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Ant Trap.

Description: Patent for a new and improved ant trap. This design "consists in a frame which is adapted to be placed over the ant-hill, so as to surround the entrance thereto, and provided with parallel surrounding flanges or sides which converge to each other and lead to an exit-spout . . . [and] is to provide an ant-trap which is adapted to catch the ants both on their attempt to leave the hill or to return to it, whereby the entire colony may be exterminated" (lines 9-21).
Date: January 4, 1887
Creator: Wise, David

Apparatus for Cooling Water.

Description: Patent for a water-cooling apparatus composed chiefly of a subterranean cistern and a water-supply source.
Date: May 20, 1901
Creator: William J. Dossey

Artificial Stone.

Description: Patent for artificial stone made of a special combination of cement that hardens and stays hard under water. It also does not conduct heat.
Date: March 19, 1895
Creator: Power, John H. & Power, Rufus M.

Attachment for Plows.

Description: Patent for a new and improved attachment for plows. This design "has relation to devices for guiding or directing shovel-plows, sweeps, or cultivator-plows, and thus release in a great measure the strain upon the arms of the plow[person] consequent upon directing the plow in its proper course; and it consists in the detailed construction of a device or attachment of that class" (lines 12-19).
Date: August 29, 1882
Creator: Welborn, Wisp J.N.


Description: Patent for a baling machine. Illustrations included.
Date: September 15, 1906
Creator: Bryan, William Silous


Description: Patent for certain new and useful improvements in baling presses, including instructions and illustrations.
Date: February 27, 1900
Creator: Byars, Edgar

Baling Press.

Description: Patent for several improvements in baling presses for making cylindrical bales, the machine being able to be set up in both the horizontal and upright positions.
Date: May 22, 1900
Creator: Byars, Edgar.


Description: Patent for a press for baling cotton and other fibrous materials.
Date: October 14, 1902
Creator: Mount, T. S.


Description: Patent for a new and improved bedstead. This design consists of a frame with tension wires "extending diagonally across the bed-frame to the side pieces thereof at points intermediate between the corner posts, and independent tension devices to which the ends of the wire are connected, whereby a longitudinal and lateral strain is exerted upon the bed-frame when the wires are adjusted" (lines 1-7).
Date: November 24, 1885
Creator: Clowers, William B.

Bedstead Brace.

Description: Patent for a new and improved bedstead brace. This design consists in "[t]he combination, with the side rails, the end rails, and posts, of the hooks secured to the inner faces of said posts, the eyes on the inner sides of the side rails and located a slight distance apart, the wires secured to the hooks and passing through the eyes, the plates having openings, through which the wires pass and the screw bolt and nut connecting said plates" (lines 60-68).
Date: December 29, 1885
Creator: Durham, John William & Alexander, Winston Buchanan


Description: Patent for a calculator "in which a bar having a series of numbers thereon slides in a frame or base also provided with a series of numbers" (lines 10-12). It is meant for quickly adding numbers.
Date: October 13, 1896
Creator: Copeland, Wesley Albert & Roberts, Cyrus

Calendar Clock

Description: Patent for calendar clock. Illustration included.
Date: March 8, 1906
Creator: Woods, Jesse Leroy

Car Coupling.

Description: Patent for a new and improved coupling for railroad cars. This design "has relation to that class of car-couplings in which the open ends of a coupling bar or link are engaged by hooks in the draw-heads; and it consists in the improved construction and combination of parts of such a coupling, in which the hooks are projecting from the under sides of arms pivoted upon the draw-heads and dropping down by their gravity, and in which the said hooks project into registering recesses in the upper side of the draw-head" (lines 23-33).
Date: June 29, 1886
Creator: Boyers, Robert L.

Car Coupling.

Description: Patent for an improved car coupling that is automatic and safer than regular couplings.
Date: June 29, 1884
Creator: Myers, Newton J.


Description: Patent for an automatic car-coupler that operates without someone having to go to between the cars. It is simple and compact.
Date: February 27, 1894
Creator: Calhoun, Cloud B.

Car-Door Cleat and Fastener.

Description: Patent for "a simple and comparatively-inexpensive car-door cleat and fastener designed for use on cars for transporting cotton and other highly-inflammable merchandise and capable of effectually excluding sparks from the interior of the car and of preventing the same from entering between the edge of the door and the doorway." (Lines 11-18) Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: October 22, 1895
Creator: Woodruff, Hawkins


Description: Patent for improvements in churns; specifically, improvements in the construction of the cylinder and the churn-dasher. Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: May 5, 1891
Creator: Sullins, John Wesley

Colter Attachment.

Description: Patent for a new and improved colter attachment for plows. This design "consists of a slicing colter or knife attachments to the mold-board, the object of which is to slit or cut the furrow-slice into narrow strips at the same time that it is turned up by the mold-board" (lines 7-11).
Date: December 19, 1882
Creator: Mann, John H.

Combined Cotton Chopper and Cultivator.

Description: Patent for a new and improved cotton chopper and scraper. This design consists in "the combination, with the axle and the wheels, provided with the sleeves, one of which is provided with the spur-wheel of the reach bar secured to the axle, the sleeve mounted on the said bar and provided with the pinion, the arms secured to the sleeve, the curved rods adjustably secured to the arm, and the blades secured to outer ends of the said rods" (lines 8-17).
Date: January 28, 1890
Creator: Jordan, Perry L.

Corn and Cotton Planter

Description: Patent for improvements to corn and cotton planters, including illustrations.
Date: May 8, 1888
Creator: Tedder, Louis


Description: Patent for improvements in cotton choppers in which “when the machine progresses over the field, the plows or cultivators will stir and agitate the soil and the rotary cutting-hoes will chop out the plants, leaving the stands of cotton any desired distance apart, which may be regulated by so arranging the gearing as to cause the chopping-hoes to be rotated more or less rapidly.” (Page 2, lines 15-22) Illustration is included.
Date: August 4, 1891
Creator: Baugh, James A.

Cotton Gin.

Description: Patent for a new and improved cotton gin. This design consists of an "endless wire-gauze band or apron, bound at its sides with strips of flexible material, such as leather . . . and provided on its inner side with slats, in combination with the saw-shaft, the condenser-roller, and the upper roller, around which the band passes, provided with longitudinal channels . . . in [a] cylinder and [a] wiper" (lines 81-92).
Date: June 14, 1881
Creator: Edgar, Valentine K.