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Air Compressor for Deep Well Pumps.

Description: Patent for a new and improved air-compressor. This design "relates to improvements in air-compressing mechanism for the purpose of pumping for forcing from deep wells and performing similar work; and it consists in the construction and arrangement of a larger and smaller air-cylinder, and the combination therewith of mechanism to force the air from the larger into the smaller cylinder to increase the air-pressure in the latter" (lines 22-30).
Date: August 2, 1887
Creator: Adams, John R.

Railway Frog

Description: Patent for railway frog. This invention is an object to provide an improved mounting of the wing rail. Illustration included.
Date: September 21, 1904
Creator: Anderson, Sidney A.


Description: Patent for an arc lamp which does not spark for use in headlights for trains and automobiles and in street lights.
Date: June 28, 1910
Creator: Anderson, Thomas J.

Apparatus for Making Cotton-Bales.

Description: Patent for improvement in apparatus for making cotton-bales from continuous sheets or bats by “employing only a single press and which permits the ginning and bat-forming devices to be operated continuously which accumulated the cotton in light and fleecy condition during the covering and removal of the bales, which feeds the cotton from the accumulator to the baling apparatus whenever this is desired.” (Lines 68-75) Illustration is included.
Date: June 18, 1901
Creator: Anderson, William E.

Car Coupling.

Description: Patent for a new and improved coupling for railroad cars. This design "consists in the combination, with a draw-head, of an L-shaped lever pivoted in the same and provided at its angle with a lug, which L-shaped lever has a coupling-pin suspended from the end of the long arm, and has its short arm passed into an aperture in the inner end of a bar sliding in the bottom of the draw-head, whereby when the lug is depressed the coupling-pin will be raised and the bar in the draw-head will push the link out from the end of the draw-head" (lines 7-17).
Date: June 12, 1883
Creator: Appell, Charles E.

Railway Signal.

Description: Patent for a new and improved railroad signal. This design consists in "[a] continuous electric conductor extending beside a railroad, a contact-maker borne by a train, an electric galvanic battery, a stationary transmitter, and a train provided with transmitting and receiving instruments on two or more members of the train and connected with the electric circuit in multiple arc . . . whereby a message can be sent to each member simultaneously" (lines 8-17).
Date: June 7, 1887
Creator: Armstrong, James Henry

Bale Tie.

Description: Patent for a new and improved bale tie. This design "consists of a short thin plate of metal having two tongues . . . fronting each other, said plate being pivoted at one end to the bale-hoop . . . the other end of the bale-hoop being passed under the tongues and drawn tightly around the bale, the expansion of the bale on the hoop causes the respective ends to pull on the respective ends of the tie-plate . . . so as to grip the edges of the end passed between the tongues and hold it firmly" (lines 7-19).
Date: July 24, 1883
Creator: Arnold, Abbott

Improvement in Umbrella-Supporters.

Description: Patent for "a simple and convenient device for supporting and carrying a parasol or umbrella in such a way as to leave the hands free, and which will enable the parasol or umbrella to be tilted or inclined forward or back, or to either side, as may be required" (lines 8-14). Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: January 11, 1876
Creator: Arnold, Eliza M.


Description: Patent for baling-presses to prevent the inward-drawing or centripetal movement of the fiber in a press of the roller type (lines 96-97) by “disposed intermediate of the rollers and within the plane of the baling-cylinder for opposing resistance to the inward movement of the fiber and overcoming to a greater or less extent the tendency of the upper layer of cotton to form waves or billows in advance of the rollers.” (Page 1, lines 101-102, page 2, lines 1-6.) Illustration is included.
Date: April 22, 1902
Creator: Atkinson, Joseph J.

Toy Fountain.

Description: Patent for toy foundation. It is "an improved form of toy fountain by which a column of water or other liquid may be discharged into the air from a suitable reservoir by pueumatic pressure" (lines 8-11).
Date: December 9, 1902
Creator: Attwater, Henry P.

Device for the Protection of Vessels.

Description: Patent for a device that protects boats and consists of supporting plates, two of which are firmly secured to the side of the boat, springs between the supporting plates, and chains that limit the movement of supporting plates.
Date: July 24, 1894
Creator: Bailey, William Henry, Sr.