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Border Fence
Section of bollard-style pedestrian border fence in Brownsville, TX. Erected by U.S. Homeland security in the late 2000s as part of the "Secure Fence Act of 2006."
Open border fence in Brownsville, TX
Section of bollard-style pedestrian border fence in Brownsville, TX. Erected by U.S. Homeland security in the late 2000s as part of the "Secure Fence Act of 2006."
Palmito Hill Battlefield Memorial
Southward facing panoramic photograph of Palmito Hill Battlefield, the last land battle of the American Civil War on May 12-13, 1865. As viewed from the interpretive platform of the Historic Landmark near Boca Chica Blvd. and Palmito Hill Rd.
SpaceX S-band tracking station antennas in Boca Chica Village
Photograph of two S-band tracking station antennas at the SpaceX South Texas Launch Site at Boca Chica Village, TX on State Highway 4. Site is located near Brownsville between Las Palomas Wildlife Management Area, Boca Chica State Park and Brazos Island State Park.
Causeway and South Padre Island
Eastward-facing photograph of Queen Isabella Causeway and South Padre Island as seen from atop the Point Isabel Lighthouse.
Cristo de los Pescadores
Photograph of statue entitled, "Cristo de los Pescadores" in Isla Blanca Park on South Padre Island north west of the Jetties.
Cristo de los Pescadores
Photograph of statue entitled, "Cristo de los Pescadores" in Isla Blanca Park on South Padre Island north west of the Jetties. Text of marker reads: "Father: Receive the Souls of these brave fishermen who sailed through this pass and never returned. Builders of this Statue: Amada de la Lastra Captain Joe Gayman Father Joseph O'Brien Bob Cornelison Manuel Hinojosa"
Following a Kemp's ridley sea turtle released at dawn
Staff person from the rescue and rehabilitation organization, "Sea Turtle, Inc" on South Padre Island live-streams the progress of Kemp's ridley hatchlings moving towards gulf waters at sunrise.
Kemp's ridley sea turtles
Kemp's ridley turtle hatchlings moving towards Texas gulf coast waters at dawn.
Kemp's ridley sea turtles at dawn
Juvenile Kemp's ridley sea turtles make their way towards gulf coast waters during sunrise at South Padre Island beach.
Kemp's ridley sea turtles released at dawn
Staff members from the rescue and rehabilitation organization, "Sea Turtle, Inc" on South Padre Island release endangered Kemp's ridley hatchlings at dawn, surrounded by onlookers.
Point Isabel Lighthouse
Photograph of Point Isabel lighthouse as seen from western side.
Point Isabel Lighthouse
Photograph of Point Isabel lighthouse as seen from its base on the easter side.
Point Isabel Lighthouse
Photograph of Point Isabel Lighthouse (located at Point Isabel) in Cameron County, Texas.
Statue of Padre José Nicolás Ballí
Statue of Padre José Nicolás Ballí on South Padre Island
Statue of Padre José Nicolás Ballí
Statue of Padre J. Nicolas Balli Located on South Padre Island. Historical Marker on base reads: "Padre Island, off the South Texas coast, is named for Padre Jose Nicolas Balli (177?-1829), whose family migrated from Spain in 1569 and became large landowners in the Lower Rio Grande Valley. In 1800 Balli applied to King Charles IV of Spain for 11 1/2 leagues of land on the island, and in 1804 started its first settlement, Rancho Santa Cruz. Padre Balli served as collector of finances for all the churches in the Rio Grande Valley and founded the first mission in present Cameron County. Padre Balli's ministry was a great influence on the lives of early South Texas settlers."
Czech Stop And Little Czech Bakery in West Texas
Photograph of the Czech Stop And Little Czech Bakery. Well known roadside stop for kolaches on Interstate 35 in West, TX.
Historical Marker: Battle of Palmito Ranch
Photograph of historical marker entitled: "Battle of Palmito Ranch." Text reads: "The last land engagement of the Civil War was fought near this site on May 12-13, 1865, thirty-four days after Robert E. Lee surrendered at Appomattox. Col. Theodore H. Barrett commanded Federal troops on Brazos Island 12 miles to the east. The Confederates occupied Fort Brown 12 miles to the west, commanded by Gen. James E. Slaughter and Col. John S. (Rip) Ford, whose troops had captured Fort Brown from the Federals in 1864. Ordered to recapture the fort, Lt. Col. David Branson and 300 men advanced from Brazos Island. They won a skirmish with Confederate pickets on May 12. Barrett reinforced Branson's troops with 200 men on May 13 and renewed the march to Fort Brown. Confederate cavalry held the Federals in check until Ford arrived with reinforcements that afternoon. Ford's artillery advanced and fired on the northern end of the Federal line while the cavalry charged. The Confederate right charged the southern end of the Federal line and captured part of the Union infantry. Barrett ordered a retreat toward the U.S. position on Brazos Island. While the Confederates reported no fatalities in the Battle of Palmito Ranch, the Union forces reported four officers and 111 men killed, wounded or missing." Dated: 1966, 1990.
