Texas Oral History Collection - Browse

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Oral History Interview with David Lee Hill, September 20, 2003
Interview with David Lee "Tex" Hill of San Antonio, Texas, a veteran from the United States Navy during World War II in the China-Burma-India Theater. The interview includes Hill's personal experiences while in the Navy, including memories of pre-war flight training in Florida, the Flying Tigers, and the Salween River Gorge attack.
Oral History Interview with David Lee Hill, September 20, 2003
Interview with David Lee "Tex" Hill of San Antonio, Texas, a veteran from the United States Navy during World War II in the China-Burma-India Theater. The interview includes Hill's personal experiences while in the Navy, including memories of pre-war flight training in Florida, the Flying Tigers, and the Salween River Gorge attack. There is a photograph and a short biography of Hill after the interview transcription.
Oral History Interview with David Straus, September 17, 2001
Interview with David Straus of San Antonio, Texas, a veteran from the United States Marine Corps during World War Two in the Pacific Theater as well as the Korean War. The interview includes some of Straus' background before the war and his personal experiences while in the Marines, including memories of Okinawa, various weapons, what happened at the end of World War Two, and his assignment in Korea.
Oral History Interview with David Straus, September 17, 2001
Interview with David Straus of San Antonio, Texas, a veteran from the United States Marine Corps during World War Two in the Pacific Theater as well as the Korean War. The interview includes some of Straus' background before the war and his personal experiences while in the Marines, including memories of Okinawa, various weapons, what happened at the end of World War Two, and his assignment in Korea.
[Oral History Interview with Deward Moore]
Interview with Deward Moore about the history of Grapevine, Texas.
Oral History Interview with Dora Geneva Clement
Interview with Dora Geneva (Clement) Talkington (1886-1976) discussing how her family came to Texas and about growing up on her parents' farm, as well as other events including Theodore Roosevelt's visit to Waco when he was campaigning to be president.
Oral History Interview with Dorothy Bess Francisco
Interview with Dorothy Bess Francisco about the history of Grapevine, Texas.
[Oral History Interview with Dorothy Bess Francisco]
Interview with Dorothy Bess Francisco about the history of Grapevine, Texas.
[Oral History Interview with Dorothy Bess Francisco and Mary Virginia Simmons]
Interview with Dorothy Bess Francisco and Mary Virginia Simmons about the history of Grapevine, Texas.
Oral History Interview with E. C. Wood, Winter 1975
Interview with E. C. Wood, a resident of Baytown, Texas since approximately 1920. Topics include the history of Baytown, TX.
Oral History Interview with E. L. Scott, February 26, 1976
Interview with E. L. Scott, a resident of Baytown, Texas since approximately 1920. Topics include John P. Sjolander and the history of Baytown, TX.
Oral History Interview with E. R. Dolinar, April 5, 2003
Interview with E.R. (Ed) Dolinar, a serviceman with the U. S. Navy during World War II. He discusses going to boot camp, torpedo school and submarine school. He was on the SSN Stingray as a torpedo crewman that offloaded supplies and guerillas in the Philippines. It picked up stranded Japanese sailors and transported them to Australia. The Stingray was then decomissioned. He was then part of a crew that studied and stripped captured German submarines, and he discusses the differences between the U-boats and the US submarines. He also discusses the Bolomen, Filipino guerillas who fought the Japanese during the occupation. He also talks briefly about his experience of being hit with depth charges and gives his opinions on General MacArthur and President Truman.
Oral History Interview with Earl Smyth, Jr., October 20, 2003
Interview with Earl Smyth, Jr., a serviceman during World War II. He discusses his time aboard the USS Saratoga at the Battle of Midway and at Guadalcanal, where the ship sustained two torpedo attacks. He saw Pearl Harbor three days after the attack.
[Oral History Interview with Earl Yates]
Interview with Earl Yates about the history of Grapevine, Texas.
Oral History Interview with Earl Yates, Jr., July 30, 1982
Interview with Earl Yates, Jr. about the history of Grapevine, Texas.
Oral History Interview with Ed Carseth, August 6, 2003
Interview with Ed Carseth, a pilot during World War II. He discusses an early interest in aviation and earned his pilot's license through the Civilian Pilot Training program. He spent a year as an instructor before joining the Air Transport Command. Through 1944 he delivered aircraft to Australia before being assigned to Myitkyina, Burma. He speaks of living conditions at Myitkyina. He flew materials over the Himalaya Mountains (the Hump) from Burma to Kunming, China. Carseth relates anectdotes about General Claire Chennault, Lord Louis Mountbatten, and a squadron mate who kept a baboon.
