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[Letter from Jacob I. Rodriguez to A. G. Betancourt - 1953-04-06]
Letter from Jacob I. Rodriguez, LULAC National Publicity Director, to A. G. Betancourt of Brownsville, Texas dated April 6, 1953. This letter indicates that a group of Betancourt's friends is interested in organizing a LULAC council.in Brownsville, Texas.
Ferree pens letters about Cameron jail
Newspaper clipping about Frank Ferree's letters complaining about the quality of food in the Brownsville, Texas jail, hand-dated July 8, 1952.
Ferree, wetbacks' friend, jailed on contempt charge
Newspaper clipping of article about Frank Ferree of Harlingen, Texas, who was jailed on contempt charges when he wrote a letter to the Texas Good Neighbor Commission complaining that the court had been prejudiced in their decision to sentence Roberto Jiminez to a 10-year sentence.
Frank Ferree Multado y Sentenciado a 3 dias de Carcel
Full page from the "El Tiempo" newspaper published in Harlingen, Texas, dated June 20, 1952, which features several articles about Frank Ferree of Harlingen, Texas, who was jailed on contempt charges when he wrote a letter to the Texas Good Neighbor Commission complaining that the court had been prejudiced in their decision to sentence Roberto Jiminez to a 10-year sentence.
Se Niega Una Peticion
Newspaper article concerning Roberto Jimenez's case.
'Latinos' traits pamphlet blasted
Newspaper clipping from the Brownsville Herald of Brownsville, Texas, dated March 11, 1952. The article is entitled "Latinos' Traits Pamphlet Blasted." The article covers discussions held at an assembly of Latin Americans at Mission, Texas, on the pamphlet published by the University of Texas, "The Wetback in the Lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas," written by Lyle Saunders and Olen E. Leonard. The assembly condemned the features of the pamphlet.
[Telegram from John J. Herrera to Reynaldo Garza]
Western Union telegram from John J. Herrera to Reynaldo Garza, inviting Garza to be the main speaker at the LULAC State Convention Banquet in Lubbock, Texas on May 8th [year unspecified].
[Telegram from John J. Herrera to Reynaldo Garza]
Western Union telegram from John J. Herrera to Reynaldo Garza, inviting Garza to be the main speaker at the LULAC State Convention Banquet in Lubbock, Texas on May 8th [year unspecified].
[Letter from John J. Herrera to A. G. Betancourt - 1953-04-29]
Onionskin carbon copy of letter from John J. Herrera, LULAC National President, to A. G. Betancourt, Attorney At Law in Brownsville, Texas, dated April 29, 1953. Herrera encourages Betancourt to organize a LULAC council in Brownsville, Texas.
[Letter from J. T. Canales to John J. Herrera - 1952-03-12]
Letter from J. T. Canales of Brownsville, Texas, to John J. Herrera dated March 12, 1952. Canales is enclosing a clipping from the Brownsville Herald about a meeting of Latin Americans in Mission, Texas.
[Letter from Manuel G. Vela to John J. Herrera - 1955-06-06]
Letter from Manuel G. Vela to John J. Herrera requesting Herrera's support for the nomination of his friend Oscar Laurel from Council Number 12 of Laredo, Texas for the office of President General of the League. Vela writes, "may I be permitted to respectfully request your aid and influence in behalf of my personal friend Oscar Laurel." Towards the bottom of the letter, there is a portion in Spanish that reads: "...please command me. As they say at the border, I request this of you as a man and as a good friend, and remember that one favor with another favor is repaid."
[Letter from Frank M. Pinedo to A. R. Vasquez - 1955]
Onionskin paper carbon copy of a welcome letter from Frank M. Pinedo to A. R. Vasquez, New Harlingen League of United Latin American Citizens, welcoming Vasquez and the Council to LULAC. Pinedo gives details and explanations about next steps and what is expected from the newly formed Council of Harlingnen LULAC council to the National Office (i.e. charter fees, minutes).
[Letter from Ed Idar, Jr.]
Letter from Ed Idar, Jr. requesting further information and clarification of Senator Rogers Kelley's and LULAC's reactions to "WHO will assume the responsibility of seeing that Mexican-American citizens in the Valley qualify as voters." Idar, Jr. writes: "it is incumbent that we be informed if the LULAC meeting in Harlingen endorsed the words of Senator Kelley and if such endorsement is in line with basic LULAC policy."