Historical Marker: Last Battle of the Civil War
Photograph of a historical marker commemorating the last battle of the Civil War. The text reads: "At This Site -- The Last Battle of the Civil War, Known as Palmito Hill, was Fought by Confederate Troops Under Colonel John S. (Rip) Ford and Union Forces on May 13, 1865, 34 Days After Lee's Surrender at Appomatox -- Erected by the State of Texas -- 1936"
Historical Marker: Site of Camp Belknap
Photograph of Historical Marker entitled: "Site of Camp Belknap." Text reads: "In May 1846 when war was declared against Mexico, the U.S. Congress authorized the raising of 50,000 volunteer troops to supplement the regular U.S. Army. General Zachary Taylor was quickly inundated with volunteer soldiers arriving at Brazos Santiago, and was forced to place them in temporary encampments. Camp Belknap, located on this site, was established in the summer of 1846. The camp was located on a long narrow rise of land, measuring about 2 miles in length and one-half mile at its widest point. It was the first high ground encountered after leaving the Gulf Coast. Thought to be the largest encampment for volunteer soldiers, troop estimates total 7,000-8,000 men including several regiments from eight states. Soldiers suffered exposure to the elements, unsanitary living conditions, overcrowding, biting insects, thorny plants, and disease. Many died a premature death, often resulting in one two two funerals daily. No enemy attacks took place despite one false alarm. During August and September most of the volunteers were moved upriver either to camps nearer Matamoros, or further to Camargo. The camp was completely empty by December 1846." Marker is dated 1996 in the lower-right corner.
Point Isabel Coast Guard Building on South Padre Island
Southward facing photograph of the 1923 Point Isabel Coast Guard Building located on South Padre Island. A small historical marker on the opposite side reads: "The Federal Government has operated a coastal installation at Point Isabel since 1852. This structure is the third permanent building erected here, one of a line of nine stations established along the Gulf of Mexico from Florida to the Texas-Mexico border. Originally consisting of a main floor, attic, and lookout tower, all elevated off the ground on wood and concrete pilings, the structure served as barracks and headquarters for the U.S. Coast Guard unit that patrolled the coastline and conducted sea rescues. (1988)"
Presidio La Bahia
Wide angle exterior of Presidio Nuestra Señora de Loreto de la Bahía in Goliad, TX.
Bunkhouse at the Frijole Ranch Cultural Museum
South-facing photograph of bunk/guest house at the Frijole Ranch Cultural Museum in Guadalupe Mountains National Park.
El Capitan in Guadalupe Mountains National Park
Guadalupe Mountains National Park and the surrounding Chihuahuan Desert as seen from the El Capitan Lookout on U.S. Route 62 / U.S. Highway 180 between Pine Springs and Salt Flat, TX at an elevation of 4,932 ft.
Exterior of Pine Springs Visitor Center in Guadalupe Mountains National Park
Photograph of Pine Springs Visitor Center in Guadalupe Mountains National Park. Hunter Peak rises behind the American flag.
Frijole Ranch Cultural Museum
Photograph of the exterior of the Frijole Ranch House and Cultural Museum in Guadalupe Mountains National Park.
Guadalupe Mountains National Park Entrance Sign
Southwestern facing photograph of Guadalupe Mountains National Park entrance sign on U.S. highway 180 / Route 62.
Guadalupe Mountains National Park Entrance Sign
Southwestern-facing photograph of the Guadalupe Mountains National Park entrance sign on U.S. highway 180 / Route 62. The sign has a stone base with the National Park Service logo on the right side; mountain peaks are visible in the background.
Historical Marker: El Paso Salt War
Photograph of state historical marker located near the salt flats of Hudspeth County. The marker has several gunshot markings and reads: "Resentment over private control of the salt lakes in this region, often called Guadalupe Lakes, led to the El Paso Salt War. - Erected by the State of Texas 1936."
Panoramic Image of salt flats and Guadalupe Mountains
Roadside panoramic image of salt flats in Hudspeth county, TX. The Patterson Hills and Guadalupe Mountains can be seen in the distance. Subject of dispute during the 1877-78 El Paso/San Elizario "Salt War."
Rear of Frijole Ranch Cultural Museum
Photograph of the exterior of Frijole Ranch Cultural Museum in Guadalupe Mountains National Park as seen from the Smith Spring Trail facing southeast.
