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U.S. and Texas international trade and transportation

Description: "This report examines various aspects of international trade, transportation, and foreign practices implemented to facilitate and fund transport-related infrastructure. The report is composed of six chapters. The first chapter provides an overview of the U.S. international trade outlook. The second chapter describes the roles played by air cargo transport, ports and ocean carriers, railroads, and the motor carrier industry in U.S. international trade. The third and fourth chapters focus on Texas-specific international trade and modal gateways. The fifth chapter reviews various transport funding mechanisms, Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) applications, and forms of public-private partnerships adopted in various foreign countries. The final chapter describes the expansion of the Panama Canal and its likely Texas impacts."
Date: July 2011
Creator: Anazia, Larry K. & Boske, Leigh B.
Item Type: Report

Quantitative characterization of microstructure of asphalt mixtures

Description: "The main objective of this study was to quantitatively characterize the three dimensional micro-structure of the asphalt binder withing the fine aggregate matrix of an asphalt mixture and compare the influence of binder content, coarse aggregate gradation, and fine aggregate gradation on this micro-structure."
Date: October 2010
Creator: Badgekar, Swapneel; Bhasin, Amit & Izadi, Anoosha
Item Type: Report

Potential connected vehicle applications to enhance mobility, safety, and environmental security

Description: "Researchers first conducted a comprehensive review of the state-of-the-art connected-vehicle research and technologies. Once researchers had a thorough understanding of the technology, they focused on selecting and developing the near-term practical applications that use connected vehicle technology. The research team then sought expert opinions from the Texas Transportation Institute working group during two brainstorming sessions, which produced two lists of potential applications and prioritized the applications based on deployment feasibility. In particular, a total of five applications were selected for development of the full concept of operations, including two in safety, two in mobility, and one in environmental security. These applications address various problems, including wrong-way driving and unprotected-grade-crossing crashes (safety): work-zone merge efficiency and safety, and freeway speed harmonization (mobility): and slippery pavement-related crashes (environmental security)."
Date: February 2012
Creator: Balke, Kevin N.; Songchitruksa, Praprut. & Zeng, Xiaosi
Item Type: Report

Fracture properties and fatigue cracking resistance of asphalt binders

Description: "The main objective of this study was to evaluate the inherent fatigue cracking resistance of asphalt binders in the form of a matrix with rigid particle inclusions. The underlying rational for this approach was to subject the binders to a state of stress that is similar to the one in a full asphalt mixture."
Date: March 2012
Creator: Bhasin, Amit.; Izadi, Anoosha & Motamed, Arash
Item Type: Report

Designing Fine Aggregate Mixtures to evaluate fatigue crack growth in asphalt mixtures

Description: "Fatigue cracking is a significant form of pavement distress in flexible pavements. The properties of the sand-asphalt mortars or fine aggregate matrix (FAM) can be used to characterize the evolution of fatigue crack growth and self-healing in asphalt mixtures. This study compares the internal microstructure of the mortar within a full asphalt mixture to the internal microstructure of the FAM specimen. This study also conducts a limited evaluation of the influence of mixture properties and methods of compaction on the engineering properties of the FAM specimens. The results from this study, although limited in number, indicate that in most cases the SGC compacted FAM specimen had a microstructure that most closely resembled the microstructure of the mortar within a full asphalt mixture. Another finding from this study was that, at a given level of damage, the healing characteristic of the three different types of FAM mixes was not significantly different. This indicates that the healing rate is mostly dictated by the type of binder and not significantly influenced by the gradation or binder content, as long as the volumetric distribution of the mastic was the same. In other words, the inherent healing characteristics of the asphalt binder play a more significant role relative to other properties (e.g. volumetrics) in the overall fatigue cracking resistance of the asphalt mixture."
Date: April 2001
Creator: Bhasin, Amit; Motamed, Arash & Izadi, Anoosha
Item Type: Report

The potential for improving rail international intermodal services in Texas and the Southwest region of the United States