[Oral History Interview with Edward L. Langley, January 22, 1999]
Interview with Edward Langley about the history of Grapevine, Texas.
[Oral History Interview with Edward Langley]
Interview with Edward Langley about the history of Grapevine, Texas.
[Oral History Interview with Edward Langley and Mary Virginia Simmons, May 4, 1993]
Interview with Edward Langley and Mary Virginia Simmons about the history of Grapevine, Texas.
Oral History Interview with Eleanor MacDonald, May 19, 2000
Interview with Eleanor MacDonald discussing her early life and education in New England; her early career in the Cancer Division in the American College of Surgeons; her recruitment and subsequent work at the University of Texas M. D. Anderson Hospital and Tumor Institute; her work in developing the biostatistics coding in the early years of the institution; and her relationship with various physicians and luminaries of the Texas Medical Center.
Oral History Interview with Ella Williams
Interview with Ella Williams, a resident of Baytown, Texas since approximately 1920. Topics include a discussion about the 1915 hurricane on Hog Island in the San Jacinto River.
Oral History Interview with Elliott Ross, May 1, 2001
Interview with Elliott Ross who joined the U.S. Navy during World War II. He discusses being a landing craft coxswain carrying troops and supplies from ships to the shore in seven invasions: Guam, Leyte, Luzon, Santacristo, Iwo Jima, Okinawa and as an occupation force in Japan after the surrender. He talks mostly about Guam, Leyte, Luzon, Iwo Jima, Okinawa and Japan, but also mentions burials at sea and on the beachs, seeing his brother's ship get hit by torpedoes, and the emotional toll of the war.
Oral History Interview with Estelle Adams, July 5, 2014
Interview with Estelle Adams discussing her life growing up in Wheelock, Texas as well as her grandparents who left Georgia and other extended family members. She also talks about her experiences teaching in various Texas towns, including a segregated school in Bryan, Texas and being transferred to a school in Dallas, Texas during integration.
Oral History Interview with Ethel Reisberg Schectman, March 24, 2001
Interview with Ethel Reisberg Schectman regarding her experiences during World War II. She begins by discussing her family background: her parents were Jews born in Poland and emigrated to the United States. Ethel's European aunts, uncles and grandparents all likely died in the Holocaust. As a first grade student, she taught her mother, a Polish immigrant, how to read and write English. She recalls, wartime rationing, Victory Gardens, scrap drives, and antisemitism among her school-aged classmates in Dallas, Texas, and the end of the war.
Oral History Interview with Ethel Reisburg Schectman, March 24, 2001
Interview with Ethel Reisburg Schectman of Fort Worth, Texas, who was born in New York City during the Great Depression to Jewish Polish immigrant parents. The interview includes Hill's personal experiences of World War II on the home front, including memories of D-Day, iron metal scrap drives, victory gardens, rationing, V-E and V-J Days, and what it was like being Jewish in Dallas during that time.
Oral History Interview with Eugie Jones Thomas
Interview with Eugie Jones Thomas about the history of Grapevine, Texas.
Oral History Interview with Exxon Oilers Baseball Players, July 18, 1975
Interview with J. W. Carroll, B. B. Williams, Melvin Barry, and Bob Kalbitz, all members of the Exxon Oilers baseball team from Baytown, Texas. After a short introduction by Webber, these men all answer questions and describe their experiences before they arrived in Baytown and during their playing days for the Oilers.
Oral History Interview with Exxon Oilers Baseball Players, July 18, 1975
Interview with J. W. Carroll, B. B. Williams, Melvin Barry, and Bob Kalbitz, all members of the Exxon Oilers baseball team from Baytown, Texas. After a short introduction by Webber, these men all answer questions and describe their experiences before they arrived in Baytown and during their playing days for the Oilers.
Oral History Interview with Fannie Lou Throop, October 31, 1981
Interview with Fannie Lou Throop about the history of Grapevine, Texas.
Oral History Interview with Fay Butcher Lathrop, May 14, 1977
Interview with Fay Butcher Lathrop, a resident of Baytown, Texas since approximately 1920. Topics include the Houston Riot of 1917.