[Letter from Jose O. Garza to John J. Herrera - 1956-11-02]
Letter from Jose O. Garza, District Governor, District Number 13 to John J. Herrera dated November 2, 1956. Garza expresses to Herrera his distaste of combining the name of LULAC with politics. Garza explains to Herrera that some "printed leaflets" that were sent out with "yours and Mr. Felix Tijerinas's point of views" did the opposite of what LULAC represented, which was create a separation from the Anglo community instead of an integration and equality. "This is the frequent and calculated way that you use the word "LATINOS" [...] This classification that you give our people only serves to weaker the bonds we seek to tie with our anglo conpatriots." Garza goes on to say, "Inasmuch as we encourage our members to partake of politics as individuals, we will not partake of any politics as an organization."
[Letter from Ricardo Martinez to John J. Herrera - 1952-07-12]
Letter from Ricardo Molinez of LULAC Council Number 146 of McAllen, Texas, to John J. Herrera, LULAC National President, dated July 13, 1952. Molinez congratulates Herrera on his recent election to LULAC National President. Molinez requests help in issue of Frank Ferree being held in contempt of court, includes a petition signed by citizens of Harlingen, Texas, addressed to the Board of Pardons and Paroles.
[Letter from Frank Ferree to the Texas Good Neighbor Commission - 1952-05-27]
Onionskin paper carbon copy of letter from Frank Ferree of Harlingen, Texas to the Texas Good Neighbor Commission in Austin, Texas, dated May 27, 1952. The letter addresses discriminatory decisions of attorneys during jury selection in the Texas courts when choosing between Latin American or Anglo jurors. The letter also relates details of judgment in court case against Roberto Jiminez in Brownsville, mentioning irregularities in jury selection and possible perjury of witnesses.
[Letter from Frank Ferree to the Department of State - 1952-07-03]
Onionskin paper carbon copy of letter from Frank Ferree of Harlingen, Texas to the Department of State in Washington, D. C. dated July 3, 1952. A request to investigate the food served to the prisoners confined in the Brownsville, Texas jail.
[Petition for clemency for Roberto Jimenez sent to the Texas Board of Pardons and Paroles]
Unsigned, undated copy of petition asking for clemency be granted to Roberto Jimenez of Harlingen, Texas sent to The Honorable Board of Pardons and Paroles in Austin, Texas. Jimenez was convicted on May 13, 1952 and sentenced to 10 years in the penitentiary. The petitioners feel the sentence was too severe and give character references to back up their plea.
[Letter from J.R. Lujan to John J. Herrera - 1955-03-05]
Letter from J.R. Lujan to John J. Herrera. Lujan invites John J. Herrera, along with his wife Olivia, as guests of honor to the League of United Latin American Citizens Charter Installation of Officers Banquet. Lujan states that he has lined up Frank M. Pinedo, Rogers Kelley and Joe Kilgore as speakers.
[Letter from Ralph Yarborough to M. M. Hale - 1965-05-10]
Letter from Senator Ralph Yarborough recommending to United States Marshal M. M. Hale a Jesus E. Garcia for a Deputy Marshal. The letter notes a blind carbon copy sent to John J. Herrera, who is presumably the one alluded to who gave a high recommendation of Garcia to Yarborough.
[Letter from John J. Herrera to the Manager of the El Gardin Hotel - 1968-01-05]
Onionskin paper carbon copy of letter from John J. Herrera following up on the retrieval of a gun he had forgotten in the room at the El Gardin Hotel in Brownsville in November, 1967.
[Letter from John J. Herrera to Jack Skaggs - 1962-10-27]
Onionskin carbon copy of a letter from John J. Herrera to Jack Skaggs discussing planning for the John Connally for Governor campaign. Herrera informs Skaggs of the Spanish-language tapes Herrera left for Skaggs to potentially use on the radio and offers his services as a speaker to the Latino people in the Harlingen area if needed.
[Special bulletin from the American GI Forum to all officers and members - January 16, 1952]
Special bulletin from the Headquarters of American GI Forum of Texas replying to the charges by Alonso S. Perales regarding criticism Perales's made to the article, "The wetback in the lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas."
[Letter from Ed Idar, Jr. to John J. Herrera - December 27, 1955]
Letter from Ed Idar, Executive Secretary of the American GI Forum of Texas, to John J. Herrera, requesting Herrera to make a five minute radio tape to address the poll tax rallies in January in each of the three Valley counties.
