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Churn-Dasher.

Description: Patent for "a churn dasher to which a rotary movement shall be imparted by the resistance offered by the fluid to the dasher when the latter is given a vertical reciprocating movement in the ordinary manner, the rotary movement being constantly in one direction, irrespective of the direction of the vertical reciprocating movement" (lines 13-21).
Date: May 16, 1893
Creator: Cannon, Burrell
Item Type: Patent

Churn-Dasher.

Description: Patent for "reciprocating churn-dashers with rotary heads." (Lines 11-12) Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: August 5, 1891
Creator: Sterling, Isaac F.
Item Type: Patent

Churn Dasher.

Description: Patent for a new and improved churn-dasher for butter churns. This design calls for two weights on opposite ends of the bottom of the churn-dasher so that the dasher will "revolve with greater force and to balance it more easily upon its pivot" (lines 17-18). This lessens the wear on the bottom of the churn, which increases the longevity of the dasher.
Date: April 11, 1882
Creator: Pinter, Francis T.
Item Type: Patent

Churn-Dasher.

Description: Patent for "a dasher that the force required to operate it may be varied and the time necessary to churn the butter be shortened as the force operating the dasher is increased." (Lines 15-18) Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: March 12, 1895
Creator: Hudson, Charles H.
Item Type: Patent

Churn Dasher

Description: Patent for churn-dashers of the rotary type for a churning machine. This will allow the cream upon contact with blades of the dasher to turn over and head town the bottom of the churn.
Date: November 10, 1903
Creator: Franklin, Edward A
Item Type: Patent

Churn - Motor.

Description: Patent for a new and useful Churn-Motor to "provide a simple and efficient from a wind-motor adapted for use in connection with churns, the wind-wheel blades being so constructed as to adapt them to expose the necessary surface for efficient operation under the conditions" (line 9- 14).
Date: November 2, 1897
Creator: Staples, John & Spake, William H.
Item Type: Patent

Churn-Motor.

Description: Patent for improving crank-lever churn motors for a more simple construction that results in a more lightweight but strong machine.
Date: December 11, 1900
Creator: Crawford, William H.
Item Type: Patent

Churn Motor.

Description: Patent for a new and improved churn motor. This design consists in "[t]he combination, with a wheel or disk having a toothed periphery and provided with a broad friction-flange, or a disk at right angles to the former, bearing against its friction-flange, and having studs engaging its teeth . . . [also] [i]n a churn-motor, the combination, with the box or body of the cover, having uprights, [a] shaft having [a] crank, disk having teeth and [a] flange, and the vertical shaft having [a] disk, provided with studs" (lines 67-77).
Date: October 3, 1882
Creator: May, Benjamin Cary
Item Type: Patent

Churn Motor.

Description: Patent for a new and improved churn-motor. This design consists in "[t]he combination of the frame, the rock-shaft arranged longitudinally in the top of the same and having the arm and the cross-head, the dasher-rods pivoted to the cross-head, the crank-shaft journaled transversely in the frame below the rock-shaft and having the fly-wheel and the pulley, the pitman connecting the crank-shaft and the arm, the driving-shaft arranged transversely in the frame, the pulley thereon, and the belt connecting the pulleys" (lines 64-74).
Date: June 18, 1889
Creator: Anderson, Henry C.
Item Type: Patent

Churn-Motor.

Description: Patent for a butter churn with a "vertical rotary dasher" (line 19), including instructions and illustrations.
Date: March 16, 1880
Creator: Rogers, James P.
Item Type: Patent

Churn Motor.

Description: Patent for a new and improved churn motor. This design "consists in [a] novel construction and arrangement of parts . . . The machine . . . is so constructed that it gives to the dasher a perpendicular long or short stroke, and that it may be sunk deep or shallow in the milk; and the machine may be run at the greatest speed with but little friction, and without the danger of its parts becoming loosened, and by means of its apron and attachment . . . it holds the churn in place" (lines 16-26).
Date: February 26, 1884
Creator: Nevel, William A. & Fisher, George W.
Item Type: Patent

Churn Motor.

Description: Patent for a new and improved churn motor. This design "consists in certain improvements in the construction of [churn motors], having for their object to produce a machine which shall possess superior advantages in point of simplicity, durability, and general efficiency" (lines 10-15).
Date: September 25, 1883
Creator: O'Bannon, William H. & Snider, John J.
Item Type: Patent

Churn-Power.

Description: Patent for improvements in churn-motors by using the combination of an upright supporting frame, “a shaft journaled in the frame, means for rotating the shaft,…..corresponding with the size of the joint between the dasher-staff and pitman, substantially as specified.” (Line 5-15, p.2) Illustration is included.
Date: May 26, 1891
Creator: MaGee, William Joseph
Item Type: Patent

Churn Power.

