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Ant Trap.

Description: Patent for a new and improved ant trap. This design consists in "[a]n ant-trap, comprising the body and the inward-projecting tubes having the protecting-caps on their inner ends, the outer faces of the caps being convex and provided with apertures of greater diameter than the bore of the inner end of the tube" (lines 90-95).
Date: February 22, 1887
Creator: McCallum, Walter Randolph
Item Type: Patent

Balance Staff and Wheel for Watches

Description: Patent for an improved design of a balance staff and wheel used for watch repair. The new design allows for an easier repair when replacing a broken staff and decreases the chance that the wheel would be damaged when replacing the staff. Included are instructions and illustrations.
Date: May 18, 1880
Creator: Bugbee, George G.
Item Type: Patent

Bed Bottom.

Description: Patent for an improved bed bottom consisting of a series of hooks and eyes and wires with instructions and illustrations.
Date: September 28, 1886
Creator: Peacock, John Calvin; Graves, James Beard & Huffor, George Allin
Item Type: Patent

Buckle.

Description: Patent for a new and improved buckle. This design calls for "the rear side of the cross-piece [to be] provided with a recess . . . to receive the back of the tongue-joint, so that the latter shall not be in the way when the strap is to be passed between the cross-pieces . . . after being adjusted upon the tongues or studs" (lines 35-41).
Date: November 30, 1880
Creator: Bugbee, George Gooding
Item Type: Patent

BUCKLE

Description: Patent for "a new and improved buckle" (lines4-5)
Date: July 20, 1880
Creator: Bardwell, Henery G.
Item Type: Patent

Car Coupling.

Description: Patent for a new and improved coupling for railroad cars. This design consists in "[t]he combination, with the draw-head, of the transverse pivot-pin in the top of the draw-head, the coupling-pin provided with a longitudinal slot engaging said pivot-pin, and the weights mounted on said pivot-pin and adapted to bear on the end of the link" (lines 76-81).
Date: October 22, 1889
Creator: Hodges, Clemont Clay
Item Type: Patent

Gopher Trap.

Description: Patent for a new and improved trap for gophers and other subterranean animals. This design utilizes for the first time the combination of spring, jaw, treadle, trigger, and baseboard to ensnare gophers and other varmints.
Date: July 5, 1881
Creator: Norris, Abram.
Item Type: Patent

Indicator for Merchandise.

Description: Patent for a new and improved advertising sign. This design "relates to apparatus or devices for marking or indicating upon the outside of boxes or drawers the names and prices of the merchandise or other articles contained therein; and it consists in the improved construction and combination of parts of a device of the above-mentioned class" (lines 23-29).
Date: April 7, 1885
Creator: Brown, Sampson Harvey
Item Type: Patent

Marking Device.

Description: Patent for a new and improved merchandise tag. This design consists of a stick "provided with means for holding it fixed in its position after it has been inserted and having hinged to its outer end the tag having a strip of suitable material secured around its edges, as shown, so as to form on both sides of the tag the flanges adapted to receive the removable, reversible, and interchangeable cards (lines 1-8).
Date: August 25, 1885
Creator: Brown, Sampson Harvey
Item Type: Patent

Plow.

Description: Patent for a new and improved plow. This design consists "[i]n the combination, with the double mold-board, of the recessed plow-blade, constructed in two parts secured to the mold-board, the said part having flat points, which are provided with cutting edges and raised portions extending from the crotch of the cutting-blades to the rear, in order to turn the soil to each side" (lines 84-91).
Date: October 7, 1884
Creator: Schulz, Carl A.
Item Type: Patent

Stake-Pin.

Description: Patent for stake-pin that improves upon previous stake-pins that are used for picketing horses and attaching the ropes. This design allows for the rope to stay out of the dirt. Included are instructions and illustrations.
Date: May 18, 1880
Creator: Carnes, William, Sr. & Penfield, Charles W.
Item Type: Patent

Vehicle Axle Lubricator.

Description: Patent for a new and improved axle lubricator. This design utilizes threads to allow for removal and reattachment, as well as easy cleaning.
Date: January 25, 1881
Creator: Rochelle, John Rugeley
Item Type: Patent