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[Car Parked in Front of a Church]

Description: Photograph of a car parked on the street in front of an old church. The street extends from the foreground to the left-hand side of the background. Parallel to the street, there is a wood-slatted church which is closest to the foreground, a small manse, and a large brick church in the background. The manse and the wooden church is separated by clumps of trees, bushes, and shrubs. There is a handwritten note on the back of the photograph that reads, "San Benito 1952 old and new churches, manse in between".
Date: unknown
Item Type: Photograph
Partner: Austin Presbyterian Theological Seminary

[Carved Stone Sign]

Description: Photograph of a carved concrete slab inset in a brick structure. There is carved writing in Spanish that translates to read, "Presbyterian Church Organized - Oct. 19, 1911, Temple Built - 1952, J.G. Cavazos, Pastor". There is a handwritten note on the back of the photograph that reads, "San Benito Cornerstone of new church".
Date: unknown
Item Type: Photograph
Partner: Austin Presbyterian Theological Seminary

[Children Playing Outside with Toys]

Description: Photograph of two young girls and two young boys smiling for the camera while they play with their toys in a grassy yard at the side of a large wood-slatted building. The two young girls are sitting in the grass next to a large baby doll and a basket that with two smaller dolls. One of the boys is seated sideways on a wagon, and the other boy is riding a tricycle. Both of the boys are wearing dark jackets, fitted bomber hats, and round goggles on their heads. There is a small tree beside the children, and palm trees are visible in the background. The building behind them has four visible windows and a belfry at the front entrance in the background. There is a handwritten note on the back of the photograph that reads, "San Benito ()".
Date: unknown
Item Type: Photograph
Partner: Austin Presbyterian Theological Seminary

[Church Building Under Construction]

Description: Photograph of the side of a church building in the process of being built. The half-built structure, which spans the entire width of the image, is made of brick. The entire side of the building is lined with half-round windows. The structure does not yet have a roof, however there is a belfry tower built at the front of the building which faces the right-hand side of the image. The front of the building is covered with wood beams and rafters. There are piles of wood along the side of the building. There is a handwritten note on the back of the photograph that reads, "San Benito, 1952 Mexican Church under construction (new building)".
Date: unknown
Item Type: Photograph
Partner: Austin Presbyterian Theological Seminary

[Church Choir Singing]

Description: Photograph of a small group of church choir members singing. The choir members, who are all wearing robes, are holding open songbooks. The singers are standing together behind a low wall. There are two girls standing in the front row on the far left-hand side of the image who are both sharing the same songbook. There is a handwritten note on the back of the photograph that reads, "Choir, San Benito 5/3/53".
Date: May 1953
Item Type: Photograph
Partner: Austin Presbyterian Theological Seminary

[Commemorative Plaque on the Wall]

Description: Photograph of an engraved plaque hung up on a tiled wall. The plaque reads: "The Synod of Texas, Award of Recognition and Merit Presented to Central Presbyterian Church San Antonio, Texas, For having Assumed Full Responsibility for its own Maintenance and Growth in the Lord, On April 1, 1953 and Thereafter, David L. Stitt, Moderator of Synod, Ruben M. Armendariz, Pastor, Presented April 26, 1953, 'Lux Lucet In Tenebris'". The Latin phrase at the bottom of the plaque translates to read, "Light Shines in Darkness".
Date: May 1953
Item Type: Photograph
Partner: Austin Presbyterian Theological Seminary

[Commemorative Plaque on the Wall]

Description: Photograph of an engraved plaque hung up on a tiled wall. The plaque reads: "The Synod of Texas, Award of Recognition and Merit Presented to Central Presbyterian Church San Antonio, Texas, For having Assumed Full Responsibility for its own Maintenance and Growth in the Lord, On April 1, 1953 and Thereafter, David L. Stitt, Moderator of Synod, Ruben M. Armendariz, Pastor, Presented April 26, 1953, 'Lux Lucet In Tenebris'". The Latin phrase at the bottom of the plaque translates to read, "Light Shines in Darkness".
Date: May 1953
Item Type: Photograph
Partner: Austin Presbyterian Theological Seminary

[Commemorative Plaque on the Wall]

Description: Photograph of an engraved plaque hung up on a tiled wall. The plaque reads: "The Synod of Texas, Award of Recognition and Merit Presented to Central Presbyterian Church San Antonio, Texas, For having Assumed Full Responsibility for its own Maintenance and Growth in the Lord, On April 1, 1953 and Thereafter, David L. Stitt, Moderator of Synod, Ruben M. Armendariz, Pastor, Presented April 26, 1953, 'Lux Lucet In Tenebris'". The Latin phrase at the bottom of the plaque translates to read, "Light Shines in Darkness".
Date: May 1953
Item Type: Photograph
Partner: Austin Presbyterian Theological Seminary