Description: Patent for a new and improved motorized butter churn. This design utilizes paralleled uprights, shafts, through-holes, screw-holes, a crank, pit-men, and a cross-head (lines 85-92). This combination and arrangement of parts allows rotary motion to be converted to reciprocal motion, which improves the churning process.
Date: August 10, 1880
Creator: Brace, James
Item Type: Patent

Churn Power.

Description: Patent for a new and improved churn power. This design "relates to improvements in churn-powers in which suitable gearing and frame-work operate in conjunction with a vertically-reciprocating dasher; and the objects of [the] improvements are, first, to provide a spring-power and suitable gearing for operating the dasher, with a view to rendering the same in a high degree effective, convenient, and especially adapted to the requirements of service; and second, to afford facilities for the easy winding of the powerful spring required for such service" (lines 8-19).
Date: February 17, 1885
Creator: Lawrence, Joseph A.
Item Type: Patent

Churn Power.

Description: Patent for a new and improved churn-power. This design "consists in the combination, with a vertically-moveable carriage provided with a drum, of a rope wound on the same, and having its upper end secured, from which drum a wheel on the carriage is operated by suitable gearing, the said wheel being connected with the dasher-staff. When the carriage descends under the action of its own weight and of the weight of the parts on it, the drum is revolved and the dasher rod or staff operated" (lines 11-21).
Date: December 2, 1884
Creator: Williams, Fredrick Fitz
Item Type: Patent

Churn Power.

Description: Patent for a new and improved churn-power. This design is "to provide a spring-power and suitable gearing for operating the dasher, with a view of rendering the same in a high degree effective, convenient, and especially adapted to the requirements of service; [and], to afford facilities for the proper adjustment of the device to the different sizes of churns, and to provide for the quick and convenient detaching of the churn from the driving mechanism" (lines 12-21).
Date: September 30, 1884
Creator: Lawrence, Joseph A.
Item Type: Patent

Churn-Power.

Description: Patent for improvements in churns is to “simplify and improve the construction of the means for operating vertically-reciprocating churn-dashers and to enable the dasher to be adjusted vertically, according to the amount of lacteal fluid to be churned.” (Lines 11-15) Illustration is included.
Date: April 21, 1891
Creator: Dickey, John S.
Item Type: Patent

Churn Power.

Description: Patent for a new and improved motorized butter churn. This design is of "a simple and efficient device for converting a rotary into a reciprocating motion, which may be either vertical or horizontal, and is especially adapted to the various kinds of churns, washing-machines, and the like now in the market" (lines 13-18).
Date: January 4, 1881
Creator: Clark, William
Item Type: Patent

Churn Power.

Description: Patent for a new and improved churn-power. This design "relates particularly to a vertical single-dasher reciprocating churn, and has for its object to provide a churn-power of the character that shall be simple and durable in construction, one that will give a maximum length of stroke, and one that will always keep the dasher elevated when not in operation" (lines 7-14).
Date: September 23, 1890
Creator: Dickey, John S.
Item Type: Patent

Churn-Power

Description: Patent for an improvement to a churning by allowing a churn to be attached to a sewing machine. The churn and sewing machine could then be used separately or at the same time.
Date: November 21, 1882
Creator: Jones, Isaac Van Zandt
Item Type: Patent

Churn-Power.

Description: Patent for an improved construction design for churn power that "may be readily employed in connection with any ordinary vessel serving as a churn body, and which will effect a rapid production of butter" (lines 12-15).
Date: January 23, 1894
Creator: Taylor, Marion M.
Item Type: Patent

Churn Power.

Description: Patent for a new and improved churn power. This design "relates to improvements in churn powers; and it consists of a plunger-shaft so connected to a wheel by means of a loose rod as to alternately raise or lower said shaft as the wheel rotates. The object of the invention is to accomplish the up-and-down motion and consequent agitation without the usual amount of labor" (lines 9-16).
Date: March 31, 1885
Creator: Patton, Charles W.
Item Type: Patent

Churn-Power.

Description: Patent for improvements in churn-power by using a combination of “a vertical support [piece], an operating-lever pivoted thereto, a dasher-shaft, a horizontal bar connected to the said lever, and a cord secured at its ends to the said bar and wrapped between its ends around the dasher-shaft. All these parts combined to enable the churn to operate as described.” (Lines 55-61) Illustration is included.
Date: November 24, 1891
Creator: Reese, Roswell
Item Type: Patent