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Improvement in Presses.

Description: Patent for pressing cotton, hay, and tobacco with moveable notches for more control in producing bales and using less power than previous presses, including illustration.
Date: January 17, 1860
Creator: McCray, Thomas H.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvment in Cotton-Presses.

Description: Patent for the improvement in pressing cotton, hay, and tobacco with moveable bale-boxes and a more rapid-working press, including illustration.
Date: March 13, 1860
Creator: McCray, Thomas H.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pessary.

Description: Patent for an improved pessary, as an instrument to support for the uterus against prolapse, including illustration.
Date: March 13, 1860
Creator: Wells, Francis F.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Machines for Polishing Marble, &c.

Description: Patent for an improved machine that rubs and polishes marble using a sand and water box moving forward and backward to polish the stone without man power and tools, including illustration.
Date: March 20, 1860
Creator: Emmett, William
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Millstone-Dress.

Description: Patent for an improved millstone-dress that produce less heat while grinding by employing a greater number of furrows, including illustration.
Date: March 20, 1860
Creator: Littlepage, C. V.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Cotton-Seed Planters.

Description: Patent for an improvement in cotton-seed planters using a combination of an adjustable agitator and a movable self-adjusting stirrer, including illustration.
Date: April 3, 1860
Creator: Sweeny, Samuel P.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Apparatus for Boring Artesian Wells.

Description: Patent for improvement in pump-drills for boring artesian wells by “combining pump-valves and pistons with a drill for boring artesian or other wells” (lines 21-23), including illustration.
Date: April 17, 1860
Creator: Taney, John
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Plows.

Description: Patent for an improved plow to turn and reverse the mold-board by using a single bolt to secure the reversible mold-board onto the stock of a plow.
Date: May 15, 1860
Creator: Pitts, William C.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Seed-Planters.

Description: Patent for the improvement of planting seeds using a single seed-slide and double tubes from seed box to distribute seeds to planting point in a more direct route than other seed-planters, including illustration.
Date: May 15, 1860
Creator: Pitts, W. C.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Hanging Millstones.

Description: Patent for improvement of hanging millstones using a driver to hang the runner of a pair of millstones, “as it rotates, adjust itself to the position of the stationary stone, and the parallelism of the faces of the two stones be preserved whether the stationary one be perfectly horizontal or not” (lines 19-24), including illustration.
Date: May 29, 1860
Creator: Dance, G. P.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Bolt for Doors.

Description: Patent for the improvement of bolt locks on double doors using a lever lock for safety and ease of locking and unlocking one or both doors, including illustration.
Date: June 26, 1860
Creator: Bonney, N. W.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Medical Compound.

Description: Patent for a cough syrup formula made from various plant extracts, to treat inflammatory diseases. No illustration.
Date: June 26, 1860
Creator: Reeves, J. J.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Millstone-Dress.

Description: Patent for improvement in millstone-dress by “making each of the main grooves in five sections, in combination with shoulders and inclined planes” (lines 17-19), including illustration.
Date: June 26, 1860
Creator: Gaines, James, W.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Gang-Plows.

Description: Patent for an improvement of gang-plows by arranging the plows in rows on to a fame which can be fastened to a wagon, when the wagon is in motion, it causes the plows to work in vertical motion. The height of the plow-frame can be adjusted. Illustration is included.
Date: July 3, 1860
Creator: Wilson, J. C.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Ant-Trap.

Description: Patent for an ant-trap using a portable receptacle with three different designs, each can be used as an individual trap or in any combinations to lure ants into the bottom of the receptacle without any means of escaping, including illustration.
Date: August 7, 1860
Creator: Cottingham, G. W. & Menefee, John S.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Seeding-Machines.

Description: Patent for the improvement of seed-planters using a rotary system to distribute seeds from a drum and into the soil, including illustration.
Date: September 4, 1860
Creator: Park, A. R.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cotton-Cleaner.

Description: Patent for a machine that cleans cotton by placing the seed into a rotating cylinder it is carried and removed using air presser through spiral fan blades and pins to rid impurities, including illustrations.
Date: September 11, 1860
Creator: Smith, Charles
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Feeders for Cotton-Gins.

Description: Patent for the improvement of cotton-gin by feeding cotton in a uniform manner of removing sand and dirt, separating hulls, leaves, and imperfect pods for improved quality and reducing physical labor, including illustration.
Date: September 11, 1860
Creator: Hall, S. Z.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Chain-Link.

Description: Patent for a harness ring for connecting and disconnecting from other fastening hooks, chains, or rings, including illustration.
Date: November 13, 1860
Creator: Kirk, John P.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Cotton-Seed Planters.

Description: Patent for the improvement to cotton-seed planters by connecting the wheel to the reciprocating stirrer to guide the seed from hopper to soil and covering it, including illustration.
Date: November 27, 1860
Creator: McClanahan, C. W.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Cultivators.

Description: Patent for the improvement of cultivators using adjustable blades and is adaptable to use different types of blades for a variety of other uses, including illustration.
Date: January 15, 1861
Creator: Alexander, J. T. D.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Cotton-Scrapers.

Description: Patent for the improvement of a cotton scraper "for general cultivation of drill-husbandry" (lines 17-18) and cotton crops, including illustration.
Date: February 19, 1861
Creator: Shepard, Josiah
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Steam-Boiler.

Description: Patent for the improvement for steam boilers by having a detachable fire-box for a portable boiler with little maintenance and efficient as a steam generator, including illustration.
Date: March 5, 1861
Creator: Porter, John
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department