Ferree pens letters about Cameron jail

Description: Newspaper clipping about Frank Ferree's letters complaining about the quality of food in the Brownsville, Texas jail, hand-dated July 8, 1952.
Date: July 8, 1952
Item Type: Clipping
Partner: Houston Metropolitan Research Center at Houston Public Library

Ferree, wetbacks' friend, jailed on contempt charge

Description: Newspaper clipping of article about Frank Ferree of Harlingen, Texas, who was jailed on contempt charges when he wrote a letter to the Texas Good Neighbor Commission complaining that the court had been prejudiced in their decision to sentence Roberto Jiminez to a 10-year sentence.
Date: unknown
Item Type: Clipping
Partner: Houston Metropolitan Research Center at Houston Public Library

[Four Men Sitting Behind a Podium]

Description: Photograph of a side view of four men dressed in suits sitting on a bench on a stage. There is a wood podium in front of the seated gentlemen. Another man is standing beside the podium on the far right-hand side of the image. There is a stack of books on top of the podium, several vases of flowers on the stage up to the foreground, and a large tabletop fan pointed toward the seated men. There is a faded handwritten note on the back of the photograph that reads, "Presbyterian ceremony at San Benito. May 3, 1953, Seated: Rev. McGee, Pastor 1st. Presby. Harlingen, David L. Stitt, Rev. Charles Robinson, 1st. Presby. San Benito, Rev. S.H. Reisner, 1st. Falfurrias. Standing - Rev. J.S. Cavazos, pastor, Mexican Presby. Ch., San Benito".
Date: May 1953
Item Type: Photograph
Partner: Austin Presbyterian Theological Seminary

Frank Ferree Multado y Sentenciado a 3 dias de Carcel

Description: Full page from the "El Tiempo" newspaper published in Harlingen, Texas, dated June 20, 1952, which features several articles about Frank Ferree of Harlingen, Texas, who was jailed on contempt charges when he wrote a letter to the Texas Good Neighbor Commission complaining that the court had been prejudiced in their decision to sentence Roberto Jiminez to a 10-year sentence.
Date: June 20, 1952
Item Type: Clipping
Partner: Houston Metropolitan Research Center at Houston Public Library

[Front of a Brick Church Building]

Description: Photograph of the front entrance of a brick church building. The entrance consists of an open archway with two lamps on either side of it and four windows. There are three steps leading up to the entrance. The top edge of the wall forms tapered steps up to the small belfry tower, which has a pointed roof and a small bell that is visible through the arched windows. The side of the church extends to the background of the image on the right-hand side of the image. There is a bent tree in the foreground that frames the left-hand side of the image. There is a handwritten note on the back of the photograph that reads, "San Benito Mexican New Church 1952".
Date: unknown
Item Type: Photograph
Partner: Austin Presbyterian Theological Seminary

[Front View of a Mexican Presbyterian Church]

Description: Photograph of the front of a Mexican Presbyterian church. There are three long windows and a sign in Spanish that translates to read, "Mexican Presbyterian Church" on the side of the building that faces the front right-hand side of the image. The yard surrounding the building and in the foreground is made up of dirt, and there is a large palm tree at the front. The front entrance of the building, which faces the left-hand side of the image, extends past the main front wall of the church, and has three steps leading up to the double doors. There are six visible windows at the front of the church, which extends into the background of the image. There are several bushes and palm trees clumped together in the front yard. There is a handwritten note on the back of the photograph that reads, "San Benito".
Date: unknown
Item Type: Photograph
Partner: Austin Presbyterian Theological Seminary

[Front View of a Mexican Presbyterian Church]

Description: Photograph of the front of a Mexican Presbyterian church. There are three long windows and a sign in Spanish that translates to read, "Mexican Presbyterian Church" on the side of the building that faces the front right-hand side of the image. The yard surrounding the building and in the foreground is made up of dirt, and there is a large palm tree at the front. The front entrance of the building, which faces the left-hand side of the image, extends past the main front wall of the church, and has three steps leading up to the double doors. There are six visible windows at the front of the church, which extends into the background of the image. There are several bushes and palm trees clumped together in the front yard. There is a handwritten note on the back of the photograph that reads, "San Benito".
Date: unknown
Item Type: Photograph
Partner: Austin Presbyterian Theological Seminary

[Ground Breaking Ceremony]