Description: "The report covers a period of great significance for railroading in the U.S as it contains a number of milestones now shaping the future performance of the industry. The specific subject is improving inter-modal service so that it can support state and regional highway planning, now facing severe financial cut-backs as revenue sources become fully committed to bond servicing, user taxes, loose purchasing power and fuel consumption begins to fall."
Date: June 2011
Creator: Blaze, James R. & Harrison, Robert
Item Type: Report

Equity evaluation of vehicle miles traveled fees in Texas

Description: "This report used 2009 National Household Travel Survey (NHTS) Texas data to consider the equity impacts surrounding four vehicle miles traveled (VMT) scenarios. Results indicate that all of the VMT fee scenarios are essentially as equally vertically equitable as the current state gas tax system."
Date: March 2012
Creator: Burris, Mark; Larsen, Lisa. & Whitty, James M.
Item Type: Report

Development of warrants for installation of dual right-turn lanes at signalized intersections

Description: "Right-turn lanes provide space for the deceleration and storage of right-turn vehicle, and separate turning vehicles from through movements. Dual right-turn lanes are increasingly used at urban intersections primarily for two reason: (1) to accommodate high right-turn demands and avoid turn-pocket overflows, and/or (2) to prevent right-turn vehicles that exit from a nearby upstream freeway off-ramp (on the left of the roadway) from abruptly changing too many lanes toward the right-turn lane at intersection."
Date: April 2012
Creator: Chen, Xiaoming & Li, Da
Item Type: Report

Developing infrastructure for interconnecting transportation network and electric grid

Description: "This report is primarily focused on the development of mathematical models that can be used to support decisions regarding a charging station location and installation problem. The major parts of developing the models included identification of the problem, development of mathematical models in the form of bi-level and stochastic programming problems, and development of a solution approach using a meta-heuristic method."
Date: September 2011
Creator: Damnjanovic, Ivan & Kim, Seok
Item Type: Report

Managing commodity risks in highway contracts: quantifying premiums, accounting for correlations among risk factors, and designing optimal price-adjustment contracts

Description: "The main goal of this report is to investigate the impact of commodity price risk on construction cost and the optimal risk hedging of such risks using price adjustment clauses. More specifically, the objective of the report is to develop models that can help highway agencies manage commodity price risks. In this report, weighted least square regression model is used to estimate the risk premium; both univariate and vector time series models are estimated and applied to simulate changes in commodity prices over time, including the effect of correlation; while genetic algorithm is used as a solution approach to a multi-objective optimization formulation. The data set used in this report consists of TxDot bidding data, market-based data including New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX) future options data, and Engineering New-Record (ENR) material cost index data. The results of this report suggest that the optimal risk mitigation actions are conditional on owners' risk preferences, correlation among the prices of commodities, and volatility of the market."
Date: September 2011
Creator: Damnjanovic, Ivan & Zhou, Xue
Item Type: Report

Compendium of student papers: 2011 undergraduate transportation scholars program.

Description: "This report is a compilation of research papers written by students participating in the 2011 Undergraduate Transportation Scholars Program. The papers in this compendium report on the following topics, respectively: 1) evaluating the impact of nighttime work zone lighting characteristics n motorists; 2) late night roadway visibility; 3) investigation of the use and pricing of the I-15 express lanes in San Diego; 4) intercity passenger rail access to airports: a case study at the Milwaukee airport; 5) development of a background complexity assessment tool; 6)identifying pavement preservation treatments suitable for performance-related specifications; and 7)arsenic content and retro-reflectivity of glass beads used in pavement markings."
Date: May 2012
Creator: Desorcie, Felicia; Jian, Ruoxin; Kelly, Pete; Larson, Shawn; Rasulo, Marcus; Rivera, Joshua et al.
Item Type: Report

