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Improved Head-Rest.

Description: Patent for a new and improved head-rest for railroad-car seats and other seats, that can be applied to or removed from the back of seats without the use of clamp-screws, and are adjustable and adaptable to the convenience and comfort of different persons. It includes a description and illustrations.
Date: May 31, 1870
Creator: Littlepage, Caleb V.
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Cotton-Presses

Description: Patent for "a new and improved cotton-press" (line 3) using a stationary toothed wheel, including instructions and illustrations.
Date: October 18, 1870
Creator: Booton, Sinclair
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Bailing-Presses.

Description: Patent for an improved bailing press consisting of "a novel arrangement of levers, connecting-bars, and cords, in combination with the follower and windlass, whereby the follower is worked in the downward direction for pressing, and in the opposite direction for elevating it to recharge the press, by the said windlass" (lines 5-11).
Date: January 2, 1872
Creator: Randolph, Jeremiah
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Tenoning-Machines

Description: Patent for an improvement in tenoning-machines, including saws, gauges, flanges, and hinged plates.
Date: April 18, 1871
Creator: Bourland, Melton S.
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Turbine Water-Wheels.

Description: Patent for a new turbine water wheel, which is said to alleviate past problems with older model turbines. The patent includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: January 11, 1870
Creator: Chadwick, H. A.
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Fence.

Description: Patent for a new fence design that "can be adapted to any desired length, width, or height" (lines 14-15). The patent includes illustrations and instructions.
Date: February 15, 1870
Creator: Kerr, James
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Saw-Set.

Description: Patent for an invention "which can be used for setting the teeth of all kinds of saws by hand, and without requiring and intricate machinery" (lines 15-18). The patent includes instructions and an illustration.
Date: February 15, 1870
Creator: Harris, H. A.
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Machines for Bending Stirrups.

Description: Patent for an invention that "is to provide a simple and efficient machine for bending and shaping stirrups for saddles" (lines 10-12). The patent includes instructions and an illustration.
Date: February 1, 1870
Creator: Forest, Demsey
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Gas-Furnaces and Forges.

Description: Patent for "an apparatus in which the gases from one or more forges, instead of passing off unconsumed into the atmosphere, enter a furnace and are burnt therein, thereby furnishing heat for the generation of steam in a boiler connected with said furnace, which steam is used to drive a fan that impels a blast into each forge, and is also used to propel an engine that operates a hammer, the exhaust from the engine being conducted to the tuyeres of the forges through pipes in which are placed red-hot iron plates, which decompose the steam, taking up the oxygen, and liberating the hydrogen which is burnt in the forges." (Lines 12-25) Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: November 7, 1871
Creator: Morris, Joseph R.
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Fluting Sad-Irons.

Description: Patent for "a new combination of fluting and sad-iron, of such kind that the upper fluting-roller will serve as handle for the sad-iron, there being thus no loose or separate parts required for the two functions." (Lines 17-21) Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: November 14, 1871
Creator: Franklin, Edward A.
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Apparatus for the Manufacture of Ice.

Description: Patent for a refrigeration apparatus "in which a continuous operation is maintained by means of a current of ether or other volatile fluid which liquefies at a low temperature." (Lines 18-21) Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: November 28, 1871
Creator: Mühl, A.
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Saws.

Description: Patent for improvements to circular or straight saws that steady the saw and prevent vibration and buckling. Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: December 19, 1871
Creator: Littlepage, Caleb V.
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Soldering-Irons.

Description: Patent for "an apparatus to be used with the common soldering-iron, whereby the same can be heated and kept heated continually while the iron is used." (Lines 6-9) Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: December 19, 1871
Creator: Williams, Joseph
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Hand-Cultivators.

Description: Patent for "hand-cultivators; and the novelty consists in the improved construction and arrangement of the stock, tongue, and plows; and in the application to the end of the tongue of a shoulder-strap to assist in working the implement." (Lines 15-20) Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: February 27, 1872
Creator: Jones, William G.
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Fences.

Description: Patent for a new arrangement of posts, rails, and false posts in fence construction. Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: March 12, 1872
Creator: Stone, John H.
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Road-Scrapers.

Description: Patent for an improvement in road-scrapers which "consists in hanging the scoop to the carriage in such a manner that it may always be made to scrape in horizontal planes whether the carriage run on a level surface or on a hill side; and also in certain devices for holding the scoop suspended above the ground while moving from place to place." (Lines 9-16) Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: March 26, 1872
Creator: Coy, Elihu E.
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Throttle-Valve Stands and Stems.

Description: Patent for "a new arrangement of support for the stem of a throttle-valve, and has for its object to facilitate the lubricating of the screw and cause the parts to be firmly held in place." (Lines 19-23) Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: April 2, 1872
Creator: Compant, John M. & Krauskopf, Engelbert
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Methods of Forming Saw-Teeth.

Description: Patent for "a rule for giving to the backs of saw-teeth such an angle as will allow the teeth to be made of proper strength and at the same time to be chambered out and pointed so that they will cut the wood like chisels instead of scraping or tearing the wood." (Lines 14-19) Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: December 19, 1871
Creator: Littlepage, Caleb V.
Item Type: Patent

Improvements in Pipes and Cigar-Holders.

Description: Patent for new and improvements in Combined Pipes and Cigar-Holders which consists in "forming or constructing the pipe with an intermediate chamber which serves as a receptacle for a sponge or other absorbent porous material." (Lines 15-20) Illustrations are included.
Date: December 5, 1871
Creator: Bond, Virgil A.
Item Type: Patent