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Description: Patent for a new and improved cylindrical power-source. This design "consists in the combination of a cylindrical slotted frame with a series of blades which are connected together in pairs, and which are alternately forced through the slots in the frame to receive the force of the wind or water and then retracted, so that they will offer no resistance during a portion of the revolution of the frame. . . . The object of [the] invention is to produce a motor which is adapted for use either as a wind-wheel or a water-wheel" (lines 13-27).
Date: November 15, 1881
Creator: Hutchinson, Thomas E.
Description: Patent for a new and improved coupling for railroad cars. This design "relates to improvements in that class of car-couplings in which the link is held in the draw-head by a tongue engaging the link; and it consists in the peculiar construction and arrangement of parts" (lines 7-11).
Date: September 8, 1885
Creator: Meusebach, Otto C.
Description: Patent for improvements in car-couplings by using coupler-head, coupling-pin, different shapes of plates, operating-lever and link-lifter to “couple and uncouple cars without necessitating a person passing between the cars.” (Lines 14-15) Illustration is included.
Date: October 13, 1891
Creator: McBride, Thomas Anderson
Description: Patent for a new and improved planter. This design consists in "[t]he combination of the plate, having extensions and laterally-extending arm or bracket, the hopper mounted upon the extension of the plate, the seed-slide or coiled spring connecting the front end of the latter with the bracket, metal plates secured to the front and rear sides of the rear wall of the hopper above the seed-slide, the brush or cut-off arranged between said plates, and suitable operating mechanism for retracting the seed-slide against the tension of the coiled spring" (lines 6-17).
Date: February 18, 1890
Creator: Cromer, Thomas L.
Description: Patent for a new and improved cotton chopper. This design "is to provide cotton-choppers constructed in such a manner that the cotton will be chopped to a stand by the passage of the machine along the rows of plants, leaving the hills of plants at uniform distances apart, and which shall be simple in construction, readily controlled, and convenient in use" (lines 17-24).
Date: November 30, 1886
Creator: Puls, Ernst, C.A.
Description: Patent for a new and improved cultivator. This design "relates to cultivators; and it has for its object to construct a device of this class . . . in which the blades or shovels shall be attached to the standards in such a manner that in the event of obstacles such as rocks or stumps being encountered during the operation of [the] machine the blades shall become detached, thereby avoiding injury to the machine" (lines 9-18).
Date: September 30, 1890
Creator: Messer, Jeremiah Clark; Garner, Allen & Williams, John Winn
Description: Patent for a "novel, convenient, and ornamental bottle or receptacle, adapted to contain ink, a sponge, or the like, combined with a pin-cushion and a pen-wiper" (lines 11-14), with illustrations.
Date: January 17, 1893
Creator: Carolan, Eugene P.; Terrell, Edward H. & Terrell, James R.
Description: Patent for improvement in cosmetics by using various chemicals to enhance the cosmetics in which it “can remove freckles or tan-discoloration from the skin, and for improving the complexion.” (Line 5-6) Formula for the improved cosmetic is included. Instructions on how to prepare the cosmetic and how to use the cosmetic are described. There is no illustration.
Date: February 25, 1868
Creator: Wilson, I. M.
Description: Patent for the improvement of cotton-gin by feeding cotton in a uniform manner of removing sand and dirt, separating hulls, leaves, and imperfect pods for improved quality and reducing physical labor, including illustration.
Date: September 11, 1860
Creator: Hall, S. Z.
Description: Patent for a seed-planter using two vibratory vertical feed-wheels, similar in size to distribute different seeds at the same time, one is designed specifically for cotton seeds, illustration is included.
Date: August 16, 1859
Creator: Murphy, Willis G.
Description: Patent for a "new receptacle for holding several grades of shot, and to an adjustable distributing device for the same. Its object is to enable traders to keep the several kinds or grades of shot in one receptacle, but so that suitable quantity of any one kind can be readily and conveniently measured out" (lines 20-26).
Date: January 3, 1871
Creator: Booton, Sinclair
Description: Patent for improvements in tanning materials: "extractive matter for the manufacture of leather from the wood and bark of the mesquit - a tree of extensive growth on the prairies of western and north western Texas" (lines 9-13).
Date: December 5, 1865
Creator: Park, John E.