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Description: Patent for a new and improved ant trap. This design calls for a tank of water to be buried in the ground and a collar of cheap material to be attached to the tank and placed over the mouth of an anthill. The concave nature of the collar prevents ants from climbing out of it, so they are forced into the water tank, where they drown; the design is cheaper and less toxic than previous designs.
Date: November 22, 1881
Creator: Arnett, Sandridge Thomas
Description: Patent for a new and improved coupling for railroad cars. This design consists in "the combination of two sliding draw-heads, each provided with a shank having coiled around it a spring and a nut secured thereto, an upper sliding supporting-plate for the pin, having a tripping device, a lower sliding supporting-plate for the link, having a catch, a latch with a trip-arm for holding and releasing said plate, and a spring for drawing it back to its normal position" (lines 11-20).
Date: February 9, 1886
Creator: Ballentine, John C.
Description: Patent for a simple, inexpensive, and effective combined churn motor and dasher that continuously and smoothly circulates cream. It has a large wheel the operator turns, which is connected through a series of pulleys to the dasher. A large frame holds the parts in place.
Date: September 11, 1894
Creator: Baugh, Edward H.
Description: Patent for a simple and practical fence-wire stretcher that stretches "fence-wire in the construction of fences and also taking up the slack in the wire when it sags at any point throughout the line of fence, the device being simple in construction and easily connected and disconnected from the post, as circumstances require" (lines 14-20).
Date: September 17, 1895
Creator: Baugh, Edward Henry
Description: Patent for a cleaner for cotton-gin saws for "an improved construction of cleaner adapted to be used in connection with saw-cylinders on different kinds of gins" (lines 10-13) and "which may be easily fitted and held securely in position in a detachable manner" (lines 18-19).
Date: April 24, 1900
Creator: Bolen, Walter M.
Description: Patent for a dish-cleaner that is used in a sink or another container. Its object is to force "air through the water and in contact with the submerged dishes" (lines 17-18). The invention also has "a water-agitator surrounded with supports for holding the dishes or other articles in a vertical position in close proximity to the outlet-ports of the agitator" (lines 20-23).
Date: January 21, 1896
Creator: Bond, William Beebe
Description: Patent for a new and improved motorized butter churn. This design utilizes paralleled uprights, shafts, through-holes, screw-holes, a crank, pit-men, and a cross-head (lines 85-92). This combination and arrangement of parts allows rotary motion to be converted to reciprocal motion, which improves the churning process.
Date: August 10, 1880
Creator: Brace, James
Description: Patent for a new and improved box-spring. This design consists in "[t]he combination of the main frame, the springs having their connecting pieces curved or coiled to form double heart-shaped configurations, the hinged head-rests, the wide bails, movably attached at the ends of their side pieces to the connecting-pieces of the springs at the side edges of the head-rests, and having their middle pieces curved or coiled to form heart-shaped configurations resting upon the tops of the springs of the head-rest, and the coiled wire coiled around all the portions of the springs" (lines 76-87).
Date: September 29, 1885
Creator: Bunnell, James F.
Description: Patent for a new and useful bedstead-brace. "This invention is an improved construction of bedstead-brace, the object being to provide an exceedingly cheap, simple, and efficient device which can be applied to any and all beds" (line 7-11).
Date: January 21, 1902
Creator: Campbell, Ike W.
Description: Patent for a new and improved coupling for railroad cars. This design consists in "hinged jaws, draw-bars provided with a pin-hole . . . the jaws acting to support the pin until forced apart by the link, a hinged lever, a plate pivoted to said lever, said pin being attached to said plate, and an operating chain or rod connected to said plate for raising said pin" (lines 29-36).
Date: October 12, 1886
Creator: Carley, John W.
Description: Patent for the invention of a new and useful improvement in Tamping-Machines. Includes full, clear, and exact description and illustration. Invention relates to an improvement in machines for tamping, intended for tamping dirt under railway-ties (20).
Date: August 24, 1886
Creator: Carley, John, W.
Description: Patent for a new and improved advertising sign. This design "consist[s] in the fixed staff or upright having pulley, bent rotary vane having the opening, and adapted for the display of advertisements, inside [the] bent rotary vane, and the governor adapted to regulate automatically the speed at which the vanes are to revolve" (lines 68-80).
Date: February 19, 1884
Creator: Carly, John Wesly
Description: Patent for improvements in bolt-holders by “providing a combined bolt-holder and screw-driver…. in which the hook or engaging member is quickly and conveniently adjustable to any angle to allow the tool to be employed in various positions to engage bolts set.” (Lines 15-22) Illustration is included.
Date: March 25, 1902
Creator: Carter, Hiram C.
Description: Patent for an ant-trap with an inflexible bottom with a hole in the middle, a perpendicular section rough on the inside and smooth on the outside, and the perpendicular smooth sides are attached to the edges of the bottom. The trap has a device that prevents the ants from running around the trap.
Date: November 13, 1894
Creator: Carter, William B.
Description: Patent for a new and improved wire stretcher. This design "relates to improvements in wire-stretchers for use in building wire fences, and also adapted to take up the wire and reel the same when it is desired to take a fence down" (lines 12-16). It consists, "with the main frame, of the inclined and slotted standards secured thereto, the boxes arranged on said standards, the pivoted pawl carried by the boxes, and a reel-shaft carrying a pinion and arranged in the slots of the standards and supported by the boxes" (lines 89-95).
Date: November 4, 1890
Creator: Claunch, Martin B.
Description: Patent for "detergent or washing compounds for cleansing clothing, fabrics, &c." (lines 14-16) which lists the ingredients and their measurements and directions for use.
Date: May 29, 1883
Creator: Davis, Jordan Greene; Davis, Epaminondas Perkins & Davis, David Watson