[Letter from George I. Sánchez to Alonso S. Perales - December 5, 1951]
Letter from George I. Sánchez to Alonso S. Perales, refuting Perales's views on the article "The Wetback in the Lower Rio Grand Valley of Texas".
[Letter from Alonso S. Perales to Lyle Saunders]
Letter from Alonso S. Perales to Lyle Saunders. Perales protests against the unfair views expressed by Saunders and Olen H. Leonard in the pamphlet titled: "The wetback in the Lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas". Perales demands the names and addresses of the informants in the pamphlet.
[Harlingen Presbyterian Church#2]
Photograph of the front righthand side of the Harlingen Presbyterian Church. Above the main entrance, which are windowed double doors, there is a three tiered tower with windows. In the background next to the church, there is a two-story house with a porch facing the same direction as the church is. There are two small trees in the foreground and a few in the background behind the house. On the back of the photograph, handwriting is visible at the top. It reads, "Harlingen Church and old manse 1952"
[Harlingen Presbyterian Church # 1]
Photograph of the front righthand side of the Harlingen Presbyterian Church. Above the main entrance, which are windowed double doors, there is a three tiered tower with windows. In the background next to the church, there is a two-story house with a porch facing the same direction as the church is. There are two small trees in the foreground and a few in the background behind the house. On the back of the photograph, handwriting is visible at the top. It reads, "Harlingen 1952 Mex. Presby. Church. Old manse -used for S.S."
[Harlingen Presbyterian Church #3]
Photograph of the front lefthand side of the Harlingen Presbyterian Church. Above the main entrance, which are windowed double doors, there is a three tiered tower with windows. Square tile stones line the path in front of the church. Behind the church, trees and shrubs are visible, and the sky appears to be very cloudy. On the back of the photograph, handwriting at the top reads, "Harlingen 1952". There is also an upside down stamp in the middle that reads, "169D".
[Front of Small House with Vines in Harlingen]
Photograph of the front of a small, light colored house in Harlingen. There are wooden steps leading up to the front porch in front of the large, windowed front door. On either side of the door there are tall windows that frame it. There are two garden trellises with over grown vines on either side of the front porch. The roof of the house is very wide, and it slopes down toward the viewer. There is a chimney on the far right of the image. On the back of the photograph, there is handwriting visible that reads, "Harlingen- New manse 1952". There is also an upside down stamp that reads "430D".
[Large Congregation Sitting in Pews]
Photograph of a large Hispanic congregation attentively facing the left-hand side of the image. The men, women, and children are all sitting at eye level in pews that fill the room. There is a man and two women sitting closely in the foreground. There is a handwritten note on the back of the photograph that reads, "San Benito 5-3-53".
[Side View of a Building Under Construction]
Photograph of the a side street view of a building being constructed. The front of the building, which is facing the left-hand side of the image, is covered in construction rafters. The side of the building, which is facing the front of the image, is made of brick and is lined with half-round windows. The wide dirt street in front of the building extends from the foreground to the left-hand side of the image. Large palm trees are visible in the far background. There is a handwritten note on the back of the photograph that reads, "San Benito, Construction of new Presb. Church 1952"
[Mexican Church at the Corner of a Street]
Photograph of a wood-slatted church building at the corner of a street and sidewalk. At the corner, the sidewalk turns and extends to the left-hand side of the background. It passes an old wooden house and a large brick church, which is also in the background. The tall belfry of the church is clearly visible among the power lines and poles that stretch across the image in several directions. There is a tall palm tree trunk in front of the wooden church that is parallel with the street lamp next to it. There is a handwritten note on the back of the photograph that reads, San Benito 1952 old & new churches".
[Palm Trees in Front of a Mexican Presbyterian Church]
Photograph of the front entrance to a Mexican Presbyterian Church. The church, which is in the background of the image, spans almost the entire width of the photograph. The main entrance and belfry, which is made up of three steps leading up to double doors, are located on the far right-hand side of the image. There are four long windows at the side of the church, and two more smaller windows at the very end. There is a path in the front of the church that leads up to the front entrance. The entire foreground of the image is made up of shrubs and brush. There is a palm tree in the foreground of the image, and several more in the background.
