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Apparatus for Stretching Fence-Wires.

Description: Patent for a portable manually operated apparatus that is designed to stretch wire-fence strands at right angles to tighten the full length of the strand without "kinking or twisting the fence-strand or driving staples or analagous fastenings into the fence-post" (lines 16-21) while the fence strand is tight. Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: September 14, 1897
Creator: Pyeatt, Jessie Newton.

Apparatus for Testing Errors of Refraction

Description: Patent for an eye testing device that has a movable lens, a measuring device for correction, and two different cards with test type on them which are fed into the machine during testing for astigmatism and myopia, presbyopia, and hyperopia to determine the level of correction needed in glasses.
Date: July 2, 1907
Creator: Bahn, Gustavus Adolphus

Apparatus for the Manufacture of Ice.

Description: Patent for a new and improved ice maker. This design calls for "two or more sheets of galvanized iron or other metal set in a tank of fresh water, one on either side of the evaporation-pipes, and held in a position parallel to each other by anchors or yokes that connect them" (lines 15-20). This eliminates the need for strong (ammoniacal) brine and is a faster, more reliable, and less leaky ice-making process than previous ones that used said brine.
Date: March 2, 1880
Creator: Zilker, Andrew J.

Apparatus for the Treatment of Cotton.

Description: Patent for a machine that puts gins and condensers in a line, which sit over a flue. "The lint cotton in bat form being delivered from all of the condensers in independent bats to a common conveyer, the bat cotton increasing in thickness upon the common conveyer and in its travel to a press, compress or other receptacle, receiving the different bats from the different condensers, one bat lying smoothly upon the other, until at the discharge end of the common conveyer, the bat in which the lint is evenly distributed and which is of considerable thickness, will be conveniently discharged" (lines 13-24).
Date: May 22, 1894
Creator: Zedler, Friedrich

Apparatus for Treating Ankylosis of the Knee

Description: Patent for an apparatus for treating knee ankylosis that is ready to use at a moments notice "without unnecessary or nervous shock to the invalid to apply the requisite heat, extension, and flexion to an afflicted part to render it supple and restore to its natural functions". (lines 11-15).
Date: September 19, 1905
Creator: Norwood, Robert R.

Apparatus for Treating Timber.

Description: Patent for an invention to aid in the treatment of treating timber. The invention is said to "provide a simple, inexpensive, durable, and efficient apparatus by means of which railroad cross-ties, fence-posts, and the like may be expeditiously and economically treated by immersion in a bath of some preserving liquid" (lines 16-22) including illustrations.
Date: July 11, 1905
Creator: Gerhard, Philip H.

Apparatus for Treating Timber, Railway Ties, &c.

Description: Patent for a new and improved apparatus for treating and preserving. This design "insure[s] the complete and perfect treatment or impregnation of timber of varying hardness and density, and to provide a portable organization of apparatus by which timber at various points or stations along the line of a railroad can be treated with great facility, efficiency, and economy" (lines 12-19).
Date: November 22, 1881
Creator: Kreuter, Hugh E.

Apparatus for Trimming Hooves of Animals.

Description: Patent for a new and improved hoof trimmer. This design "consists in an upright standard or support having a concaved supporting-recess adapted to receive the animal's hoof, with parallel guide-ways arranged in rear thereof, a trimming implement moving in said guides, and so constructed as to operate upon the hoof without injury to the frog, and means for reciprocating the trimming device from either side of the animal" (lines 16-25).
Date: December 11, 1883
Creator: Mullins, Joshua C.

Apparatus for Washing and Draining Dishes.

Description: Patent for a new and improved dishwasher. This design consists in "[t]he combination, with a pan provided near its top on the inner side with rigidly-attached brackets, with a tray in the form of a pan whose side and bottom portions are perforated . . . the tray being of less diameter and height than the pan and provided on its outer side near the bottom with brackets and on its upper edge with handles" (lines 94-101).
Date: January 14, 1890
Creator: Caradine, Virginia C.