Guadalupe Peak Historical Marker
Photograph of Texas Historical Commission Marker entitled "Guadalupe Peak". Text Reads: "Guadalupe Peak, Texas' highest mountain at 8,751 feet, dominates one of the most scenic and least-known hinterlands of the old frontier. It lies behind and to the right of 8,078-foot El Capitan, the sheer cliff that rises more than 3,000 feet above this spot to mark the south end of the Guadalupe range. Starkness of the mountainside belies the lushness which the Guadalupes conceal. Tucked away in their inner folds are watered canyons shaded by towering ponderosa pine, douglas fir, juniper and quaking aspen. McKittrick Canyon, scene of a four-mile trout stream, is also the habitat of the state's only herd of wild elk. Seer and turkeys abound. Stories of hidden gold go back to Spanish days. The conquistadors who rode north from Mexico wrote about fabulous deposits. Geronimo, the Apache chief, said the richest gold mines in the western world lay hidden in the Guadalupes. Legend holds that Ben Sublett, a colorful prospector of the 1880s, slipped off at night to a cave and returned with bags of nuggets. Probably less is known about the archeology of the Guadalupes than of any other area in the Southwest. Excavators have found spearheads, pictographs and human remains together with bones of long-extinct bison, dire wolf and musk ox in cliff caves. At hermit cave in last chance canyon, carbon-14 dating indicates occupancy 12,000 years ago. Geologically, the Guadalupes present a spectacular exposure of the famous capitan prehistoric barrier reef, said to be the most extensive fossil organic reef known."
Sunset at Pine Springs Campground in Guadalupe Mountains National Park
Sunset view from Pine Springs Campground in Guadalupe Mountains National Park
Balancing rocks on Guadalupe Peak Trail
Southeast facing photograph of balancing boulders on Guadalupe Peak Trail at approx. 6,640 ft. in Guadalupe Mountains National Park.
Blooming Agave americana
Photograph of the scape, capsules, and flowers of an Agave americana in the Guadalupe Mountains National Park between approx. 6,000-8,000 ft. elevation.
El Capitan from the Guadalupe Peak Trail
Photograph looking south over El Capitan from the Guadalupe Peak Trail at approx. 8,500 ft. Guadalupe Pass, Brushy Mesa, and the Pinon Hills can be seen beyond as well as U.S. Route 62 / U.S 180 and state highway 54 to Van Horn on the valley floor.
Equirectangular panoramic view from Guadalupe Peak
Equirectangular panoramic view from Guadalupe Peak in Guadalupe Mountains National Park. Shot from atop the stainless steel pyramid which has been digitally removed.
Guadalupe Peak as seen from campground
Photograph of Guadalupe Peak from near peak campground turnoff in Guadalupe Mountains National Park. Approx. elevation: 8,150 ft.
Hikers on Guadalupe Peak Trail
South-facing photograph of two hikers on the Guadalupe Peak Trail in Guadalupe Mountains National Park. Approx. elevation 8,300 ft.
Panoramic Photograph from Guadalupe Peak
Panoramic Photograph from near the top of Guadalupe Peak in Guadalupe Mountains National Park.
Photograph from Guadalupe Peak Trail
Photograph taken from Guadalupe Peak Trail in Guadalupe Mountains National Park.
Photograph from Guadalupe Peak Trail
Photograph of boulders on the Guadalupe Peak Trail in Guadalupe Mountains National Park.
Photograph of horizon from Guadalupe Peak
Wide angle photograph taken from Guadalupe Peak, facing east-southeast. Dell City, Linda Lake, Salt Basin Dunes and Salt Flats, as well as the Cornudas Mountains on the Texas-New Mexico border are visible in the distance.
Photograph on the Guadalupe Peak Trail
Photograph of the Guadalupe Peak Trail in Guadalupe Mountains National Park. Several pinyon pine (piñon) trees are visible in the foreground.
Spotted Towhee in Guadalupe Mountains
Photograph of Spotted Towhee in Guadalupe Mountains National Park.
Wooden bridge on the Guadalupe Peak Trail
Photograph of wooden bridge on the Guadalupe Peak Trail in Guadalupe Mountains National Park.
El Capitan and horizon from the Guadalupe Peak Trail
Photograph looking southeast over El Capitan and valley floor from the Guadalupe Peak Trail at approx. 8,500 ft.
Biographical Encyclopedia of Texas
Biographical view of Texas and its history including narratives of the individuals who helped shape Texas history and information about important point in history including: the pioneer days of Texas, Texas' transition from a Mexican state to being part of the United States, and the wars in which Texas citizens took part.
The Encyclopedia of Texas
This book provides a biographical view of Texas and its history. The book uses many narratives of the individuals who helped shape Texas history. The book also includes profiles of: the public school system in Texas; banking; the public school system; the State Fair; the Cotton Industry; oil history; and histories of select towns, such as Dallas, Fort Worth, Wichita Falls, Burkburnett, Ellis County, Waco, San Antonio, Galveston, and many others.
Grayson County: An Illustrated History of Grayson County, Texas.
An illustrated history of Grayson County, Texas with numerous photographs and a pioneer name index (p. 120).