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Animal Poke.

Description: Patent for a new and improved animal poke. This design "is to construct a device which may be secured to horses, cattle, and other animals, and which will effectually prevent fence-jumping, while at the same time allow the animal free use of [its] head and limbs, doing away with any tendency to cramp the wearer" (lines 17-23). It consists, "with bar and a means for suspending it beneath the animal's body and the bar, which is secured at its outer end to the animal's head, of a hinge to the opposite side of which the adjacent ends of the said bars are pivoted" (lines 78-83).
Date: May 17, 1892
Creator: Stracener, Upton W.

Attachment for Cotton Plows.

Description: Patent for a new and improved plow. This design consists, "with the plow-stock provided with a staple near the lower end of the standard, having an opening formed with a series of parallel sides, and a staple on the beam . . . consisting of a series of bails of the fender-plate rigidly secured to the rod, the lower end of said rod being formed in cross-section of a series of parallel sides, said end adapted to fit and be adjusted in said staple, the upper end of the rod being adapted to be adjusted in any one of the bails of the staple" (lines 7-18).
Date: January 7, 1890
Creator: Collier, Johnathan T.

Car Coupling.

Description: Patent for a new and improved coupling for railroad cars. This design consists in "[a] car-coupler having a hook formed thereon . . . an open recess in the rear thereof, pins or projecting supports adjacent to the recess . . . a trigger pivoted to the coupler and projecting beyond the hook, so as to support the link . . . independent of the coupler and adapted to pass over the hook" (lines 64-75).
Date: August 12, 1890
Creator: Richardson, Samuel T.


Description: Patent for a churn with an improved dasher-operating mechanism. It simply and effectively combines a "rotary and reciprocatory movement to a churn-dasher to hasten the separation of the butter" (lines 11-13). The dasher is attached to a frame, and is operated through a crank. The churn rests on a platform also attached to the frame.
Date: January 19, 1897
Creator: Wright, William L.

Combination Harrow and Cultivator.

Description: Patent for a combined harrow and cultivator that can easily change between the two. It consists of a beam with front and back removable tooth-seats, handles, adjusting holes in the beam, a perforated plate on the top and bottom sides of the beam, pins, and a wedge-shaped key between the bar and a slot in a tooth.
Date: July 25, 1893
Creator: West, Edward B.


Description: Patent for a simple and effective cotton cleaning machine that removes foreign matter from cotton before or after ginning. This enhances the cotton's worth and quality. The cotton will not get torn during this process.
Date: May 9, 1893
Creator: Smith, Jonathan N.


Description: Patent for a new and improved plow. This design consists in "[t]he slide for shovel-plows, consisting of two members having enlargements at their ends, provided with radial notches, the upper member being provided with a longitudinal slot, and a pivot-pin inserted through the enlargements of the members" (lines 62-67).
Date: June 10, 1890
Creator: Mason, Thomas J.

Portable Dam.

Description: Patent for a new and improved portable dam. This design "consists in the combination of the timbers which form the dam, the vertical uprights between which the timbers are place, the braces which support the dam in an upright position, the rider placed upon the braces, the wires, and the hooks to which the wires are fastened" (lines 13-19).
Date: January 7, 1890
Creator: Williams, Stephen P.


Description: Patent for an improvement in steps by using "a metallic frame or support composed of a series of light metallic plates, which are suitable shaped to adapt them for the purpose and then clamped and braced together,” (lines 13-17) includes illustration.
Date: March 17, 1891
Creator: Williams, Stephen P.


Description: Patent for an improvement in automatic vehicle-brakes by using sliding rods that are movable within staples or guides and a brake-bar indirectly attached to the rear axle by means of a coiled spring. When the brake bar moves forward, it forces the break-shoes from contacting the wheels. When the brake bar moves backward, it forces the brake-shoes into contact with the wheels, thus stopping the vehicle. Illustration is included.
Date: March 3, 1891
Creator: Gregory, Joseph Pinkney