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Car Coupling.

Description: Patent for a new and improved coupling for railroad cars. This design "is to provide means for setting and supporting the pin and link of the ordinary car-coupler, so that cars will be automatically coupled when brought together; and it consists in a frame or holder for the coupling-pin and a frame or holder for the coupling-link" (lines 11-17).
Date: September 23, 1890
Creator: Godsey, William J.
Item Type: Patent

Churn.

Description: Patent for a churn. The patent is for a "means for adjustably securing a series of vertically-arranged breakers in a churn-body of any size, operating with a revolving dasher" (lines 8-11).
Date: June 16, 1896
Creator: Haley, William L.
Item Type: Patent

Churn.

Description: Patent for an automatic churn, which is an improvement to a previous churn, no. 39,532. It has a two-part cabinet, the top part equipped with a hinged top, a crank shaft, ratchet-wheel, spring pawl, and a tubular square pocket at the end of the crank-shaft. The square pocket is where one can attach a handle to operate the churn. The lower half of the cabinet opens on the side and contains the container, dasher-rod, and churn-dashers.
Date: September 15, 1896
Creator: Roberts, John A. & Vermillion, William E. C.
Item Type: Patent

Churn.

Description: Patent for a churn that can be easily operated and does not let flies or dust collect around its top. It is operated by turning a handle which is connected via a rope and a series of pulleys to the churn.
Date: December 19, 1893
Creator: Nanny, Amos William
Item Type: Patent

Combined Flour and Meal Bin and Sifter.

Description: Patent for a combined flour and meal bin sifter meant for the kitchen. The amount of flour or meal put into the machine does not matter, and the sifter may be removed when desired. The sifted material is directed into a container, and the end of the chute can be closed when not in use.
Date: September 1, 1896
Creator: Alexander, Charles P.
Item Type: Patent

Cotton-Picking Machine.

Description: Patent for a sack laborers drag around the fields with them to store cotton in. It has a shoulder-strap that fits around the sack's mouth. There are two wheels, and a platform is attached to the axle. The sack is strapped to the platform.
Date: November 3, 1896
Creator: Armstrong, Henry T.
Item Type: Patent

Feed Apparatus for Locomotives.

Description: Patent for a new and improved feed apparatus for locomotives. This design is "for feeding the boiler of a locomotive-engine wherein a feed-pipe extends from a tank or tender to an injector a conical strainer is located in the three-way valve-casing for intercepting dirt, leaves, and foreign matter, to prevent the same passing with the feed-water to the boiler" (lines 9-15). It consists, "with a valve-casing containing a valve and having pipes or tubes for connecting, respectively, with a tank or tender and an injector or boiler, [and] of a strainer having steam-jet orifices arranged round its base" (lines 69-73).
Date: October 25, 1892
Creator: Raynor, Irwin Halpin
Item Type: Patent

Gas-Vent for Molds.

Description: Patent for a gas-vent for molds. Its object is "to provide a simple and cheap construction whereby free escape of the gas or air is permitted form the mold into which molten metals...are to be poured for the purpose of forming a casting" (lines 12-18). Construction of the vent may vary.
Date: February 2, 1897
Creator: Streetman, Willard
Item Type: Patent

Governor.

Description: Patent for certain new and useful improvements in governors, including instructions and illustrations.
Date: November 15, 1898
Creator: Hunter, Victor E.
Item Type: Patent

Governor.

Description: Patent for certain new and useful improvements in governors, including instructions and illustrations.
Date: June 20, 1899
Creator: Hunter, Victor Emmet
Item Type: Patent

Hydraulic Pump.

Description: Patent for a pump that operates "a pump-rod designed especially to dispense with valves, valve-cages, or other impedimenta to the flow of liquid" (lines 40-44). It is capable of pumping liquids to elevated heights.
Date: December 15, 1896
Creator: Clarkson, William
Item Type: Patent

Hydraulic Pump

Description: Patent for a hydraulic pump with "means for automatically supplying water to the pressure-pipe while the pump is working to replenish waste or leakage." (Lines 18-20) Includes instructions or illustrations.
Date: December 15, 1896
Creator: Clarkson, William
Item Type: Patent

Means for Operating Churns.

Description: Patent for improvement in operation of churns by using a spring-bar to press the flanged wheel against the driving-wheel to cause the dasher-shaft to revolve, thus the cream will be churned quickly. Illustration is included.
Date: July 14, 1891
Creator: Conner, Laurance H.
Item Type: Patent

Paper-Perforating Device.

Description: Patent for "a combined gripper-bar and perforator for use on printing-presses." (Lines 8-9) Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: September 15, 1890
Creator: Wells, William F.
Item Type: Patent

Pump.

Description: Patent for a pump "whereby the pressure exerted upon the liquid in the pressure-pipe is alternately high and low, the high pressure being utilized to elevate the pump-rod, giving a rapid upstroke, and the low pressure to lower said rod gradually and insure a return flow of the liquid in the pressure-pipe." (Lines 26-33) Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: December 15, 1896
Creator: Clarkson, William
Item Type: Patent

Pumping-Engine.

Description: Patent for a pumping engine that uses a "combined piston rod and plunger acting in the same vertical line and carrying a crank pin box and cross heads for driving the governing fly wheel" (lines 12-15). Mounting and dismounting this engine is simple, and the engine has easily accessible packing ends of the steam and water cylinders. Also, the adjustable yoke is improved in this engine.
Date: April 25, 1893
Creator: Clarkson, William
Item Type: Patent

Rail Bond For Electric Railroads

Description: Patent for improvement to rail-bonds for electrical railroads to aid in maintaining electrical contact, which will then reduce the loosening of parts which results in broken contact. Illustrations and instructions are included.
Date: August 17, 1897
Creator: Hunter, Victor Emmet
Item Type: Patent

Railroad-Tie.

Description: Patent for certain new and useful improvements in railroad-ties.
Date: May 17, 1898
Creator: Armstrong, Henry T.
Item Type: Patent

Sanding Device for Locomotives.

Description: Patent for a device that keeps sand from being lost during delivery and "whereby the emitting nozzle is kept clear and prevented from clogging up or freezing" (lines 15-17). It is an improvement on sanding devices.
Date: June 26, 1894
Creator: Chase, Floyd T.
Item Type: Patent

Screen-Operating Mechanism for WIndow-Screens.

Description: Patent for a screen-operating mechanism for window-screens. It is meant to hide the mechanism from view and to improve the way the screen is raised and lowered. It also moves the "upper sash in one direction moves the screen in the reverse direction, the construction being such that the motion-transmitting gearing does not in any manner interfere with the use of ordinary window-sashes balanced by weights or springs, or the use of sashes of which the upper one only is movable" (lines 24-30).
Date: December 17, 1895
Creator: Leary, Frank S.
Item Type: Patent

Shoe for Bridges.

Description: Patent for a new and improved bridge shoe including instructions and illustrations.
Date: April 10, 1894
Creator: Seaman, George S.
Item Type: Patent