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Improvement in Plows

Description: Patent for improvements in the construction of plow-beams to be attached to the front axles of a wagon.
Date: July 6, 1869
Creator: Cummins, A. G. & Cummins, J. R.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Washing-Machines.

Description: Patent for an improvement in waching machine design, including illustrations.
Date: March 18, 1873
Creator: Millegan, William E.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Gang-Plows.

Description: Patent for an improved gang-plow with an adjustable crank-axle, mechanism to raise and lock the plows, and a brace for increasing rigidity.
Date: January 27, 1874
Creator: Cummins, Allison G. & Cummins, John R.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Compound Engines.

Description: Patent for "a series of engines for working the steam over by exhausting it from the first into the second, and so on, for utilizing the pressure lost when steam is exhausted from a single engine into the air..." (lines 7-11) including instructions and illustrations.
Date: February 16, 1875
Creator: Bell, Jackson W. ; Bell, J. W. ; Jackson W. Bell, of McKinney, Texas.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Tire-Tighteners.

Description: Patent for a device "for the purpose of tightening or loosening tires on wheels belonging to any kind of vehicles without shrinking or cutting the tires." (Lines 6-9) Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: July 27, 1875
Creator: Horton, Henry A. R. & Hayes, Amos P.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Gang-Plows.

Description: Patent for "an improved gang-plow, which shall be so constructed that it may be readily adjusted to cause the plows to take or leave land, and which will enable the wheels to be adjusted closer to or farther from the plows, as may be desired." (Lines 12-17) Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: February 20, 1877
Creator: Cummins, John R.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Hame Fasteners

Description: Patent for a new and useful improvement in hame-fasteners. "This fastening can be readily fastened and unfastened without taking off the gloves, and with cold and benumbed fingers, and when fastened will hold the hames securely" (lines 35-38). Including instructions and illustrations.
Date: April 6, 1877
Creator: Poland, Tunis H.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Car-Couplings

Description: Patent for car coupling device that attaches cars automatically when moved together while also detaching if one or more cars come off the tracks.
Date: May 22, 1877
Creator: Dobbs, Charles & Robinson, Samuel L.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Sulky-Plows

Description: Patent for sulky plow improvements plow beams, pivot studs, and plow frame.
Date: June 5, 1877
Creator: Fowler, Albert A.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Riding-Plows.

Description: Patent for "an improved riding or sulky plow which shall be so constructed that the plow may be readily lowered into, raised from, and adjusted to run at any desired depth in the ground, and which may be adjusted to take or leave land, and to hold the carriage level when both wheels are running upon unplowed land, and when one wheel is running in a furrow." (Lines 14-22) Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: July 17, 1877
Creator: Florance, James L.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Bale-ties.

Description: Patent for "an improvement on the patented bale-tie" (lines 15-16) which includes lugs to "lock" the tie (line 22) including instructions and illustrations.
Date: February 29, 1878
Creator: Horton, Jesse R.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Attachment for Wheel-Plows.

Description: Patent for "invention has relation to improvements in attachments to sulky and other horse-plows" (para. 3). Combines a circle-plate, transverse clamp-ridge, clamps, a bearing plate, a king-bolt, a transverse sleeve, an axle, adjusting collars, and transporting-wheels on said axle.
Date: December 21, 1878
Creator: Cummins, John Randolph
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Photographic Backgrounds.

Description: Patent for a new way of "holding and manipulating photographers' backgrounds" (line 19) including illustrations.
Date: June 10, 1879
Creator: Moberly, Louis
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cotton-Planter Attachment.

Description: Patent for improvements on cotton or other seed planters with a new design that allows for "simultaneously adjusting-i.e., raising and lowering-the plows in front and in rear of the seed-dropping drum " (lines 29-31) including instructions and illustrations.
Date: May 25, 1880
Creator: Willcoxson, Coulmon W.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Shingle Gage.

Description: Patent for a new and improved gauge for the installation of roofing shingles. This design utilizes a set of metal brackets and joined metal bars to guide in the nailing of shingles to the roof. This eliminates the need for marking in advance the target of the nail.
Date: April 5, 1881
Creator: Gay, Edward R.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Stalk Cutter.

Description: Patent for a new and improved stalk cutter. This design has "the combination of the A-shaped frame, consisting of side pieces hinged together at their forward ends, and provided with lateral projecting knives or cutters and horizontal slots, in which work set-screws for adjusting the cross-braces, tongue or pole, hinged at its rear-end to a bracket, vertically adjustable on the front side of [the] cross-brace, and the seat-bar hinged or otherwise secured to the underside of [the] cross-brace" (lines 76-85).
Date: April 26, 1881
Creator: Horn, John W.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cotton Stalk Cutter.

Description: Patent for a new and improved cotton-stalk cutter. This design utilizes a frame with two small, curved blades, which, with the assistance of pins, can be locked in place either in two corresponding recesses or outwardly when in use.
Date: June 28, 1881
Creator: Pearce, Aaron B.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Game Board.

Description: Patent for a new and improved bowling alley. This design calls for depressed gutters running along either side of the elevated alley, with cushions running along the lengths of the other sides of the gutters.
Date: June 28, 1881
Creator: Henry, Marcus Linsay
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cotton Packer.

Description: Patent for a new and improved cotton packer. This design is "to provide means for taking the cotton from the gin and packing the same in the bale box, ready for the action of the press-follower, without manual labor" (lines 22-26).
Date: July 26, 1881
Creator: Moore, Ralleigh Cabert
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Sewing Machine.

Description: Patent for a new and improved sewing machine. This design calls for a clamp and a needle with a bend toward the eye so that the needle may easily be adjusted and changed out, depending on the task at hand.
Date: July 26, 1881
Creator: Fuqua, Marcellus B.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Car Coupling.

Description: Patent for a new and improved coupling for railroad cars. This design "consists in the construction and novel arrangement of the rack-bars seated in ways recessed in the sides of the draw-head, toothed segments engaging therewith, a shaft carrying said toothed segments, and also bearing within the cavity of the draw-head a vibratory arm and a setting-lever, from which the coupling-pin is suspended, connected to said vibratory arm" (lines 24-32).
Date: August 16, 1881
Creator: Stephens, Lawrence Earnest. & Pool, George Washington.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Stalk Cutter.

Description: Patent for a new and improved stalk cutter. This design consists in "relates to machines for cutting corn and cotton stalks; and it consists in certain improvements in the construction of the same" (lines 18-21).
Date: October 4, 1881
Creator: Rhea, James C.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Stalk Cutter.

Description: Patent for a new and improved stalk cutter. This design "consists in certain improvements in the construction of [devices for cutting corn and cotton stalks] . . . [and] [t]he object of the invention is to simplify and cheapen the construction and arrangement of means for adjusting the pitch of the sides without affecting the usefulness or efficiency of the device; and to that end such means consist, essentially, in a single-rack bar, an operating-lever, and two links connecting said lever with the side bars" (lines 15-28).
Date: October 25, 1881
Creator: Horn, John W.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department