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Bee Hive.

Description: Patent for improvements to "that class of bee-hives or bee-houses having a series of compartments..." (lines 15-17) with instructions and illustrations.
Date: May 21, 1878
Creator: Walton, George Slaughter
Item Type: Patent

Car Ventilation.

Description: Patent for an apparatus to improve car ventilation, including illustrations.
Date: February 18, 1879
Creator: Knipscheer, John
Item Type: Patent

Improved Bridge.

Description: Patent for an invention that "is to provide certain improvements in the construction of bridges, whereby the parts thereof, of wood, may be readily removed for the substitution of others, when decayed or broken, without interfering with the use of the bridge or weakening it (lines 10-15)". The patent includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: January 11, 1870
Creator: McDowell, H. S.
Item Type: Patent

Improvement In Bale-Ties.

Description: This patent was created for free ends of wire to be united and form a circular shape. The wire is then interconnected with a loop that has been doubled by the device.
Date: April 16, 1878
Creator: Knipscheer, John
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Churns.

Description: Patent for improvement in churns by using an oblong box with a diamond-shaped dash fixed in the box. The churning is done by rapidly swing the box back and forth until butter is obtained. Illustration is included.
Date: October 8, 1872
Creator: Cottingham, Gideon W.
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Cotton-Sprinklers

Description: Patent for Improvements to cotton-sprinklers that provides "effective distribution of poisonous liquids upon cotton-plants, for the purpose of destroying the cotton-worm or other destructive insects." (lines 15-18) Includes instructions and illustration.
Date: November 11, 1879
Creator: Schier, John
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Cotton-Worm Destroyers.

Description: Patent for a wheeled vehicular device to destroy cotton worms that can be connected to a horse or a wagon. It carries a poisonous cotton-worm destroying agent and disburse this substance on crops or foliage to deter worms.
Date: October 13, 1873
Creator: Johnson, Jehu W.
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Cotton-Worm Destroyers.

Description: Patent for "an apparatus for exterminating cotton-worms by ejecting liquid poison upon the cotton-plants" (lines 6-8). Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: December 16, 1873
Creator: Johnson, Jehu W.
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Ground-Squirrel Exterminators.

Description: Patent for an "improved apparatus by means of which ground-squirrels and gophers can be destroyed in their holes, conveniently and effectively, and at small expense" (para. 4). The mechanism works by gassing underground vermin with sulphuric fumes.
Date: July 10, 1877
Creator: Dreyer, Henry
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Portable Fences.

Description: Patent for new and useful improvements in fences made in sections or panels. It consists in the construction and arrangement of the brackets or supports for the panels.
Date: January 12, 1875
Creator: Johnson, Jehu W.
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Processes for Destroying Ants.

Description: Patent for a method of destroying ants by digging a pit beside a colony, filling the hole with combustible materials and poisons, placing a pipe through the hole and into the mound, and then setting the pit ablaze.
Date: October 28, 1873
Creator: Dulany, John J. & Dreyer, Henry
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Safety-Guards for Cars.

Description: Patent for "certain new and useful Improvements in Safety-Guards for Cars" (lines 5-6) intended to pervent derailment of railway cars, including a detailed explanation and description of the illustration.
Date: February 5, 1878
Creator: Harding, John W. & Towell, Issac
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Street-Cars

Description: Patent for an improvement to Street Cars to better navigate curves. Includes description and illustrations.
Date: August 26, 1879
Creator: Towell, Isaac
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Vehicle-Springs

Description: Patent for a newly designed vehicle spring that attached to the axle and features an auxiliary spring.
Date: May 22, 1877
Creator: Faber, Fredrick W.
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Windlass Water-Elevators

Description: Patent for an improvement in Chain-Wheels consisting "in the construction and arrangement of a device for drawing water from wells, which shall be cheap, convenient, and free from danger, as will be hereinafter more fully set forth."
Date: July 27, 1878
Creator: Knipscheer, John
Item Type: Patent