Network maintenance July 27th between 7:30AM and 8:00AM CDT may cause service disruptions.

The Archives of the Big Bend - Browse

ABOUT BROWSE FEED

Army cooks on U. S. & Mexico border from 1916 to the twenties. Picture

Description: Illustrated descriptions of the Army field kitchens on the U. S. - Mexico border, 1916-1920, from cooking equipment loaded on mule-drawn wagons to rolling kitchens pulled by trucks. Includes recipe for El Rancho Stew and a diagram of Army Field Range #1 (cook stove).
Date: unknown
Creator: Smithers, W. D. (Wilfred Dudley), 1895-1981.
Item Type: Artwork

[A cavalry roundup. Picture]

Description: Drawing depicting sergeant of a cavalry troop recovering stolen cattle on the Texas-Mexico border, c.1916.
Date: 1920
Creator: Smithers, W. D. (Wilfred Dudley), 1895-1981.
Item Type: Artwork

[Cavalry wagon trains and pack trains. Picture]

Description: Drawing of an Army wagon train; list of personnel of a wagon train; description of pack trains; information about water and camp sites in the Big Bend District, c. 1916-1920.
Date: 1916/1920
Creator: Smithers, W. D. (Wilfred Dudley), 1895-1981.
Item Type: Artwork

Description of a Military Pack Train. Picture

Description: Drawing of muleteers in camp during a trip to deliver military cargo to places inaccessible by wagon. Figure on the left may represent W. D. Smithers, who was a packer for the Army.
Date: 1920
Creator: Smithers, W. D. (Wilfred Dudley), 1895-1981.
Item Type: Artwork

Field Artillery on the U. S. - Mexico border 1916-1921. Picture

Description: Brief description of the personnel and operations of a battery unit of the U. S. Army on the U. S. - Mexico border, 1916-1921, including a note on the march of Battery B, 6th Field Artillery, into Mexico with the Punitive Expedition. Illustrations based on photographs taken between 1916 and 1922.
Date: 1961
Creator: Smithers, W. D. (Wilfred Dudley), 1895-1981.
Item Type: Artwork

[Map of Army Supply Routes in Big Bend, Texas 1916-1921]

Description: Reproduction of a hand-drawn map showing ranches in Presidio County, Texas with a list of water stops and camp sites on the ranches made available to U. S. Army troops stationed in the Big Bend District between 1916 and 1921.
Date: unknown
Creator: Smithers, W. D. (Wilfred Dudley), 1895-1981
Item Type: Map

[Map of the Lower Part of Brewster County, Texas 1916-1930]

Description: Reproduction of a hand-drawn map of part of Brewster County, Texas in the Big Bend region. It includes several annotations and identifies families and ranches in lower Brewster County Texas between 1916 and 1930, WWI quicksilver mines, and provides information on the Glenn Springs Raid of 1916.
Date: unknown
Creator: Smithers, W. D. (Wilfred Dudley), 1895-1981
Item Type: Map

[Map of the Overland Route of the Camels in the U.S. 1857-1858]

Description: Reproduction of a map showing the route of the U.S. Army camel train (under the direction of Lieutenant E. F. Beale) surveying for a wagon route from Texas to California along the 35th Parallel to test the feasibility of using camels as military pack animals. The map has annotations and shows the relationship to U. S. Route 66.
Date: unknown
Creator: Smithers, W. D. (Wilfred Dudley), 1895-1981
Item Type: Map

[Map of the Pershing Expedition: March 15, 1916]

Description: Reproduction of a hand-drawn map showing routes the U. S. troops took into Mexico on the expedition of 1916 led by General John J. Pershing. Notes the pack train and wagon train routes as well as infantry routes, and the Expedition headquarters at Dublan Mexico.
Date: unknown
Creator: Smithers, W. D. (Wilfred Dudley), 1895-1981
Item Type: Map

[Map of the U.S.-Mexico Border from El Paso to Van Horn, Texas]

Description: Reproduction of a hand-drawn map showing the border area between Texas and Mexico from El Paso, Texas (left) to Van Horn, Texas (right). Several towns, forts, roads, and geographic features are marked primarily on the Texas side of the map. A note in the bottom-left corner of the map says "Where the Rio Grande becomes the U.S. & Mexico boundary, and flows towards the Big Bend District. It makes 1,260 miles of the international border. Much of the early history of the south-west was made along the Rio Bravo (Rio Grande) by the Spaniards. Their route was through "El Paso del Norte" the Pass of the North. This section of the border was very active during the "Border Trouble Days" of 1916 to 1920."
Date: [1920..]
Creator: Smithers, W. D. (Wilfred Dudley), 1895-1981
Item Type: Map

[Map of Trading Posts in Big Bend, Texas 1916-1930]

Description: Reproduction of a hand-drawn map showing trading posts on the Rio Grande River from El Paso to Eagle Pass, Texas. It includes two lists: "Trading Posts on the Texas Side of the Big Bend in 1916-30" and "Settlements in the Juarez Area." It also has notes near the bottom of the map that say "The trade area was an 80 mile radius from the Rio Grande. Several days travel by burro or horse. Most towns or villages shown were in the news during the border trouble days" and "Most of this part of Mexico and the Big Bend Country is rough mountains.
Date: unknown
Creator: Smithers, W. D. (Wilfred Dudley), 1895-1981
Item Type: Map

Nomenclature of harness, ambulance, or escort wagon. Picture

Description: Drawing of the "off" (right) side of a four-mule army wagon team detailing and naming the harness parts. The drawing was published in Chronicles of the Big Bend, W. D. Smithers, Madrona Press, Austin, Texas, 1976, p. 14.
Date: unknown
Creator: Smithers, W. D. (Wilfred Dudley), 1895-1981.
Item Type: Artwork

Overland troop movements, 1916-1935. Map

Description: Map of Texas/Mexico border showing line of forts from El Paso to Brownsville. Includes chart of mileages between Texas forts, listing of old forts in Texas still active in 1935, information about cavalry speeds and auxiliary units, and inset of U.S./Mexico border showing line of forts from the Pacific Ocean to the Gulf of Mexico.
Date: unknown
Creator: Smithers, W. D. (Wilfred Dudley), 1895-1981.
Item Type: Map

Pershing expedition into Mexico 1916-1917. Map

Description: Shows area of Mexico covered by the Expedition, lists places used as U. S. headquarters, gives details of battles fought with Villistas and Carrancistas by cavalry units commanded by Colonel Dodd and Major Robert L. Howze, lists bases of the First Aero Squadron commanded by Captain B. D. Foulois.
Date: unknown
Creator: Smithers, W. D. (Wilfred Dudley), 1895-1981.
Item Type: Artwork