Oral History Interview with Floy Ezell
Interview with Floy Ezell about the history of Grapevine, Texas.
Oral History Interview with Floyd Deacon, September 15, 1982
Interview with Floyd Deacon about the history of Grapevine, Texas.
Oral History Interview with Floyd Mumme, April 12, 2002
Interview with Floyd Mumme, a medic during World War II. He discusses boot camp, being deployed to Saipan, Japanese trying to steal food, working in the Army Medical Corps, and treating wounds in combat.
Oral History Interview with Floyd R. Thomas, February 18, 2009
Interview with Floyd R. Thomas, a serviceman in the U. S. Army during World War II. He discusses his childhood and education at Peacock Military Academy. He then joined the army and spent time in Okinawa during and after the war. He recalls being a surgical technician and working with Japanese civilians after the surrender, meeting his wife, and working for saw mills as a salesman and a pilot. He remembers stealing pineapples on Hawaii and getting diarrhea, being treated for jungle rot, selling old Japanese army blankets to civilians, and shipping silk bolts and sabers back home.
Oral History Interview with Floyd R. Thomas, February 18, 2009
Interview with Floyd R. Thomas of El Paso, Texas, who is a veteran of the United States Armed Forces during World War II. In the interview, Mr. Thomas recalls memories from before the war as well as his time in the military, including his training in Oregon and Hawaii, attacks on Okinawa, and various battle scenes.
Oral History Interview with Freddy Rios, March 19, 1987
Partial recording of an interview with Freddy Rios, a veteran who served in the Vietnam War during 1967 and 1968. He discusses his experiences as a soldier, including being wounded and the events that led to him receiving the Distinguished Service Medal.
Oral History Interview with Garvin Kowalke, January 23, 2001
Interview with Garvin Kowalke, a pilot during World War II. He discusses joining the Army Air Corps, going to Air Cadet training to become a pilot, and training on various aircraft (AT-17, UC-78, P-36, P-33, T-6, BT-13, B-17, B-29) before becoming a B-29 pilot; he shipped out to Guam and flew standard and fire bombing runs over Japan. He discusses having to ditch the plane on the way back to Guam once when the engines failed, seeing another B-29 crew have to bail out over Toyko Bay and get picked up by a U.S. submarine that was in the Bay, getting pulled down to the fires when they were trying to hide in the smoke to avoid Japanese fighter planes, and getting caught in a storm by Mount Fujiyama, as well as collecting data such wind direction, speed, and temperature over Hiroshima for future bombing runs, which turned out to be for the bombers who dropped the atomic bomb. He also talks about flying over Hiroshima two days after the bombing and gauging how high the radiation levels were at different altitudes. He also talks about being in the Korean and Vietnam Wars, becoming a B-57 pilot, and adopting a baby boy from Germany after the war, then a little girl while he was stationed in Hawaii after the Korean War.
Oral History Interview with Gayle Reaves-King, April 4, 2012
Interview with Gayle Reaves-King,a journalist in Fort Worth, Texas. The interview includes biographical information about her life growing up, her educational background, family life, and her career with The Dallas Morning News and other newspapers.
Oral History Interview with George Ellender, May 1976
Interview with George Ellender, a longtime resident of Baytown, Texas after being born in Cedar Bayou, Texas in 1888. Ellender answers questions about his early life as well as the early growth of both Cedar Bayou and Baytown, and the impact of Hurricane Carla in 1961.
Oral History Interview with Gilberto S. Trevino, February 18, 2005
Interview with Gilberto S. Trevino, a U. S. Marine during World War II. He attended Texas A&M before serving in the Marine Corps. He was in the 28th Replacement Battalion when he was assigned to the 3d Marine Division and deployed to Iwo Jima. He discusses his first impressions of landing on the island. He describes the constructed Japanese defenses on the island and the use of Japanese Nisei interpreters to convince defenders to surrender. He returned to Texas A&M where he was in the Corps of Cadets (ROTC) and accepted his commission in the Army in time to serve in Korea. He eventually earned his Doctor of Veterinary Medicine degree from Texas A&M and a doctorate degree in pathology from Michigan State University. He retired from service in 1976 with the rank of colonel.
Oral History Interview with Glen Dyer, January 16, 1982
Interview with Glen Dyer about the history of Grapevine, Texas.
