Photograph of the State Historical Survey Committee marker for Hall Cemetery in Howe, Texas. Text: Located on land patented by Anderson White (1801-85), on certificate issued April 23, 1850, by Peters Colony, an immigration project which had received a large land grant in this region from the Republic of Texas. Burial plot was begun Jan. 6, 1857, upon the death of White's daughter, Sarah White Haning, wife of Aaron Haning. One week later, on Jan. 13, a second grave was added, that of Haning's mother, Rachel Pierce Haning. In June 1857, White sold his land in the area, but reserved 2 acres surrounding the burial site, deeded April 1859 to trustees for a public cemetery. Named for Benjamin F. Hall (1803-73), pioneer minister of the Disciples of Christ, doctor, dentist, and lawyer, who owned the white property from 1857 to 1872, and founded several churches in the region. Among those buried here are the first settlers of this part of Grayson County, who migrated to Texas from the Eastern United States, a number of veterans of the army of the Confederate States of America: and several rural victims of the Great Sherman Tornado of May 15, 1896. Subsequent donations of land by J. D. Barnett and Lee Bivins increased the cemetery to present size by 1918.
Photograph of the Texas Historical Commission marker for Hall Furniture Building in Sherman, Texas. Text: Former Missourian and Civil War veteran Rufus Gaines Hall established a Sherman Dry Goods Store in 1868. The company prospered, in part because it sent 30 notion wagons to sell supplies to settlers on rural farms across 13 counties in North Texas. Hall's son, Dr. Hugh Logan Hall, joined the firm in 1872. In 1892, Dr. Hall and his father bought this property. Five generations of Halls maintained the growing business in this location for a century. Originally two buildings, the west side of the business was built in 1876 and the other in 1885; the buildings were united in 1936. A noteworthy example of an art deco commercial building, its asymmetrical facade features the bold use of bands of structural glass with black and ivory chevron stripes. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 2002.
Photograph of Hall Furniture Building in Sherman, Texas. It is a multistory building with Christmas decorations in the windows. In the large window on the first floor it reads "Antiques Visitor Center." There is a sign for the Hall Furniture Company on the wall and an electronic sign for the Antiques Visitor Center.
Photograph of the State Historical Survey Committee marker for Andrew Hanson in Sherman, Texas. Text: Owned Sherman's first bakery for 35 years. Born in Schleswigholstein, Denmark. Came to United States, 1872, and to Texas, 1878. With F.W. Boedeker (whose interest he soon bought) started the Star Bakery, 1879. Had first delivery service, first commercially made ice cream in town. Built family residence at two midtown sites. Married (1880) Anna Lundorf; had 4 children. His father, mother, and brothers came from Denmark to join him. All are buried here. Recorded - 1972.
Photograph of the Texas Historical Commission marker for Hendrix Cemetery in Sherman, Texas. Text: A native of North Carolina, John Hendrix (1798-1893) came to Texas in 1846 with his wife, Ruth (Stradef) (1804-1882), their children, and seven other families. Their first camp in the area is marked by a large boulder in this cemetery. Hendrix ran successful farming and nursery operations and became a prominent and influential citizen of Grayson County. Shortly after his arrival, Hendrix established this cemetery, located on land he acquired after his settlement here. The one-acre burial ground eventually was deeded to Grayson County. The first known burial, that of the infant son of M. and D. Perdue, took place in 1848. John and Ruth Hendrix are buried here as is their son Josiah Tompkins and daughter Nancy Hendricks Jennings. There are approximately forty-five marked graves in the Hendrix Cemetery, many date from the last half of the nineteenth century and some display illegible inscriptions. An unmarked section in the Northwest corner of the graveyard was reserved for slave burials. Used for more than one hundred years by Hendrix family relatives and descendants. Close friends and associates, the cemetery is a significant reminder of early Grayson County history.
Photograph of Hendrix Cemetery in Sherman, Texas. The area has no visible grave markers and is overgrown with trees and plants. A wire fence with an entrance constructed of wooden posts demarcates the area. There is a ruined sign above the entrance.
