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[210 Crawford - J.H. Silliman Home]

Description: Photo of the J.H. Silliman Home, located at 210 Crawford. A Mississippi native, J.H. Silliman was the proprietor of Silliman and Company – a Palestine business founded in 1871, and one of the largest hardware stores in the region. Silliman married Laura Brook, the architect’James Frith Brook's, daughter, in 1920. The family later moved to 638 S. Magnolia.
Date: 1898~
Item Type: Photograph

[American Home Bakery]

Description: Photograph of a group of people posing outside the American Home Bakery, located at the corner of John and Oak streets in Palestine, Texas. There are two horse-drawn delivery wagons outside the building and the horses are being held by boys; several other people, most wearing aprons, are posed outside the entrance behind them.
Date: 1899~
Item Type: Photograph
Location Info:

[Andrew L. Bowers]

Description: Andrew L. Bowers was born in 1852 in North Carolina. Upon moving to Texas, his first job was as a day laborer on an iron bridge at Columbus, TX. He was eighteen years of age. At nineteen he was promoted to foreman, with the Delaware Bridge Company. Afterward, he worked for the railroads, steadily climbing their ranks until he reached the position of Superintendent of Construction for the Northwest division, covering the area from Spring to Fort Worth. He eventually left the railroad, resigning to look after his investments. He became interested in the Salt Works of Palestine, helping to develop that important new enterprise and serving as its first president. He married Nellie O’Connell, on May 31, 1882 in Corsicana. They were the parents of five children: Irene, Mabel, Andrew Jr., Willie, and Bernard. In 1890, the need for a Building and Loan Association became acute in this section, and Mr. Bowers, along with several others, organized the Mechanics’ Building and Loan Association. This was one of the earliest organizations of the kind in the state of Texas. In 1906 he bought from Governor Thomas M. Campbell, a controlling interest in the Palestine National Bank and was made president. But he was not constituted for indoor work; the open spaces called him and he retired from banking after a signally successful connection of seven years. Mr. Bowers was a large property owner, his holdings comprising, notably, a large number of business houses in various Texas cities. He served three terms as Mayor of Palestine, being first elected in 1897 and serving until 1907 and then re-elected in 1909 and serving until 1915. He was once again elected in 1919 and served until 1923. Achievements of his regime included: paving of streets, erection of substantial brick school buildings, fire station ...
Date: 1897
Item Type: Photograph

[Frank Huffsmith]

Description: Frank Huffsmith was born on January 7, 1853 and served as Mayor of Palestine from 1893 until 1897. He died on February 3, 1900 and is buried in the East Hill section of the Palestine City Cemetery.
Date: 1893
Item Type: Photograph

[I&GN Railroad Immigrants Home]

Description: The International and Great Northern Railroad Immigrants Home. Built to give people moving to this part of Texas a place to live until their house was built. A play on the part of the railroad to encourage settlers to immigrate to Texas right after the railroad was built in the late 1880's and early 1890's.
Date: c. 1890
Item Type: Photograph

[I&GN Train in Palestine]

Description: Photo of an International and Great Northern Train moving through Palestine. Note the Temple Opera House in the background. This photo was taken from the south side of the tracks looking toward the northeast.
Date: c. 1890
Item Type: Photograph

A Memorial and Biographical History of Navarro, Henderson, Anderson, Limestone, Freestone and Leon Counties, Texas

Description: This book gives an overview of each of the six counties including history, important statistics and facts, and biographies of central figures. According to the title page, it contains "a History of this Important Section of the Great State of Texas, from the Earliest Period of its Occupancy to the Present Time, together with Glimpses of its Prospects; also Biographical Mention of Many of the Pioneers and Prominent Citizens of the Present Time, and Full-page Portraits of the most Eminent Men of this Section."
Date: 1893
Creator: Lewis Publishing Company
Item Type: Book

Palestine City Directory, 1898-1899

Description: Containing an alphabetically arranged list of business firms and private citizens. A classified list of all trades, professions and pursuits. A street and avenue guide. A miscellaneous directory of city officials, public schools, churches, secret and benevolent societies, etc.
Date: 1898
Creator: Hensley-Arnold Co.
Item Type: Book

[Palestine Fire Department Band]

Description: Photo of the Palestine Fire Department Band taken in the Old-town section of Palestine. Photo was taken around the courthouse square around 1890-1900. You can see Carneys Sample Room in the background.
Date: c. 1890
Item Type: Photograph

[Temple Opera House - Palestine, Texas]

Description: Photo of the Temple Opera House which was located on the corner of Avenue A and Oak Street in downtown Palestine. As per the 1898-1899 city directory, the manager was a man named W.E. Swift. The building has since been destroyed.
Date: 1890 - 1905
Item Type: Photograph

[Temple Opera House - Palestine, Texas]

Description: Photo of the Temple Opera House which was located on the corner of Avenue A and Oak Street in downtown Palestine. As per the 1898-1899 city directory, the manager was a man named W.E. Swift. The building has since been destroyed.
Date: 1890 - 1905
Item Type: Photograph