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Improvement in Fire-Escapes and Extension-Ladders.

Description: Patent for a truck-mounted "portable extension-ladder that may be used by firemen in gaining access to buildings, and may also be used as a fire escape" (lines 15-17) including illustration.
Date: August 7, 1877
Creator: Hoyt, William A.
Item Type: Patent


Description: Patent for improvements to double plows, so that they are pivotally connected and can move independently of the other. Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: August 27, 1891
Creator: Payne, Hiram Ezkiel
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Devices for Use in Reciprocating Churns.

Description: Patent for a churn that has "the cylinder with angular perforations, in contradistinction to round perforations and long slots" (lines 18-20) including a detailed explanation and description of the illustration.
Date: February 12, 1878
Creator: Forsyth, John
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Cotton-Seed Planters.

Description: Patent for a cotton-seed planter with improvements in "the construction and arrangement of the parts" (lines 18-19) including a detailed explanation and description of the illustration.
Date: February 26, 1878
Creator: Nix, Manning L.; Stone, James M. & Anderson, Levi
Item Type: Patent

Detergent Compound.

Description: Patent for an all-purpose detergent composed of water, lye, ammonia, borax, indigo, and mountain balm. Includes instructions.
Date: June 11, 1895
Creator: Fair, William Brownlow
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Fire-Escape Ladders.

Description: This patent was created for the improvent of fire escape ladders. The inventor gives a comprehensive look at his invention via his image.
Date: April 17, 1878
Creator: Morris, James P.
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Corn-Poppers.

Description: Patent for a corn-popper with design specifications and a description for usage, including illustrations.
Date: June 18, 1878
Creator: Forsyth, John
Item Type: Patent

Electric-Arc Lamp.

Description: Patent for improvements to electric-arc lamps to regulate the feed of the carbon-carrying rod, with illustrations.
Date: July 6, 1897
Creator: Walsh, James J.
Item Type: Patent

Wrist-Guide and Foot-Guard for Pianos.

Description: Patent for “…a piano attachment consisting of an adjustable wrist-pin and foot-guard adapted to serve as a means for securing the proper position of the wrist and forearm in practice and also adapted to protect the front panel of the instrument and serve, with children, as a foot-rest. Further objects and advantages of this invention will appear in the following description, and the novel features thereof will be particularly pointed out in the appended claims” (lines 8-19).
Date: May 18, 1897
Creator: Norcross, Levi Watson
Item Type: Patent

Device for Preventing Hens from Setting.

Description: Patent for improvements to a hood that prevents hens from flying (by cutting off vision above or to either side) while allowing them to continue scratching and eating.
Date: May 11, 1897
Creator: Sparks, Andrew J.
Item Type: Patent

Seed Separating Machine.

Description: Patent for a new and improved seed separator. This design "provide[s] a machine for [separating seeds] in which the grinding and separating actions will be performed continuously and in a more automatic manner, dispensing with the work of the hand, requiring a less amount of water, and at the same time performing the grinding and separating actions in a more rapid and perfect manner" (lines 29-36).
Date: November 30, 1880
Creator: Blocker, James M.
Item Type: Patent

Straw Cutter.

Description: Patent for a new and improved straw cutter. This design "relates to certain improvements in straw-cutters; and it consists in the [novel] construction and arrangement of parts" (lines 13-15). The novel construction and arrangement of parts means that "[t]he machine is simple, durable, and inexpensive in construction, will not readily get out of repair, and will perform the necessary work in an efficient manner" (lines 1-4).
Date: May 10, 1881
Creator: Cornish, John A.
Item Type: Patent


Description: Patent for a simple and inexpensive hame-fastener that has "two adjustable parts, one of which is provided with hooks to be engaged by means on the other part" (lines 11-13). The invention is adjustable and does not unlock or disengage accidentally but can easily be unlocked on purpose.
Date: October 15, 1895
Creator: Anderson, Lee
Item Type: Patent


Description: Patent for a railway-bicycle that travels on one rail and needs two wheels with connecting frames. It has a forward double flanged wheel and a wheel behind the first wheel, and this machine is faster and lighter than other similar machines.
Date: March 26, 1895
Creator: Herz, Raymond
Item Type: Patent

Car Coupling.

Description: Patent for a new and improved coupling for railroad cars. This design "consists in the construction and novel arrangement of the fork-shaped draw-heads having under-beveled bearings between the branches, the slotted coupler-bars having hook-lugs in front of the slots and adapted to interlock, the side bearings or ledges on each side of each hook-lug, designed to support the sides of the bar and to allow the hook-lugs to enter the slots in coupling" (lines 19-27).
Date: June 20, 1882
Creator: Anderson, Lee
Item Type: Patent

Spring for Riding Saddles.

Description: Patent for a new and improved saddle spring. This design consists in "[t]he combination, with a riding-saddle, of the series of transverse bridge-springs extending over the saddle-opening and having spiral ends bearing on the tree, and the longitudinal springs at the sides of said traverse springs" (lines 52-57).
Date: September 2, 1884
Creator: Reason, Thomas & Crenshaw, Marcus L.
Item Type: Patent

Car Seat Recorder.

Description: Patent for a new and improved car-seat recorder. This design consists in "[t]he combination of the following elements: a car-axle, the depressible car-seat, and the recording apparatus arranged alongside the seat and consisting of friction feed-wheels, a paper strip, meshing spur-gears, and a puncturing device arranged vertically, a lever which operatively connects said seat and apparatus, and gearing which connects the latter with the axle, whereby movement of the car operates said apparatus and enables the record to be made by slitting the strip when the seat is depressed" (lines 22-33).
Date: March 2, 1886
Creator: Bywaters, Joseph K. & Burke, John Y.
Item Type: Patent

Spring Socket Iron for Vehicles.

Description: Patent for a new and improved spring socket-iron for vehicles. This design "relates to thills and thill-couplings by means of which a more convenient and safe fastening for the thills or pole of a carriage or wagon are provided, whereby the thills are readily attached to or detached from spring-socket thill-irons, and the irons are securely locked in the ears of the axle-clips by means of flanged bolts working in recessed movable bushings in the ears of the clips and in the eye of the thill-irons" (lines 14-23).
Date: September 14, 1886
Creator: Horrne, Henry Monroe
Item Type: Patent


Description: Patent for a hame that has an improved fastening device that easily secures trace chains or tugs to the harness. It is easily adjustable.
Date: September 26, 1893
Creator: Anderson, Lee
Item Type: Patent

Hame Lock.

Description: Patent for a new and improved lock for hames. This design "consist[s] of the coupling branches . . . [one] being composed of the two pivoted sections forming the bell-mouth, the section having the slot and spring secured to its opposite end and pressing against the underside of the section, and the branch having the catch-tooth adapted to enter the bell-mouth and engage the slot" (lines 67-75).
Date: February 9, 1886
Creator: Anderson, Lee
Item Type: Patent