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Description: Patent for an air-chamber that pumps in air confined with a flexible diaphragm to spray or diffuse fluid, including illustration.
Date: June 18, 1861
Creator: Creuzbaur, Robert
Item Type: Patent


Description: Patent for a machine that uses revolving brush cylinders, stationary brushes, and stripping boards to prepare cotton for ginning, including illustration.
Date: March 12, 1861
Creator: Eastham, A. S.
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Cotton-Scrapers.

Description: Patent for the improvement of a cotton scraper "for general cultivation of drill-husbandry" (lines 17-18) and cotton crops, including illustration.
Date: February 19, 1861
Creator: Shepard, Josiah
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Cultivators.

Description: Patent for a plow called the "The Texas Cultivator" (line 7) that uses left and right wings and diamond plows that may be used to plow either side of stock to eliminate additional operators and time for the same job, including illustration.
Date: June 4, 1861
Creator: Cain, Shugar M. & Stelfox, William
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Cultivators.

Description: Patent for the improvement of cultivators using adjustable blades and is adaptable to use different types of blades for a variety of other uses, including illustration.
Date: January 15, 1861
Creator: Alexander, J. T. D.
Item Type: Patent

Improvment in Steam-Plows.

Description: Patent for one machine that plows, sows, roles and harrow soil in one operation or separately, including illustrations.
Date: June 25, 1861
Creator: Saladee, Cyrus W.
Item Type: Patent


Description: Patent for the improvement for steam boilers by having a detachable fire-box for a portable boiler with little maintenance and efficient as a steam generator, including illustration.
Date: March 5, 1861
Creator: Porter, John
Item Type: Patent