[Carved Stone Sign]
Photograph of a carved concrete slab inset in a brick structure. There is carved writing in Spanish that translates to read, "Presbyterian Church Organized - Oct. 19, 1911, Temple Built - 1952, J.G. Cavazos, Pastor". There is a handwritten note on the back of the photograph that reads, "San Benito Cornerstone of new church".
[Two Cars Parked in Front of a Manse]
Photograph of two cars parallel-parked in front of a small manse, which sits next to a large brick church. The manse, which is on the right-hand side of the image, has a small porch and is raised from the ground on stilts. The church, which is cut off on the left-hand side of the image, is lined with half-round arched windows on the one visible side. The is a sidewalk in front of both buildings that is parallel to the street, which is in the foreground. There are two wires stretching diagonally across the image in the foreground. There is a handwritten note on the back of the photograph that reads, "San Benito - New Mexican Presbyterian Ch. and old manse 1952".
[Four Men Sitting Behind a Podium]
Photograph of a side view of four men dressed in suits sitting on a bench on a stage. There is a wood podium in front of the seated gentlemen. Another man is standing beside the podium on the far right-hand side of the image. There is a stack of books on top of the podium, several vases of flowers on the stage up to the foreground, and a large tabletop fan pointed toward the seated men. There is a faded handwritten note on the back of the photograph that reads, "Presbyterian ceremony at San Benito. May 3, 1953, Seated: Rev. McGee, Pastor 1st. Presby. Harlingen, David L. Stitt, Rev. Charles Robinson, 1st. Presby. San Benito, Rev. S.H. Reisner, 1st. Falfurrias. Standing - Rev. J.S. Cavazos, pastor, Mexican Presby. Ch., San Benito".
[Mexican Church at the Corner of a Street]
Photograph of a wood-slatted church building at the corner of a street and sidewalk. At the corner, the sidewalk turns and extends to the left-hand side of the background. It passes an old wooden house and a large brick church, which is also in the background. The tall belfry of the church is clearly visible among the power lines and poles that stretch across the image in several directions. There is a tall palm tree trunk in front of the wooden church that is parallel with the street lamp next to it. There is a handwritten note on the back of the photograph that reads, San Benito old and new churches".
[Front of a Brick Church Building]
Photograph of the front entrance of a brick church building. The entrance consists of an open archway with two lamps on either side of it and four windows. There are three steps leading up to the entrance. The top edge of the wall forms tapered steps up to the small belfry tower, which has a pointed roof and a small bell that is visible through the arched windows. The side of the church extends to the background of the image on the right-hand side of the image. There is a bent tree in the foreground that frames the left-hand side of the image. There is a handwritten note on the back of the photograph that reads, "San Benito Mexican New Church 1952".
[Car Parked in Front of a Church]
Photograph of a car parked on the street in front of an old church. The street extends from the foreground to the left-hand side of the background. Parallel to the street, there is a wood-slatted church which is closest to the foreground, a small manse, and a large brick church in the background. The manse and the wooden church is separated by clumps of trees, bushes, and shrubs. There is a handwritten note on the back of the photograph that reads, "San Benito 1952 old and new churches, manse in between".
[Church Building Under Construction]
Photograph of the side of a church building in the process of being built. The half-built structure, which spans the entire width of the image, is made of brick. The entire side of the building is lined with half-round windows. The structure does not yet have a roof, however there is a belfry tower built at the front of the building which faces the right-hand side of the image. The front of the building is covered with wood beams and rafters. There are piles of wood along the side of the building. There is a handwritten note on the back of the photograph that reads, "San Benito, 1952 Mexican Church under construction (new building)".
[Palm Tree in Front of a Mexican Presbyterian Church]
Photograph of the side of a Mexican Presbyterian church. There are three long windows and a sign in Spanish that translates to read, "Mexican Presbyterian Church" on the side facing the front of the image. The yard surrounding the building and in the foreground is made up of dirt, and there is a large palm tree at the front. The front entrance of the building, which faces the left-hand side of the image, extends past the main front wall of the church, and has three steps leading up to the double doors. There are more windows at the front of the church, which extends into the background of the image. The front yard is decorated with several trimmed bushes and palm trees. There is writing on the front of the image that reads, "San Benito Wright" There is a handwritten note in Spanish on the back of the photograph that translates to read, "Memories of the Christian Endeavor, aug. 20, 1946". There is also a stamp on the back that reads, "Post Card Correspondence Address" along with a place for a stamp.
