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Gayle Cruthirds Bombing Group Photograph

Description: Photograph of the United States Air Force, 15th Air Force, 376th Bombing Group, including Gayle Cruthirds of Diboll, Texas. All of the men are wearing Air Force uniforms and leather flight jackets, posing in front of a bomber. The plane has a face and the name "Betsy" painted on it. Handwritten information on the back of the photograph says, "April 22, 1944, Topeka, Kans. 15th Air Force (Italy) 376 Bomb Gp." and also lists those pictured, in order. Bottom row left-to-right: Lt. Jim Carrender, navigator, Kansas City; Lt. John Griffin, pilot, Rochester, New York; Lt. Peter Arth, co-pilot, Los Angeles, California; Lt. Hubert Schlatter, bombardier, Jennings Lodge, Oregon. Top row left-to-right: S/Sgt. Slim Limbocker, waistgun, Ranger, Texas; S/Sgt. Jo Janosko, engineer, Auburn, New York; S/Sgt. Gayle Cruthirds, nose gun, Diboll, Texas; S/Sgt. Edward Blunt, ball gun, Fresno, California; S/Sgt. Russel Martin, radio, top gun, Mounds, Illinois; S/Sgt. Ray (Mundo) Lane, tail gun, St. Louis, Missouri.
Date: April 22, 1944
Item Type: Photograph

[Prisoners Working on the Texas State Railroad]

Description: Vintage postcard of prisoners from the East Texas Penitentiary performing maintenance work on the Texas State Railroad, circa 1913. Armed guards supervise the prisoners, who are digging ditches along the sides of the track and roadbed.
Date: 1913~
Item Type: Postcard

[Gayle Cruthirds World War II Flight Log]

Description: Flight log created by Gayle Cruthirds, member of the 376th Bomb Group, 15th Air Force, documenting his bombing missions over Italy and Eastern Europe between May 17, 1944 through September 20, 1944. Cruthirds discusses dates, flight times, mission location, weather, presence of flak and fighters, types of planes, and notes specific to each mission.
Date: 1944
Creator: Cruthirds, Gayle
Item Type: Book

[Corliss Steam Sawmill Engine]

Description: Photograph of a Southern Pine Lumber Company sawmill engine, a 24x48 500 horse power Filer & Stowell Corliss steam engine, with an 18-foot fly wheel. A company employee is depicted in the background. This is likely sawmill 1, or the yellow pine mill.
Date: 1907
Creator: American Lumberman
Item Type: Photograph

[Southern Pine Lumber Company Sawmill No. 2 at Sunset]

Description: Photograph of the Southern Pine Lumber Company sawmill no. 2 as seen from across the mill pond at sunset. This mill was built between December 1906 and April 1907. All sawmill equipment was in a 40x155 feet area and the lath mill annex was 28x60 feet. Although it was sometimes called the hardwood mill, it also cut pine. The mill's daily capacity during a daytime run was 60,000 feet of pine and 40,000 feet of hardwoods, with a day and night yellow pine capacity of 120,000 feet. Hardwoods were not cut at night. Sawmill 2 was dismantled in 1954.
Date: 1907
Creator: American Lumberman
Item Type: Photograph

[Mill Pond Detailed View]

Description: Photograph of a detailed view of the Southern Pine Lumber Company mill pond with floating pine logs. The building in the background is possibly the Texas South-Eastern Railroad Company office. Also shown are rail cars, including one from the Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railroad.
Date: 1907
Creator: American Lumberman
Item Type: Photograph

[Yellow Pine on the Band Saw Dock]

Description: Photograph of the interior of the Southern Pine Lumber Company sawmill 1, or yellow pine mill, showing yellow pine logs on the band saw dock. This view is from the log end. Construction for this mill began on March 1, 1903, and the mill became operational on June 12 of the same year. It replaced the original mill that was built in 1894. The mill was powered by a 500 horse powered Filer & Stowell 24x40 inch Corliss steam engine. American Lumberman reports that in 1907 the mill had a daily capacity of 240,000 board feet of lumber and 65,000 feet of lath. This mill was destroyed by fire on January 7, 1968 and rebuilt by September of that year.
Date: 1907
Creator: American Lumberman
Item Type: Photograph

[Southern Pine Lumber Company Sawmil No. 1 from Mill Pond]

