Grande River from El Paso to Eagle Pass, Texas. It includes two lists: "Trading Posts on the Texas Side of the Big Bend in 1916-30" and "Settlements in the Juarez Area." It also has notes near the bottom of the map that say "The trade area was an 80 mile radius from the Rio Grande. Several days travel by burro or horse. Most towns or villages shown were in the news during the border trouble days" and "Most of this part of Mexico and the Big Bend Country is rough mountains.
Reproduction of a hand-drawn map showing ranches in Presidio County, Texas with a list of water stops and camp sites on the ranches made available to U. S. Army troops stationed in the Big Bend District between 1916 and 1921.
Shows area of Mexico covered by the Expedition, lists places used as U. S. headquarters, gives details of battles fought with Villistas and Carrancistas by cavalry units commanded by Colonel Dodd and Major Robert L. Howze, lists bases of the First Aero Squadron commanded by Captain B. D. Foulois.