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Churn.

Description: Patent for a churn that has a frame supporting the churn and swinging motion mixes the cream. This invention successfully separates oily globules from the cream, thus making churning more effective and easy.
Date: October 10, 1893
Creator: Bailey, James Westey & McNorton, John Tomas
Item Type: Patent

Churn.

Description: Patent for a churn. The patent is for a "means for adjustably securing a series of vertically-arranged breakers in a churn-body of any size, operating with a revolving dasher" (lines 8-11).
Date: June 16, 1896
Creator: Haley, William L.
Item Type: Patent

Churn.

Description: Patent for a new and improved churn. This design "relates to improvements in rotary churns; and it consists in the combination of the dasher-staff made screw-threaded at its upper end, and having a dasher secured to its lower one; a pinion which is applied to the screw-threaded part of the shaft, and which has a rising and falling movement thereon; the driving-wheel which operates the two pinions, and through them the two dashers, and the sleeve, which is connected to the lower pinion and one of the dashers" (lines 13-23).
Date: March 24, 1885
Creator: Wilson, Homer Tony & Sanders, Bleuford Bradford
Item Type: Patent

Churn.

Description: Patent for a new and improved churn. This design consists in "[t]he combination, with a suitable frame having a fly-wheel mounted in bearings thereof, and a wrist-pin on said fly-wheel, of the lever pivoted to the frame at one end" (lines 95-98). Further, it consists in "carrying a pivoted dasher at its other end, said lever having a slot or opening to receive the wrist-pin, a crank-arm, a treadle pivoted to the frame at one end, and carrying a handle at its other end, and a rod connecting the treadle and crank-arm" (lines 1-6).
Date: May 5, 1885
Creator: Rogers, William Joseph
Item Type: Patent

Churn.

Description: Patent for a new and improved churn. This design "consists, primarily, in the combination, with a suitable bucket, of a removable stationary dasher and a staff loosely mounted to turn on said stationary dasher, said shaft having a series of radial wings or dashers at its lower end" (lines 15-21).
Date: May 12, 1885
Creator: McRae, James Armstrong
Item Type: Patent

Churn.

Description: Patent for an improved and simple churn that works easily and quickly. It "is adapted to permit of the simultaneous securing and retention of the cream vessel or receptacle in position in its journaling or carrying frame, as well as the cover upon said vessel, and to provide for the ready removal of said vessel or receptacle and its said cover preparatory to removing the contents of the vessel or the cleaning thereof" (lines 18-25).
Date: February 14, 1893
Creator: Alexander, Horace C.
Item Type: Patent

Churn.

Description: Patent for a new and improved churn. This design consists "[i]n combination with the base, the frame having the cross-bars, churn provided with a dasher-shaft, a second shaft passing through cross-bars and connected with the dasher-shaft, pinions . . . secured to the shaft and adapted to rest upon the cross-bars . . . a[nother] shaft journaled in [one of] the cross-bar[s], and a mutilated gear engaging the pinions" (lines 16-24).
Date: June 5, 1888
Creator: Crawford, William H.
Item Type: Patent

Churn.

Description: Patent for a new and improved churn. This design "ha[s] a curved bottom and rounded ends and consisting of the bottom, the sides, the partitions . . . similar to the sides and arranged adjacent to the latter" (lines 101-104). Said partitions "[form] water compartments, the transverse partition providing a communication between the water compartments and being formed by a plate bent longitudinally at an angle and having its apex extending across the body of the churn, and the dasher arranged above the partition and suitably secured in place" (lines 1-8).
Date: August 26, 1890
Creator: Day, William Howel
Item Type: Patent

Churn.

Description: Patent for a churn with an improved "construction of working body churns, to effect a rapid production of butter, and to enable the temperature of the contents of the churn to be readily controlled and regulated to facilitate churning" (lines 11-15).
Date: April 11, 1893
Creator: Robert, Cumberland M.
Item Type: Patent

Churn.

Description: Patent for a new and improved churn. This design consists in "[t]he combination of the inner shell or cream-receptacle having the pipe formed therewith, and with the ring near its upper end, the outer shell having its upper end contracted to engage the ring of the cream-receptacle and inclose the pipe, and provided with the side opening at its upper end, and a valve located in the pipe to open and close by the action of the dasher moving in the cream-cylinder" (lines 1-10).
Date: May 8, 1888
Creator: Richards, John
Item Type: Patent

Churn.

Description: Patent for a simple, efficient, and improved churn that thoroughly aerating and stirring the cream. It has a removable vertical dasher and two dasher cups.
Date: June 11, 1895
Creator: Franklin, Edward A.
Item Type: Patent

Churn.

