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Artificial-Stone Composition

Description: Patent for "an artificial stone adapted for all purposes to which natural stone can be applied, and which can be given any desired shape while in a plastic state, or carved and polished after hardening" (lines 12-18).
Date: January 28, 1890
Creator: Blackmon, Albert M.

Automatic Car-Coupling.

Description: Patent for improvements in car-couplers "wherein the link is automatically engaged with the draw-head of a second car and the link can be quickly disengaged when it needed uncoupling." (Lines 10-11) Illustration is included.
Date: June 18, 1901
Creator: Ponton, Henry H.

Bale-Tie.

Description: Patent for a new and improved bale tie. This design utilizes a strap-iron binder with notches along the sides that allow for a bail to clamp firmly within them; thus, the bale is fastened.
Date: December 30, 1879
Creator: Johnson, Jordan

Barber's Paper Clip.

Description: Patent for a new and improved barber's paper clip. This design calls for "a clip formed by doubling upon itself a [flat] strip of metal," which will hold sheets of paper on which barbers can sharpen their razors. A hook exists on the opposite side, by which the paper clip can hang from the hot towel on the customer's face.
Date: January 17, 1882
Creator: Cohen, Moses

Bee-Hive

Description: Patent for an improved hive, in which bees are fed and watered more efficiently and honey can be removed without the loss of bees. Illustrations and instructions are included.
Date: December 13, 1882
Creator: Meyer, Edward

Buckle

Description: Patent for "a fastening device for securely holding the meeting ends of straps together, and is particularly applicable to stirrup-straps, in which, because of the strain thereon, the ordinary fastener is quickly broken or the strap is torn from the same" (lines 9-15).
Date: May 7, 1901
Creator: Stulting, John C. & Wiseman, William E.

Buckle.

Description: Patent for a new and improved buckle. This design utilizes two separate tongues that run freely along a middle bar, which lengthens the life of the strap by distributing pressure and allowing for broken out, frayed, or otherwise worn holes to be circumvented for new ones.
Date: May 3, 1881
Creator: Burket, John

Electric Railway.

Description: Patent for an electric railway that has the electric conductor on or under the ground, in a tube. The tube gets electricity to the trains via contact-pieces embedded in the tube, and it collapses whenever the train wheels go over it. The tube and conductor are kept safe in a u-shaped hanger underground.
Date: January 12, 1897
Creator: Lomb, George W. C.

Fan.

Description: Patent for a new and improved fan. This design "consists mainly, first, in the combination with a swinging bar of metal or wood, or both, carrying the fans, of a balance-weight located at an angle to the line of the bar for the purpose of retarding its backward movement; and, second, in the combination, with a shaft and a hinge-connection uniting the fan-holder clamp to the shaft, of a removable pin by means of which the fan may be caused to move positively with the shaft or swing independently of it, as may be desired" (lines 12-22).
Date: June 20, 1882
Creator: Cohen, Moses.

Fan Attachment.

Description: Patent for a new and improved fan attachment. This design "consists of an attachment for rocking-chairs, cradles, &c., and having an oscillatory arm adapted to hold a fan" (lines 9-11).
Date: January 2, 1883
Creator: Cohen, Moses

Harness Buckle.

Description: Patent for a new and improved harness buckle. This design calls for a central cross-bar, upon which the frame rests, with fold-able arms that form a loop beneath the side-bars with the assistance of metal pins (lines 57-62). This design eliminates the need for stitching the strap being buckled.
Date: March 15, 1881
Creator: Garrett, Charles William

Improvement in Picket-Fences

Description: Patent for improvement for Picket Fences, Patent No. 143632 dated October 14, 1873. The improved picket fences composed of zig zag settings with their upper ends brought in line and are connected and supported by wires and posts.
Date: October 6, 1874
Creator: McGinty, Robert H