Network methods for project selection based on optimizing environmental impact

Description: "Traditionally, transportation road networks have been designed for minimal congestion. Unfortunately, such approaches do not guarantee minimal vehicle emissions. Given the negative impacts of vehicle pollutants as well as tighter national air quality standards, it is critical for regions to be able to identify capacity modifications to road networks such that vehicle emission are minimal. This ability combined with land use changes and opportunities for non-auto travel are paramount in helping regions improve air quality."
Date: August 2010
Creator: Duthie, Jennifer Clare; Waller, S. Travis & Ferguson, Erin M.
Item Type: Report

Robust pricing of transportation networks under uncertainty

Description: "This project will develop these models, which will be suitable either to determine the best pricing policies to maximize revenue or minimize congestion, or to evaluate alternative toll policies according to these metrics."
Date: September 2010
Creator: Gardner, Lauren Marie; Waller, S. Travis & Boyles, Stephen D.
Item Type: Report

Use of Micro Unmanned Aerial Vehicles for roadside condition assessment

Description: "Micro Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (MUAVs) that are equipped with digital imaging systems and global positioning systems provide a potential opportunity for improving the effectiveness and safety of roadside condition and inventory surveys. This study provides an assessment of the effectiveness of MUAVs as a tool for collecting condition data for roadside infrastructure assets using three field experiments."
Date: December 2010
Creator: Gharaibeh, Nasir G. & Hart, William Scott
Item Type: Report

Senior automobile crashes and fatalities in Texas : are older Texas drivers safe?

Description: Many factors can contribute to a senior being involved in a traffic accident, i.e. poor vision, declining health, roadway hazards, and declining driving skills, etc. Throughout the U.S., laws are being enacted to ensure that seniors can continue driving without harming themselves or the general public. Katie's Law (H.B. 84) represents an attempt to make roadways safer for senior drivers in Texas. Katie's Law requires that elderly persons age 79 and over must renew their licenses in person at Department of Safety offices. this study examines data from Texas Department of Transportation's (TxDOT's) accident records during 2003-2008, to determine if enacting Katie's law resulted in a decrease in senior fatalities, Finally, the study ends by looking at additional senior friendly transportation initiatives.
Date: September 2011
Creator: Goodwin, Gwendolyn C. & Price, Anthony
Item Type: Report

Predicting damage in concrete due to expansive aggregates : modeling to enable sustainable material design

Description: "A poroelastic model is developed that can predict stress and strain distributions and, thus, ostensibly damage likelihood in concrete under freezing conditions caused by aggregates with undesirable combinations of geometry and constitutive properties.Sensitivity of the stress distributions to the aggregate and matrix constitutive parameters are assessed to allow improved concrete design."
Date: April 2012
Creator: Grasley, Zachary Charles & Rahman, Syeda
Item Type: Report

Another look at the question of density and rail transit

Description: "This research compares density in a few select cities with the accepted transit efficiency performance measure of operating cost per passenger mile to determine whether this statistic is better in more dense cities."
Date: July 2011
Creator: Hall, Kadijah & Lewis, Carol Abel
Item Type: Report

Export growth, energy costs, and sustainable supply chains

Description: "The report examines sustainable supply chains in North America and the role played by rail inter-modal operations in lowering ten-mile fuel and emission costs. It examines whether current systems favor imports over exports - a current complaint from some shippers - and whether the development of inland inter-modal ports offers a solution to moving future freight into and out of large metropolitan areas."
Date: November 2010
Creator: Harrison, Rob & Seedah, Dan
Item Type: Report

Hybrid distribution trucks: costs and benefits

Description: "This project evaluated a package delivery truck, beverage delivery truck, and a refuse ruck. The research determined that the additional cost (with current prices) of the hybrid refuse truck was justified, but not for the other two trucks. The social cost of emissions was also estimated to help justify hybrids' implementation. With this information, the rate of hybrid truck adoption was estimated for various policy scenarios. The results indicated that a correctly designed incentive program can greatly increase the rate of hybrid adoption and could be justified by the additional social benefits of emission reduction."
Date: June 2011
Creator: Harrison, Robert & Anderson, Garrett
Item Type: Report