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Window-Fastener.

Description: Patent for a spring lever for fastening sliding windows, including illustration.
Date: August 31, 1858
Creator: Root, Irving
Item Type: Patent

Escapement for Timekeepers.

Description: Patent for the improvement in the escapement of the watch for a "more regular and less liable to get out of order" through wear (lines 23-24), including illustration.
Date: October 12, 1858
Creator: Bishop, Josiah
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in the Manufacture of Black Bottle-Glass.

Description: Patent for manufacturing black bottle-glass by using "combination with other ingredients, an earthy slate of a peculiar character, called "clay-slate," for the purpose of furnishing the coloring-matter of the glass,as well as forming one of the bases of the glass itself."(line 10-15) Instruction only, no illustration.
Date: September 2, 1856
Creator: McCully, John F.
Item Type: Patent

Mode of Straining Saws by Atmospheric Pressure.

Description: Patent for the improvement of the reciprocating saw by simplifying the arrangement of cylinders, pipes, and exhaust pumps to produce the necessary vacuum, including illustration.
Date: August 14, 1855
Creator: Brown, A. & Coffin, Abel, Jr.
Item Type: Patent

Converting Reciprocating into Rotary Motion.

Description: Patent for converting reciprocating into rotary motion by using “two vertically moving racks with a cog wheel on a small shaft between them which gears into the teeth of the racks” (lines 16-19), includes illustration.
Date: 1859-11-1
Creator: Harper, C. A.
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Sewing-Machines.

Description: Patent for improvement in sewing-machines by using two cams, one to operate the needle-arm and another to operate the feed and shuttle movements, illustration is included.
Date: November 15, 1859
Creator: Singer, E. C.
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Seeding-Machines.

Description: Patent for the improvement of the seed-box so the seeds are properly distributed into the soil while preventing the seed from clogging the machine, including illustration.
Date: August 24, 1858
Creator: Keiper, D. B. & Fox, A. C.
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Cotton-Seed Planters.

Description: Patent for the improvement of the cotton-seed planter in the arrangement of the hopper, roller with stirring and feeding teeth attached while distributing seeds accurately, including illustration.
Date: December 27, 1859
Creator: Kesler, Charles & Reinhard, Fred
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Plows.

Description: Patent for the improvement of the plow using braces and mold-board for a sturdy and very durable plow, including illustration.
Date: November 15, 1859
Creator: Townsend, John T.
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Seed-Planters.

Description: Patent for a seed feeder using a tube connected to a revolving cylinder at the bottom of the hopper to deposit the seeds into the earth, including illustration.
Date: March 9, 1858
Creator: Doss, William C.
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Harvesters.

Description: Patent for cutting grain in gavels at regular intervals along the track of the machine, including illustration.
Date: April 21, 1857
Creator: Wilson, J. C. & Wilson, T. G.
Item Type: Patent

Machine for Threshing Grain in the Field.

Description: Patent for a machine that collects swaths of grain for threshing using hooked teeth arranged in rows, including illustration.
Date: April 14, 1857
Creator: Wilson, J. C. & Wilson, T. G.
Item Type: Patent

Dressing Millstones.

Description: Patent for "a new and improved mode of dressing millstones for the purpose of grinding every kind of grain into meal flour &c., &c." (lines 4-7) including instructions and illustrations.
Date: March 4, 1851
Creator: Gaines, Edmund P.
Item Type: Patent

Valve-Gear for Steam-Engines.

Description: Patent for improving the cut-off of steam-engines through a simple valve motion, including illustration.
Date: July 30, 1850
Creator: Milner, George B.
Item Type: Patent

Spring Bed-Bottom.

Description: Patent for the improvement of bedsteads using a spring bottom-construction with zig-zag wire, including illustration.
Date: August 8, 1854
Creator: Meriwether, William Hunter
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Plows.

Description: Patent for the improvement of the Rotary-Disk Cutters for plows that enable it to swivel and be supported by guides, including illustration.
Date: April 3, 1855
Creator: Hall, Thomas J.
Item Type: Patent

Preparation of Portable Soup-Bread.

Description: Patent for "extracting the nutritious part of flesh or animal meat of every description and combining this concentrated extract with flour or vegetable meal, and baking the two substances in an oven, thereby forming a portable desiccated soup-bread....." (lines 8-14), instruction only, no illustration.
Date: February 5, 1850
Creator: Borden, Gail, Jr.
Item Type: Patent

Wire Fence.

Description: Patent for wire fencing using wooden and iron posts to be more readily seen by cattle, including illustration.
Date: November 8, 1853
Creator: Meriwether, William H.
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Cultivators.

Description: Patent for the improvement of the rotary cultivator with adjustable thinning-points and rotating cutter, including illustration.
Date: April 10, 1855
Creator: Morrel, A. H.
Item Type: Patent

Millstone-Dress.

Description: Patent for "a new and improved mode of dressing millstones for the purpose of grinding wheat and grain into meal flour" (lines 4-7) including instructions and illustrations.
Date: July 25, 1854
Creator: Gaines, Edmund P.
Item Type: Patent