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Mode of Straining Saws by Atmospheric Pressure.

Description: Patent for the improvement of the reciprocating saw by simplifying the arrangement of cylinders, pipes, and exhaust pumps to produce the necessary vacuum, including illustration.
Date: August 14, 1855
Creator: Brown, A. & Coffin, Abel, Jr.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvment in Steam-Plows.

Description: Patent for one machine that plows, sows, roles and harrow soil in one operation or separately, including illustrations.
Date: June 25, 1861
Creator: Saladee, Cyrus W.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Windmills

Description: Patent for the improvement of wind mills, that includes a detailed description as well as labeled figure drawings.
Date: May 20, 1873
Creator: Jackson, Thomas R.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Jack-Screws and Clamps Combined.

Description: Patent for an invention "to combine a jack-screw or lifting-jack with a clamp, so that they may be interchangeably used." (Lines 19-21) Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: May 20, 1873
Creator: Jackson, Thomas R.; Jackson, Asberry C. & Watson, Claudius S.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Mill-Carriage-Wheel Guard.

Description: Patent for a new mill-carriage-wheel guard "to prevent obstruction falling on the wheels or on the [railroad] track, this guard also carries scrapers in front and in rear and on each side of the wheel, whereby the obstructions are scraped off the track." (Lines 23-28) This guard can be used with a wood-working machine carriages and/or rail.” Illustration is included.
Date: April 28, 1891
Creator: Zimmerman, Joseph W.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Car-Coupling.

Description: Patent for improved car couplings "of the Janney type, capable of readily coupling on short curved, and adapted to be either coupled or uncoupled without going between cars. A further object of the invention is to provide means whereby the parts may be readily set for automatic coupling, or to prevent coupling." (Lines 13-20) Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: March 19, 1895
Creator: Armstrong, James P.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pan Lifter and Turner.

Description: Patent for a pan lifter and turner using a bent handle, a curved plate is secured at the end of the bent handle; extending upward from the curved plate with a series of teeth to engages the crimped rim of a pan for lifting. At both ends of the curved plate provided with curved notches or recesses to receive and engage the rim of a pan for turning. Illustration is included.
Date: February 10, 1891
Creator: Ericson, John
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pen-Cleaning Attachment for Inkstands.

Description: Patent for innovations in "pen-cleaning attachments for inkstands" (lines 9-10). It is a lip that extends past the top of ink-wells, and is meant to prevent blotting. The attachment is "an annular expansible body portion of spring metal adapted to be fitted in the mouth of an ink-well" (lines 93-95)
Date: May 4, 1897
Creator: Higgins, Pattillo
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Mucilage-Bottle.

Description: Patent for a mucilage-bottle that has a brush which stays in the bottle, and is held in place with a cork. A spring is in the neck, and is compressed when the cork is inserted. This mucilage-bottle will not get clogged with dried mucilage.
Date: January 12, 1897
Creator: Taylor, George Watson
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Refuse-Carrier Frame.

Description: Patent for a support frame for devices that carry refuse from the saw mill to the burning pile, with instructions and illustrations.
Date: February 19, 1891
Creator: Zimmerman, Joseph W.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Dredging Apparatus.

Description: Patent for an improved dredging apparatus that plows or scoops, and has "an endless traveling elevator, the latter, being arranged in a rigid frame that is supported at a suitable angle, and the scoop being hinged to the lower end of said frame so that it works horizontally, or practically so" (lines 9-14).
Date: October 30, 1894
Creator: Hyatt, Frank A.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Gage for Adjusting Planer Knives.

Description: Patent for a new and improved gauge for planer knives. This design is "for use in planing and other mills where side heads are used to supply the need of a convenient appliance for holding the side heads in best position for filing, sharpening, or setting the bits, to afford a strong machine for holding the side heads firmly and securely in any position that the work[person] may desire while sharpening or adjusting the bits to the desired pattern" (lines 30-38).
Date: June 17, 1884
Creator: Thompson, Francis B.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Screw.