Description: Photograph of people holding shovels on a dirt plot at a ground breaking ceremony. Four men dressed in suits and one women wearing a skirt a jacket are holding shovels. In the center of the group is Reverend Cruz Granados in a brown suit. Behind them, other men and women are looking on. Automobiles are parked on the street behind the group. Trees are visible in the distant background.
Date: unknown
Item Type: Photograph
Partner: Austin Presbyterian Theological Seminary

[Large Congregation Sitting in Pews]

Description: Photograph of a large Hispanic congregation attentively facing the left-hand side of the image. The men, women, and children are all sitting at eye level in pews that fill the room. There is a man and two women sitting closely in the foreground. There is a handwritten note on the back of the photograph that reads, "San Benito 5-3-53".
Date: May 1953
Item Type: Photograph
Partner: Austin Presbyterian Theological Seminary

'Latinos' traits pamphlet blasted

Description: Newspaper clipping from the Brownsville Herald of Brownsville, Texas, dated March 11, 1952. The article is entitled "Latinos' Traits Pamphlet Blasted." The article covers discussions held at an assembly of Latin Americans at Mission, Texas, on the pamphlet published by the University of Texas, "The Wetback in the Lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas," written by Lyle Saunders and Olen E. Leonard. The assembly condemned the features of the pamphlet.
Date: March 11, 1952
Item Type: Clipping
Partner: Houston Metropolitan Research Center at Houston Public Library

[Letter from Ed Idar, Jr.]

Description: Letter from Ed Idar, Jr. requesting further information and clarification of Senator Rogers Kelley's and LULAC's reactions to "WHO will assume the responsibility of seeing that Mexican-American citizens in the Valley qualify as voters." Idar, Jr. writes: "it is incumbent that we be informed if the LULAC meeting in Harlingen endorsed the words of Senator Kelley and if such endorsement is in line with basic LULAC policy."
Date: unknown
Creator: Idar, Eduardo, Jr.
Item Type: Letter
Partner: Houston Metropolitan Research Center at Houston Public Library

[Letter from Frank Ferree to the Department of State - 1952-07-03]

Description: Onionskin paper carbon copy of letter from Frank Ferree of Harlingen, Texas to the Department of State in Washington, D. C. dated July 3, 1952. A request to investigate the food served to the prisoners confined in the Brownsville, Texas jail.
Date: July 3, 1952
Creator: Ferree, Frank
Item Type: Letter
Partner: Houston Metropolitan Research Center at Houston Public Library

[Letter from Frank Ferree to the Texas Good Neighbor Commission - 1952-05-27]

Description: Onionskin paper carbon copy of letter from Frank Ferree of Harlingen, Texas to the Texas Good Neighbor Commission in Austin, Texas, dated May 27, 1952. The letter addresses discriminatory decisions of attorneys during jury selection in the Texas courts when choosing between Latin American or Anglo jurors. The letter also relates details of judgment in court case against Roberto Jiminez in Brownsville, mentioning irregularities in jury selection and possible perjury of witnesses.
Date: May 27, 1952
Creator: Ferree, Frank
Item Type: Letter
Partner: Houston Metropolitan Research Center at Houston Public Library

[Letter from Frank M. Pinedo to A. R. Vasquez - 1955]

Description: Onionskin paper carbon copy of a welcome letter from Frank M. Pinedo to A. R. Vasquez, New Harlingen League of United Latin American Citizens, welcoming Vasquez and the Council to LULAC. Pinedo gives details and explanations about next steps and what is expected from the newly formed Council of Harlingnen LULAC council to the National Office (i.e. charter fees, minutes).
Date: March 28, 1955
Creator: Pinedo, Frank M.
Item Type: Letter
Partner: Houston Metropolitan Research Center at Houston Public Library

[Letter from J.R. Lujan to John J. Herrera - 1955-03-05]

Description: Letter from J.R. Lujan to John J. Herrera. Lujan invites John J. Herrera, along with his wife Olivia, as guests of honor to the League of United Latin American Citizens Charter Installation of Officers Banquet. Lujan states that he has lined up Frank M. Pinedo, Rogers Kelley and Joe Kilgore as speakers.
Date: March 5, 1955
Creator: Lujan, J. R.
Item Type: Letter
Partner: Houston Metropolitan Research Center at Houston Public Library

[Letter from J. T. Canales to John J. Herrera - 1952-03-12]

Description: Letter from J. T. Canales of Brownsville, Texas, to John J. Herrera dated March 12, 1952. Canales is enclosing a clipping from the Brownsville Herald about a meeting of Latin Americans in Mission, Texas.
Date: March 12, 1952
Creator: Canales, J. T.
Item Type: Letter
Partner: Houston Metropolitan Research Center at Houston Public Library