Description: Photograph of the Southern Pine Lumber Company sawmill no. 1 from across the mill pond with logs in the foreground. To the right is the log unloading dock. A mill pond worker is also shown standing on logs in the pond. Also known as "mill 1," it cut yellow pine. Construction for this mill began on March 1, 1903, and the mill became operational on June 12 of the same year. It replaced the original mill that was built in 1894. The mill was powered by a 500 horse powered Filer & Stowell 24x40 inch Corliss steam engine. American Lumberman reports that in 1907 the mill had a daily capacity of 240,000 board feet of lumber and 65,000 feet of lath. This mill was destroyed by fire on January 7, 1968 and rebuilt by September of that year.
Date: 1907
Creator: American Lumberman
Item Type: Photograph

[A Log atop the Endless Chain]

Description: Photograph of the Southern Pine Lumber Company log pond from the top of the endless chain incline. The photograph shows how logs were attached to the chain and pulled upward from the mill pond and into the sawmill.
Date: 1907
Creator: American Lumberman
Item Type: Photograph

[Southern Pine Lumber Company Planing Mill Interior - North End]

Description: Photograph of the interior of the Southern Pine Lumber Company planing mill from the north end. The January 18, 1908 issue of American Lumberman reports that the planing mill had one 8x30 sizer, one 8x18 sizer, four 15-inch No. 2 combination matchers, six 9-inch matchers, one 10-inch outside molder, one 15-inch inside molder, six swing cutoff saws, two resaws, two edgers, one lath machine, and two blowers. It was 252 by 80 feet in area, employed 43 people and had a daily capacity of 275,000 feet of lumber.
Date: 1907
Creator: American Lumberman
Item Type: Photograph

[Southern Pine Lumber Company Sawmill No. 1 Interior - South End]

Description: Photograph of the Southern Pine Lumber Company sawmill 1 interior from the south end, showing mill machinery. It was also called the "yellow pine mill" because it cut yellow pine. Construction for this mill began on March 1, 1903, and the mill became operational on June 12 of the same year. It replaced the original mill that was built in 1894. The mill was powered by a 500 horse powered Filer & Stowell 24x40 inch Corliss steam engine. American Lumberman reports that in 1907 the mill had a daily capacity of 240,000 board feet of lumber and 65,000 feet of lath. This mill was destroyed by fire on January 7, 1968 and rebuilt by September of that year.
Date: 1907
Creator: American Lumberman
Item Type: Photograph

[Southern Pine Lumber Company Planing Mill Interior - South End]

Description: Photograph of the interior of the Southern Pine Lumber Company planing mill from the south end, showing mill machinery. The January 18, 1908 issue of American Lumberman reports that the planing mill had one 8x30 sizer, one 8x18 sizer, four 15-inch No. 2 combination matchers, six 9-inch matchers, one 10-inch outside molder, one 15-inch inside molder, six swing cutoff saws, two resaws, two edgers, one lath machine, and two blowers. It was 252 by 80 feet in area, employed 43 people and had a daily capacity of 275,000 feet of lumber.
Date: 1907
Creator: American Lumberman
Item Type: Photograph

[Dynamo Room Interior]

Description: Photograph of the interior of the Southern Pine Lumber Company dynamo room showing an engine manufactured by A. L. Ide & Sons of Springfield, Illinois. Engine specifications include 13x12 204 rev.; 50 K. W. Triumph Dynamo (Triumph Electric Company of Cincinnati, Ohio); 35 K. W. Keystone dynamo (Keystone Electric Company of Erie, Pennsylvania); 250 volts D. C.
Date: 1907
Creator: American Lumberman
Item Type: Photograph

[Hardwood Log Cars]

Description: Photograph of a train of nine rail cars carrying hardwood timber on a switch near the Southern Pine Lumber Company sawmills.
Date: 1907
Creator: American Lumberman
Item Type: Photograph

[Two Hardwood Log Cars]

Description: Photograph of two rail cars loaded with hardwood timber near the Southern Pine Lumber Company sawmills.
Date: 1907
Creator: American Lumberman
Item Type: Photograph

[White School Building]

Description: Photograph of the white school building in Diboll, Texas, showing the students. Attendance was 150 students.
Date: 1907
Creator: American Lumberman
Item Type: Photograph