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Improvement in Cotton-Seed Planters.

Description: Patent for the improvement of the cotton-seed planter in the arrangement of the hopper, roller with stirring and feeding teeth attached while distributing seeds accurately, including illustration.
Date: December 27, 1859
Creator: Kesler, Charles & Reinhard, Fred
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Peach-Parer.

Description: Patent for a paring device for peaches using prongs to hold and rotate the fruit while a blade pares the peach. Includes illustrations.
Date: December 27, 1859
Creator: Hermans, Alva & Hermans, Mary E.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Plows.

Description: Patent for the improvement of the plow using braces and mold-board for a sturdy and very durable plow, including illustration.
Date: November 15, 1859
Creator: Townsend, John T.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Sewing-Machines.

Description: Patent for improvement in sewing-machines by using two cams, one to operate the needle-arm and another to operate the feed and shuttle movements, illustration is included.
Date: November 15, 1859
Creator: Singer, E. C.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Converting Reciprocating into Rotary Motion.

Description: Patent for converting reciprocating into rotary motion by using “two vertically moving racks with a cog wheel on a small shaft between them which gears into the teeth of the racks” (lines 16-19), includes illustration.
Date: 1859-11-1
Creator: Harper, C. A.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Machines for Distributing Fertilizers.

Description: Patent for the improvement of fertilizer-distributer which dispense fertilizers from a hopper with revolving arms that is mounted on top of a plow like machine, which would allow the fertilizers fall into the furrow. Including illustration.
Date: September 27, 1859
Creator: Morrel, Z. N.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Securing Iron Bands on Cotton-Bales.

Description: Patent for the improvement of cotton-bale fastenings by using a metal plate and a flange to fasten and unfasten the bale without any other tools and with ease. Including illustration.
Date: September 27, 1859
Creator: Pyle, C. W.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Cotton-Seed Planters.

Description: Patent for the improvement of the hopper, stirrer, and distributor in cotton-planters that dispenses seeds into the soil using two horizontal united disks that discharges the seeds regularly and evenly, including illustration.
Date: September 13, 1859
Creator: Collier, T. T.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Cotton-Seed Planters.

Description: Patent for the improvement of the cotton-seed planter through the arrangement of a seed dispenser over a reciprocating slide and agitator operated by a pulley system simultaneously when moving forward, including illustration.
Date: September 13, 1859
Creator: Smith, P. M. & Collier, T. T.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Seed-Planters.

Description: Patent for a seed-planter using two vibratory vertical feed-wheels, similar in size to distribute different seeds at the same time, one is designed specifically for cotton seeds, illustration is included.
Date: August 16, 1859
Creator: Murphy, Willis G.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Rotary Steam-Engine.

Description: Patent for the improvement of the rotary engine through the arrangement of passages and system of pistons for a more simple construction with little friction, including illustration.
Date: August 16, 1859
Creator: Montjoy, George J. & Sawyer, J. B.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Excavating and Grading Machine.

Description: Patent for a cultivating machine that pulverizes colds of soil using a revolving cylinder of blades, including illustration.
Date: July 19, 1859
Creator: Morrel, Z. N.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Portable Oven.

Description: Patent for outdoor use of the Dutch oven and skillet converting the cover of the Dutch oven as a way to suspend frying pan or gridiron over coals to heat, including illustration.
Date: July 12, 1859
Creator: Morrel, Z. N.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Cotton and Hay Presses.

Description: Patent for the "improvement in Horizontal Cotton - Presses for compressing cotton, hay, and other articles and substances for baling; ..." (lines 3-6), including illustrations.
Date: July 5, 1859
Creator: Stockbridge, Elam
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Cultivators.

Description: Patent for "a new and Improved Cultivator" (lines 3-4) including instructions and illustrations.
Date: June 21, 1859
Creator: Veal, Franklin
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Seeding-Machines.

Description: Patent for the improvement of the seeding-machine by having a lever that allows the driver to operate the hopper-box, harrow, and smoothing-roller at any time, including illustration.
Date: June 14, 1859
Creator: Veal, Franklin
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Breakwater.

Description: Patent for improving seawalls to "preserve channels across the bars at the mouths of rivers, creeks, or canals and between bays and gulfs" (lines 6-8), including illustration.
Date: June 7, 1859
Creator: Armour, D. Hillen
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Corn-Planters.

Description: Patent for a corn-planter that allows the seed to be placed in a hopper and disperses the seed through a cylinder that is connected to a wheel to place and cover the seed, including illustration.
Date: May 10, 1859
Creator: Gilbert, R. B.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Cultivators.

Description: Patent for a triangle shaped cultivator with removable mold-boards that can be used as a plow and scraper, including illustration.
Date: May 10, 1859
Creator: Doss, William C.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Cotton-Gins.

Description: Patent for the improvement of the cotton-gin by the arrangement of two cylindrical brushes and rollers to reduce damaging the staple of the cotton, illustrations included.
Date: April 19, 1859
Creator: Gottheil, Edward
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Fastening Iron Bands on Cotton-Bales.

Description: Patent for an iron band to tie and hold cotton bales with convenience and quickly during the first pack and during the compression process, including illustration.
Date: April 5, 1859
Creator: Wells, Clinton G.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Rotary Pump.

Description: Patent for a "submerged pump of very simple construction... one which will be efficient in its operation and not liable to get out of repair" (lines 16-20), illustration included.
Date: March 8, 1859
Creator: Fagan, James L.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department