Photograph of the Texas Historical Commission marker for Hiram Lodge No. 433, A.F. & A.M. in Collinsville, Texas. Text: Chartered on June 7, 1875, Hiram Lodge first met in a building on the original Collinsville town square. Since 1881, when that building burned, the organization has met in six locations and shared facilities with local businesses and a school. In 1881, when the Texas & Pacific Railroad came through the area, Hiram Lodge, along with most of the town, relocated to be near the railroad tracks. Civic activities have included aid to Masonic widows and orphans, support of war bonds, and assistance to schools and the Scottish Rite Hospital for crippled children.
Photograph of the Texas Historical Commission marker for Hopewell Baptist Church in Denison, Texas. Text: In 1874 this church was founded to serve the black community of this growing railroad town. Ministers from several Baptist churches in the county helped organize the new fellowship some of the charter members transferred from St. John Baptist church in Preston Bend. In 1877 fire destroyed the congregation's first meeting place. A frame building erected at this site was replaced in 1891 by a brick edifice. The present church was begun in 1915. U.S. Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall spoke here in 1950. When Hopewell was host to the NAACP Regional Convention.
Photograph of Hopewell Baptist Church in Denison, Texas. The historical marker for the site is set in stone. A black bell rests besides it with a sign above it reading: Terrell-Griggs-Marshall Legacy Park. In the background, playground equipment can be seen.
Photograph of the front of Hopewell Baptist Church in Denison, Texas. The church is a one-story building with a slanted roof. There is a white, narrow steeple and the pillars of the awning are decorated with red ribbon.
Photograph of the Texas Historical Commission marker for Howe Lodge No. 430 A.F. & A.M. in Howe, Texas. Text: Constituted on June 5, 1875, this lodge was organized in the early Grayson County community of Farmington (5 Mi. SW). Members voted to move the lodge to Howe in 1887, after the earlier settlement was bypassed by the railroad. In Howe, the first lodge hall was constructed above the early Methodist church chapel. Later facilities were built as the lodge grew. Part of its growth came as a result of a merger with the Dorchester Lodge in 1966. Numerous war veterans and civic leaders have been members here. Texas sesquicentennial 1836-1986.
Photograph of the Texas Historical Commission marker for First Texas Interurban in Grayson County, Texas. Text: Electric railways (trolleys) provided convenient travel between many Texas cities for more than forty years. The first interurban line was established in Grayson County, connecting the cities of Sherman and Denison. Founded in 1900 by Fred Fitch and John P. Crerar, the Denison and Sherman Railway began operations on May 1, 1901, with a single 10.5-mile track. The company built a power plant, offices, and a car barn near this site halfway between its passenger stations in the two cities. In order to provide water for the power plant, they built a dam below Tanyard Springs, creating a small lake, named Wood Lake. It provided recreation facilities for passengers on the line's excursion trains. The Texas Traction Company, founded in 1906, began construction of a second interurban line from Dallas to McKinney in 1906. Merged with the Denison and Sherman Railway in 1908. The company expanded its operations, eventually connecting a number of North Texas cities and changing its name to the Texas Electric Railway in 1917. The advent of automobile travel signaled the decline of the Texas interurbans by the 1930s. The last trained passed this site on December 31, 1948, on its route from Denison to Dallas.
Photograph of the Texas Historical Commission marker for Jabez and Harriet Haning in Howe, Texas. Text: Jabez Haning (1827-1883) came to Grayson County with his family in 1846. In the 1850s Jabez Haning obtained a grant of 320 acres of land from the Peters Colony. His land was located about nine miles south of the town of Sherman. Harriet Campbell (1834-1880) and Jabez Haning were married in 1854 and established a farm. In 1873 the Houston & Texas Central Railway established a line south of Sherman. The route went through the Haning property, and they donated land for a town site in 1876. The town was named Howe, probably in honor of a railroad official. (1997)
Photograph of the Texas Historical Commission marker for James Nelson Dickson in Sherman, Texas. Text: Born and educated in Grayson County, James Nelson Dickson began his long association with county government in 1914 as deputy tax assessor. Following a 1930 courthouse fire, he worked to replace destroyed records, including important school bond papers. In 1945, the commissioners court named him to fill an unexpired term as county judge, a position he held through subsequent elections until 1962. Upon retirement, he devoted his efforts to the promotion of local heritage through museums, events, and organizations, and compiled a history of Grayson County schools. Recorded - 2005.