Oral History Interview with Glenn E. McDuffie, January 21, 2008
Interview with Glenn E. McDuffie, an Armed Guard in the U. S. Navy during World War II. He discusses lying about his age in order to join the navy at 15 and his experience in boot camp. He served as an Armed Guard on merchant ships that transported supplies across the Atlantic and remembers being in London while German bombers flew overhead. He transported German prisoners out of Marseilles and Naples shortly after the liberation of those cities. He remembers going to Times Square upon hearing that the Japanese had surrendered. He claims to have been the sailor in the iconic photo of the sailor kissing the nurse in Times Square on V-J Day. He describes how he proved he was the sailor in the photo, what he did after the war, and how he learned that his brother survived the Bataan Death March.
Oral History Interview with Glenn G. Morgan, February 17, 2005
Interview with Glenn G. Morgan, a bugler in the U. S. Navy during World War II. He was a bugler aboard the USS Indianapolis and experienced a kamikaze attack during the Okinawa campaign. He also describes transporting the crate that contained the first atomic bomb to Tinian, the ship's sinking, and the four days and five nights he spent in a life raft waiting to be rescued.
Oral History Interview with Glenn G. Morgan, February 17, 2005
Interview with Glenn G. Morgan of Weatherford, Texas, who is a veteran of the United States Navy. In the interview, Mr. Morgan talks about his time before the war as well as his military training, travels, life on and the sinking of the USS Indianapolis, and his survival at sea.
Oral History Interview with Gloria Campos, October 24, 2012
Interview with Gloria Campos, a journalist in Dallas, Texas. The interview includes biographical information about her life growing up, her educational background, and her career as a reporter.
Oral History Interview with Grover C. Edge, December 30, 1975
Interview with Grover C. Edge, a resident of Baytown, Texas since 1921. Topics include the early history of Baytown and the Humble Refinery, the VFW and the Bayshore Rod, Reel and Gun Club
Oral History Interview with Guinn Rasbury, April 30, 2004
Interview with Guinn Rasbury, a U. S. Marine during World War II. He discusses joining the Marines, being part of the invasion force at Florida and Tulagi Islands, having multiple malaria attacks, being transferred to Maine to cure his malaria, being transferred around the United States, and finally returning to the Pacific theater. He explains how being sick with malaria and getting bumped from a plane ride home saved his life. He shares anecdotes about sounding "Taps" at a memorial service for President Roosevelt and being chairman of the Second Marine Division Memorial Scholarship Fund Committee.
Oral History Interview with H. L. Obermiller, April 30, 2004
Interview with H. L. Obermiller, a Pharmacist's Mate during World War II. He discusses his involvement in the Battles of Tarawa, Saipan and Tinian, where he served as a Pharmacist's Mate. He remembers having Spam for Thanksgiving, meeting Navajo code talkers, and writing letters home.
Oral History Interview with Hazael R. Olivares, March 29, 2003
Interview with Hazael R. Olivares, a serviceman in the U. S. Navy during World War II. Olivares dropped out of high school and decided to join the U. S. Navy after hearing about the attack on Pearl Harbor. He took his 16-week basic training course at Great Lakes in Illinois where he learned how to fire various guns and recognize aircraft. After basic training, he was assigned to Algiers, Louisiana where he learned how to weld. Aboard the USS Bordelon (DD-881), he served as a Ship Fitter in the damage control department. After WWII, he remained in the reserves and was called up for duty in Korea. He served aboard the USS Sitkoh Bay (CVE-86). After Korea, he worked as a civilian for the Army Corps of Engineers as an oiler on a dredge. He then served in the Merchant Marines, hauling refined petroleum products from South America to North America. He also discusses going to French Indochina (Vietnam) and traveling up the Saigon River in a merchant vessel.
Oral History Interview with Hermi Salas, February 14, 2005
Interview with Oral interview with Hermi Salas, a U. S. Marine during World War II. Salas was assigned to the Third Marine Division and was present for the invasion of Guam in the Mariana Islands. He was wounded on Guam and evacuated to a hospital ship, the USS Solace. He also participated in the Iwo Jima landings. After a few weeks at Iwo Jima, Salas was wounded again and placed aboard the USS Solace. He discusses his experiences in the hospital recovering from the wounds he received in the Battle of Iwo Jima. Eventually, he made his way back to San Antonio. He also discusses a brief leave at home before he reported to prison guard duty in Corpus Christi. Upon being discharged after the war, Salas went to radio school and worked at Kelly Air Force Base in the Civil Service.