Description: Patent for a new and improved churn. This design consists in "[t]he combination of the standards, the longitudinal bars connecting the same, the driving-shaft journaled on the upper bars, the counter-shaft journaled on the lower bars and provided with a crank-disk at one end, gearing between the driving-shaft and the counter-shaft, the balance-wheel on the counter-shaft, the rock-shaft journaled on the upper bars and provided with the oppositely-extending crank-arms between the said bars, the crank arm depending from the end of the rock-shaft, [and] the pitman" (lines 88-99).
Date: April 29, 1890
Creator: Anderson, Henry C.
Item Type: Patent

Churn.

Description: Patent to an improvement to churns "in which its action may be either single or double acting by means of a simple and efficacious arrangement of parts" (lines 18-21).
Date: January 19, 1886
Creator: Persohn, John William
Item Type: Patent

Churn.

Description: Patent for an apparatus for operating churns and ice-cream freezers. To operate, one turns a handle, and through a series of gears, pulleys, and wheels, the cream is stirred. The churn container rotates and sits in a frame where the apparatus is fixed above it.
Date: August 11, 1896
Creator: Martin, James W.
Item Type: Patent

Churn.

Description: Patent for a churn that can be easily disassembled and cleaned easily. The churn is a circular chamber with a tube in its center. The tube has a fan around it at the top of the chamber, and the air goes through the fan, is sucked into the tube, and is released at the bottom of the chamber in order to agitate the cream.
Date: August 11, 1896
Creator: Walker, Ben, Jr.
Item Type: Patent

Churn.

Description: Patent for a churn in which a can has an opening in the center of its lid, in which a dasher-staff fits. The can fits in a frame. There are two parts to the frame, the part that rotates the can, and the part that holds the churn in place. The frame also holds the dasher-staff and a crank to rotate the can's frame.
Date: February 2, 1897
Creator: Everhard, Joseph
Item Type: Patent

Churn.

Description: Patent for an automatic churn, which is an improvement to a previous churn, no. 39,532. It has a two-part cabinet, the top part equipped with a hinged top, a crank shaft, ratchet-wheel, spring pawl, and a tubular square pocket at the end of the crank-shaft. The square pocket is where one can attach a handle to operate the churn. The lower half of the cabinet opens on the side and contains the container, dasher-rod, and churn-dashers.
Date: September 15, 1896
Creator: Roberts, John A. & Vermillion, William E. C.
Item Type: Patent

Churn.

Description: Patent for a new and improved churn. This design consists in "[t]he combination of the standard, the supporting-arm secured thereon and consisting of a stationary member, a swinging member hinged thereto, a latch secured to the swinging member and engaging the stationary member, and the slotted arm secured to the stationary member and passing around the swinging member, and the dasher-rods supported by and between the members of said arms" (lines 18-27).
Date: October 14, 1890
Creator: Lancaster, John L.
Item Type: Patent

Churn.

Description: Patent for a churn that quickly makes butter and has an easily detachable churn body. The churn body sits sideways in a frame, and gears and a hand-operated crank that is built into the removable part of the frame churns the cream.
Date: September 12, 1893
Creator: Moon, Richard D.
Item Type: Patent

Churn.

Description: Patent for a simple and inexpensive churn that works efficiently and does not take up much space. It consists of a solid upper portion, a lower portion, a horizontal bar that connects the two, a bracing frame, a shaft, bearings, a band wheel attached to the shaft, an adjustable drive wheel, a crank wheel, and a dasher.
Date: March 21, 1893
Creator: Gibson, Wyatt
Item Type: Patent

Churn.

Description: Patent for a simple and durable churn that quickly makes butter. The butter is churned by pumping a lever, which is connected to a strap that is wrapped around a rod, the rod goes into the container holding the cream and has hoops attached to it inside the container, and the pumping action makes the hoops quickly move back and forth.
Date: May 29, 1894
Creator: Bolding, James P.
Item Type: Patent

Churn.

Description: Patent for a simple, inexpensive, and effective combined churn motor and dasher that continuously and smoothly circulates cream. It has a large wheel the operator turns, which is connected through a series of pulleys to the dasher. A large frame holds the parts in place.
Date: September 11, 1894
Creator: Baugh, Edward H.
Item Type: Patent

Churn.

Description: Patent for a new and improved churn. This design consists "[i]n a working-body churn, the combination, with the churn-body having centrally-disposed turret, and the breaking-frames having their lower ends resting in suitable seats, in the bottom of the churn-body and their upper ends extended into the turret thereof, of the block having sockets and placed on the breaking-frames with its lower side projected above the turret, and the cap or lid, placed on the turret and bearing against the block and securing the same and the breaking-frames in position" (lines 23-34).
Date: September 11, 1883
Creator: German, Eliza
Item Type: Patent

Churn.

Description: Patent for a churn that consists of an upright frame, an adjustable central ring, a dasher rod, and devices for operating the rod.
Date: March 28, 1893
Creator: Martin, William F.
Item Type: Patent