Photograph of James Nelson and Callie M. Dickson's grave in Sherman, Texas. The stone grave marker is rectangular and has flower decorations in it upper corners. James (identified on the marker as "J. N. (Jim)") was born October 24, 1890 and died April 5, 1986. His wife was born January 15, 1893 and died April 16, 1965. They were married October 19, 1916.
Photograph of the Texas Historical Commission marker for Jesse Elvis Hendricks log cabin in Denison, Texas. Text: A native of Missouri, Jesse Elvis Hendricks (1837-1920) came to Grayson County in 1846. In 1863-64, he built this log home five miles southeast of this site. It was originally a one-room cabin with a loft, but Hendricks and his wife, Susan Matilda (Dumas), added more rooms about 1870 after the birth of their fourth child. The Hendricks' log cabin was moved to this site and restored in 1978. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1983.
Photograph of the front of Jesse Elvis Hendricks log cabin in Denison, Texas. The cabin has a metal, slanted roof and metal awning with wooden support pillars. The historical landmark plaque is beside the entrance and there is a chair beneath a window on the porch.
Photograph of the Texas Historical Commission marker for Jesse P. Loving in Sherman, Texas. Text: Missouri native Jesse "Jess" P. Loving came to Texas with his family in 1847. They settled first near relatives in Denton County, and moved to Sherman in Grayson County, and moved to Sherman in Grayson County in 1852. Loving married Lydia Ellen Bomar in 1859. A Confederate veteran, he became a prominent civic leader, serving multiple terms as county treasurer and state representative. In 1879 Loving was the driving force behind the establishment of the old settlers association of Grayson County. Jesse and Lydia Loving were charter members of the Houston Street Christian Church and were the parents of nine children. Recorded - 2000.
Photograph of Jesse P. Loving's and his wife's, Lydia Ellen's, grave in Sherman, Texas. Jesse was born in 1835 and died 1919 and his wife was born 1839 and died 1921. The stone for the grave marker has decorations in the top corners and center.
Photograph of the front of the J.K. Miller House in Denison, Texas. The one-story home has a slanted roof and an awning with stone pillars. The yard of the house has a pole that extends past the top of the photograph.
Photograph of the State Historical Survey Committee marker for Joseph G. McCoy in Denison, Texas. Text: Livestock broker from Illinois whose pioneering in cattle markets helped Texans rebuild the economy which had been wrecked in the 1861-1865 by Civil War. Cattle had increased greatly in wartime. Texas had no market long drives were necessary, so that until Texas could get better railroads her $5 longhorns could be sold in the North at $25 to $30 or more. McCoy founded first adequate market for Texans, by securing cattle cars and building loading pens at the railroad in Abilone, Kans. This was near upper end of the trail started by the Indian scout and trader Jesse Chisholm and used by Texans on drives through Oklahoma to Kansas. He had part of Chisholm Trail surveyed and marked to aid the cattlemen. This was the best known of several cattle trails from Texas, over which some 10,000,000 beeves were driven from the state during the years 1866-1884. The M.K.T. railroad reached Denison in Dec. 1872 giving Texas its own North-bound cattle shipping outlet. McCoy moved here 1873 and helped establish on this site the Atlantic & Texas Refrigerating Co. to benefit ranchers by shipping dressed beef. The state of Texas owes much to the initiative vision, courage, and leadership of Joseph G. McCoy.
Photograph of the Texas Historical Commission marker for Judge C. C. Binkley (January 12, 1826 - March 15, 1886) in Sherman, Texas. Text: Christopher Columbus Binkley came to Texas in 1852 and became a law partner of Sherman's first mayor. He served as district judge from 1870 to 1874 and Republican national committeeman for many years. As a founder and the first President of the Merchants and Planters Bank, Judge Binkley was the financial leader of the county and was considered one of the most trusted and outstanding businessmen of his day. Upon his death, Judge Binkley was acknowledged as Sherman's leading citizen. Recorded - 1997.