Description: Patent for a new and improved screw. This design consists in "[a] screw, the body and shank of which are of corresponding diameter throughout their length, the shank terminating in a rounded end, and the shank and body being provided with a longitudinal straight channel extending throughout their lengths, one of the terminal shoulders of the channel being removed" (lines 4-10).
Date: June 10, 1890
Creator: Ericson, John
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Fire Escape.

Description: Patent for a new and improved fire escape. This design "is to provide a fire-escape consisting, essentially, of a cushion adapted to receive and break the fall of persons jumping from a burning building, the said cushion being so constructed as to enable it to be folded to a convenient and portable size" (lines 8-14).
Date: January 15, 1889
Creator: Simon, Jacob Peter
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Trunk-Strap Fastener.

Description: Patent for an improved trunk fastener "whereby a strap after having been tightly drawn around a trunk or other article of baggage can be fastened without the use of the usual buckle" (lines 13-16). It consists of a hook-securing mechanism that holds the buckle at one end, an opposite toothed beveled clamping-face, a swinging lever with opposite arms that is connected with the fixed mechanism, a beveled clamping-face between the arms, and a lever that clamps the strap between the beveled clamping faces.
Date: November 8, 1892
Creator: Webb, William James
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pipe Wrench.

Description: Patent for a new and improved pipe-wrench. This design consists in "the handle having the integral L-shaped foot at its end forming the rigid jaw of the wrench, said foot or jaw having its inner face curved, so as to receive and provide a bearing for the pipe, and its outer face at right angles to the handle, and said face being serrated, combined with the C-shaped swinging jaw pivoted at one end to the handle by a single bolt, and having its entire inner face serrated from the pivot-point to the outer end, and the teeth along the outer edge of the handle in close proximity to the rigid foot" (lines 12-24).
Date: December 17, 1889
Creator: Smith, James R.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Dredging-Machine

Description: Patent for "a dredger which shall in an improved manner co-operate with and utilize the current in removing accumulations from the bed of channels" (lines 13-17).
Date: December 24, 1889
Creator: Fletcher, William A.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Log-Loading Mechanism.

Description: Patent for a machine that hauls and loads logs upon cars from either side of the track, or both sides at once. The machine can easily be transported on a car. The machine "consists, essentially, in a platform of about the length of an ordinary log-car and of a height and width to enable it to span the same, mounted upon which are a steam engine and a boiler and a rotating crane, said platform being provided with pivoted legs for holding it above the track, with pivoted legs for holding it above the track, with means for locking said legs in a vertical position" (lines 23-30).
Date: April 14, 1896
Creator: Fletcher, WIlliam Andrew
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Oil-Distributer.

Description: Patent for simple and efficient oil-distributor that is meant to calm the water next to a ship. It also takes up little space and can easily be launched over the side of the ship and is insured so that oil is automatically distributed into the water.
Date: September 17, 1895
Creator: Ericson, John & Phinney, Adelbert
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Mining Sulfur.

Description: Patent for a method of mining sulfur and other things that have similar melting points that is less expensive and more efficient than previous methods. A machine sprays hot fluid at fissures where the mineral exists, melts it, and carries it away in the stream.
Date: April 27, 1897
Creator: Higgins, Pattillo & Carroll, George W.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Log-Loader.

Description: Patent for improvements in a machine that hauls logs and loads them on railways, based on a patent application submitted by the inventor previously (serial no. 563,242). A swinging crane loads and unloads the logs.
Date: August 11, 1896
Creator: Fletcher, William A.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Log-Carrier.

Description: Patent for a log-carrier with an improved construction from a previous patent (No. 539,380). Improvements include a change in "the angle of strain of the draft-chain as the lever approaches the horizontal position...when the load is elevated" (lines 34-37). It also maintains "a uniform leverage without the use of guide-rollers or other means" (lines 54-56), and balances the sliding tongue so that "the team is relieved of the weight thereof" (line 62).
Date: December 8, 1896
Creator: Carroll, Joseph Alexander
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department