[Front View of a Mexican Presbyterian Church]
Photograph of the front of a Mexican Presbyterian church. There are three long windows and a sign in Spanish that translates to read, "Mexican Presbyterian Church" on the side of the building that faces the front right-hand side of the image. The yard surrounding the building and in the foreground is made up of dirt, and there is a large palm tree at the front. The front entrance of the building, which faces the left-hand side of the image, extends past the main front wall of the church, and has three steps leading up to the double doors. There are six visible windows at the front of the church, which extends into the background of the image. There are several bushes and palm trees clumped together in the front yard. There is a handwritten note on the back of the photograph that reads, "San Benito".
[Front View of a Mexican Presbyterian Church]
Photograph of the front of a Mexican Presbyterian church. There are three long windows and a sign in Spanish that translates to read, "Mexican Presbyterian Church" on the side of the building that faces the front right-hand side of the image. The yard surrounding the building and in the foreground is made up of dirt, and there is a large palm tree at the front. The front entrance of the building, which faces the left-hand side of the image, extends past the main front wall of the church, and has three steps leading up to the double doors. There are six visible windows at the front of the church, which extends into the background of the image. There are several bushes and palm trees clumped together in the front yard. There is a handwritten note on the back of the photograph that reads, "San Benito".
[Children Playing Outside with Toys]
Photograph of two young girls and two young boys smiling for the camera while they play with their toys in a grassy yard at the side of a large wood-slatted building. The two young girls are sitting in the grass next to a large baby doll and a basket that with two smaller dolls. One of the boys is seated sideways on a wagon, and the other boy is riding a tricycle. Both of the boys are wearing dark jackets, fitted bomber hats, and round goggles on their heads. There is a small tree beside the children, and palm trees are visible in the background. The building behind them has four visible windows and a belfry at the front entrance in the background. There is a handwritten note on the back of the photograph that reads, "San Benito ()".
[Commemorative Plaque on the Wall]
Photograph of an engraved plaque hung up on a tiled wall. The plaque reads: "The Synod of Texas, Award of Recognition and Merit Presented to Central Presbyterian Church San Antonio, Texas, For having Assumed Full Responsibility for its own Maintenance and Growth in the Lord, On April 1, 1953 and Thereafter, David L. Stitt, Moderator of Synod, Ruben M. Armendariz, Pastor, Presented April 26, 1953, 'Lux Lucet In Tenebris'". The Latin phrase at the bottom of the plaque translates to read, "Light Shines in Darkness".
[Silhouette Standing Next to a Window]
Photograph of a blurred silhouette standing next to a small window in the background. On the far right-hand side of the image, there are two women visible sitting in chairs facing the man. Part of a plant is visible in the foreground on the far left-hand side.
[Church Choir Singing]
Photograph of a small group of church choir members singing. The choir members, who are all wearing robes, are holding open songbooks. The singers are standing together behind a low wall. There are two girls standing in the front row on the far left-hand side of the image who are both sharing the same songbook. There is a handwritten note on the back of the photograph that reads, "Choir, San Benito 5/3/53".
[Commemorative Plaque on the Wall]
Photograph of an engraved plaque hung up on a tiled wall. The plaque reads: "The Synod of Texas, Award of Recognition and Merit Presented to Central Presbyterian Church San Antonio, Texas, For having Assumed Full Responsibility for its own Maintenance and Growth in the Lord, On April 1, 1953 and Thereafter, David L. Stitt, Moderator of Synod, Ruben M. Armendariz, Pastor, Presented April 26, 1953, 'Lux Lucet In Tenebris'". The Latin phrase at the bottom of the plaque translates to read, "Light Shines in Darkness".
[Commemorative Plaque on the Wall]
Photograph of an engraved plaque hung up on a tiled wall. The plaque reads: "The Synod of Texas, Award of Recognition and Merit Presented to Central Presbyterian Church San Antonio, Texas, For having Assumed Full Responsibility for its own Maintenance and Growth in the Lord, On April 1, 1953 and Thereafter, David L. Stitt, Moderator of Synod, Ruben M. Armendariz, Pastor, Presented April 26, 1953, 'Lux Lucet In Tenebris'". The Latin phrase at the bottom of the plaque translates to read, "Light Shines in Darkness".