Photograph of Judge C. C. Binkley's grave in Sherman, Texas. The marker for his name has his last name on the base and has a long, narrow tower above the writing. The historical marker for him is placed in front of the marker.
Photograph of Kentuckytown Baptist Church in Whitewright, Texas. A brick sign for the church stands to the left of the photo with a dark metal bell hanging over it. The church itself is a one story brick building with a gabled roof and a white steeple.
Photograph of the Texas Historical Commission marker for Kentucky Town in Whitewright, Texas. Text: When first settled in 1830s was known as Annaliza. Renamed by Kentucky emigrants in 1858. Unique layout gave town protection against Indian attacks. On freight and stage routes. "Sacred Harp," a robust frontier gospel style of singing and composition began here. During Civil War was Quantrill gang rendezvous.
Photograph of the Texas Historical Commission marker for Kidd-Key College and Music Conservatory in Sherman, Texas. Text: Established in 1875 as North Texas Female College, a finishing school for young ladies and operated by North Texas Annual Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South. Recharted 1919 as a junior college and music conservatory; renamed in memory of the famed educator Mrs. Lucy Ann Kidd-Key, school president, 1888 to 1916. Educational program emphasized music, literature and the fine arts. Through its many students and excellent faculty, Kidd-Key exerted strong cultural influence on the Sherman area as well as much of the nation. (1967)
Photograph of Kidd-Key College and Music Conservatory in Sherman, Texas. It is a three-story building with a facade of red brick and white stone trim. Arched and rectangular windows of varying sizes appear along the sides of the building. The front of the building, right, has a brick stairway leading up to three double doors topped with white stone arches. Tall white pilasters lead upward from the doors to a triangular stone pediment that bears the words "Municipal Building" and, under that, "Kidd-Key Auditorium."
Photograph of the State Historical Survey Committee marker for Lake Texoma in Denison, Texas. Text: Completed 1944, Texoma is today the second largest lake in Texas and the eleventh largest reservoir in capacity in the United States. Its main purposes are flood control, power generation, and recreation. Lake Texoma was promoted largely through the efforts of Sam Rayburn (1882-1961), noted Speaker of the House who represented District 4 in Congress for 49 years. In normal operation, lake shoreline covers 550 miles, with the Red River Arm (45 miles) in Texas and the Washita Arm (30 miles) in Oklahoma. The waters covering 93,080 acres are impounded by Denison Dam. When Texoma was created it caused the relocation of railroads, highways, utilities, and cemeteries. The site of Preston, historically the Red River crossing for the Butterfield Stage, was submerged, as were the sites of Hagerman and part of Cedar Mills, Texas. In 1966 numerous recreation areas on Texoma drew 8,500,000 tourists, who could also visit Eisenhower State Park at the southeast end of the lake. The park was named in honor of Dwight D. Eisenhower, the thirty-fourth president of the United States. Texoma is one of more than 200 major inland lakes and reservoirs in Texas which contribute greatly to the economic and industrial growth of the state. (1968).
Photograph of the Texas Historical Commission marker for Sherman Little Theater in Sherman, Texas. Text: The Sherman Community Players. In the early 1920s, as the Little Theater movement was developing in Texas, a group of Sherman citizens formed a community theater to present dramatic productions to local audiences. In December 1925, Sherman joined the growing ranks of Texas cities with a little theater group. Architect Rollin M. Rolfe, who served as first president, Austin College professor Francis Emerson and businessman James Fant were instrumental in guiding the organization to its early growth and success. The Sherman Little Theater's first production, "Old Man Minick", debuted in early 1926 with a cast of local citizens. The same year, the group won first place in Texas' first little theater competition in Dallas with the play "Moontide". Producing several plays each year, other than during World War II, and enjoying broad community support, the theater group incorporated in 1950 as the Sherman Community Players. To provide the players with a permanent rehearsal and performance facility, the Finley Playhouse (later the Finley Cultural Center) was built at this site in 1954. By 2000 the Finley Complex included the Honey McGee playhouse. With a permanent venue for its presentations and facilities for a children's program, together with an experienced professional staff, the Sherman Community Players have continued to serve as an integral part of Sherman's cultural life and history. (2001)
Photograph of Sherman Little Theatre in Sherman, Texas. The building is comprised of red brick, and masonry repairs are visible along its side. There is a sign on the left side of the building that advertises an upcoming production. To the left of this sign is a Texas Historical Marker. To the right is a red door. The words "Finley Playhouse" are spelled out in white lettering on the upper right portion of the structure, just above two small trees.
Photograph of the Texas Historical Commission marker for Lone Star Masonic Lodge No. 403, A.F. & A.M. in Denison, Texas. Text: Organized a year after Denison was founded, Lone Star Masonic Lodge was chartered June 6, 1874. Meetings were held in several locations before the construction of this lodge hall. The Northern half of the building was erected in 1900 and the Southern portion in 1915. A bracketed eave dominates the top of the brick structure. The lodge hall was dedicated on the night of Dec. 31, 1915, with ceremonies extending into New Year's Day 1916. Recorded Texas Historical Landmark - 1985.
Photograph of the front of the Lone Star Masonic Lodge No. 403, A.F. & A.M. in Denison, Texas. The multistory building is made out of stone and has an awning along its first story. The sign for the lodge is below windows on the second story.
Photograph of the Texas Historical Commission marker for Lyon House in Sherman, Texas. Text: Built before 1897, this Victorian house was designed by German-born John Tollouch and occupied by hardware merchant George E. Hardwicke (1855-1923) until 1899. The property was purchased in 1902 by Dupont Lyon (1876-1946). Then an officer in the U.S. Army. He became a dairy farmer and lumberman after settling here, and served as Mayor of Sherman (1913-15). Lyon joined the army again in World War I and attained the rank of Major before retiring in 1932. In the 1930s, Lyon made minor repairs and additions to the house. It was purchased and restored in 1974 by Robert J. Tate.
Photograph of Lyon House in Sherman, Texas. It is a three story Victorian style house of carved wood that has been painted white and trimmed with a dark red color. A brick stairway leads up to the door that sits under a columned arch. A shorter, rounded tower protrudes upward to the right of the arch. A Texas Historical Marker sits on the lawn in front of the building.
Photograph of the Texas Historical Commission marker for Aaron S. Mangum (September 3, 1812 - August 10, 1884) in Sherman, Texas. Text: South Carolinian Aaron Mangum came to Texas with a Georgia battalion in 1835 and served under Colonel James Fannin at Goliad. Mangum took ill during an expeditionary mission and fatefully avoided death at the Goliad Massacre. He married Leonora Snively in 1836 and together they lived in Mississippi and Georgia before moving here to Grayson County about 1869. After his death the town of Mangum, Oklahoma, was named in his honor.
Photograph of the grave of Aaron S. Mangum (September 3, 1812 - August 9, 1884) in Grayson County, Texas. The stone marker that bears his name is unadorned and slightly worn with age. Yellowish green lichens grow on the left side of the tombstone.
Photograph of the Texas Historical Commission marker for Mame Roberts (August 19, 1883 - December 24, 1976) in Howe, Texas. Text: The daughter of James M. and Martha Sue (Baxter) Roberts, Mame Roberts lived her entire life in or near the community of Howe. Largely self-taught, she worked as a substitute teacher in the lower grades at the Howe public schools in the early 1900s before turning to her life's work-promoting civic improvements and beautification. As the writer of a weekly column in the Howe Messenger, Mame Roberts promoted her hometown and encouraged its beautification. Her campaign to make Howe the "Prettiest Little Town in Texas" motivated other small Texas towns to take similar action. A series of articles in the Dallas Morning News provided step-by-step instructions for carrying out beautification efforts, and she was in great demand as a speaker at garden club gatherings throughout this part of the state. Mame's work attracted the attention of Life magazine and Reader's Digest, and she was named "Woman of the Day" on May 14, 1949, on Eleanor and Anna Roosevelt's National Radio Program. Her leadership positions included: President of the Grayson County Federation of Women's Club; President of the Texoma Redbud Association, which urged the planting of Redbuds along highways in Texas and Oklahoma; and founder and president of the Howe Sesame Club. Her work, which spanned the decades before and after World War II, is a significant part of the civic history of Howe and of all the towns that put her lessons into action.